Purdue University is a public research university located in West Lafayette, Indiana and is the main campus of the Purdue University system. The university was founded in 1869 after Lafayette businessman John Purdue donated land and money to establish a college of science, the first classes were held on September 16,1874, with six instructors and 39 students. The main campus in West Lafayette offers more than 200 majors for undergraduates, over 70 master’s and doctoral programs, in addition, Purdue has 18 intercollegiate sports teams and more than 900 student organizations. In 1865, the Indiana General Assembly voted to take advantage of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act of 1862, communities throughout the state offered their facilities and money to bid for the location of the new college. Popular proposals included the addition of a department at Indiana State University or at what is now Butler University. By 1869, Tippecanoe County’s offer included $150,000 from Lafayette business leader and philanthropist John Purdue, $50,000 from the county, and 100 acres of land from local residents.
On May 6,1869, the General Assembly established the institution in Tippecanoe County as Purdue University, classes began at Purdue on September 16,1874, with six instructors and 39 students. Professor John S. Hougham was Purdue’s first faculty member and served as acting president between the administrations of presidents Shortridge and White, a campus of five buildings was completed by the end of 1874. Purdue issued its first degree, a Bachelor of Science in chemistry, in 1875, emerson E. White, the university’s president from 1876 to 1883, followed a strict interpretation of the Morrill Act. He intended not only to students for industrial work, but to prepare them to be good citizens. Part of White’s plan to distinguish Purdue from classical universities included an attempt to ban fraternities. This ban was overturned by the Indiana Supreme Court and led to White’s resignation. The next president, James H. Smart, is remembered for his call in 1894 to rebuild the original Heavilon Hall one brick higher after it had destroyed by a fire.
Purdue’s engineering laboratories included testing facilities for a locomotive and a Corliss steam engine, one of the most efficient engines of the time. The School of Agriculture was sharing its research with farmers throughout the state with its cooperative extension services, programs in education and home economics were soon established, as well as a short-lived school of medicine. By 1925 Purdue had the largest undergraduate engineering enrollment in the country, President Edward C. Elliott oversaw a campus building program between the world wars. Inventor and trustee David E. Ross coordinated several fundraisers, donated lands to the university, ross’s gifts and fundraisers supported such projects as Ross–Ade Stadium, the Memorial Union, a civil engineering surveying camp, and Purdue University Airport. Purdue Airport was the country’s first university-owned airport and the site of the country’s first college-credit flight training courses, amelia Earhart joined the Purdue faculty in 1935 as a consultant for these flight courses and as a counselor on women’s careers
Clinton County, Indiana
Clinton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,224, Clinton County officially came into existence on March 1,1830, and was named in honor of DeWitt Clinton, the seventh Governor of New York State and architect of the Erie Canal. The act forming the county was approved by the Indiana General Assembly on January 29,1830, lieutenant General James F. Record was born and raised in Clinton County, Gen Record was awarded 3x Distinguished Service Crosses for his gallantry during the Vietnam War. According to the 2010 census, the county has an area of 405.25 square miles. Carroll County Howard County Tipton County Hamilton County Boone County Montgomery County Tippecanoe County Berlin Martinsville Prairieville Interstate 65 U. S. Route 52 U. S, average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches in February to 4.51 inches in June. The county government is a body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana. County Council, The county council is the branch of the county government and controls all the spending.
Representatives are elected from county districts, the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the budget. The council has limited authority to local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes. Board of Commissioners, The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners, the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president, the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court, The county maintains a small court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years, the judge is assisted by a constable who is elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the circuit court. County Officials, The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder, each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government.
Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation, Clinton County is part of Indianas 4th congressional district, Indiana Senate districts 7 and 23, and Indiana House of Representatives district 38. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,224 people,12,105 households, the population density was 82.0 inhabitants per square mile
Time in the United States
The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. The clocks run by these services are synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services. The use of solar time became increasingly awkward as railways. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s, each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a problem for people travelling by train. Every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from, Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals.
Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18,1883, the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the worlds time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. It is, within about 1 second, mean time at 0°. It does not observe daylight saving time and it is one of several closely related successors to Greenwich Mean Time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, standard time zones in the United States are currently defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260. The federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs. As of August 9,2007, the time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official, abbreviations are by common use conventions, the United States uses nine standard time zones.
The Central standard time zone, which comprises roughly the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, the Mountain standard time zone, which comprises roughly the states that include the Rocky Mountains
Indiana /ɪndiˈænə/ is a U. S. state located in the midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States and its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11,1816, before becoming a territory, varying cultures of indigenous peoples and historic Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Indiana has an economy with a gross state product of $298 billion in 2012. Indiana has several areas with populations greater than 100,000. The states name means Land of the Indians, or simply Indian Land and it stems from Indianas territorial history. On May 7,1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a resident of Indiana is officially known as a Hoosier.
