Gwen Renée Stefani is an American singer and actress. She is a co-founder and the lead vocalist of the band No Doubt, whose singles include "Just a Girl" and "Don't Speak" from their 1995 breakthrough studio album Tragic Kingdom, as well as "Hey Baby" and "It's My Life" from albums. During the band's hiatus, Stefani embarked on a solo pop career in 2004 by releasing her debut studio album Love. Angel. Music. Baby. Inspired by pop music from the 1980s, the album was a commercial success, it spawned three singles: "What You Waiting For?", "Rich Girl", "Hollaback Girl". The last reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart while becoming the first US download to sell one million copies. In 2006, Stefani released her second studio album The Sweet Escape; the album produced the singles "Wind It Up" and "The Sweet Escape". Her third solo album, This Is What the Truth Feels Like, was her first solo album to reach number one on the Billboard 200 chart. Stefani has won three Grammy Awards; as a solo artist she has received an American Music Award, Brit Award, World Music Award and two Billboard Music Awards.
In 2003, she debuted her clothing line L. A. M. B. and expanded her collection with the 2005 Harajuku Lovers line, inspired by Japanese culture and fashion. During this time Stefani performed and made public appearances with four back-up dancers known as the Harajuku Girls, she was married to British musician Gavin Rossdale from 2002 to 2016 and they have three sons. Billboard magazine ranked Stefani the 54th most successful artist and 37th most successful Hot 100 artist of the 2000–09-decade. VH1 ranked her 13th on their "100 Greatest Women in Music" list in 2012. Including her work with No Doubt, Stefani has sold more than 30 million albums worldwide. Gwen Renée Stefani was born on October 3, 1969, in Fullerton and raised Roman Catholic in nearby Anaheim, California, she was named after a stewardess in the 1968 novel Airport, her middle name, Renée, comes from The Four Tops' 1968 cover of The Left Banke's 1966 song "Walk Away Renée". Her father, Dennis Stefani, worked as a Yamaha marketing executive.
Her mother, worked as an accountant before becoming a housewife. Stefani's parents were fans of folk music and exposed her to music by artists like Bob Dylan and Emmylou Harris, she has two younger siblings and Todd, an older brother, Eric. Eric was the keyboardist for No Doubt before leaving the band to pursue a career in animation on The Simpsons. In school, Stefani was diagnosed with dyslexia and ADHD, her brother Eric introduced Gwen to 2 Tone music by Madness and The Selecter and, in 1986, he invited her to provide vocals for No Doubt, a ska band he was forming. In 1991 the band signed to Interscope Records; the band released its self-titled debut album in 1992, but its ska-pop sound was unsuccessful due to the popularity of grunge. Before the mainstream success of both No Doubt and Sublime, Stefani contributed guest vocals to "Saw Red" on Sublime's 1994 album Robbin' the Hood. Stefani rejected the aggressiveness of female grunge artists and cited Blondie singer Debbie Harry's combination of power and sex appeal as a major influence.
No Doubt's third album, Tragic Kingdom, which followed the self-released The Beacon Street Collection, took more than three years to make. Five singles were released from Tragic Kingdom, including "Don't Speak", which led the Hot 100 Airplay year-end chart of 1997. Stefani left college for one semester to tour for Tragic Kingdom but did not return when touring lasted two and a half years; the album was nominated for a Grammy and sold more than 16 million copies worldwide by 2004. In late 2000, Rolling Stone magazine named her "The Queen of Confessional Pop". During the time when No Doubt was receiving mainstream success, Stefani collaborated on the singles "You're the Boss" with the Brian Setzer Orchestra, "South Side" with Moby, "Let Me Blow Ya Mind" with Eve. No Doubt released the less popular Return of Saturn in 2000, which expanded upon the new wave influences of Tragic Kingdom. Most of the lyrical content focused on Stefani's rocky relationship with then-Bush frontman Gavin Rossdale and her insecurities, including indecision on settling down and having a child.
