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Critical Metrics

Critical Metrics was a web-based music recommendation service. Unlike user-driven sites like The Hype Machine and Pandora, Critical Metrics featured only expert-generated content. Aggregating reviews and playlists from over 150 publications, both print and online, the site encompassed historical sources; the site ranked the songs mathematically, based on the information gathered. With a methodology based in the fields of bibliometrics and sentiment analysis, Critical Metrics quantified these positive citations and sentiments into indices for media playlisting and consumption. Streaming audio and YouTube videos were presented with the original recommendations, along with the option to purchase via iTunes or other online retailers; when the site was launched in April 2007, it hosted the streaming music itself. A licensing arrangement with Rhapsody removed the free music, but allowed unlimited listening and playlist-building for Rhapsody subscribers. Critical Metrics was founded by the co-founder of and a former VH1 executive.

The site was praised by Boing Boing, The Wall Street Journal, Business Week. Los Angeles Times senior music critic Ann Powers referred to the site as her "favorite snobby top 40 station". Michael Arrington, Kevin Werbach. "Supernova 2007 - "Connected Innovators"". TechCrunch. Rafe Needleman. "Webware 100 finalists". CNET; the website is now defunct. Ann Powers. "The Best Music of 2007". On workdays I keep a window open to Critical Metrics, my favorite snobby Top 40 station, try to absorb what's new... Jon Fine. "Music and Crowds". Business Week. John Jurgensen. "Picks: A new site lets you find the songs that have the most critics buzzing". Wall St. Journal. Alec Hanley Bemis. "MetaJournalism-dot-com". L. A. Weekly. "... I'm tempted to say it's the only site you need to keep track of new music." Mark Frauenfelder. "Cool New Online Playlist Generator". Boing Boing

Museum of Asian Art of Corfu

The Museum of Asian Art of Corfu is a museum in the Palace of St. Michael and St. George in Corfu, Greece; the only museum in Greece dedicated to the art of Asia, it has collections of Chinese art, Japanese art, Indian art and others. The museum opened in 1927 as the Museum of Sino-Japanese art with the donation of the Gregorios Manos collection. A Greek ambassador to Austria, Manos had purchased 9,500 Chinese and Japanese artefacts at art auctions in Vienna and Paris in the late 19th and early 20th century, he compiled and catalogued his collection himself, with nearly scientific consistency, is regarded as the first Greek authority on Far Eastern art. In 1919, he donated his collection to the Greek State, on the condition that a Sino-Japanese art museum be opened in Corfu; the second donation was the collection of N. Chatzivasileiou, the former Greek ambassador to India and Japan, with artefacts from India, Tibet and Northeast Asia; this donation changed the mainly Sino-Japanese focus of the museum, resulting in its renaming into Museum of Asian Art.

The third major donation was from Ch. Chiotakis, a Greek merchant in the Netherlands. Smaller noteworthy donations came from Iordanis Siniosoglou and Giannis Kollas; the collection contains some eleven thousand objects, the oldest from the 11th century BC. Artistic collections include Japanese printed pictures, Chinese porcelain, Indian sculptures in bronze and other materials plus wood carvings; some of the wood and bronze items are of superb quality and depict gods and goddesses engaged in erotic scenes. The museum is set in the well-preserved rooms of the Palace of St. Michael and St. George, built during the British rule, with ornate furniture and decorations from that period. Administratively, the museum is a Special Regional Service of the Ministry of Culture, with the aim of researching and protecting the cultural heritage of Asia and promote it in Greece and Europe, it is a member of the Asia-Europe Museum Network. The entrance fee in March 2013 is 3 euros; the museum has a number of postcards on sale plus a book of Chinese pottery in the collection as well as an overall guide that omits the major Indian works of art on display.

"Official website". Retrieved 2013-03-25. Museum info from Asia-Europe Museum Network. "Corfu Museum of Asian Art". Retrieved 2013-03-25

Kasumbalesa, Zambia

Kasumbalesa, Zambia is a town in Zambia, that sits across the international border from the much larger town of Kasumbalesa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is a major crossing point between the two countries. Kasumbalesa is located in Chililabombwe District, Copperbelt Province 17 kilometres, north of the city of Chililabombwe, where the district headquarters are located. Kasumbalesa is about 153.5 kilometres, by road, northwest of Ndola, the largest city and capital of the Copperbelt Province. The geographical coordinates of Kasumbalesa, Zambia are 12°16'05.0"S, 27°47'40.0"E. The average elevation of Kasumbalesa is 4,568 feet, above sea level. Kasumbalesa is a busy road-crossing point between Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, clearing in excess of 500 long-haul trucks daily in each direction; the infrastructure on the Zambian side of the border has been lacking, as of May 2019. Of particular concern, is the lack of public toilet facilities, posing a health risk. Plans are underway to improve infrastructure including the construction of a larger parking yard for long-distance trucks, the construction of hotels and restaurants and the provision of public toilets, through public-private-partnership arrangements.

