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Tokugawa Ieyasu

Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled Japan from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shōgun in 1603, abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616, his given name is sometimes spelled Iyeyasu, according to the historical pronunciation of the kana character he. Ieyasu was posthumously enshrined at Nikkō Tōshō-gū with the name Tōshō Daigongen, he was one of the three unifiers of Japan, along with his former lord Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. During the Muromachi period, the Matsudaira clan controlled a portion of Mikawa Province. Ieyasu's father, Matsudaira Hirotada, was a minor local warlord based at Okazaki Castle who controlled a portion of the Tōkaidō highway linking Kyoto with the eastern provinces, his territory was sandwiched between stronger and predatory neighbors, including the Imagawa clan based in Suruga Province to the east and the Oda clan to the west.

Hirotada's main enemy was the father of Oda Nobunaga. Tokugawa Ieyasu was born in Okazaki Castle on the 26th day of the twelfth month of the eleventh year of Tenbun, according to the Japanese calendar. Named Matsudaira Takechiyo, he was the son of Matsudaira Hirotada, the daimyō of Mikawa of the Matsudaira clan, Odai-no-kata, the daughter of a neighbouring samurai lord, Mizuno Tadamasa, his mother and father were step-siblings. They were just 17 and 15 years old when Ieyasu was born. In the year of Ieyasu's birth, the Matsudaira clan was split. In 1543, Hirotada's uncle, Matsudaira Nobutaka defected to the Oda clan; this gave Oda Nobuhide the confidence to attack Okazaki. Soon afterwards, Hirotada's father-in-law died, his son Mizuno Nobumoto revived the clan's traditional enmity against the Matsudaira and declared for Oda Nobuhide as well; as a result, Hirotada sent her back to her family. As both husband and wife remarried and both went on to have further children, Ieyasu had 11 half-brothers and sisters.

As Oda Nobuhide continued to attack Okazaki, in 1548 Hirotada turned to his powerful eastern neighbor, Imagawa Yoshimoto for assistance. Yoshimoto agreed to an alliance under the condition that Hirotada send his young heir to Sunpu Domain as a hostage. Oda Nobuhide, learned of this arrangement and had Ieyasu abducted from his entourage en route to Sunpu. Ieyasu was just five years old at the time. Nobuhide threatened to execute Ieyasu. Despite this refusal, Nobuhide chose not to kill Ieyasu, but instead held him as a hostage for the next three years at the Mansho-ji Temple in Nagoya. In 1549, when Ieyasu was 6, his father Hirotada was murdered by his own vassals, bribed by the Oda clan. At about the same time, Oda Nobuhide died during an epidemic. Nobuhide's death dealt a heavy blow to the Oda clan. An army under the command of Imagawa Sessai laid siege to the castle where Oda Nobuhiro, Nobuhide's eldest son and the new head of the Oda, was living. With the castle about to fall, Sessai offered a deal to Nobuhide's second son.

Sessai offered to give up the siege. Nobunaga agreed, so Ieyasu was taken as a hostage to Sunpu. At Sunpu, he remained a hostage, but was treated well as a useful future ally of the Imagawa clan until 1556 when he was 15 years old. In 1556, Ieyasu came of age, with Imagawa Yoshimoto presiding over his genpuku ceremony. Following tradition, he changed his name from Matsudaira Takechiyo to Matsudaira Jirōsaburō Motonobu, he was briefly allowed to visit Okazaki to pay his respects to the tomb of his father, receive the homage of his nominal retainers, led by the karō Torii Tadayoshi. One year at the age of 13, he married his first wife, Lady Tsukiyama, a relative of Imagawa Yoshimoto, changed his name again to Matsudaira Kurandonosuke Motoyasu. Allowed to return to his native Mikawa, the Imagawa ordered him to fight the Oda clan in a series of battles. Motoyasu fought his first battle in 1558 at the Siege of Terabe; the castellan of Terabe in western Mikawa, Suzuki Shigeteru, betrayed the Imagawa by defecting to Oda Nobunaga.

This was nominally within Matsudaira territory, so Imagawa Yoshimoto entrusted the campaign to Ieyasu and his retainers from Okazaki. Ieyasu led the attack in person, but after taking the outer defences, grew fearful of a counterattack to the rear, so he burned the main castle and withdrew; as anticipated, the Oda forces attacked his rear lines, but Motoyasu was prepared and drove off the Oda army. He succeeded in delivering supplies in the 1559 Siege of Odaka. Odaka was the only one of five disputed frontier forts under attack by the Oda which remained in Imagawa hands. Motoyasu launched diversionary attacks against the two neighboring forts, when the garrisons of the other forts went to their assistance, Ieyasu's supply column was able to reach Odaka. By 1560 the leadership of the Oda clan had passed to the brilliant leader Oda Nobunaga. Imagawa Yoshimoto, leading a large army invaded Oda clan territory. Motoyasu was assigned a separate mission to capture the stronghold of Marune; as a result, he and his men were not present at the Battle of Okehazama where Yoshimoto was killed in Nobunaga's surprise assault.

