In Aztec mythology, Tlazolteotl is a deity of vice, steam baths, midwives, a patroness of adulterers. She is known by three names, Tlahēlcuāni and Tlazōlmiquiztli, Ixcuina or Ixcuinan, the latter of which refers to a quadripartite association of four sister deities. Tlazōlteōtl is the deity for the 13th trecena of the sacred 260-day calendar Tōnalpōhualli, the one beginning with the day Ce Ōllin, or First Movement, she is associated with the day sign of the jaguar. Tlazolteotl played an important role through her priests. Tlazolteotl may have been a Huaxtec deity from the Gulf Coast who would have been assimilated into the Aztec pantheon. Under the name of Ixcuinan she was thought to be quadrupartite, composed of four sisters of different ages known by the names Tiyacapan, Tēicuih, Tlahco and Xōcotzin; when conceived of as four individual deities, they were called tlazōltēteoh. According to Aztec belief, it was Tlazolteotl who inspired vicious desires, who forgave and cleaned away sin, she was thought to cause disease STDs.
It was said that Tlazolteotl and her companions would afflict people with disease if they indulged themselves in forbidden love. The uncleanliness was considered both on a physical and moral level, could be cured by steam bath, a rite of purification, or calling upon the Tlazōltēteoh, the deities of love and desires. For the Aztecs there were two main deities thought to preside over purification: Tezcatlipoca, because he was thought to be invisible and omnipresent, therefore seeing everything, it is said. Purification with Tlazolteotl would be done through a priest. One could only receive the "mercy" once in their life, why the practice was most common among the elderly; the priest would be consulted by the penitent and would consult the 260-day ritual calendar to determine the best day and time for the purification to take place. On the day of, he would listen to the sins confessed and render judgment and penance, ranging from fasts to presentation of offerings and ritual song and dance, depending on the nature and the severity of the sin.
Tlazōlteōtl was called "Deity of Dirt" and "Eater of Ordure", with her dual nature of deity of dirt and of purification. Sins were symbolized by dirt, her dirt-eating symbolized the ingestion of the sin, in doing so purified it. She was depicted with ochre-colored symbols of divine excrement around her nose. In the Aztec language the word for sacred, comes from tzintli, the buttocks, religious rituals include offerings of "liquid gold" and "divine excrement", which Klein jocularly translated to English as "holy shit". Through this process, she helped create harmony in communities. Tlazōlteōtl was one of the primary Aztec deities celebrated in the festival of Ochpaniztli, held September 2–21 to recognize the harvest season; the ceremonies conducted during this timeframe included ritual cleaning and repairing, as well as the casting of corn seed and military ceremonies. Centeōtl Xōchiquetzal Xōchipilli Tezcatlipōca Toilet god Soustelle, J; the Daily life of the Aztecs, London, WI An Illustrated Dictionary of the Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya, by Mary Miller & Karl Taube Publisher: Thames & Hudson Bernardino de Sahagun, 1950–1982, Florentine Codex: History of the Things of New Spain and Edited by Arthur J.
O. Anderson and Charles Dibble, Monographs of the school of American research, no 14. 13. Parts Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press Townsend, R. F; the Aztecs Revised Edition, Thames & Hudson Ltd, London Sullivan, T. “Tlazolteotl-Ixcuina: The Great Spinner and Weaver”. The Art and Iconography of late post-Classic Mexico, Ed. Elizabeth Hill Boone. Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC. pp. 7-37
Gregory Ashley "Gregg" Mayles is a British video game designer working for video game company Rare as creative director. He is one of the longest-serving members of the company, having worked there since 1989. Mayles began his career as a designer of the Battletoads series and the Donkey Kong Country series and was one of the creators of the characters Diddy Kong and King K. Rool. After his work on DKC, he came up with an idea about an action-adventure game influenced by his recent work on the series; the project was greenlit for release first on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System and on the Nintendo 64. Codenamed Project Dream, the game was to be about a boy who went up on a magical adventure to a pirate island; the concept was scrapped, the hero was changed to bear based on one from Diddy Kong Racing with a backpack, with the latter winnowed by Mayles's trip to Japan. There went the critically acclaimed Banjo-Kazooie series. After the success of Banjo-Kazooie, Mayles did additional design on Donkey Kong 64, based on the concept of Mayles's project.
