click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Tom Clancy

Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. was an American novelist best known for his technically detailed espionage and military-science storylines set during and after the Cold War. Seventeen of his novels were bestsellers, more than 100 million copies of his books were sold, his name was used on movie scripts written by ghostwriters, nonfiction books on military subjects with co-authors, video games. He was a part-owner of his hometown Major League Baseball team, the Baltimore Orioles of the American League and vice-chairman of their community activities and public affairs committees. Clancy's literary career began in 1984 when he sold his first military thriller novel The Hunt for Red October for $5,000 published by the small academic Naval Institute Press of Annapolis, Maryland, his works The Hunt for Red October, Patriot Games and Present Danger, The Sum of All Fears have been turned into commercially successful films. Actors Alec Baldwin, Harrison Ford, Ben Affleck, Chris Pine, John Krasinski have played Clancy's most famous fictional character, Jack Ryan.

Another well-known character of his, John Clark, has been portrayed by actors Willem Dafoe and Liev Schreiber. Tom Clancy's works inspired games such as the Ghost Recon, Rainbow Six, Splinter Cell series. Since Clancy's death in 2013, the Jack Ryan series has been continued by his family estate through a series of authors. Clancy was born on April 12, 1947, at Franklin Square Hospital in Baltimore and grew up in the Northwood neighborhood in northeast Baltimore, he was the second of three children to Thomas Clancy, who worked for the United States Postal Service, Catherine Clancy, who worked in a store's credit department. He was a member of Troop 624 of the Boy Scouts of America, his mother worked to send him to the private Catholic secondary school taught by the Jesuit religious order, Loyola High School in Towson, the suburban county seat of Baltimore County, just north of the city, from which he graduated in 1965. He attended the associated Loyola College in Baltimore, graduating in 1969 with a bachelor's degree in English literature.

While at Loyola University, he was president of the chess club. He joined the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps. After graduating, he worked for an insurance company in Connecticut. In 1973, he joined the O. F. Bowen Agency, a small insurance agency based in Owings, founded by his wife's grandfather. In 1980, he purchased the insurance agency from his wife's grandmother and wrote novels in his spare time. While working at the insurance agency, he wrote The Hunt for Red October. Clancy's literary career began in 1982 when he started writing The Hunt for Red October, which in 1984 he sold for publishing to the Naval Institute Press for $5,000; the publisher was impressed with the work. She believed Clancy had an "innate storytelling ability, his characters had this witty dialogue". Clancy, who had hoped to sell 5,000 copies, ended up selling over 45,000. After publication, the book received praise from President Ronald Reagan, who called the work "the best yarn", subsequently boosting sales to 300,000 hardcover and 2 million paperback copies of the book, making it a national bestseller.

The book was critically praised for its technical accuracy, which led to Clancy's meeting several high-ranking officers in the U. S. military. Clancy's novels focus on the hero, most notably Jack Ryan and John Clark, both Irish Catholics like himself, he uses the formula whereby the heroes are, "highly skilled, honest professional, only lose their cool when incompetent politicians or bureaucrats get in their way. Their unambiguous triumphs over evil provide symbolic relief from the legacy of the Vietnam War."Clancy's novels The Hunt for Red October, Patriot Games and Present Danger, The Sum of All Fears, have been turned into commercially successful films with actors Alec Baldwin, Harrison Ford, Ben Affleck, Chris Pine as Clancy's most famous fictional character, Jack Ryan. All but two of Clancy's written novels feature Jack Ryan or John Clark; the Cold War epic Red Storm Rising was co-written with fellow military-oriented author Larry Bond. The book was published by Putnam and sold a million copies within its first year.

