SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Tlaxcala

Tlaxcala the Free and Sovereign State of Tlaxcala, is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 60 municipalities and its capital city is Tlaxcala, it is located in East-Central Mexico, in the altiplano region, with the eastern portion dominated by the Sierra Madre Oriental. It is bordered by the states of Puebla to the north and south, México to the west and Hidalgo to the northwest, it is the smallest state of the republic, accounting for only 0.2% of the country's territory. The state is named after its capital, the name of the Pre-Columbian city and culture; the Tlaxcalans allied themselves with the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs, with concessions from the Spanish that allowed the territory to remain intact throughout 300 years of colonial period. After Mexican Independence, Tlaxcala was declared a federal territory, until 1857 when it was admitted as a state of the federation. Most of the state's economy is based on light industry and tourism; the tourist industry is rooted in Tlaxcala's long history with major attractions being archeological sites such as Cacaxtla and colonial constructions in and around Tlaxcala city.

The name Tlaxcala pre-dates the state by centuries. According to some historians, the name comes from an ancient word texcalli, which meant "crag"; the Aztec glyph that referred to this place has both elements, two green hills and two hands holding a corn tortilla. The state's coat of arms is based on the coat of arms, granted to the city in 1535, its different elements have the following meanings: the red background represents courage. The letter I refers to Joanna of the mother of Charles I of Spain; the human skulls and cross-bones represent those. The state of Tlaxcala is located east of center of Mexico between 97°37´07´´ and 98°42´51´´W and 19º05´43´´ and 19°44´07´´N, it is bordered by the states of Hidalgo and Mexico State. It is the smallest state in terms of territory with only about 4,061 km2, representing about 0.2% of the entire country. The state is divided into 60 municipalities, the largest of which are Tlaxcala, Huamantla, Calpulalpan and Tlaxco; the political heart of the state is its capital, Tlaxcala though it is not the state's largest city.

Tlaxcala lies at the foot of the northwestern slope of the La Malinche volcano in the Sierra Madre Oriental. It is one of the oldest cities in Mexico, founded as an organized civilization before the 15th century; the Spanish political entity was founded by Hernán Cortés between 1520 and 1525 and given the Spanish name of New City of Our Lady of the Assumption. Its economy is still based on the traditional enterprises of agriculture and the commerce of products of native peoples such as the Otomí on market days. Other important cities include Santa Ana Chiautempan, the most populous city in the state, noted for its textile production and Huamantla, a farming and cattle town. Tlaxcala is a land-locked state situated on the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt; the average altitude for the state is 2,230 meters above sea level, making it a bit higher than the Valley of Mexico just to the southwest. The western part of the state lies on the central plateau of Mexico while the east is dominated by the Sierra Madre Oriental, home of the 4,461 meter La Malinche volcano.

Most of the state is rugged terrain dominated by ridges and deep valleys, along with protruding igneous rock formations. This ruggedness, along with large-scale weather phenomena such as the Intertropical Convergence Zone, gives the state a complex climate. Overall rain patterns for the state are about 400mm in the summer rainy season and 30mm in the winter. Locally, this varies between the drier plateaus and valleys and the wetter mountains. Variations in altitude produce sub-climates between semi-tropical to temperate, with frosts in the higher elevations during the winter. Temperate forests of pine, evergreen oak and junipers dominate the mountain highlands while the flatlands, with their drier climate, are characterized by agaves and prickly pear cactus; the state has no major lakes or large rivers. The principal water sources are the reservoir of the Atlangatepec dam. Much of Tlaxcala's economy is based on agriculture and forestry. Principle crops for the state are maize and barley, along with important quantities of wheat, animal feed and potatoes, using about 60% of the state's land.

Although the state has 15 dams and 483 wells to provide water for agriculture, 88% of the state's agriculture is dependent on the summer rainy season, leaving it vulnerable to climatic phenomena such as El Niño or La Niña. Most livestock raised in the state is beef cattle and dairy cows along with the renowned fighting bulls. Other important animals are pigs, horses and bees

John Madden-Gaskell

John Charles Pengelley Madden-Gaskell known as John Madden played first-class cricket for Glamorgan and Somerset between 1922 and 1930. He was born at Pontypool and died at Helston, Cornwall. Educated at Haileybury College, Madden-Gaskell played as a right-handed batsman, he appeared in one match for Glamorgan as J. C. P. Madden in 1922, scoring 7 and 32 in the game against Yorkshire at Leeds; that was his only game for Glamorgan. In 1928, playing as J. C. P. Madden-Gaskell, he played seven matches for Somerset, starting with an innings of 51 when batting at No 9 in the match against Kent at Taunton, he added 89 in 75 minutes for the eighth wicket with Box Case. Returning to the Somerset side in an injury crisis in mid-season, Madden-Gaskell was used as an opener and had instant success in the match against Nottinghamshire at Taunton, scoring 42 and 63 against an attack containing Harold Larwood, Fred Barratt and Bill Voce; the 63, which contained 11 fours, was his highest first-class score. He was less successful in games and returned to the middle of the batting order.

Two further matches in 1930 were unsuccessful, were the last of his first-class career

Jacob Larsen (cricketer)

Jacob Larsen is a Danish cricketer. Larsen is a left-handed batsman, he was born at Ringkøbing County. Larsen represented Denmark Under-19s in six One Day Internationals in 1998. A decade he made his full debut for Denmark at Svanholm Park, Brøndby, against the touring Marylebone Cricket Club; the following year he was selected in Denmark's squad for the World Cup Qualifier in South Africa, playing in a single List A match during the tournament against Oman. Scoring 12 runs at number ten in Denmark's innings of 220, before he was dismissed by Hemal Mehta. With the ball, he bowled ten overs for 38 runs. Denmark lost the match by 5 wickets. In 2011, Larsen was selected as part of Denmark's squad for the 2011 ICC World Cricket League Division Three tournament in Hong Kong, making five appearances. In March 2012, Denmark took part in the World Twenty20 Qualifier in the United Arab Emirates, with Larsen selected in their fourteen man squad. Larsen made his Twenty20 debut during the tournament against the Netherlands at the ICC Global Cricket Academy.

He made a further appearance during the competition against Oman. He scored 8 runs in his two matches. Outside of playing the game, Larsen has worked for the Dansk Cricket Forbund as a youth development officer. Jacob Larsen at ESPNcricinfo Jacob Larsen at CricketArchive