The band's 2001 album, Rock Steady, explored more reggae and dancehall sounds, while maintaining the band's new wave influences. The album generated career-highest singles chart positions in the United States, "Hey Baby" and "Underneath It All" received Grammy Awards. A greatest hits collection, The Singles 1992–2003, which includes a cover of Talk Talk's "It's My Life", was released in 2003. In 2002, Eve and Stefani won a Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Let Me Blow Ya Mind". Stefani's debut solo album Love. Angel. Music. Baby. was released on November 12, 2004. The album features several collaborations with producers and other artists, including Tony Kanal, Tom Rothrock, Linda Perry, André 3000, Nellee Hooper, The Neptunes and New Order. Stefani created the album to modernize the music to which she listened when in high school, L. A. M. B. Takes influence from a variety of music styles of the 1980s and early 1990s such as new wave and electro. Stefani's decision to use her solo career as an opportunity to delve further into pop music instead of trying "to convince the world of talent and artistic worth" was considered unusual.
The album was described as "fun as hell but... not rife with subversive social commentary". The album debuted on the US Billboard 200 albums chart at number seven, selling 309,000 copies in its first week. L. A. M. B. Reached multi-platinum status in the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada; the first single from the album was "What You Waiting For?", which debut
Stephanie Lynn Nicks is an American singer and songwriter. Nicks is best known for her work as a songwriter and vocalist with Fleetwood Mac, for her chart-topping solo career, she is known for her distinctive voice, mystical stage persona, poetic, symbolic lyrics. Collectively, her work both as a member of Fleetwood Mac and as a solo artist has produced over forty top-50 hits and sold over 140 million records, making her one of the best-selling music acts of all time with Fleetwood Mac. Nicks has been named one of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time, as one of the world's top "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" by Rolling Stone, she is the only woman to have been inducted twice into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, having been inducted as a member of Fleetwood Mac in 1998 and as a solo artist in 2019. She has garnered eight Grammy Award nominations and two American Music Award nominations as a solo artist, she has won numerous awards with Fleetwood Mac, including a Grammy Award and five Grammy Award nominations.
Nicks joined Fleetwood Mac in 1975 along with her boyfriend, Lindsey Buckingham. Rumours, Fleetwood Mac's second album after the incorporation of Nicks and Buckingham, was the best-selling album of the year of its release and to date has sold over 40 million copies worldwide, making it the fifth biggest-selling studio album of all time; the album remained at number one on the American albums chart for 31 weeks and reached number one in various countries worldwide. The album won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1978, it produced four U. S. top-10 singles, with Nicks's "Dreams" being the band's first and only U. S. number-one hit. In 1981, while remaining a member of Fleetwood Mac, Nicks began her solo career, releasing the album Bella Donna, which topped the Billboard album charts and has reached multiplatinum status, she has released a total of eight solo studio albums to date, with her most recent, titled 24 Karat Gold: Songs from the Vault, released in October 2014. Stephanie "Stevie" Nicks was born at Good Samaritan Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona, to Jess Nicks, former president of Greyhound's Armour-Dial, Barbara Nicks, a homemaker.
Nicks is of German and Irish ancestry. Nicks's grandfather, Aaron Jess "A. J." Nicks, Sr. a struggling country music singer, taught Nicks to sing duets with him by the time she was four years old. Nicks's mother was so protective that she kept her at home "more than most people" and during that time fostered in her daughter a love of fairy tales; the infant Stephanie could pronounce her own name only as "tee-dee", which led to her nickname of "Stevie". Her father's frequent relocation as a food business executive had the family living in Phoenix, Albuquerque, El Paso, Salt Lake City, Los Angeles, San Francisco during Nicks's youth. With the Goya guitar that she received for her 16th birthday, Nicks wrote her first song, "I've Loved and I've Lost, I'm Sad But Not Blue", she spent her adolescence playing records and lived in her "own little musical world". While attending Arcadia High School in Arcadia, she joined her first band, the Changing Times, a folk rock group focused on vocal harmonies. Nicks met her future musical and romantic partner, Lindsey Buckingham, during her senior year at Menlo-Atherton High School.