Finance Bank Zambia Limited maintains a branch in the town. Southern African Development Community Copperbelt Minister Lusambo and Katanga Governor resolve Kasumbalesa stand-off, trucks begin crossing As at 6 January 2017


Spitalfields is a district in the East End of London and within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The area is formed around Commercial Street and includes the locale around Brick Lane, Christ Church, Toynbee Hall and Commercial Tavern, it has several markets, including Spitalfields Market, the historic Old Spitalfields Market, Brick Lane Market and Petticoat Lane Market. It was part of the ancient parish of Stepney in the county of Middlesex and was split off as a separate parish in 1729. Just outside the City of London, the parish became part of the Metropolitan Board of Works area in 1855 as part of the Whitechapel District, it formed part of the County of London from 1889 and was part of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney from 1900. It was abolished as a civil parish in 1921; the name Spitalfields appears in the form Spittellond in 1399. The land belonged to St Mary Spital, a priory or hospital erected on the east side of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare in 1197, from which its name is thought to derive.

An alternative, earlier, name for the area was Lolsworth. The area, Spitalfields was covered with fields and nursery gardens until late in the 17th century when streets were laid out for Irish and Huguenot silk weavers; the Romans had a cemetery to the east of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare, which follows the line of Ermine Street: the main highway to the north from Londinium. The cemetery was noticed by the antiquarian John Stow in 1576 and was the focus of a major archaeological excavation in the 1990s, following the redevelopment of Spitalfields Market. In 2013 lead isotope analysis of tooth enamel, by Dr Janet Montgomery of Durham University, led to the identification of the first person from Rome known to have been buried in Britain, she was a 25-year-old woman, buried in a lead-lined stone sarcophagus, with unique jet and intricate glass grave goods, around the middle of the 4th century A. D. In 1197, a priory, "The New Hospital of St Mary without Bishopsgate", latterly known as St Mary Spital, founded by Walter Brunus and his wife Roisia, was built on the site of the cemetery.

It was one of the biggest hospitals in medieval England and had a large medieval cemetery with a stone charnel house and mortuary chapel. The chapel has been preserved for public viewing; the priory and hospital were dissolved in 1539 under Henry VIII. Although the chapel and monastic buildings were demolished, the area of the inner precinct of the priory maintained an autonomous administrative status as the Liberty of Norton Folgate; the adjacent outer precincts, to the south, were re-used as an artillery ground and placed under the special jurisdiction of the Tower of London as one of its Tower liberties. Other parts of the priory area were used for residential purposes by London dwellers seeking a rural retreat and by the mid-17th century further development extended eastward into the erstwhile open farmland of the Spital Field. In 1729 Spitalfields was detached from the parish of Stepney becoming as a parish with two churches Christchurch Spitalfields and St Stephen's Spitalfields; the church of St Stephen Spitalfields was built in 1860 by public subscription but was demolished in 1930.

The adjacent vicarage is all. Spitalfields became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney in 1900 and was abolished as a civil parish in 1921, it became part of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in 1965. Spitalfields' historic association with the silk industry was established by French Protestant refugees who settled in the area after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. By settling outside the bounds of the City of London, they hoped to avoid the restrictive legislation of the City Guilds; the Huguenots brought with them little, apart from their skills, an Order in Council of 16 April 1687 raised £200,000 to relieve their poverty. In December 1687, the first report of the committee set up to administer the funds reported that 13,050 French refugees were settled in London around Spitalfields, but in the nearby settlements of Bethnal Green, Shoreditch and Mile End New Town; the late 17th and 18th centuries saw an estate of well-appointed terraced houses, built to accommodate the master weavers controlling the silk industry, grand urban mansions built around the newly created Bishops Square which adjoins the short section of the main east-west street known as Spital Square.