The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads who hunted large game such as mastodons. They created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking, the Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, such new tools included different types of spear points and knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as axes, woodworking tools. During the latter part of the period, they built mounds and middens. The Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC, the Woodland period took place in Indiana, where various new cultural attributes appeared. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, an early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods, nearing the end of the stage, the people developed highly productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD, the Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with mounds and plazas defining ceremonial
Otterbein is a town in Bolivar Township, Benton County and Shelby Township, Tippecanoe County, named for William Otterbein Brown who donated land for the town. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,262 and it is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. Originally a site known as Pond Grove, Otterbeins first 60 lots were laid out by John Levering and his wife on October 25,1872, with an addition by Mary A. Clancey on April 24,1883. The first home was built by Dr. John K. Thompson and the first business, William Otterbein Brown, the farmer and stock-dealer for whom the town was named, held the office of postmaster until his death on February 18,1879. Otterbein High School ran from 1910-1966 when the rest of the schools in the county were consolidated for Benton Central. The gym and most of the building burned in a fire in 1975, a Centennial celebration was held over the July 4 holiday in 1972. During the festivities the town elevator, located at the west end of town, as of 2009, there are two churches in Otterbein and United Methodist.
A fire destroyed Dennys Pharmacy at the corner of First and Main and damaged the building to the north. Students attend Otterbein Elementary School and move to Benton Central Jr-Sr School which has an Oxford, the town had two sets of Nickel Plate railroad tracks and a depot until the nationalization of the railroads by the Nixon administration in the 1970s. One set of tracks has since been removed and the private KBS railroad uses the track primarily for grain transport. Since the end of 2008 the railroad right-of-way has been used for the placement of poles that carry power from the wind turbines in western Benton County to the substation at Montmorenci. Haan Crafts, the Frontier Machine Company and the Kerkhoff Truss Plant were the occupants in the Industrial Park at the east edge of town which is actually in Tippecanoe County. The Otterbein post office has been operation since 1872, Otterbein is located at 40°29′20″N 87°5′43″W. It occupies mostly flat, open land on the eastern border of Benton County in Bolivar Township. U. S.
Route 52 passes along its north side, according to the 2010 census, Otterbein has a total area of 0.61 square miles, all land. Oxford Street, old US52, is the central E-W street, Otterbein is known for its extremely wide, block long Main Street that accommodates two rows of parallel parking in the middle of the street. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,262 people,502 households, the population density was 2,068.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 550 housing units at a density of 901.6 per square mile
Shadeland is a town in Tippecanoe County, United States. The population was 1,610 at the 2010 census and it is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. A post office was established at Shadeland in 1887, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1915, farmers Institute and Stidham United Methodist Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Shadeland is located at 40°22′24″N 86°56′57″W and has an elevation of approximately 620 feet, Indiana State Road 25 passes east and west through town. The town is coextensive with Union Township in Tippecanoe County, the township chose to incorporate in order to prevent partial or total annexation by neighboring Lafayette. According to the 2010 census, Shadeland has an area of 27.332 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,610 people,616 households, the population density was 59.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 675 housing units at a density of 24.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.
0% White,0. 4% African American,0. 6% Native American,0. 5% Asian,0. 1% Pacific Islander,1. 4% from other races, and 1. 0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3. 3% of the population,17. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the family size was 2.94. The median age in the town was 43.2 years. 21. 8% of residents were under the age of 18,8. 3% were between the ages of 18 and 24,22. 2% were from 25 to 44,33. 9% were from 45 to 64, and 13. 8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49. 2% male and 50. 8% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,682 people,602 households, and 471 families residing in the town. The population density was 62.0 people per square mile, there were 676 housing units at an average density of 24.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97. 44% White,0. 30% African American,0. 18% Native American,0.
77% Asian,0. 71% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. 97% of the population. 16. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.15. In the town, the population was out with 27. 6% under the age of 18,7. 6% from 18 to 24,27. 5% from 25 to 44,28. 7% from 45 to 64
Clarks Hill, Indiana
Clarks Hill is a town in Lauramie Township, Tippecanoe County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 611 at the 2010 census and it is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Clarks Hill post office has been in operation since 1853, Clarks Hill is located at 40°14′49″N 86°43′26″W in Lauramie Township, at an elevation of 820 feet. According to the 2010 census, Clarks Hill has an area of 0.27 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 611 people,230 households, the population density was 2,263.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 270 housing units at a density of 1,000.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97. 9% White,0. 2% African American,0. 3% Native American, hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 1% of the population. 24. 8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5. 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age in the town was 36.2 years. 29. 3% of residents were under the age of 18,8. 3% were between the ages of 18 and 24,26. 3% were from 25 to 44, 26% were from 45 to 64, and 10% were 65 years of age or older.
