Tokyo Tower is a communications and observation tower in the Shiba-koen district of Minato, Japan. At 332.9 meters, it is the second-tallest structure in Japan. The structure is an Eiffel Tower-inspired lattice tower, painted white and international orange to comply with air safety regulations. Built in 1958, the tower's main sources of income are antenna leasing. Over 150 million people have visited the tower. FootTown, a four-story building directly under the tower, houses museums and shops. Departing from there, guests can visit two observation decks; the two-story Main Deck is at 150 meters, while the smaller Top Deck reaches a height of 249.6 meters. The names were changed following renovation of the top deck in 2018; the tower acts as a support structure for an antenna. Intended for television broadcasting, radio antennas were installed in 1961, but the tower now broadcasts signals for Japanese media outlets such as NHK, TBS and Fuji TV. Japan's planned digital television transition by July 2011 was problematic, however.
A taller digital broadcasting tower, known as Tokyo Skytree, was completed on 29 February 2012. Every five years Tokyo Tower is repainted, it takes one year to repaint it. Since its completion in 1958, Tokyo Tower has become a prominent landmark in the city, appears in media set in Tokyo. A large broadcasting tower was needed in the Kantō region after NHK, Japan's public broadcasting station, began television broadcasting in 1953. Private broadcasting companies began operating in the months following the construction of NHK's own transmission tower; this communications boom led the Japanese government to believe that transmission towers would soon be built all over Tokyo overrunning the city. The proposed solution was the construction of one large tower capable of transmitting to the entire region. Furthermore, because of the country's postwar boom in the 1950s, Japan was searching for a monument to symbolize its ascendancy as a global economic powerhouse. Hisakichi Maeda and president of Nippon Denpatō, the tower's owner and operator planned for the tower to be taller than the Empire State Building, which at 381 meters was the highest structure in the world.
However, the plan fell through because of the lack of both materials. The tower's height was determined by the distance the TV stations needed to transmit throughout the Kantō region, a distance of about 150 kilometers. Tachū Naitō, renowned designer of tall buildings in Japan, was chosen to design the newly proposed tower. Looking to the Western world for inspiration, Naitō based his design on the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. With the help of engineering company Nikken Sekkei Ltd. Naitō claimed his design could withstand earthquakes with twice the intensity of the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake or typhoons with wind speeds of up to 220 kilometers per hour; the new construction project attracted hundreds of tobi, traditional Japanese construction workers who specialized in the construction of high-rise structures. The Takenaka Corporation broke ground in June 1957 and each day at least 400 laborers worked on the tower, it was constructed of steel, a third of, scrap metal taken from US tanks damaged in the Korean War.
When the 90-meter-long antenna was bolted into place on 14 October 1958, Tokyo Tower was the tallest freestanding tower in the world, taking the title from the Eiffel Tower by 9 meters. Despite being taller than the Eiffel Tower, Tokyo Tower only weighs about 4,000 tons, 3,300 tons less than the Eiffel Tower. While other towers have since surpassed Tokyo Tower's height, the structure was still the tallest artificial structure in Japan until April 2010, when the new Tokyo Skytree became the tallest structure in Japan, it was opened to the public on 23 December 1958 at a final cost of ¥2.8 billion. Tokyo Tower was mortgaged for ¥10 billion in 2000. Planned as an antenna for telecommunications and brightly colored in accordance with the time's Aviation Law, the tower's two panoramic observatories are frequented by tourists today; every five years, the tower is repainted in a process. Tokyo Tower is next planned to be repainted in 2024. Tokyo Tower's two main revenue sources are antenna tourism, it functions as a radio and television broadcasting antenna support structure and is a tourist destination that houses several different attractions.
Over 150 million people have visited the tower in total since its opening in late 1958. Tower attendance had been declining until it bottomed out at 2.3 million in 2000. Since attendance has been rising, it has been attracting 3 million visitors per year; the first area tourists visit upon reaching the tower is FootTown, a four-story building stationed directly under the tower. There, visitors can eat and visit several museums and galleries. Elevators that depart from the first floor of FootTown can be used to reach the first of two observation decks, the two-story Main Observatory. For the price of another ticket, visitors can board another set of elevators from the second floor of the Main Observatory to reach the final observation deck—the Special Observatory. Tokyo Tower, a member of the World Federation of Great Towers, is used by many organizations for broadc
Spry is a census-designated place in York County, United States. The population was 4,891 at the 2010 census. Spry is located at 39°54′45″N 76°41′14″W in York Township, south of the city of York. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.6 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,903 people, 2,125 households, 1,411 families living in the CDP; the population density was 1,902.7 people per square mile. There were 2,204 housing units at an average density of 855.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.15% White, 1.51% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.14% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population. There were 2,125 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.77. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,240, the median income for a family was $57,344. Males had a median income of $41,436 versus $31,587 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $24,564. About 3.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over
WJCP is a Full Service-Classic Hits formatted broadcast radio station licensed to North Vernon, serving Vernon and Jennings County, Indiana. WJCP is operated by Tom and Diana Taylor. WJCP was launched on January 1955 as WOCH by Dorrell Ochs. Located in the Ochs' family auto supply business in North Vernon, the station was started with the intent of keeping the local community informed and entertained, while broadcasting Christian programming; the station was bought ARS Broadcasting Corporation and carried a Middle of the Radio format. At the time, the station carried the WNVI callsign. WNVI changed its callsign to WKRP on August 17, 1989 and back to WNVI on August 8, 1997. Findlay Publishing Company purchased WNVI and its FM sister-stations WRBI and WWWY for $1.9 million in 1997. For a time, after the sale, WNVI carried a Talk format, simulcasting sister-station WCSI. Findlay Publishing Company sold WNVI, in a swap for WWWY, to Pieratt Communications, Inc. on November 20, 2001. With the sale, the simulcast was WCSI ended and WNVI switched to Adult Standards.
In 2003, the station flipped to ESPN Radio-affiliated sports branded as "ESPN 1460". On May 15, 2006, WNVI became WJCP with its callsign standing for Jennings County Panthers, the latter derived from the county high school's mascot. WJCP was sold to its current owners and Diana Taylor, on October 17, 2014. WJCP added FM translator W249DG, broadcasting on 97.7 FM, on May 9, 2016. The translator simulcasts WJCP's AM signal on the FM band. In addition to the main station, WJCP is relayed by an FM translator to widen its broadcast area. Translator W249DG was owned by Greenfield, Indiana-based Indiana Community Radio Corporation, it was subsequently sold as part of a package of stations and translators to New Beginnings Movement, Inc. and acquired by WJCP owners Tom and Diana Taylor effective June 29, 2018. Classic Hits 97-7 and 1460 WJCP Online Query the FCC's AM station database for WJCP Radio-Locator Information on WJCP Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WJCP