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Today (American TV program)

Today called The Today Show, is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC. The program debuted on January 14, 1952, it was the first of its genre on American television and in the world, after 68 years of broadcasting it is the fifth-longest-running American television series. A weekday two-hour program from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. it expanded to Sundays in 1987 and Saturdays in 1992. The weekday broadcast expanded to three hours in 2000, to four hours in 2007. Today's dominance was unchallenged by the other networks until the late 1980s, when it was overtaken by ABC's Good Morning America. Today retook the Nielsen ratings lead the week of December 11, 1995, held onto that position for 852 consecutive weeks until the week of April 9, 2012, when Good Morning America topped it again. Today maintained its No. 2 status behind GMA from the summer of 2012 until it regained the lead in the aftermath of anchor Matt Lauer's departure in November 2017. In 2002, Today was ranked No. 17 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time.

The entertainment magazine Variety reported the 2016 advertising revenue during the first two hours of the show was $508.8 million. The show's first broadcast aired on January 14, 1952 as the brainchild of television executive Sylvester Weaver, vice president of NBC. Weaver was president of the company from 1953 to 1955, during which time Today's late-night companion The Tonight Show premiered. In pre-production, the show's proposed working title was Shine Revue; the show was first supervised by Jerome Alan Danzig. Today was the first program of its genre; the program blended national news headlines, interviews with newsmakers, lifestyle features, other light news and gimmicks, local news updates from the network's stations. It has spawned several other shows of a similar type, including ABC's Good Morning America, CBS' now-defunct The Early Show. In other countries, the format was copied – most notably in the United Kingdom with the BBC's Breakfast Time and TV-am's Good Morning Britain, in Canada with Canada AM on CTV.

When Today debuted, it was seen live only in the Eastern and Central time zones, broadcasting for three hours each morning but seen for only two hours in each time zone. Since 1958, Today has been tape-delayed for the five other U. S. time zones. To accommodate host Dave Garroway's declining health, the program ceased live broadcasts in the summer of 1958, opting instead to broadcast an edition taped the previous afternoon; the experiment, which drew criticism from many sides, ended when John Chancellor replaced Garroway in July 1961. Today was a two-hour program for many years, airing from 7:00 a.m. – 9:00 a.m. in all time zones except for Alaska and the U. S. Virgin Islands, until NBC expanded the program to three hours on October 2, 2000. A fourth hour was added on September 10, 2007. NBC stations in some markets, such as WYFF in Greenville, South Carolina, air the third and fourth hours of Today on tape delay. In August 2013, Today released a mobile app for tablets; the program airs live in the Eastern Time Zone and on tape delay beginning at 7:00 a.m. in each of the remaining time zones.

The remaining three feeds are updated with minor fixes and repairs, correspondents will tape updates that are edited into the delayed feeds. When breaking news stories warrant, Today will update the West Coast edition live; the live updates do not last longer than the 7:00 a.m. half-hour and once completed, will return to the taped East Coast feed. When the anchors welcome the viewers to the show, they will note the current time as being "Pacific Time" and continue to note it as such until the tape delay is started. In some instances, when an NBC News Special Report of breaking news occurs during the Today timeslot, the show's anchors will assume hosting responsibilities and the show will go live across all time zones until such time when the Special Report segment finishes. At that point, viewers outside the Eastern Time Zone will return to regularly-scheduled programming. During the first two hours of the program, local affiliates are offered a four-minute window at:26 and:56 minutes past the hour to insert a local newsbreak and local advertisements.