With Yoshimoto dead, the Imagawa clan in a state of con

Andriy Dykan

Andriy Oleksandrovych Dykan is a retired Ukrainian football goalkeeper who last played for Russian side FC Krasnodar. His previous clubs include Spartak Moscow. Dykan was a full Ukrainian international, winning 8 caps for his country, he holds Russian citizenship which he obtained in 2000 in Khabarovsk. Born in Kharkiv, Andriy Dykan played in Ukrainian lower league clubs, until he joined the Russian First Division side SKA-Energiya Khabarovsk in 1999, he became a first-choice goalkeeper and regularly took penalties, scoring 9 goals in his 5 years with the club. Young and gifted goalkeeper was noticed by a number of top flight Russian clubs, but deal offers from Lokomotiv Moscow and Rubin Kazan were rejected due to various reasons. In 2004, Dykan signed for FC Kuban Krasnodar, where he became a regular starter, but following an illness, lost his first-team place to Vladimir Gabulov. Dykan moved back to Ukraine and joined FC Tavriya Simferopol in January 2008. In January 2009, he moved to FC Terek Grozny.

His outstanding performances in the first half of 2010 season earned him an offer from Russian giants FC Spartak Moscow. In August 2010, Dykan signed a contract with the Moscow club. In his only second competitive game for Spartak, an UEFA Champions League away match against Olympique de Marseille on 15 September 2010, Dykan became the hero of the hour, keeping the clean sheet and making many crucial saves, as Spartak went on to win the game 1–0, he maintained steady performances in 2010–11 UEFA Europa League, keeping two clean sheets against AFC Ajax in the round of sixteen and thus helping Spartak to defeat Dutch team 4-0 on aggregate. Dykan's form in Russian Premier League was solid, meaning that Spartak's goalkeeper troubles that had emerged after the departure of Stipe Pletikosa, were over; as of spring 2012, Dykan remains an undoubted number one goalkeeper of Spartak, his ability to make spectacular saves as well as virtual absence of blunders have earned him much respect from the fans.

After recovering from injury, Dykan was forced to settle for a place on the bench due to the outstanding performances of Sergei Pesyakov and Artyom Rebrov Spartak's second and third-choice keepers, respectively. However, he returned to being Spartak's first choice'keeper, putting in an impressive performance against city rivals CSKA; the next season, he didn't play and at one point became the fourth-choice goalkeeper. Towards the end of the season, Dykan was reinstated to the team, as Spartak claimed a disappointing sixth-place finish in the Russian Premier League. Dykan ended his career after two seasons at Krasnodar, is considering a future coaching role. Dykan made his debut for the Ukraine national football team in a friendly match against Norway on 2 June 2010, at the age of 32, he continued making regular appearances for the national team, as Ukraine's home European Championship approached, despite his belated debut, appeared to be the most probable choice for Ukraine's starting goalkeeper at the tournament.

Alongside his promising performances for the national team, his position was strengthened by the injury of veteran Oleksandr Shovkovskiy and the 2-year ban of young prospect Oleksandr Rybka. However, on 31 March 2012, while playing for Spartak against Zenit, he suffered a collision with Zenit's Aleksandr Kerzhakov and was injured. Dykan was diagnosed with multiple facial bones fractures, craniocerebral trauma and brain concussion, he went on to miss the final tournament, failed to make an appearance for Ukraine again. Individual: Russian First Division best goalkeeper: 2005.with Spartak Moscow: Russian Premier League: Runner-up, 2012 Copa del Sol: Winner, 2012 Profile on Ukrainian Football Federation website Profile on Terek official website

Križovany nad Dudváhom

Križovany nad Dudváhom is a village and municipality of Trnava District in the Trnava region of Slovakia. The old rotunda is one of the most interesting things to see in the village, it was built in the 11th century and has an interesting combination of Gothic and Romanesque elements. The patrotinium was the Saint Cross. In 1246 had been built a chapel to the rotunda and in 1780 had been constructed a new baroque church, which had been, demolished in 1937 so that a church with higher believers capacity will be built, but State Institute for the protection of historical sightseeings insisted on the protection of the rotunda and this had been succeeded. In 1938 the new church had been built, the old rotunda was preserved and the murals were restored between 1967 and 1970. Rotunda as well as the church are the possessions of the local Roman Catholic church. Inside the building are performed regular worship services. Igor Bališ, football player, played for Slovak representation, former player of FC Spartak Trnava and West Bromwich Albion F.

C. Gejza Dusík, slovak composer Stibrányi J.: Krizovany nad Dudvahom. Rotunda Sv. Kriza.. Komárno. ISBN 80-88804-39-6. Mencl, V.: Stredoveka architektúra na Slovensku. Presov. Http://en.e-obce.sk/obec/krizovanynaddudvahom/krizovany-nad-dudvahom.html Official page Profile of rotunda