Christ Church, Spitalfields on Fournier Street, designed by the architect Nicholas Hawksmoor, was built during the reign of Queen Anne to demonstrate the power of the established church to the dissenting Huguenots, who had built ten chapels in the area. More humble weavers dwellings were congregated in the Tenterground; the Spitalfields Mathematical Society was established in 1717. In 1846, it merged with the Royal Astronomical Society. Spitalfields Market was established in 1638 when Charles I gave a licence for flesh and roots to be sold in what was known as Spittle Fields; the market receives around 25,000 visitors every week. Huguenots of Spitalfields is a registered charity promoting public understanding of the Huguenot heritage and culture in Spitalfields, the City of London and beyond, they arrange tours, talks and schools programmes to raise the Huguenot profile in Spitalfields and to raise funds for a permanent memorial to the Huguenots. From the 1730s Irish weavers came, after a decline in the Irish linen industry, to take up work in the silk trade.

The 18th century saw periodic crises in the silk industry, brought on by imports of French silk – in a lull between the w

Execution of Carey Dean Moore

The execution of Carey Dean Moore was the execution by lethal injection of Carey Dean Moore by the state of Nebraska in the United States. It was the first execution in Nebraska using lethal injection, the first use of capital punishment in Nebraska since 1997; the execution was the first in the United States to use fentanyl. The execution took place on August 14, 2018 at the Nebraska State Penitentiary, where Moore had been on death row since his conviction for killing two cab drivers in 1979; the execution used a novel drug cocktail of diazepam, fentanyl and potassium chloride. The German manufacturer of two of the drugs, Fresenius Kabi, sued the state of Nebraska and sought a restraining order to halt the execution, because EU law prohibits German companies from supplying pharmaceuticals that are used for capital punishment, regarded as a grave violation of international human rights law in Germany and other European countries, because the manufacturer asserted that Nebraska authorities had acquired the drugs by fraud and in violation of the distribution contract which expressly prohibits sale, resale or distribution to American prisons.

The lawsuit was part of a wider backlash against American prisons for using drugs obtained from European manufacturers in violation of the laws of their countries of origin. The execution was the fourth in Nebraska since the 1976 Gregg v. Georgia decision, the first by lethal injection, the first since a 2015 effort to ban capital punishment in Nebraska. Three other prisoners, including John Joubert and Harold Otey were executed in Nebraska's electric chair in the 1990s. In the summer of 1979, 21-year-old Carey Dean Moore robbed and murdered two cab drivers in Omaha, Nebraska, he confessed to police, was convicted in 1980 of two counts of first-degree murder. On June 20, 1980, a three-judge panel sentenced Moore to death; the German pharmaceutical company Fresenius Kabi, the manufacturer of the drugs used in Moore's execution, filed a lawsuit in the United States, seeking a restraining order to stop the use of the drugs in question in the planned execution. Capital punishment has been abolished in all countries of the European Union and the EU requires that all EU companies not provide drugs for lethal injection.

The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights, the use of the death penalty is therefore regarded as a grave violation of international human rights law in Europe. Fresenius Kabi only sells the products in question with a binding clause that they may not be sold, resold or distributed to prisons or used in executions. Fresenius Kabi asserted that the drugs "could only have been obtained by defendants in contradiction and contravention of the distribution contracts the company has in place and therefore through improper or illegal means" and said the execution would cause reputational damage. Nebraska denied the charge that it had acquired the drugs by "fraud, deceit or misrepresentation." The United States District Court for the District of Nebraska denied the company’s motion for a temporary restraining order, whereby the Court relied on the truthfulness of Nebraska Department of Correctional Services' director Scott R. Frakes' testimony.

The court held that the company's position that delaying Moore's execution would not disrupt the public interest in Nebraska was "laughable" and that the company's position that the illegal use of its product in a killing violating the law of the country the company was based in would cause irreparable corporate reputational harm were without merit, stating that "this lawsuit has generated world-wide coverage of the Plaintiff's desire to avoid any association with the death penalty" and therefore wouldn't be held accountable. The Court further declared that the execution would be of major public interest: "In this case, it has everything to do with the functioning of democracy." The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court’s decision in its entirety. In a similar case in 2018, the pharmaceutical company Alvogen sought a restraining order to prevent Nevada's execution of Scott Dozier, alleging that the Nevada Department of Corrections had fraudulently acquired its drugs.

The Fresenius and Alvogen lawsuits, which took place at the same time, were compared by commentators. European pharmaceutical companies have pushed back against violations of the distribution contracts in the United States prohibiting straw buying by prisons for capital punishment. In response to the lawsuit, Nebraska's prisons director Scott Frakes acknowledged that Nebraska would not be able to buy the drugs used in Moore's execution again. Frakes said he had been turned down by 40 pharmacies when trying to buy the drugs, due to the pharmacies' legal obligation not to sell the drugs to prisons. Scott Dozier List of people executed in Nebraska List of offenders executed in the United States in 2018 NDCS Carries Out Execution Carey Dean Moore