Certain NBC affiliates that produce an additional morning newscast for a sister station or digital subchannel may pre-tape the local inserts aired during the first one to two hours of Today to focus production responsibilities on their local broadcast. Starting in June 2014, Sirius XM Satellite Radio began simulcasting Today on a new channel called "Today Show Radio", Channel 108, with The Best of Today starting at 6 am and the Today Show's live broadcast from Studio 1A at Rockefeller Center in New York City starting at 7:00 a.m. with a tape delayed broadcast at beginning 7:00 a.m. Pacific time. On Mondays The Hoda Show with Hoda Kotb is broadcast exclusive on the Today Show Radio channel. On Tuesdays Off the Rails with Al Roker, Dylan Dreyer and Sheinelle Jones airs at 1:00 p.m.. On Wednesdays The Happy Hour with the producers of Kathie Lee and Hoda airs, on Thursdays Today Show Confidential wi

James Hay, Lord Hay

James Hay, Lord Hay and Lord Slains was a British Army officer killed during the Waterloo Campaign. James Hay was 17th Earl of Erroll and his wife Alicia Eliot. Hay, an ensign in the 1st Foot Guards, was killed at the Battle of Quatre Bras while serving as aide-de-camp to General Maitland. Had he lived, he would have succeeded his father as Earl of Erroll upon his death in 1819. In 1899 Murray's Magazine published some recollections by Georgiana, Dowager Lady De Ros about Duchess of Richmond's ball that took place on 15 June 1815, she recalled "I remember being quite provoked with poor Lord Hay, a dashing merry youth, full of military ardour, whom I knew well for his delight at the idea of going into action, of all the honours he was to gain. Circa 1890, Hay's remains were moved to the crypt under The British Waterloo Campaign Monument in The Brussels Cemetery at Evere. In the 1970 film Waterloo, Hay is portrayed by British actor Peter Davies. At the Duchess of Richmond's ball, he dances with her daughter Sarah and the two are in love.

The Duchess says to Wellington, "Don't let young Hay get killed", he is surprised to hear that they have been formally engaged. In the film, Hay serves alongside the Duchess' brother, the Duke of Gordon, chieftain of Clan Gordon. Wellington remarks to Hay that he is "a lucky fellow, to see such a sight in your first battle"; the fictional Hay's last words are "Think on England, think on England!" but these are to have been fabricated by the scriptwriters. He dies instantly, he is portrayed in Georgette Heyer's 1937 novel An Infamous Army, which deals with events of Waterloo through the eyes of fictional characters but describing real people and events. GeneralDewar, Peter Beauclerk. Dewar, Peter Beauclerk. Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain: together with members of the titled and non-titled contemporary establishment. Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain. 1. Burke's Peerage. ISBN 0-9711966-0-5. Georgiana, Dowager Lady De Ros. Personal Recollections of the Duke of Wellington, The Regency Library, Complimentary Issue July 2005.

Published in Murray's Magazine 1889 Part I. pp. 40,43. Siborne, William. History of the war in France and Belgium, in 1815: Containing minute details of the battles of Quatre-Bras, Ligny and Waterloo. Lea & Blanchard, 1845


Potassium-40 is a radioactive isotope of potassium which has a long half-life of 1.251×109 years. It makes up 0.012% of the total amount of potassium found in nature. Potassium-40 is a rare example of an isotope. In about 89.28% of events, it decays to calcium-40 with emission of a beta particle with a maximum energy of 1.31 MeV and an antineutrino. In about 10.72% of events, it decays to argon-40 by electron capture, with the emission of a neutrino and a 1.460 MeV gamma ray. The radioactive decay of this particular isotope explains the large abundance of argon in the Earth's atmosphere, as well as prevalence of 40Ar over other isotopes, it will decay to 40Ar by emitting a positron and a neutrino. Potassium-40 is important in potassium–argon dating. Argon is a gas. So, when a mineral forms – whether from molten rock, or from substances dissolved in water – it will be argon-free if there is some argon in the liquid. However, if the mineral contains any potassium decay of the 40K isotope present will create fresh argon-40 that will remain locked up in the mineral.

