Tom Conti

Thomas Antonio Conti is a Scottish actor, theatre director, novelist. He won a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play in 1979 for his performance in Whose Life Is It Anyway? and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1983 film Reuben, Reuben. Thomas Antonio Conti was born on 22 November 1941 in Paisley, the son of hairdressers Mary McGoldrick and Alfonso Conti, he is now antireligious. His father was Italian, while his mother was raised in Scotland to Irish parents. Conti was educated at independent Catholic boys' school Hamilton Park and at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama, both in Glasgow. Conti is a theatre and television actor, he began working with the Dundee Repertory in 1959. He appeared on Broadway in Whose Life Is It Anyway? in 1979, in London, he played the lead in Jeffrey Bernard is Unwell at the Garrick Theatre. Besides taking the leading role in the TV versions of Frederic Raphael's The Glittering Prizes and Alan Ayckbourn's The Norman Conquests, Conti appeared in the "Princess and the Pea" episode of the family television series Faerie Tale Theatre, guest-starred on Friends and Cosby, played opposite Nigel Hawthorne in a long-running series of Vauxhall Astra car advertisements in the United Kingdom during the mid-1990s.

Conti has appeared in such films as Mr. Lawrence. Conti's novel The Doctor, about a former secret operations pilot for intelligence services, was published in 2004. According to the foreword, his friend Lynsey De Paul recommended the manuscript to publisher Jeremy Robson, he appeared in the hit BBC sitcom Miranda alongside Miranda Hart and Patricia Hodge, as Miranda's father, in the 2010 seasonal episode "The Perfect Christmas". Conti has been married to Scottish actress Kara Wilson since 1967 and their daughter Nina is an actress and a ventriloquist. According to Nina, her parents have an open marriage. Conti is a prominent resident of Hampstead in northwest London, having lived in the area for several decades. Conti was part of a campaign against the opening of a Tesco supermarket in nearby Belsize Park. Conti put his Hampstead house up for sale in 2015 for £17.5 million after his long-running opposition to the building plans of his neighbour, the footballer Thierry Henry. Conti had opposed development plans for Hampstead's Grove Lodge, the 18th-century Grade II listed former home of novelist John Galsworthy.

Conti participated in a genetic-mapping project conducted by the company ScotlandsDNA. In 2012, Conti and the company announced. Conti has said that he "burst out laughing" when told he was directly related to Napoléon on his father's side. Conti considered running as the Conservative candidate in the 2008 London mayoral election, but did not, in the following election in 2012, he supported unsuccessful independent candidate Siobhan Benita. In the run up to the 2015 general election, Conti said in an interview published in several newspapers that he had come to view socialism as a religion with a "vicious, hostile spirit" and that "conservatism was about enabling people to improve their lives." National Board of Review for Best Actor Academy Award nomination as Best Actor Golden Globe nominations for Reuben and Nazi Hunter: The Beate Klarsfeld Story Tony Award for Best Actor Laurence Olivier Award for Actor of the Year in a New Play Variety Club Award for Best Actor Tom Conti on IMDb

Cinema of Eritrea

The history of cinema in Eritrea dates back to the country's colonial rule under the Kingdom of Italy. In connection with the growth of Italian cinema in the 1930s, so did the rise of cinema in Asmara, Eritrea. In 1937, Asmara's Opera was converted into cinema. By the following year, Asmara had a total of nine movie theatres; the Italian missionary film was first introduced in a 1922 work produced in the country by Capuchin monks collaborating with the colonial government. Despite the country's independence, film screenings in Eritrea are still confined to English and Italian language movies. White Hotel, a documentary film shot in Eritrea. Cinema Impero, a movie theater in Asmara. Ines Pellegrini, an Italian actress of Eritrean descent

Compound lever

The compound lever is a simple machine operating on the premise that the resistance from one lever in a system of levers will act as power for the next, thus the applied force will be amplified from one lever to the next. All scales use some sort of compound lever to work. Other examples include nail clippers and piano keys. A lever arm uses the fulcrum to lift the load intensifying an applied force. In practice, conditions may prevent the use of a single lever to accomplish the desired result, e.g. a restricted space, the inconvenient location of the point of delivery of the resultant force, or the prohibitive length of the lever arm needed. In these conditions, combinations of simple levers, called compound levers, are used. Compound levers can be constructed from second and/or third-order levers. In all types of compound lever, the rule is that force multiplied by the force arm equals the weight multiplied by the weight arm; the output from one lever becomes the input for the next lever in the system, so the advantage is magnified.

The figure on the left illustrates a compound lever formed from two first-class levers, along with a short derivation of how to compute the mechanical advantage. With the dimensions shown, the mechanical advantage, W/F can be calculated as 9 × 10/3 × 4 = 7.5, meaning that an applied force of 1 pound could lift a weight of 7.5 lb. Alternatively, if the position of the fulcrum on lever AA' were moved so that A1 = 4 units and A2 = 9 units the mechanical advantage W/F is calculated as 4 × 9/9 × 4 = 1, meaning that an applied force will lift an equivalent weight and there is no mechanical advantage; this is not the goal of a compound lever system, though in rare situations the geometry may suit a specific purpose. The distances used in calculation of mechanical advantage are measured perpendicular to the force. In the example of a nail clipper on the right, because the effort is applied vertically, distances to the respective fulcrums are measured horizontally, instead of along the lever. In this example, W/F is × 6/1 × = 6.

Note that cm = 8 cm is the distance from the point of application of the effort to the fulcrum of the first lever, perpendicular to the applied effort. A few examples of the compound lever are the scale, train brakes, a common type of nail clippers. Another example is the elbow-joint press, used in printing, molding or handloading bullets, minting coins and medals, in hole punching. Compound balances are used to weigh heavy items; these all use multiple levers to magnify force to accomplish a specific purpose. The train brake translates the force of pushing back the stick to the levers and they rub against the wheels, using friction to slow and stop the train; these are everyday applications of this mechanism. A piano key is a compound lever of the first-class, since the fulcrum is between the weight to be moved and the power; the purpose of this lever is to translate a small movement into a larger and fast movement of the hammer on the strings. The quality of the resulting tone depends on whether the final speed is brought about by gradual or sudden movement of the key.

The earliest remaining writings regarding levers date from the 3rd century BC and were provided by Archimedes. "Give me a place to stand, I shall move the earth with a lever" is a remark attributed to Archimedes, who formally stated the correct mathematical principle of levers. The idea of the compound lever is attributed to the Birmingham inventor John Wyatt in 1743, when he designed a weighing machine that used four compound levers to transfer a load from a weighing platform to a central lever from which the weight could be measured