When she saw Buckingham playing "California Dreamin'" at Young Life club, she joined him in harmony. She recalled, "I thought he was a darling." Buckingham was in a psychedelic rock band, but two of its musicians were leaving for college. He asked Nicks in mid-1967 to replace guitarist Jody Moreing. For the next three years, Fritz was composed of Nicks on lead vocals, Buckingham on bass and vocals, Brian Kane on lead guitar, Javier Pacheco on keyboards, Bob Aguirre on drums. Pacheco was the main songwriter, with a psychedelic bent, but Nicks's compositions brought a country rock flair. Fritz became popular as a live act when it opened for Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin from 1968 until 1970. Nicks credits the acts as having inspired her stage performance. Both Nicks and Buckingham attended San Jose State University, where Nicks majored in speech communication and planned to become an English teacher. Nicks dropped out of college the semester before graduation. After Fritz disbanded in 1972, Nicks and Buckingham continued to write as a duo, recording demo tapes at night in Daly City on a one-inch, four-track Ampex tape machine Buckingham kept at the coffee-roasting plant belonging to his father, Morris.
They secured a deal with Polydor Records, released the album Buckingham Nicks in 1973. The album was not a commercial success, despite the live shows that Nicks and Buckingham performed together to support it, Polydor dropped the pair. To support herself and Buckingham, who wrote music while recovering from mononucleosis, Nicks worked a variety of jobs, including waiting and a stint cleaning producer Keith Olsen's house, where Nicks and Buckingham lived for a time before moving in with Richard Dashut. Nicks says. "We were told that it was recreational and that it was not dangerous," Nicks told Chris Isaak in 2009. Nicks and Buckingham moved in with Dashut in 1972. While there, Buckingham landed a guitar-playing gig with the Everly Brothers and toured with them while Nicks stayed behind working on songs. During this time, Nicks wrote "Rhiannon" after seeing the name in the novel Triad by Mary Leader, she wrote "Landslide", inspired by the scenery of Aspen and her inner turmoil over her decision to pursue music and her relationship with Buckingham.
In late 1974, Keith Olsen played the Buckingham Nicks track "Frozen Love" for drummer Mick Fleet
Poison (American band)
Poison is an American rock band which achieved great commercial success in the mid-1980s through the mid-1990s. Poison has sold over 45 million records worldwide and has sold 15 million records in the United States alone; the band has charted ten singles to the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100, including six Top 10 singles and the Hot 100 number-one, "Every Rose Has Its Thorn". The band's breakthrough debut album, the multi-platinum Look What the Cat Dragged In, was released in 1986 and they hit their peak with their second album, Open Up and Say... Ahh!, which became the band's most successful album, being certified 5x platinum in the US. The popularity continued into the new decade with their third consecutive multi-platinum selling album, Flesh & Blood. In the 1990s following the release of the band's first live album, Swallow This Live, the band experienced some line up changes and the fall of pop metal with the grunge movement, but despite a drop in popularity the band's fourth studio album, Native Tongue, still achieved Gold status and the band's first compilation album, Poison's Greatest Hits: 1986–1996, went double platinum.