Since the rate at which this conversion occurs is known, it is possible to determine the elapsed time since the mineral formed by measuring the ratio of 40K and 40Ar atoms contained in it. The argon found in Earth's atmosphere is 99.6% 40Ar. It follows that most of the terrestrial argon derives from potassium-40 that decayed into argon-40, which escaped to the atmosphere; the radioactive decay of 40K in the Earth's mantle ranks third, after 232Th and 238U, as the source of radiogenic heat. The core likely contains radiogenic sources, although how much is uncertain, it has been proposed that significant core radioactivity may be caused by high levels of U, Th, K. Potassium-40 is the largest source of natural radioactivity in animals including humans. A 70 kg human body contains about 140 grams of potassium, hence about 0.000117 × 140 = 0.0164 grams of 40K. Background radiation Banana equivalent dose Isotopes of potassium Table of radioactive isotopes, K-40, The Lund/LBNL Nuclear Data Search Potassium-40 Section and Chemical Fact Sheets to Support Health Risk Analyses for Contaminated Areas

Christelijk Gymnasium Sorghvliet

Christelijk Gymnasium Sorghvliet, or Sorghvliet for short, is an independent Protestant gymnasium in The Hague. Sorghvliet is ranked in the top 10 schools in the Netherlands by the influential magazine Elsevier. In late August 2015, the Princess of Orange began her secondary education at Sorghvliet, her sister, Princess Alexia, has been attending the school since the summer of 2017, as well. Sorghvliet has a long list of notable alumni, including multiple Dutch politicians, athletes, members of the Dutch Royal family, scientists, including one Nobel Prize winner. There is a long-standing, friendly rivalry between Sorghvliet and another independent gymnasium in The Hague, the Haganum. Jozias van Aartsen, frontman of VVD and former mayor of The Hague Laurens Jan Brinkhorst and secretary of state Laurentien Brinkhorst, Princess of the Netherlands Bas de Gaay Fortman, politician Marnix van Rij, chairman CDA Morris Tabaksblat, CEO of Unilever Simon van der Meer, physicist and 1984 Nobel Prize winner F. Springer, pseudonym of Carel Jan Schneider and writer Tomas Ross, pseudonym of Willem Pieter Hogendoorn, writer Daphne Jongejans, Olympic diver Edwin Jongejans, Olympic diver

BNS Bangabandhu

BNS Bangabandhu is a guided missile frigate of the Bangladesh Navy, is one of the most modern in service. She is moored at Chattogram, serving with the Commodore Commanding BN Flotilla. About 200 personnel serve aboard her; this frigate type is said to the most modern frigate of its class according to the Bangladesh Navy. The primary role of this ship is the defence and surveillance of the country's exclusive economic zone. Bangabandhu carries out various constabulary tasks within Bangladesh's maritime boundary against maritime terrorism, environmental pollution and can be deployed for search and rescue operations when necessary; this vessel is said to be the most modern frigate of its class according to official statistics. It is equipped with some of the most advanced systems available. II anti-ship missiles on board the vessel are an advanced and capable missile system with a range of over 180 kilometres. On 17 June 2013, during the annual exercise Sea Thunder 2013, BNS Bangabandhu fired an Otomat missile for the first time.

Additionally the vessel is armed with sophisticated point-defence surface-to-air missile system in the form of eight FM-90N SAMs and Fast Forty 40 mm/70 compact CIWS in two twin mounts. The vessel is armed with six 324 mm B-515 torpedo tubes in two triple mounts which fire the EuroTorp Whitehead A244/S Mod.3 torpedoes. All of these weapons systems together with the one Otobreda 76 mm/62 Super Rapid gun give the vessel extensive combat capability; the AgustaWestland AW109 Power naval helicopter on board can be used for Rescue purpose. In April 2018, Bangladesh Navy issued a tender for replacing two 40 mm Fast Forty guns on board the ship with new 40 mm twin-barrel gun system; this frigate is equipped with Cutlass 242 ESM suite which can operate in a dense signal environment. For electronic countermeasures, the ship has Scorpion 2 jammer. Scorpion is a RECM system for the protection of naval vessels from surveillance and target-designation radars, fire-control radars and RF-guided missile seekers.

