In Greek mythology, Tithonus was the lover of Eos, Goddess of the Dawn. Tithonus was a prince of the son of King Laomedon by the Naiad Strymo; the mythology reflected by the fifth-century vase-painters of Athens envisaged Tithonus as a rhapsode, as attested by the lyre in his hand, on an oinochoe of the Achilles Painter, circa 470–460 BC. An asteroid has been named after Tithonus. Eos is said to have taken Tithonus, from the royal house of Troy; the mytheme of the goddess' mortal lover is an archaic one. Tithonus indeed lived forever, but when loathsome old age pressed full upon him, he could not move nor lift his limbs, this seemed to her in her heart the best counsel: she laid him in a room and put to the shining doors. There he babbles endlessly, no more has strength at all, such as once he had in his supple limbs. In tellings, he became a cicada, eternally living, but begging for death to overcome him. In the Olympian system, the "queenly" and "golden-throned" Eos can no longer grant immortality to her lover as Selene had done, but must ask it of Zeus, as a boon.
Eos bore Tithonus two sons and Emathion. According to Quintus Smyrnaeus, Memnon was raised by the Hesperides on the coast of Oceanus. According to the historian Diodorus Siculus, who had travelled east from Troy into Assyria and founded Susa, was bribed with a golden grapevine to send his son Memnon to fight at Troy against the Greeks; the Tithonus poem is one of the few nearly complete works of the Greek lyric poet Sappho, having been pieced together from fragments discovered over a period of more than a hundred years. Eos and Tithonus provided a pictorial motif inscribed or cast in low relief on the backs of Etruscan bronze hand-mirrors. "Tithonus" by Alfred Tennyson was written as "Tithon" in 1833 and completed in 1859. The poem is a dramatic monologue in blank verse from the point of view of Tithonus. Unlike the original myth, it is Tithonus who asks for immortality, it is Aurora, not Zeus, who grants this imperfect gift; as narrator, Tithonus laments his unnatural longevity, which separates him from the mortal world as well as from the immortal but beautiful Aurora.
"Tithonus" by Paul Muldoon was published in The New Yorker and included in the book Horse Latitudes. Johann Gottfried Herder: "Tithonus und Aurora" "Tithonus" by A. E. Stallings was published in the book Archaic Smile. "Tithon" is mentioned in the poem "On Imagination" by Phillis Wheatley. Tithonus is mentioned in a poem by Sappho, the Tithonus poem. Tithonus "46 Minutes in the Life of the Dawn" is a performance poem by Alice Oswald from her 2016 anthology Falling Awake Tithonus is mentioned in the poem "Departing Light" by Robert Gray from his 2006 book Nameless Earth. Tithonus is the subject of a 2019 song by the same name by singer/songwriter Eytan Mirsky and appears on his album If Not Now... Later. Aurora Eos Memnon Sappho's poem Tennyson's poem "Victorian Web: Alfred Tennyson's "Tithonus"". Retrieved 2006-09-02
OCRopus is a free document analysis and optical character recognition system released under the Apache License v2.0 with a modular design using command-line interfaces. OCRopus is developed under the lead of Thomas Breuel from the German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence in Kaiserslautern and was sponsored by Google. OCRopus was designed for use in high-volume digitization projects of books, such as Google Books, Internet Archive or libraries. A large number of languages and fonts are to be supported. However, it can be used for desktop and office applications or for application for the visually impaired people; the main components of OCRopus are formed: analysis of the document layout optical character recognition use of statistical language modelsSingle or multiple scripts are available for these components. The modular approach allows individual steps to be exchanged. By default, OCRopus comes with a model for text in Fraktur; these models refer to the script and are independent of the actual language.