In the 2000s, with the original line up back together, the band found new popularity after a successful greatest hits reunion tour in 1999. The band began the new decade with the release of the long-awaited Crack a Smile... and More!, followed by the Power to the People album. The band toured every year to sold out stadiums and arenas, they released a brand new album, Hollyweird, in 2002 and in 2006 the band celebrated their 20-year anniversary with The Best of Poison: 20 Years of Rock tour and album, certified Gold and marked Poison's return to the Billboard top 20 charts for the first time since 1993. Band members starred in successful reality TV shows. After 30 years, the band is still performing. Since their debut in 1986, they have released seven studio albums, four live albums, five compilation albums, have issued 28 singles to radio. In 2012 VH1 ranked them at #1 on their list of the "Top 5 Hair Bands of the'80s". Poison was formed in 1983, in Mechanicsburg and consisted of lead vocalist Bret Michaels, guitarist Matt Smith, bassist Bobby Dall and drummer Rikki Rockett.
Michaels began his performing career with a basement band called Laser and in 1979, joined forces with longtime childhood friend Rockett to form a band called the Spectres. In 1980, Michaels and Rockett teamed up with Smith and Dall to form the band Paris and the group started playing the club circuit, performing rock cover songs in local bars; the group formed a strong local following but in order to further their career the band made the decision to move to Los Angeles on March 6, 1983 and changed the name of the group from Paris to Poison, after the song of the same name by glam metal band Kix. Arriving in Los Angeles, the group struggled to survive away from home with no family and no money, but the band was determined to make it. Poison made the rounds performing in the famous local clubs. During this period, Poison's manager negotiated a deal under which the West Hollywood club, The Troubadour, would pay for shows. At this time, about to become a father and was concerned about the band's future, left the band to return home to Pennsylvania.
The band auditioned for a replacement guitarist narrowing down the field to three candidates: Slash, who would join Guns N' Roses. C. DeVille. Although Michaels and Dall did not get along with him, the band agreed that DeVille's "fire" made him the best choice. Michaels, Dall, DeVille signed to independent label Enigma Records in 1986 for $30,000, their debut album, Look What the Cat Dragged In, was released August 2, 1986. It included only one single, "Cry Tough". With heavy rotation on MTV, their debut earned the band tours with fellow glam rockers Ratt and Quiet Riot, as well as a coveted slot in the Texxas Jam in Dallas; the album sold 4 million copies worldwide. The band began giving intimate and controversial interviews to rock journalist Judy Wieder at the Hollywood home they all shared in June 1986, before the official release of Look What the Cat Dragged In. Wieder, the first to follow the band circulated their many dicey conversations to the popular rock magazines of the day, including Circus, Rip Magazine, Rock Express and Hit Parader, ensuring enormous visibility for the album's release.
In 1987 the band recorded a cover of the Kiss song "Rock and Roll All Nite" for soundtrack to Less Than Zero. Poison's second album, Open Up and Say... Ahh!, was released May 21, 1988. It peaked at No. 2 on the American charts and would go on to sell 8 million copies worldwide. The album included the band's biggest hit, the No. 1 single "Every Rose Has Its Thorn", along with other hits "Nothin' but a Good Time", "Fallen Angel", the Loggins and Messina cover "Your Mama Don't Dance". The album's initial cover art was controversial, as it depicted a demonic female figure with an obscenely long tongue. A censored version of the cover followed. In 1989, the band released their first video album titled Sight for Sore Ears which featured all their music videos from the first two albums. Conflict pursued the band persistently. Bryn Bridenthal, head of publicity at Geffen Records, slapped a $1.1 million lawsuit on the ba
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Michael Kenneth Mann is an American film director and producer of film and television, best known for his distinctive brand of stylized crime drama. His most acclaimed works include the crime films Thief, Manhunter and Collateral, the historical drama The Last of the Mohicans, the docudrama The Insider, he is known for his role as executive producer on the popular TV series Miami Vice, which he adapted into a 2006 feature film. For his work, he has received nominations from international organizations and juries, including those at the British Academy of Film and Television Arts and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Total Film ranked Mann No. 28 on its list of the 100 Greatest Directors Ever and Sound ranked him No. 5 on their list of the 10 Best Directors of the Last 25 Years, Entertainment Weekly ranked Mann No. 8 on their 25 Greatest Active Film Directors list. Mann was born February 1943, in Chicago, Illinois, to a family of Russian Jewish ancestry, he is the son of Jack Mann.