The gender makeup of the town was 50. 6% male and 49. 4% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 680 people,241 households, and 188 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,474.5 people per square mile, there were 260 housing units at an average density of 946.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92. 09% White,6. 15% African American,0. 44% Native American,0. 15% Asian,0. 74% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 03% of the population. 17. 8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7. 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.18. In the town, the population was out with 33. 1% under the age of 18,8. 8% from 18 to 24,30. 9% from 25 to 44,19. 1% from 45 to 64. The median age was 31 years, for every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males, the median income for a household in the town was $35,893, and the median income for a family was $40,268.
Males had an income of $30,208 versus $22,368 for females
Dayton is a town in Sheffield Township, Tippecanoe County, United States. The population was 1,420 at the 2010 census and it is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. Dayton was known as Fairfield until 1830, the Dayton post office has been in operation since 1831. Dayton Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003, Dayton is located at 40°22′28″N 86°46′10″W in Sheffield Township, at an elevation of 676 feet. According to the 2010 census, Dayton has an area of 1.06 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,420 people,536 households, the population density was 1,339.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 565 housing units at a density of 533.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95. 4% White,0. 9% African American,0. 6% Native American,0. 2% Asian,1. 1% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 3. 6% of the population. 20. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the town was 32 years. 29. 2% of residents were under the age of 18, 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24,32. 3% were from 25 to 44,22. 5% were from 45 to 64, and 8. 1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49. 7% male and 50. 3% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,120 people,401 households, and 313 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,079.2 people per square mile, there were 430 housing units at an average density of 414.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 79. 23% White,18. 18% African American,0. 27% Native American,0. 98% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. 05% of the population. 18. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7. 0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.15. In the town, the population was out with 33. 4% under the age of 18,7. 9% from 18 to 24,33. 8% from 25 to 44,16. 3% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 30 years, for every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males, the median income for a household in the town was $44,792, and the median income for a family was $48,021
In the 18th century, Great Britain and the France disputed for control of this region. The French had claimed it in the 17th century as part of New France and this activity stimulated the development of the eastern parts of the eventual National Road by private investors. Most of the territory and its successors was settled by emigrants passing through the Cumberland Narrows, the Congress of the Confederation enacted the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 to provide for the administration of the territories and set rules for admission of jurisdictions as states. On August 7,1789, the new U. S. Congress affirmed the Ordinance with slight modifications under the Constitution, the territory included all the land of the United States west of Pennsylvania and northwest of the Ohio River. It covered all of the states of Ohio, Illinois, Michigan. The area covered more than 260,000 square miles, European exploration of the region began with French-Canadian voyageurs in the 17th century, followed by French missionaries and French fur traders.
French-Canadian explorer Jean Nicolet was the first recorded European entrant into the region, landing in 1634 at the current site of Green Bay, Wisconsin. The French exercised control from widely separate posts in the region, France ceded the territory to the Kingdom of Great Britain as part of the Indian Reserve in the 1763 Treaty of Paris, after being defeated in the French and Indian War. A new colony, named Charlotina, was proposed for the southern Great Lakes region, facing armed opposition by Native Americans, the British issued the Proclamation of 1763, which prohibited white colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. This action angered American colonists interested in expansion, as well as those who had settled in the area. In 1774, by the Quebec Act, Britain annexed the region to the Province of Quebec in order to provide a civil government, the prohibition of settlement west of the Appalachians remained, contributing to the American Revolution. In February 1779, George Rogers Clark of the Virginia Militia captured Kaskaskia, the Old Northwest Territory included all the then-owned land of the United States west of Pennsylvania, east of the Mississippi River, and northwest of the Ohio River.
It covered all of the states of Ohio, Illinois, Michigan. The area covered more than 260,000 square miles and was a significant addition to the United States, several states had competing claims on the territory. As a concession in order to obtain ratification, these states ceded their claims on the territory to the government, New York in 1780, Virginia in 1784, Massachusetts. So the majority of the territory became public land owned by the U. S. government and Connecticut reserved the land of two areas to use as compensation to military veterans, The Virginia Military District and the Connecticut Western Reserve. In this way, the United States included territory and people outside any of the states, Thomas Jeffersons Land Ordinance of 1784 was the first organization of the territory by the United States. Some older French communities property claims based on systems of long
West Lafayette, Indiana
West Lafayette is directly across the Wabash River from its sister city, Lafayette. As of the 2010 census, its population was 29,796 and it is the most densely populated city in Indiana and is home to Purdue University. Augustus Wylie laid out a town in 1836 in the Wabash River floodplain south of the present Levee, due to regular flooding of the site, Wylies town was never built. The present city was formed in 1888 by the merger of the adjacent suburban towns of Chauncey, the three towns had been small suburban villages which were directly adjacent to one another. Kingston was laid out in 1855 by Jesse B, Chauncey was platted in 1860 by the Chauncey family of Philadelphia, wealthy land speculators. Chauncey and Kingston formed a government in 1866 which selected the name Chauncey. The new town of Chauncey remained a suburban village until Purdue University opened in 1869. In 1871 Chauncey voted to be annexed by Lafayette because it was unable to provide the infrastructure, Lafayette voted against annexing Chauncey because of the high cost of the many improvements that the village lacked.
