Tobey Maguire

Tobias Vincent Maguire is an American actor and film producer. He is best known for his role as Peter Parker / Spider-Man in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy, his other major films include Pleasantville, The Cider House Rules, Wonder Boys, The Good German and The Great Gatsby. He was nominated for the Screen Actors Guild and Golden Globe Awards, received two Saturn Awards, including one for Best Actor, he established his own production company in 2012 called Material Pictures, co-produced Good People that same year. In 2014, he starred as Bobby Fischer in Pawn Sacrifice. Tobias Vincent Maguire was born in Santa Monica, California, on June 27, 1975, the son of Wendy, a secretary turned screenwriter and film producer, Vincent Maguire, a construction worker and cook, he has four half-brothers. He is of one eighth Puerto Rican descent, his parents, 18 and 20 years old, were unmarried at the time of his birth. Maguire spent much of his childhood moving from town to town, living with each parent and other family members.

During his childhood, Maguire entertained the idea of becoming a chef and wanted to enroll in a home economics class as a sixth grader. His mother offered him $100 to take a drama class instead, he agreed; the transient nature of his school years began to take a toll on Maguire and after another relocation for his freshman year, he dropped out of high school and did not return. Instead, he pursued an acting career. By 2000, he had obtained his GED. Maguire's first appearance in a feature film was in 1989's The Wizard, he had no lines. He worked as a child actor in the early 1990s playing roles much younger than his chronological age, as late as 2002 he was still playing teenagers while in his mid-20s, he appeared in a variety of commercials and TV and movie roles, working opposite such actors as Chuck Norris, Roseanne Barr, Tracey Ullman. He was cast as the lead in the FOX TV series Great Scott!, canceled five weeks later. During many of his auditions, Maguire found himself auditioning for roles opposite another rising actor, Leonardo DiCaprio.

The pair became friends and made an informal pact to help each other get parts in their movies/TV shows/other projects. For example, both auditioned for the same part in the 1990 TV series based on the 1989 comedy Parenthood. DiCaprio was cast, Maguire got a guest role at least on DiCaprio's recommendation; the same scenario played itself out during casting for the 1993 movie This Boy's Life. By the mid-1990s, he was working but was becoming involved in the hard-partying lifestyle of some of his fellow young actors. In 1995, he requested director Allan Moyle to release him from his part in the movie Empire Records. Moyle agreed, all of Maguire's scenes were deleted from the final film. Maguire sought help for a drinking problem from Alcoholics Anonymous; as part of his recovery from alcoholism and learning to deal with his self-described "addictive and compulsive nature", Maguire changed his career path to obtain roles where he and DiCaprio would not always be in competition for the same part, the move paid off when given the role of Paul Hood, a teenage boarding school student whose narration anchors the action, in Ang Lee's 1997 film, The Ice Storm.

This led to a variety of lead roles in films such as Pleasantville, The Cider House Rules, Wonder Boys. In the 1998 film Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas he portrayed a hitchhiker who meets Raoul Duke and Dr. Gonzo during their drive to Las Vegas. In Ride with the Devil, Maguire portrayed Jakob Roedel, opposite Jewel Kilcher. Here he played the son of a unionist German immigrant who joins his southern friends in the Missouri riders, avenging the atrocities committed against Missourians by Kansas Jayhawkers and redleggers. In 2001, Maguire took a role that featured his youthful-sounding voice, a beagle puppy named Lou, in the family movie Cats & Dogs. In 2002, Maguire starred based on the popular Marvel Comics superhero; the film made him into a star. He reprised the role in the sequels Spider-Man 2 and Spider-Man 3, has provided the voice of Spider-Man for the video game adaptations of the films. All three movies went on to be part of the highest-grossing movies each year, his performance as Spider-Man earned him some glowing reviews.

Mark Caro of the Chicago Tribune wrote that "with his big, soulful eyes, Maguire always has been able to convey a sense of wonder, his instinct for understatement serves him well here." Due to script and production complications, a proposed fourth Spider-Man movie did not materialize. Sony decided to reboot the franchise; the film, titled The Amazing Spider-Man, was released on July 3, 2012, with a different actor, Andrew Garfield playing the lead. Maguire had a lead role as the jockey John M. "Red" Pollard in Seabiscuit, about the famous racehorse Seabiscuit. In 2006, he starred in his first villainous role as Corporal Patrick Tully opposite George Clooney and Cate Blanchett in Steven Soderbergh's The Good German, based on the Joseph Kanon novel of the same name, he is a producer whose pr

Fiji during the time of Cakobau

The first three-quarters of the 19th century were marked by tribal warfare, incursions from neighbouring Tonga, the increasing encroachment of foreign powers. This period saw the rise of a warlord by the name of Seru Epenisa Cakobau, who forged the first nation-state covering all of modern Fiji in 1871, before ceding it to the United Kingdom in 1874. In the early 1820s, Levuka was established as the first modern town in Fiji, on the island of Ovalau; the intervention of European traders and missionaries, of whom the first arrived from Tahiti in 1830, led to serious wars among the native Fijian confederacies. Supplied with weapons by Swedish mercenary Charlie Savage, Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa, the Vunivalu of Bau Island, defeated the much larger Burebasaga Confederacy and succeeded in subduing much of western Fiji, his successor, Seru Epenisa Cakobau, fought to consolidate Bauan domination throughout the 1850s and 1860s, started calling himself the Tui Viti, or King of Fiji. He faced opposition from local chiefs who saw him at best as first among equals, from the Tongan Prince Enele Ma'afu, who had established himself on the Island of Lakeba in the Lau archipelago in 1848.

