Huckleberry "Huck" Finn is a fictional character created by Mark Twain who first appeared in the book The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and is the protagonist and narrator of its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. He is 12 or 13 years a year older at the time of the latter. Huck narrates Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, two shorter sequels to the first two books. Huckleberry "Huck" Finn is the son of "Pap" Finn. Sleeping on doorsteps when the weather is fair, in empty hogsheads during storms, living off of what he receives from others, Huck lives the life of a destitute vagabond; the author metaphorically names him "the juvenile pariah of the village" and describes Huck as "idle, lawless, vulgar, bad", qualities for which he was admired by all the children in the village, although their mothers "cordially hated and dreaded" him. Huck is an archetypal innocent, able to discover the "right" thing to do despite the prevailing theology and prejudiced mentality of the South of that era; the best example of this is his decision to help Jim escape slavery though he believes he will go to hell for it.
His appearance is described in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He wears the clothes of full-grown men which he received as charity, as Twain describes him, "he was fluttering with rags." He has a torn broken hat and his trousers are supported with only one suspender. Tom Sawyer, the St. Petersburg hamlet boys' leader sees him as "the banished Romantic". Tom's Aunt Polly calls Huck a "poor motherless thing." Huck confesses to Tom in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer that he remembers his mother and his parents' relentless fighting that stopped only when she died. Huck has a carefree life free from societal norms or rules, stealing watermelons and chickens and "borrowing" boats and cigars. Due to his unconventional childhood, Huck has received no education. At the end of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Huck is adopted by the Widow Douglas, who sends him to school in return for his saving her life. In the course of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn he learns enough to be literate and reads books for entertainment when there isn't anything else to do.
His knowledge of history as related to Jim is wildly inaccurate, but it is not specified if he is being wrong on purpose as a joke on Jim. In Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, the Widow attempts to "sivilize" the newly wealthy Huck. Huck's father takes him from her, but Huck manages to fake his own death and escape to Jackson's Island, where he coincidentally meets up with Jim, a slave, owned by the Widow Douglas' sister, Miss Watson. Jim is running away because he overheard Miss Watson planning to "sell him South" for eight hundred dollars. Jim wants to escape to Cairo, where he can find work to buy his family's freedom. Huck and Jim take a raft down the Mississippi River, planning to head north on the Ohio River, in hopes of finding freedom from slavery for Jim and freedom from Pap for Huck, their adventures together, along with Huck's solo adventures, comprise the core of the book. In the end, Jim gains his freedom through Miss Watson's death, as she freed him in her will.
Pap, it is revealed, has died in Huck's absence, although he could safely return to St. Petersburg, Huck plans to flee west to Indian Territory. In Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, the sequels to Huck Finn, Huck is living in St. Petersburg again after the events of his eponymous novel. In Abroad, Huck joins Jim for a wild, fanciful balloon ride that takes them overseas. In Detective, which occurs about a year after the events of Huck Finn, Huck helps Tom solve a murder mystery. Huck is Tom Sawyer's closest friend, their friendship is rooted in Sawyer's emulation of Huck's freedom and ability to do what he wants, like swearing and smoking when he feels like it. In one moment in the novel, he brags to his teacher that he was late for school because he stopped to talk with Huck Finn and enjoyed it, something for which he knew he would receive a whipping. Nonetheless, Tom remains a devoted friend to Huck in all of the novels. In Huckleberry Finn, it's revealed that Huck considers Tom to be his best friend.
At various times in the novel, Huck mentions that Tom would put more "style" in Jim and his adventure. Jim, a runaway slave whom Huck befriends, is another dominant force in Huck's life, he is the symbol for the moral awakening Huck undergoes throughout Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. This is seen when Huck considers sending a letter to Ms. Watson telling her where Jim is but chooses to rip it up despite the idea in the south that one who tries helping a slave escape will be sent to eternal punishment. Pap Finn is Huck's abusive, drunken father who shows up at the beginning of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and forcibly takes his son to live with him. Pap's only method of parenting is physical abuse. Although he seems derisive of education and civilized living, Pap seems to be jealous of Huck and is infuriated that his son would try to amount to more, live in better conditions than he did. Despite this, early in the novel Huck uses his father's method of "borrowing" though he feels sorry and stops.