In May 1888, the town of Chauncey voted to change its name to West Lafayette after a petition signed by 152 electors, by that time, the growth of the university was fueling the growth of the little town. The address of Purdue University was given as Lafayette, Indiana until well into the twentieth century, West Lafayette never gained a railroad depot and lagged several years behind Lafayette in the establishment of municipal infrastructure and services. Today, West Lafayette has established itself as a city, with independent services and unique neighborhoods distinct from those of its sister city. This expansion included a section of the US Highway 231 corridor that was previously part of unincorporated Tippecanoe County. The city of West Lafayette has its share of non-profits. West Lafayette lies in central Tippecanoe County and overlooks the Wabash River, most of the city lies in eastern Wabash Township, though a small portion on the northeast side extends into Tippecanoe Township. Elevations range from slightly over 500 feet near the river to more than 720 feet in parts of the city near U. S.
Route 52. According to the 2010 census, West Lafayette has an area of 7.63 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 29,796 people,11,945 households, the population density was 3,884.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,591 housing units at a density of 1,652.4 per square mile
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census, is the twenty-third and currently most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the day used for the census, was April 1,2010. As part of a drive to increase the accuracy,635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed, participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25,2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, more than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15,2010, the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was approximately 134 million on April 1,2010. The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%, from April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called non-response follow-up.
In December 2010, the Census Bureau delivered population information to the president for apportionment, personally identifiable information will be available in 2082. The Census Bureau did not use a form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, the 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions, How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1,2010. Were there any additional people staying here on April 1,2010 that you did not include in Question 1, mark all that apply, Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number. What is Person 1s age and Person 1s date of birth, is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else, the form included space to repeat some or all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey.
The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of the population on a basis will receive the survey each year. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced that it would count same-sex married couples, the final form did not contain a separate same-sex married couple option
Warren County, Indiana
Warren County lies in western Indiana between the Illinois state line and the Wabash River in the United States. According to the 2010 census, the population was 8,508, before the arrival of non-indigenous settlers in the early 19th century, the area was inhabited by several Native American tribes. The county was established in 1827 and was the 55th county to be formed in Indiana. It is one of the most rural counties in the state, with the third-smallest population, the county has four incorporated towns with a total population of about 3,100, as well as many small unincorporated communities. The county is divided into 12 townships which provide local services, much of the land in the county is given over to agriculture, especially on the open prairie in the northern and western parts, the countys farmland is among the most productive in the state. Nearer the river along the border, the land has many hills, valleys. Agriculture, government and health care each provide substantial portions of the jobs in the county, four Indiana state roads cross the county, as do two U. S.
Routes and one railroad line. In the centuries before the arrival of European settlers, the area that became Warren County was on the boundary between the Miami and Kickapoo tribes. By the late 18th century, many Miami had moved further south, the first non-indigenous settler in the area was probably Zachariah Cicott, a French-Canadian who first traded with the Kickapoo and Potawatomi people around 1802. Other settlers came to the area, but probably not until around 1822, the county was established on March 1,1827, by the Indiana General Assembly. It was named for Dr. Joseph Warren, who was killed in 1775 at the Battle of Bunker Hill, the first county courthouse was a log house in Warrenton that belonged to Enoch Farmer, one of the countys earliest settlers. When the county moved to Williamsport, a log house belonging to the towns founder, William Harrison. The first purpose-built courthouse was completed in 1835 at a cost of $2,000, in 1872, the third courthouse was built in 1886, in a new section of town that grew around the newly constructed railroad.
That building burned in 1907, and the fourth and current Warren County courthouse was completed on the site in 1908 at a cost of $115,000. As the 19th century progressed, the United States governments Indian removal policy pushed Native American tribes west of the Mississippi River. In what came to be known as the Potawatomi Trail of Death, on September 14,1838, the group camped near Williamsport, and on September 15 they camped in the southwestern part of the county before moving into Illinois. Before reaching their destination in Kansas, over 40 of them had died, many of them children, when the county was established, the Wabash River was vital to transportation and shipping