New characters or language variants can be trained either new or in addition. Recent text recognition does not require a language model; this makes it possible to train language-independent models for which good recognition results for English and French have been shown at the same time. In addition to the Latin script, there are results for other scripts such as Sanskrit, Urdu and Greek. Good detection rates can be achieved through an appropriate training; this extra effort is worthwhile for difficult documents or scripts that are no longer common today, which are not in the focus of other OCR software. On 9 April 2007, OCRopus was announced as a Google-sponsored project to develop advanced OCR technologies. Funding was granted for a period of three years and covered in particular PhD and postdoctoral positions at DFKI and the University of Kaiserslautern. In return, OCRopus was used for automatic text recognition in Google Book Search. Licensing under an open source license was made right from the start to facilitate collaboration between industrial and academic research.
OCRopus has received further funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the BMBF; the first alpha version 0.1 was released on 22 October 2007 and several pre-releases followed between December 2007 and May 2009 reaching a stable version 0.4.4 in March 2010. The software was developed in C++, Python and Lua with Jam as a build system. A complete refactoring of the source code in Python modules was done and released in version 0.5. Tesseract was used as the only text recognition module. Since 2009 Tesseract was only supported as a plugin. Instead, a self-developed text recognizer was used; this recognizer was used together with OpenFST for language modeling after the recognition step. From 2013 onwards, an additional recognition with recurrent neural networks was offered, which with the release of version 1.0 in November 2014 is the only recognizer. The source code is maintained and developed by a developer community; the current version of OCRopus is 1.3.3. OCRopus can be used from the command line.
Once installed, it can be invoked by specifying the input images. It will output the recognized text to standard output directly or write it as hOCR code into files, from which it can be transformed to a searchable PDF. If more precise control is needed, options can be specified on the command line to perform specific operations. Example for the OCRopus calls to recognize the text in an image: # perform binarization ocropus-nlbin tests/ersch.png -o book # perform page layout analysis ocropus-gpageseg book/0001.bin.png # perform text line recognition ocropus-rpred -m models/fraktur.pyrnn.gz book/0001/*.bin.png # generate HTML output ocropus-hocr book/0001.bin.png -o book/0001.html Other tools concentrate on the training part of OCRopus. There are OCRopus models to extract text from Latin, Greek and Indic scripts. Ocropy on GitHub Ocropy wiki on GitHub IUPR Publication Server
The 49th Armored Division —nicknamed the "Lone Star"— was one of two armored divisions in the United States Army National Guard, redesignated from the 36th Infantry Division after World War II, organized and federally recognized on 24 February 1947. A number of the original divisional units received federal recognition from the National Guard Bureau on February 27, 1947, a date used thereafter as the formation's "birthday". In 1947, all four battalions of the 144th Infantry Regiment were placed into the Division as Mechanized infantry units. Beginning in the northern and northeastern areas of the State, there were 111 units in 56 Texas cities by 1952. In September 1961, an executive order alerted the division for mobilization at Dallas due to the 1961 Berlin Crisis. On October 15, 1961, the division entered federal service, it subsequently deployed to Fort Polk, LA; the division was to stay there ten months. In May 1962, the division staged the large-scale Exercise Iron Dragoon, still remembered among National Guard armor exercises.
While at Fort Polk the division's missile unit became the first Army National Guard unit to fire the Honest John nuclear-tipped surface-to-surface missile. The 49th Armored Division reverted to Texas State control in August 1962; the 49th was deactivated in 1968 and re-organized into three separate brigades, the 36th, 71st and 72nd. The division was reactivated on 1 November 1973, with its headquarters at Camp Mabry, Texas. On 18 July 2004 the division was again designated as the 36th Infantry Division. Prior to its redesignation, the 49th was capstoned to the U. S. Army III Corps and stood as the only functional, reserve component, armored division in the United States Army. Division replaced by the 36th Inf. Div. CSM David L Moore CSM Wilfred Martin CSM Jim Merritt CSM Mikeal Graham CSM Don Steelhammer CSM Donnie Strickland CSM Bobby Adams CSM Roger Brownlee CSM Thomas Wiley CSM Nils "Jack" Erickson