He received a B. A. in English at the University of Wisconsin–Madison where he developed interests in history and architecture. It was at this time that he fell in love with movies. In a recent L. A. Weekly interview, he describes the film's impact on him: "It said to my whole generation of filmmakers that you could make an individual statement of high integrity and have that film be seen by a mass audience all at the same time. In other words, you didn't have to be making Seven Brides for Seven Brothers if you wanted to work in the mainstream film industry, or be reduced to niche filmmaking if you wanted to be serious about cinema. So that's what Kubrick meant, aside from the fact that Strangelove was a revelation." He received his MA at London Film School. His daughter Ami Canaan Mann is a film director and producer. Mann moved to London in the mid 1960s to go to graduate school in cinema, he went on to receive a graduate degree at the London Film School in 1967. He spent seven years in the United Kingdom going to film school and working on commercials along with contemporaries Alan Parker, Ridley Scott and Adrian Lyne.
In 1968, footage he shot of the Paris student revolt for a documentary, aired on NBC's First Tuesday news program and he developed his'68 experiences into the short film Jaunpuri which won the Jury Prize at Cannes in 1970. Mann returned to United States after divorcing his first wife in 1971, he went on to direct a road trip documentary, 17 Days Down the Line. Three years Hawaii Five-O veteran Robert Lewin gave Mann a shot and a crash course on television writing and story structure. Mann wrote four episodes of Starsky and Hutch and the pilot episode for Vega$. Around this time, he worked on a show called Police Story with cop-turned-novelist Joseph Wambaugh. Police Story concentrated on the detailed realism of a real cop's life and taught Mann that first-hand research was essential to bring authenticity to his work, his first feature movie was a television special called The Jericho Mile, released theatrically in Europe. It won the Emmy for best MOW in the DGA Best Director award, his television work includes being the executive producer on Miami Vice and Crime Story.
Contrary to popular belief, he was not the creator of these shows, but the executive producer and showrunner. They were produced by his production company and his cinematic influence is felt throughout each show in terms of casting and style. Mann is now known as a feature film director, he has a distinctive style, reflected in his works: his trademarks are intricate scene setups, during Miami Vice to such an extent that a whole scene was color-coordinated, from props to backgrounds to actors' wardrobes, as well as powerfully-lit night scenes and combining exterior filming in such a way that shots of unrelated filming locations can appear as being of the same building or landmark. In terms of sound, he is known for unusual scores, such as Tangerine Dream in Thief or the new-age score to Manhunter. Dante Spinotti is a frequent cinematographer of Mann's pictures. Mann's first cinema feature as director was Thief starring James Caan, a accurate depiction of thieves that operated in New York City and Chicago at that time.
Mann used actual former professional burglars to keep the technical scenes as genuine as possible. His next film The Keep, a supernatural thriller set in Nazi-occupied Romania, was an uncharacteristic choice. Though it was a commercial flop, the film has since attained cult status amongst fans. In 1986, Mann was the first to bring Thomas Harris' character of serial killer Hannibal Lecter to the screen with Manhunter, his adaptation of the novel Red Dragon, which starred Brian Cox as a more down-to-earth Hannibal. In an interview on the Manhunter DVD, star William Petersen comments that because Mann is so focused on his creations, it takes several years for him to complete a film, he gained widespread recognition in 1992 for his film adaptation of James Fenimore Cooper's novel into the epic film The Last of the Mohicans. His biggest critical successes in the 1990s began with the release of Heat in 1995 and The Insider in 1999; the films, which featured Al Pacino with Robert De Niro in Heat and Al Pacino and Russell Crowe in The Insider, showcased Mann's cinematic style and adeptness at creating rich, complex storylines as well as directing actors.
The Insider was nominated for seven Academy Awards as a result, including a nominat