The character of Huck Finn is based on Tom Blankenship, the real-life son of a sawmill laborer and sometime drunkard named Woodson Blankenship, who lived in a "ramshackle" house near the Mississippi River behind the house where the author grew up in Hannibal, Missouri. Twain mentions his childhood friend Tom Blankenship as the inspiration for creating Huckleberry Finn in his autobiography: "In Huckleberry Finn I
Once Upon a Time (TV series)
Once Upon a Time is an American fantasy drama television series on ABC which debuted on October 23, 2011, concluded on May 18, 2018. The first six seasons are set in the fictitious seaside town of Storybrooke, with the characters of Emma Swan and Regina Mills serving as the leads, while the seventh and final season takes place in Seattle, Washington, in the fictitious neighborhood of Hyperion Heights, with a new main narrative led by Mills, Swan and Mills' son, Henry Mills; the show borrows elements and characters from the Disney universe and popular Western literature and fairy tales. Once Upon a Time was created by Lost and Tron: Legacy writers Edward Kitsis and Adam Horowitz. A spin-off series, Once Upon a Time in Wonderland, consisting of 13 episodes which followed the titular character from Alice in Wonderland, premiered on October 10, 2013 and concluded on April 3, 2014. For the first six seasons, the series took place in the fictional seaside town of Storybrooke, Maine, in which the residents are characters from various fairy tales and other stories that were transported to the real world town and robbed of their original memories by the Evil Queen Regina who used a powerful curse obtained from Rumplestiltskin.
The residents of Storybrooke, where Regina is mayor, have lived an unchanging existence for 28 years, unaware of their own lack of aging. The town's only hope lies with a bail-bonds person named Emma Swan, the daughter of Snow White and Prince Charming, transported from the Enchanted Forest to the real world via a magic tree as an infant before she could be cursed; as such, she is the only person who can restore the characters' lost memories. She is aided by her son, with whom she was reunited after giving him up for adoption upon his birth, his Once Upon a Time book of fairy tales that holds the key to breaking the curse. Henry is the adopted son of Regina, providing a source of both conflict and common interest between the two women. In the seventh season reboot, an adult Henry Mills, along with Regina, Wish Realm Captain Hook and Rumplestiltskin, are found years in the Seattle neighborhood of Hyperion Heights, where characters from a different realm were brought under a new curse. Hoping to restore her family's memories, Lucy must convince her parents and Cinderella, of the true nature of Hyperion Heights, in the midst of emerging dangers involving Lady Tremaine, Mother Gothel and Dr. Facilier.
Episodes have one segment that details the characters' past lives that, when serialized, adds a piece to the puzzle about the characters and their connection to the events that preceded the curse and its consequences. The other, set in the present day, follows a similar pattern with a different outcome but offers similar insights; the first season premiered on October 23, 2011. The Evil Queen interrupts the wedding of Snow White and Prince Charming to announce that she will cast a curse on everyone that will leave her with the only happy ending; as a result, the majority of the characters are transported to the town of Storybrooke, where most of them have been stripped of their original memories and identities as fairy tale characters. On her 28th birthday, Emma Swan, the daughter of Snow White and Prince Charming, is brought to Storybrooke by her biological son Henry Mills in the hopes of breaking the curse cast by his adoptive mother, the Evil Queen Regina; the second season premiered on September 30, 2012.
Despite Emma having broken the curse, the characters are not returned to the fairy tale world, must deal with their own dual identities. With the introduction of magic into Storybrooke by Mr. Gold, the fates of the two worlds become intertwined, new threats emerge in the form of Captain Hook, Regina's mother Cora known as the Queen of Hearts, sinister operatives from the real world with an agenda to destroy magic; the third season premiered on September 29, 2013. It was split into two volumes, with the first eleven episodes running from September to December 2013, the half from March to May 2014. In the first volume, the main characters travel to Neverland to rescue Henry, kidnapped by Peter Pan as part of a plan to obtain the "Heart of the Truest Believer" from him, their increasing power struggle with Pan continues in Storybrooke, which results in the complete reversal of the original curse. All the characters are returned to their original worlds, leaving Emma and Henry to escape to New York City.