Mayles directed the long-awaited sequel, Banjo-Tooie, more acclaimed than its predecessor. After Banjo-Tooie, Mayles did design on Conker's Bad Fur Star Fox Adventures. Mayles directed the design of the 2003 game Grabbed by the Ghoulies, reviewed poorly by the press; the game's protagonist, resembles Mayles himself. He worked on some other projects before playing a key role in creating the game Viva Piñata, it first came to life as an idea from Tim Stamper, it resulted in a full game influenced by the Animal Crossing and Story of Seasons series. It was well received. Mayles took part in designing its sequel, Viva Piñata: Trouble in Paradise. In 2006, Mayles decided to come back to his roots, started a new Banjo-Kazooie project with a new feature: car building, it was announced at X06, was titled Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts. The game was released in 2008. After Nuts & Bolts, Mayles did work on the Xbox 360 version of Sonic and Sega All-Stars Racing and on Kinect Sports. Mayles served as the creative director for 2018's Sea of Thieves.
In 2007, Tim and Chris Stamper left Rare to "pursue other opportunities", Mark Betteridge along with Mayles replaced them as studio director and creative director, respectively. Mayles donates money for poor children, he started a "Very Purple Marathon" in April 2009. The marathon was supported by Rare itself, his younger brother is video game artist Steve Mayles, who worked at Rare from 1992 to 2014. Gregg Mayles on Twitter Gregg Mayles on MobyGames Gregg Mayles on IMDb Gregg Mayles on Giant Bomb A Very Purple Marathon's site Mayles's article at Rare Witch Project Wiki B-K: Nuts and Bolts: Q&A from Gregg Mayles. Mayles comments on Ensemble Studio's closure and Peter Moore's accusation on Rare as outdated company. Article "Building Your Own Banjo"
The Cahill–Keyes projection is a polyhedral compromise map projection first proposed by Gene Keyes in 1975. The projection is a refinement of an earlier 1909 projection by Cahill; the projection was designed to achieve a number of desirable characteristics, namely symmetry of component maps, scalability allowing the map to continue to work well at high resolution, uniformity of geocells, metric-based joining edges, minimized distortion compared to a globe, an understood orientation to enhance general usability and teachability. The Cahill–Keyes projection was designed with four fundamental considerations in mind: visual fidelity to a globe, proportional geocells, 10,000 km lengths for each of its octants' three main joined edges, an M-shape Master-Map profile; the resulting map comprises 8 octants. Each octant is an equilateral triangle with three segments per side. One side runs along the equator, the other two run along meridians; the total length of each side is 10,043 km. The inner meridians converge towards the pole.
Each 1° and 5° "tile" are proportional to each other. The specific process for constructing the graticule divides each half-octant into twelve zones, each of which has different formulae for coordinate calculations. Cartography World map Map projection List of map projections Dymaxion map Bernard J. S. Cahill Octant projection Gene Keyes's Cahill-Keyes and Cahill resource index D3.js Implementation of Cahill–Keyes Projection
Laguna Blanca School is a private school located on two different campuses, in Santa Barbara and nearby Montecito, California. Founded in 1933, Laguna Blanca is an independent, co-educational, college-preparatory day school for students in grades K-12 in Santa Barbara; the land in Hope Ranch was made available by Harold Chase for the establishment of a school—Edward Selden Spaulding and three of his colleagues from the Deane School founded Laguna Blanca School in 1933. With Mr. Spaulding as the first headmaster, the School opened its doors to 45 young men and graduated its first official class four years in 1937. To keep pace with increasing enrollment, the School added new buildings and science labs, growing from a 6-acre campus to the approximate 35 acres that houses the school today. In 1942, Laguna became coeducational, in 1957, the School added a kindergarten to elementary and secondary classes; the year 2000 proved pivotal in the history of Laguna Blanca with the acquisition of a new Lower School site in Montecito.
Grades K-4 are located on the Montecito campus. National Association of Independent Schools directory listing Laguna Blanca School website
Kimberly Phillips is a writer and curator in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. As of August 2017, Phillips is a Curator at the Contemporary Art Gallery, Vancouver, a non-profit public art gallery, she holds a Ph. D. in Art History, Visual Art & Theory from the University of British Columbia. Phillips has taught at the undergraduate and graduate levels teaching curatorial practice and the history of modern and contemporary visual art at Emily Carr University of Art + Design and the University of British Columbia. Phillips is Sessional Faculty at ECUAD and is Course Leader for the Low Residence Masters of Applied Art program. Phillips has authored numerous articles and exhibition catalogues on contemporary art and artists, her writings have appeared in Artforum, Canadian Art Magazine, Fillip. Prior to her position at the CAG, Phillips was Director/Curator at Access Gallery, where she curated several exhibitions, including Some Spontaneous Particulars: Vanessa Brown, Heide Hinrichs, Kathleen Ritter on emerging artists, working both nationally and internationally.