Clancy became the cornerstone of a publishing list by Putnam which emphasized authors like Clancy who would produce annually. His publisher, Phyllis E. Grann, called these "repeaters." Clancy has author status on the cover of dozens of books. Seventeen of his novels made it to the top of the New York Times best seller list, he co-authored memoirs of top generals, produced numerous guided tours of the elite aspects of the American military. Andrew Bacevich states: Clancy did for military pop-lit what Starbucks did for the preparation of caffeinated beverages: he launched a sprawling, massively profitable industrial enterprise that serves and cultivates an insatiable consumer base. Whether the item consumed provides much in terms of nourishment is utterly beside the point; that it tastes yummy going down more than suffices to keep customers coming back. By 1988, Clancy had

List of ambassadors of Russia to Burundi

The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the Republic of Burundi is the official representative of the President and the Government of the Russian Federation to the President and the Government of Burundi. The Russian ambassador to Burundi and his staff work at large in the Embassy of Russia in Bujumbura; the post of Russian Ambassador to Burundi is held by Valery Mikhailov, incumbent since 17 July 2019. Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Burundi were established on 1 October 1962; the Soviet Union was represented through its embassy in Léopoldville, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the ambassador to the Democratic Republic of the Congo holding dual accreditation to Burundi. The embassy in Bujumbura opened in 1964 with Ivan Marchuk appointed ambassador that year. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 the incumbent Soviet ambassador continued as representative of the Russian Federation until 1995

Patrick Windhorst

Patrick Windhorst is an American politician from Illinois. Windhorst is a Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives for the 118th district; the 118th district, located in Southern Illinois, includes all or parts of Anna, Belle Prairie City, Broughton, Burnside, Carbondale, Carrier Mills, Cave-In-Rock, Dahlgren, East Cape Girardeau, Eldorado, Equality, Golconda, Harrisburg, Junction, Makanda, Marion, McClure, McLeansboro, Mound City, New Grand Chain, New Haven, Old Shawneetown, Olive Branch, Omaha, Raleigh, Rosiclare, Simpson, Tamms, Thebes and Vienna. In 1997, Windhorst earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Journalism from University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. In 2000, Windhorst earned a JD degree from Southern Illinois University School of Law. In 2000, Windhorst started his career as an attorney at Denton & Keuler, until 2004. Windhorst was an elected State's Attorney for Massac County. In the 2018 general election, Windhorst won the election and became a member of Illinois House of Representatives.

Windhorst defeated appointed Democratic incumbent Natalie Phelps Finnie by a margin of 15.2 percentage points. Windhorst lives in Illinois. Windhorst's wife is Holly Windhorst, they have two children. Profile at the Illinois General Assembly Campaign website

Wawanesa, Manitoba

Wawanesa is an unincorporated urban community in the Municipality of Oakland – Wawanesa within the Canadian province of Manitoba that held village status prior to January 1, 2015. It is the birthplace of The Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co; as of the 2016 Canadian census, the population of Wawanesa was 594, a 5.7% increase from its population of 562 in the 2011 census. The median age was 38.9 years old, 2.1 years younger than the national average of 41.0. There were 247 private dwellings. Of those in Wawanesa aged 15 or older, 57.4% are married, 7.4% are living with a common-law partner, 18.0% have never been married, 2.1% are separated, 6.4% are divorced, 8.5% are widowed. Of the census families in Wawanesa, 52.9% consist of two persons, 11.8% consist of three persons, 20.6% consist of four persons, the remaining 11.8% consist of five or more persons. The average size of a census family in Wawanesa is 2.9 persons. 53.3% of couple census families live without children, 10.0% live with one child, 23.3% live with two children, 13.3% live with three or more children.

Notable people associated with Wawanesa have included suffragist Nellie McClung and Edna Diefenbaker, the first wife of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. Wawanesa: Heritage ResourcesFormer Village of Wawanesa

Death of Israa Ghrayeb

The Death of Israa Ghrayeb took place on 22 August 2019 in the Palestinian city of Bethlehem. Israa Ghrayeb, 21 years old, was beaten to death in an "honor killing" because she posted a selfie with her fiance a day before they were supposed to get engaged, her family has denied the accusation. Ghrayeb died on 22 August 2019 after sustaining injuries at her home in Beit Sahour, her death caused protests by Palestinians because of the accusation. Ghrayeb's family claims; as of September 6, The Palestinian authorities had three people in custody in relation to the death, were awaiting the final forensic report. On the 12th of September 2019 the investigation concluded that Ghrayeb died due to complications in her respiratory system caused by repeated beatings. Three family members charged. #WeAreAllIsraa hashtag was spread on social networks in solidarity with a 21-year-old Palestinian Israa Ghrayeb from Bethlehem, who died after being beaten and tortured in an "honor killing" after she posted a video on social media with a man whom she was soon supposed to be engaged to.