In the second volume, the characters are mysteriously brought back to a recreated Storybrooke with their memories of the previous year removed, the envious Wicked Witch of the West from the Land of Oz appears with a plan to change the past. Once again, Emma is needed to save her family; the fourth season premiered on September 28, 2014. It was split into two volumes, with the first eleven episodes running from September to December 2014, the half from March to May 2015. A new storyline incorporating elements from Frozen was revealed when the time travel events of the previous season lead to the accidental arrival of Elsa from the Enchanted Forest of the past to present-day Storybrooke; as she searches for her sister Anna with the aid of the main characters, they encounter the Snow Queen. Meanwhile, Regina seeks the Author of Henry's Once Upon a Time book so that she can have her happy ending. However, Mr. Gold, with the help of Cruella De
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel by Mark Twain, first published in the United Kingdom in December 1884 and in the United States in February 1885. Named among the Great American Novels, the work is among the first in major American literature to be written throughout in vernacular English, characterized by local color regionalism, it is told in the first person by Huckleberry "Huck" Finn, the narrator of two other Twain novels and a friend of Tom Sawyer. It is a direct sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; the book is noted for its colorful description of places along the Mississippi River. Set in a Southern antebellum society that had ceased to exist about 20 years before the work was published, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an scathing satire on entrenched attitudes racism. Perennially popular with readers, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been the continued object of study by literary critics since its publication; the book was criticized upon release because of its extensive use of coarse language.
Throughout the 20th century, despite arguments that the protagonist and the tenor of the book are anti-racist, criticism of the book continued due to both its perceived use of racial stereotypes and its frequent use of the racial slur "nigger". In order of appearance: Huckleberry Finn is a boy about "thirteen or fourteen or along there" years old, he has been brought up by his father, the town drunk, has a difficult time fitting into society. Widow Douglas is the kind woman who has taken Huck in after he helped save her from a violent home invasion, she tries her best to civilize Huck. Miss Watson is the widow's sister, a tough old spinster who lives with them, she is hard on Huck, causing him to resent her a good deal. Mark Twain may have drawn inspiration for this character from several people he knew in his life. Jim is Miss Watson's mild-mannered slave. Huck becomes close to Jim when they reunite after Jim flees Miss Watson's household to seek refuge from slavery, Huck and Jim become fellow travelers on the Mississippi River.
Tom Sawyer is Huck's best friend and peer, the main character of other Twain novels and the leader of the town boys in adventures. He is "the best fighter and the smartest kid in town". "Pap" Finn, Huck's father, a brutal alcoholic drifter. He resents Huck getting any kind of education, his only genuine interest in his son involves begging or extorting money to feed his alcohol addiction. Judith Loftus plays a small part in the novel — being the kind and perceptive woman whom Huck talks to in order to find out about the search for Jim — but many critics believe her to be the best drawn female character in the novel; the Grangerfords, an aristocratic Kentuckian family headed by the sexagenarian Colonel Saul Grangerford, take Huck in after he is separated from Jim on the Mississippi. Huck becomes close friends with the youngest male of the family, Buck Grangerford, Huck's age. By the time Huck meets them, the Grangerfords have been engaged in an age-old blood feud with another local family, the Shepherdsons.
The Duke and the King are two otherwise unnamed con artists whom Huck and Jim take aboard their raft just before the start of their Arkansas adventures. They pose as the long-lost Duke of Bridgewater and the long-dead Louis XVII of France in an attempt to over-awe Huck and Jim, who come to recognize them for what they are, but cynically pretend to accept their claims to avoid conflict. Doctor Robinson is the only man who recognizes that the King and Duke are phonies when they pretend to be British, he warns the town but they ignore him. Mary Jane and Susan Wilks are the three young nieces of their wealthy guardian, Peter Wilks, who has died; the duke and the king try to steal the inheritance left by Peter Wilks, by posing as Peter's estranged brothers from England. Aunt Sally and Uncle Silas Phelps buy Jim from the "Duke" and the "King", she is a loving, high-strung "farmer's wife", he a plodding old man, both farmer and preacher. Huck poses after he parts from the con men; the story begins in fictional St. Petersburg, Missouri, on the shore of the Mississippi River "forty to fifty years ago".