The primary purpose is to protect against sea-skimming radar-guided missiles. Integrated with Cutlass 242, Scorpion can jam two targets in 360 degree coverage. LINK Y MK2 tactical datalink system is used by the ship to coordinate the actions of ship with airborne platforms and land-based units to achieve mission goals; the ship has Thales TACTICOS combat management system. Named after Bangladesh's founding father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, popularly termed as Bangabandhu, the frigate is capable of serving in a combat role, as well as performing peacetime maritime duties, she was laid down on 11 March 1998 at Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering, Republic of Korea, commissioned on 20 June 2001 as BNS Bangabandhu. The ship was decommissioned for various warranty repair work and placed in reserve class-III as DW 2000-H frigate on 13 February 2002. In 2007 she was recommissioned again as BNS Khalid Bin Walid. On in 2009 she was renamed BNS Bangabandhu; the ship participated in Exercise Ferocious Falcon, a multinational crisis management exercise, held at Doha, Qatar in November 2012.

While transiting to the exercise, the frigate visited the port of India. The ship took part in Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training, an annual bilateral exercise with United States Navy, from 2011 to 2015. On 29 August 2013, the ship received the National Standard; until Bangabandhu was serving as the flagship of the Bangladesh Navy. In 2014, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, a 777-200ER, went missing while in flight. Due to the possibility of finding the wreckage in the Bay of Bengal, along with the frigate Umar Farooq, joined the search operation in the region. On 31 May 2016, she started for Colombo, Sri Lanka with 150 tonnes of relief for the victims of the floods and landslides caused by Cyclone Roanu; the relief included drugs, water purifying machines, pure drinking water, food items and generators. She joined the rescue efforts there; the ship left for Qatar on 22 February 2018 to take part in 6th Doha International Maritime Exhibition and Conference to be held from 12 to 14 March 2018.

She paid goodwill visits to Mumbai port, in India, from 2 to 5 March 2018 and to Colombo port in Sri Lanka from 22 to 25 March 2018. On 29 March 2018, she returned to Chattogram. List of active ships of the Bangladesh Navy BNS Somudra Joy BNS Abu Bakar BNS Ali Haider BNS Osman BNS Khalid Bin Walid | Bangladesh Military Forces Photo from Google earth

Mohamed Tarabulsi

Mohamed Kheir Tarabulsi was an amateur Lebanese weightlifter. At the 1972 Summer Olympics, he won the silver medal in the men's Middleweight category. Tarabulsi was born in Beirut on 26 September 1950. At 18 years of age, weighting 67.10 kg, he lifted a total of 377 kg and placed 14th among 20 participants in the 67.5 kg weightlifting category at the Mexico 1968 Olympic games. With 67 kg, he was too light for a height of 167 cm. Yet, in 1969, he set the junior world record of Middleweight with 140 kg, a great lift, equal to the junior light heavyweight record. In Munich 1972, now weighting 74.05Kg, he lifted 160 + 140 + 172.5 = 472.5 and the silver medal for the 75 kg weightlifting category. Still in Munich, but in an out of competition attempt to break the world in the snatch, both Aimé Terme of France and Trabulsi attempted to lift 146.5 kg to break the world record, both competitors failed the lift. Trabulsi had broken that world record in snatch on 2 previous occasions earlier in 1972: he lifted 145.5 kg on 22 Jun 1972 in Beirut 146 kg on 30 Jun 1972 in Amman, Jordan.

After that failed attempt to break his own record in Munich, he succeeded twice: 147.5kg on 11 Nov 1972 in Beirut and 150 kg on 25 Jan 1973 in Beirut. Always in the 75 kg category, Tarabulsi placed first at the 1975,1979, 1983 Mediterranean games, as well as first place at the 1978 Asian games. In the 1982 Asian games, however, he placed second but in the 82.5Kg category. In all, he participated in 3 weightlifting world championships, 3 summer Olympics, 3 Mediterranean games, 2 Asian games. Trabulsi died from cancer in 2002, aged 52. Always in Munich, but in an out of competition attempt to break the world record in the snatch, Tarabulsi attempted to lift 146.5 kg but failed the lift. Sports Reference