The death of Israa Ghrayeb provoked outrage on the West Bank, with Palestinians arranging protests against the killing in Bethlehem and Ramallah. Adalah Justice Project, a Palestinian Human Rights organisation, said they were "outraged and saddened" by "heinous killing". Human rights in the State of Palestine

Operation Lighthouse (1937)

Operation Lighthouse was the name given to the failed experimental launch of four Aggregate 3 liquid-fuel rockets by Wernher von Braun and Walter Dornberger on the German island of Greifswalder Oie in December 1937. In the summer of 1937 the German Aggregate 3 series of rockets was nearing the testing stage. Several were tested on a special stand at Kummersdorf in an attempt to evaluate guidance systems; these consisted of vanes designed to deflect the rocket control the missile's course. On September 1, Dornberger ordered that von Braun's team prepare for a series of test launches in the first part of November from the small island of Greifswalder Oie in an operation he designated "Lighthouse". Von Braun assigned the head of his measurement unit, Gerhard Reisig, to prepare the expedition to the island. In November and snow storms kept the project behind schedule, delaying ferries and nearly collapsing the tent erected as a preparation site. Rodents gnawed on tar telephone cables. Amidst the setbacks and von Braun hunted rabbits and pheasants.

The rockets and launch site were not ready until December. The first launch was ordered for December 2, but again weather and technical problems delayed the operation. On December 4 the first rocket blasted off just after 10 AM. Set on a test ring without a guide rail, the rocket rose vertically for three seconds, but the parachute deployed and dragged, behind the vehicle. After less than seven seconds the engine cut out and soon the rocket fell back to the ground, landing 1,000 feet from the launch site, it burned upon impact, leaving little wreckage to examine. Another missile was launched on the afternoon of December 6 and followed a similar pattern and exploding in the sea less than twenty feet from the island's cliffs; the wreckage did not yield an explanation for the failure. For the third launch, the parachute was replaced with a flare; the rocket was set off in the afternoon of December 8. The missile turned from the vertical into the wind and after four seconds the flare deployed. At 1,000 feet the engine quit, without the drag of a burning parachute it achieved a greater distance before crashing over a mile offshore and exploding in the sea.

Despite the disappointing results of the first three launches and von Braun decided to launch their last A3. After further weather delays, the last rocket was set off on the morning of December 11 but demonstrated a performance much like the third; the failure the project launch came as a shock to von Braun. He suspected both the jet vanes. Additionally, he developed a theory that an electrostatic charge caused the parachute to deploy early in the first two launches. Tests conducted at Kummersdorf on an electrically insulated rocket seemed to discount this explanation. Instead, von Braun figured that the rocket had rolled upon launch enough to deploy the parachute, set to act when the missile rolled more than six degrees per second; because the missiles tested had not been painted in patterns, it was only upon reviewing photographs that the roll was detected. The failure of the A3 launches showed the relative lack of experience of von Braun's team and Kreiselgeräte, the company that designed the guidance system.

The A3 was abandoned and redesigned as the A5. By January 1938 von Braun and Dornberger decided to keep the propulsion and tank systems, but discarded the body and fin design in favor of something that could be better controlled. Additionally, unlike the A3, the A5 would not be designed to carry any scientific instrumentation, but only guidance and control systems. Furthermore, the failure of the A3 launches held back the development of the A4 rocket for at least a year. Von Braun had hoped to launch the world's first ballistic missile by 1940, but the Oie expedition forced this aspiration further into the future