Huckleberry "Huck" Finn and his friend, Thomas "Tom" Sawyer, have each come into a considerable sum of money as a result of their earlier adventures. Huck explains how he is placed under the guardianship of the Widow Douglas, together with her stringent sister, Miss Watson, are attempting to "sivilize" him and teach him religion. Finding civilized life confining, his spirits are raised somewhat when Tom Sawyer helps him to escape one night past Miss Watson's slave Jim, to meet up with Tom's gang of self-proclaimed "robbers." Just as the gang's activities begin to bore Huck, he is interrupted by the reappearance of his shiftless father, "Pap", an abusive alcoholic. Knowing that Pap would only spend the money on alcohol, Huck is successful in preventing Pap from acquiring his fortune. Pap forcibly moves Huck to his isolated cabin in the woods along the Illinois shoreline; because of Pap's drunken violence and imprisonment of Huck inside the cabin, during one of his father's absences, elaborately fakes his own death, escapes from the cabin, sets off downriver.
He settles comfortably, on Jackson's Island. Here, Huck reunites with Miss Watson's slave. Jim has run awa
Truman W. "True" Williams was an American artist known as the most prolific illustrator to Mark Twain's books and novels. He illustrated the first edition of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and was thus the first to visually portray such characters as Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, he was sole illustrator of Twain's Sketches and Old and primary illustrator of Roughing It and The Innocents Abroad. Working with a number of publishers he illustrated works by writers Bill Nye, George W. Peck, Joaquin Miller, others, he was a notorious drunk, which slowed his work and made him unreliable. Truman W. Williams was born on March 22, 1839, in Allegany County, New York, to parents Asa and Louisa Keelar Williams. Williams grew up in Watertown. Williams was a self-taught illustrator, his talent appeared at a young age. One of his earliest published works appeared in Harper's Weekly in April 1862, illustrating Confederate prisoners of the Civil War. Williams enlisted in a volunteer infantry unit in Illinois, serving from December 21, 1863, to October 9, 1865, during which he worked under General William T. Sherman as a topographical engineer.
Williams was uninjured in service but claimed a lifelong battle with painful varicose veins in his legs from "severe marching and hard service."He began illustrating professionally in the 1860s: two of his illustrations appeared in an 1869 edition of Albert Deane Richardson's book Beyond the Mississippi, published by the American Publishing Company of Hartford, Connecticut. By 1870 was back in New York, when his work began appearing in the magazine Harper's Bazar and other New York publishers. "Williams was a man of great talent—of fine imagination and sweetness of spirit—but it was necessary to lock him in a room when industry was required, with nothing more exciting than cold water as a beverage." - Albert Bigelow Paine Williams' first work for Twain was The Innocents Abroad, of which he contributed the majority of illustrations. Biographer Albert Bigelow Paine calls Innocents "Twin's greatest book of travel", writes: "we may believe that Williams was not a great draftsman, but no artist caught more the light and spirit of the author's text."Literary critic Michael Patrick Hearn describes Williams as "an indifferent draftsman, his pictures varying from coarse to the sentimental".
Regarding his work in Tom Sawyer, Warren Chappell writes "it is evident that Williams did not always take care in reading the text. As the first man to do the whitewashing scene, he carelessly used a rail fence instead of the board fence, described." Williams was known to incorporate subtle humor into his illustrations for Tom Sawyer: he placed his own name on a gravestone in one scene, in another it has been suggested he deliberately altered the lettering on a sign reading "The pen is mightier than the sword" to appear "the penis mightier than the sword", a pun which Twain himself used many years later. William's style in Tom Sawyer influenced E. W. Kemble's work in his illustrations to Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. In addition to his work with Twain, he illustrated an autobiography of P. T. Barnum and works by the likes of humorists George Wilbur Peck and Bill Nye, his work appeared in Harper's Weekly and Harper's Bazaar, he wrote one book of his own, an adventure novel called Frank Fairweather's Fortunes, edited a book of poems called Under the Open Sky.