In addition, at Access she initiated Twenty-Three Days at Sea: Travelling Artist Residency. Phillips has held positions such as interpretation coordinator for the Vancouver Art Gallery and curatorial resident at 221A
Social change involves alteration of the social order of a society. It may include changes in social behaviours or social relations. Social change may refer to the notion of social progress or sociocultural evolution, the philosophical idea that society moves forward by evolutionary means, it may refer to a paradigmatic change in the socio-economic structure, for instance a shift away from feudalism and towards capitalism. Social Development refers to how people develop social and emotional skills across the lifespan, with particular attention to childhood and adolescence. Healthy social development allows us to form positive relationships with family, friends and other people in our lives. Accordingly, it may refer to social revolution, such as the Socialist revolution presented in Marxism, or to other social movements, such as Women's suffrage or the Civil rights movement. Social change may be driven through cultural, economic, scientific or technological forces. Change comes from two sources.
One source is random or unique factors such as climate, weather, or the presence of specific groups of people. Another source is systematic factors. For example, successful development has the same general requirements, such as a stable and flexible government, enough free and available resources, a diverse social organization of society. On the whole, social change is a combination of systematic factors along with some random or unique factors. There are many theories of social change. A theory of change should include elements such as structural aspects of change and mechanisms of social change, directions of change. Hegelian: The classic Hegelian dialectic model of change is based on the interaction of opposing forces. Starting from a point of momentary stasis, Thesis countered by Antithesis first yields conflict it subsequently results in a new Synthesis. Marxist: Marxism presents a dialectical and materialist concept of history. Kuhnian: The philosopher of science, Thomas Kuhn argues in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions with respect to the Copernican Revolution that people are to continue utilizing an unworkable paradigm until a better paradigm is accepted.
Heraclitan: The Greek philosopher Heraclitus used the metaphor of a river to speak of change thus, "On those stepping into rivers staying the same other and other waters flow". What Heraclitus seems to be suggesting here interpretations notwithstanding, is that, in order for the river to remain the river, change must be taking place, thus one may think of the Heraclitan model as parallel to that of a living organism, which, in order to remain alive, must be changing. A contemporary application of this approach is shown in the social change theory SEED-SCALE which builds off of the complexity theory subfield of Emergence. Daoist: The Chinese philosophical work Dao De Jing, I.8 and II.78 uses the metaphor of water as the ideal agent of change. Water, although soft and yielding, will wear away stone. Change in this model is to be natural and steady, albeit imperceptible. Four Levels of Action: Will Grant of the Pachamama Alliance describes "Four Levels of Action" for change:Individual Friends and family Community and institutions Economy and policyGrant suggests that individuals can have the largest personal impact by focusing on levels 2 and 3.
One of the most obvious changes occurring is the change in the relative global population distribution between countries. In recent decades, developing countries became a larger proportion of the world population, increasing from 68% in 1950 to 82% in 2010, while the population of the developed countries has declined from 32% of the total world population in 1950 to 18% in 2010. China and India continue to be the largest countries, followed by the US as a distant third. However, population growth throughout the world is slowing. Population growth among developed countries has been slowing since the 1950s and is now at 0.3% annual growth. Population growth among the less developed countries excluding the least developed has been slowing, since 1960, is now at 1.3% annual growth. Population growth among the least developed countries has slowed little, is the highest at 2.7% annual growth. In much of the developed world, changes from distinct men's work and women's work to more gender equal patterns have been economically important since the mid-20th century.
Both men and women are considered to be great contributors to social change worldwide. Eisenstadt, SN. Tradition and Modernity. Krieger Publishing. Giddens, Anthony. Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press. Haralambos and Holborn, Martin. Sociology: Themes and Perspectives. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0007245955 Harper, CL. Exploring Social Change. New Jersey: Engelwood Cliffs. Oesterdiekhoff, Georg W.. "The Role of Developmental Psychology to Understanding History and Social Change". Journal of Social Sciences. 10: 185–195. Doi:10.3844/jssp.2014.185.195. Polanyi, Karl.. The Great Transformation. New York: Farrar & Rinehart. Tilly, Charles.. "Misreading Rereading, Nineteenth-Century Social Change." Pp. 332–58 in Social Structures: A Network Approach, eds. Barry Wellman and S. D. Berkowitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Tilly, Charles.. Social Movements, 1768-2004. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers. ISBN 1-59451-043-1. Vago, Steven.. Social Change, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-679416-5. Understanding The World Today – Reports about global social, economic and technological change.