A Christian, Ma'afu brought Wesleyan missionaries from Tonga, the Methodist Church gained its first foothold in Fiji. Most chiefs in the west regarded the Wesleyan missionaries, aligned as they were seen to be with Ma'afu, as a threat to their power, refused conversion, resisted missionary attempts to set up outposts in their villages. Cakobau's claimed position was undermined by international developments; the United States threatened intervention following a number of incidents involving their consul, John Brown Williams. His trading store had been looted by Fijian natives following an accidental fire, caused by stray cannon fire during a Fourth of July celebration in 1849; when his Nukulau Island house was subjected to an arson attack in 1855, the commander of the United States naval frigate USS John Adams demanded compensation amounting to 5000 pounds for Williams from Cakobau, as the Tui Viti. This initial claim was supplemented by further claims totalling 45,000 pounds. Cakobau was faced with a dilemma.

To disclaim responsibility for the debt, he would have to deny his self-proclaimed and still far-from-universally accepted sovereignty. To admit responsibility, he would have to undertake to pay the debt, or else face punishment from the United States Navy, he chose the latter course. Reality began to catch up with Cakobau in 1858. Unable to pay his debt, faced with increasing encroachments onto Viti Levu's south coast from Ma'afu, Cakobau approached the British consul with an offer to cede the islands to the United Kingdom, if only they would assume responsibility for his debt in return for 5,000 square kilometres of land, his insistence on being allowed to retain his questionable title of Tui Viti proved unacceptable to the British government, which turned his offer down after four years of consideration in 1862. This followed a report from Colonel W. J. Smythe, who had come to the conclusion, after interviewing every Paramount Chief in Fiji, that Cakobau's title was self-assumed and by no means universally accepted by his fellow chiefs, that he did not have the authority to cede the islands.

Cakobau next turned to the Australian-based Polynesia Company. The rising price of cotton in the wake of the American Civil War had interested the Polynesia Company in acquiring land in Fiji for planting. In return for 5,000 km², the company agreed to pay Cakobau's debt. Australian settlers landed on 575 km2 of land in Viti Levu, near what was a Fijian village called Suva, in 1868; the Polynesia Company settlers were joined by a further several thousand planters throughout the 1860s and 1870s. Fraudulently, they obtained Fijian land in exchange for weapons or alcohol. Competing land claims followed, with no unified government to settle the disputes. Frustrations peaked following the collapse of cotton prices and the destruction of the crop by hurricanes in 1870. In June 1871, John Bates Thurston, the British honorary consul, forged a "marriage of convenience" between Cakobau and the settlers, persuaded the Fijian chiefs to accept a constitutional monarchy with Cakobau as king, but with real power in the hands of a cabinet and Legislature dominated by settlers.

The Legislative Assembly met for the first time in Levuka in November 1871. The new arrangements proved no more workable than the old. Within months, government overspending had led to the accumulation of another unmanageable debt. In 1872, following continuing economic and social unrest, Thurston approached the British government, at Cakobau's request, with another offer to cede the islands; the British were much more sympathetic to annexing Fiji this time than they had been two decades earlier. The murder of Bishop John Coleridge Patteson of the Melanesian Mission at Nukapu in the Reef Islands had provoked public outrage, compounded by the massacre by crew members of more than 150 Fijians on board the brig Carl. Two British commissioners were sent to Fiji to investigate the possibility of an annexation; the question was complicated by manoeuvrings for power between Cakobau and his old rival, Ma'afu, with both men vacillating for many months. On 21 March 1874, Cakobau made a final offer. On 23 September, Sir Hercules Robinson, soon to be appointed the British Governor of Fiji, arrived on HMS Dido and received Cakobau with a royal 21-gun salute.

After some vacillation, Cakobau agreed to renounce his Tui

The Florodora Girl

The Florodora Girl is a 1930 American pre-Code drama film directed by Harry Beaumont and written by Ralph Spence, Al Boasberg and Robert E. Hopkins; the film stars Marion Davies, Lawrence Gray, Walter Catlett, Ilka Chase. The film was released on May 1930, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. A chorus girl gets bad advice from her fellow chorines in handling a rich suitor who assumes she is a gold-digger, but she is holding out for marriage. After meeting his mother, she learns, he loses his money and they drift apart. But after making a new fortune, he comes to the theater. Marion Davies as Daisy Lawrence Gray as Jack Walter Catlett as De Boer Louis John Bartels as Hemingway Ilka Chase as Fanny Vivien Oakland as Maud Jed Prouty as Old Man Dell Claud Allister as Rumblesham Sam Hardy as Fontaine Nance O'Neil as Mrs. Vibart Robert Bolder as Commodore Jane Keithley as Constance Maude Turner Gordon as Mrs. Caraway George Chandler as Georgie Smith Anita Louise as Vibart Child Mary Jane Irving as Vibart Child The 2-strip Technicolor finale has survived including Tell Me, Pretty Maiden The Florodora Girl on IMDb The Floradora Girl at the TCM Movie Database