Both were released in 1890, illustrated by Williams. Williams married Carrie M. Heath April 19, 1884, she died on July 25, 1885, from tuberculosis and premature childbirth, their premature son died shortly after. On July 27, 1886 Williams married the younger sister of Carrie, they divorced in 1892 due to True's alcoholism, which included being more. He died in Chicago, from internal bleeding due to an aortic aneurysm on November 23, 1897, at the age of 58. Williams' work appears in six works by Mark Twain: The Innocents Abroad Roughing It The Gilded Age Sketches New and Old The Adventures of Tom Sawyer A Tramp Abroad Own works: Frank Fairweather's Fortunes Works by other authors in which Williams was sole or contributing artist include: Struggles and Triumphs by P. T. Barnum Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs by Joaquin Miller Bill Nye's Chestnuts Old & New by Bill Nye Peck's Bad Boy and His Pa, by George W. Peck Chappell, Warren. "Tom Sawyer and the Illustrators". Mark Twain Journal. 42: 19–25.
JSTOR 41641546. Ensor, Allison R.. "'Mightier than the Sword': An Undetected Obscenity in the First Edition of Tom Sawyer". Mark Twain Journal. 27: 25–26. JSTOR 41641329. Hearn, Michael Patrick. "Introduction". In Twain, Mark; the Annotated Huckleberry Finn: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-02039-7. Paine, Albert Bigelow. Mark Twain, a Biography: The Personal and Literary Life of Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Harper & Brothers. Powers, Ron. Mark Twain: A Life. Free Press. ISBN 978-0-7432-7475-3. Rasmussen, R. Kent. Critical Companion to Mark Twain: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. Infobase Publishing. Pp. 943–944. ISBN 978-1-4381-0852-0. Schmidt, Barbara. "The Life and Art of True W. Williams". Mark Twain Journal. 39: 1–60. JSTOR 41641516. Chronology of True W. Williams' illustrations
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use
In fiction, a foil is a character who contrasts with another character the protagonist, to highlight particular qualities of the other character. In some cases, a subplot can be used as a foil to the main plot; this is true in the case of metafiction and the "story within a story" motif. The word foil comes from the old practice of backing gems with foil to make them shine more brightly. A foil either differs or is similar but with a key difference setting them apart; the concept of a foil is more applied to any comparison, made to contrast a difference between two things. Thomas F. Gieryn places these uses of literary foils into three categories, which Tamara A. P. Metze explains as: those that emphasize the heightened contrast, those that operate by exclusion, those that assign blame. In Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights, Edgar Linton is described as opposite to main character Heathcliff, in looks, money and morals, however similar in their love for Catherine. In Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, the two main characters—Dr.
Frankenstein and his "creature"—are both together literary foils, functioning to compare one to the other. In Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, Mary's absorption in her studies places her as a foil to her sister Lydia Bennet's lively and distracted nature. In Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, the character Brutus has foils in the two characters and Mark Antony. In the play Romeo and Juliet and Mercutio serve as character foils for one another, as well as Macbeth and Banquo in his play Macbeth. In William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, a foil is created between Laertes and Prince Hamlet to elaborate the differences between the two men. In Act V Scene 2, Prince Hamlet tells Laertes that he will fence with him and states, "I'll be your foil, Laertes"; this word play reveals the foil between Hamlet and Laertes, developed throughout the play. In the Harry Potter series, Draco Malfoy can be seen as a foil to the Harry Potter character. George and Lennie are foils to each other in John Steinbeck's Of Men.
Lennie is huge and strong as a bull but is mentally slow, while on the other hand George is small and smart. Juxtaposition Sidekick