Tom Steyer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tom Steyer
Tom Steyer (cropped).jpg
Born Thomas Fahr Steyer
(1957-06-27) June 27, 1957 (age 60)
New York City, U.S.
Residence San Francisco, California, U.S.
Alma mater Yale University (BA)
Stanford University (MBA)
Net worth IncreaseUS$1.6 billion (June 2016)[1]
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Kathryn Taylor (1986–present)
Children 4

Thomas Fahr Steyer (born June 27, 1957) is an American hedge fund manager, philanthropist, environmentalist, liberal activist, and fundraiser.[2]

Steyer is the founder and former co-senior managing partner of Farallon Capital and the co-founder of Beneficial State Bank, an Oakland-based community development bank.[2] Farallon Capital manages $20 billion in capital for institutions and high-net-worth individuals, the firm's institutional investors include college endowments and foundations.[2] Since 1986, Steyer has been a partner and member of the Executive Committee at Hellman & Friedman, a San Francisco-based $8 billion private equity firm.

In 2010, Steyer and his wife signed The Giving Pledge to donate half of their fortune to charity during their lifetime,[3] since leaving Farallon in 2012, he has become a leading figure in environmental causes, being among the top donors of the 2014 election cycle, and an environmental advisor to the Obama administration.

Steyer is on the board of Next Generation, a non-profit that intends to tackle children's issues and the environment.[4][5] Steyer is NextGen America's founder,[6][7] he serves on the Board of Trustees at Stanford University[8] and is active in political campaign fundraising.

Early life and education[edit]

Tom Steyer was born in 1957 in Manhattan,[9] his mother, Marnie (née Fahr), was a teacher of remedial reading at the Brooklyn House of Detention, and his father, Roy Henry Steyer, was a partner in the New York law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell.[10][11] His father was Jewish and his mother was Episcopalian.[9] Steyer attended the Buckley School, Phillips Exeter Academy and later graduated from Yale University summa cum laude in economics and political science, and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He was captain of the Yale soccer team. Steyer received his MBA from Stanford Business School, where he was an Arjay Miller Scholar,[9][12] he has served on the Board of Trustees.[13]

Career[edit]

After graduating from Yale, Steyer began his professional career at Morgan Stanley in 1979,[2][9] after two years at Morgan Stanley, he was accepted to Harvard Business School, but instead attended Stanford Business School.[9] Steyer worked at Goldman Sachs from 1983–85 as an associate in the risk arbitrage division, where he was involved in mergers and acquisitions,[9] he later became a partner and member of the Executive Committee at Hellman & Friedman, a San Francisco-based private equity firm.

In January 1986, Steyer founded Farallon Capital, an investment firm headquartered in San Francisco, California.[14][15] Steyer made his fortune running Farallon, which was managing $20 billion by the time he left the company.[16] Steyer was known for taking high risks on distressed assets within volatile markets.[9]

In October 2012, Steyer stepped down from his position at Farallon in order to focus on advocating for alternative energy.[17][18] Steyer decided to dispose of his carbon-polluting investments in 2012, although critics say he did not dispose of them fast enough, and noted that the lifespan of the facilities he funded would extend through 2030.[19] Prior to Steyer leaving Farallon, a student activist group called UnFarallon criticized the company for investments in companies with anti-environmental policies;[9] in 2016, some critics noted that Farallon had also invested in private prisons while Steyer was leading the hedge fund.[20] According to SEC filings, Steyer was at the helm as the hedge fund purchased nearly $90 million of Corrections Corporation of America stock (5.5% of the company's outstanding shares).[21] After leaving Farallon, Steyer hosted a two-day think-tank titled the 'Big Think Climate Meeting' to discuss how to address climate change.[22]

Philanthropy[edit]

In 2006, Steyer and his wife, Kat Taylor, founded OneRoof, a business designed to bring technology to rural India;[23] in 2007, Steyer and Taylor founded Beneficial State Bank, a community development bank, for the purpose of providing commercial banking services to underserved Bay Area businesses, nonprofits and individuals.[24][25] Steyer and Taylor put up $22.5 million to start the bank and create the One PacificCoast Foundation to engage in charitable and educational activities, provide lending support, investments and other services for disadvantaged communities and community service organizations in California.[18][26]

In August 2010, Steyer and his wife signed onto The Giving Pledge, an initiative of Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, the pledge urges individuals and families to give at least half their wealth to charitable causes during their lifetime.[27][28]

Steyer and Taylor created the TomKat Ranch in Pescadero, California, near Half Moon Bay,[29] the ranch is meant to research and demonstrate a sustainable way of doing agriculture.[30] The ranch's activities include underwriting healthy food programs and co-producing an independent film, La Mission, starring Benjamin Bratt, about San Francisco's Mission neighborhood.[31]

Circa 2011, Steyer joined the board of Next Generation, a non-profit intending to tackle children's issues and the environment;[4] in 2013, Steyer founded NextGen Climate, an environmental advocacy nonprofit and political action committee.[9]

In August 2015, Steyer launched the Fair Shake Commission on Income Inequality and Middle Class Opportunity, which was intended to advocate policies for promoting income equality.[32]

Political activity[edit]

Steyer is a leading Democratic activist and fundraiser; in 1983, he worked on Walter Mondale's presidential campaign.[33] He raised money for Bill Bradley in 2000 and John Kerry in 2004.[34][35] An early supporter of Hillary Clinton in 2008, Steyer became one of Barack Obama's most prolific fundraisers. Steyer served as a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 2004 and 2008.[36] Steyer has been a member of the Hamilton Project[37] and has been involved with the Democracy Alliance a network of progressive donors whose membership in the group requires them to donate at least $200,000 a year to recommended organizations.[38][39]

After the Obama victory in 2008, Steyer was considered for appointment as Secretary of Treasury. Jim Steyer, Tom's brother, told Men's Journal that Obama and his advisors would regret having chosen someone else, due to his expertise;[9] in January 2013, rumors briefly arose that Steyer might be named as a replacement for Energy Secretary Steven Chu.[40] Asked whether he would accept such an appointment, Steyer said he would.[41]

Steyer has been compared with and contrasted with the Koch brothers, billionaire businessmen who engage in extensive political activity, and has been viewed as a Koch adversary.[42][43][44] Some Democrats view Steyer as the left's answer to the Kochs.[45][46] Steyer has been critical of the Kochs, seeking to distinguish himself from them.[9][47]

Ballot measures[edit]

In 2010, Steyer joined former Secretary of State and Republican George Shultz, to co-chair the No on Prop. 23 campaign, the measure on the November 2010 ballot concerning California's environmental legislation, AB32. He donated $5 million to the campaign, which was ultimately defeated.[48][49][50]

In 2012, Steyer was the leading sponsor of Proposition 39 on the ballot in California, its purpose was to close a loophole that allowed multi-state corporations to pay taxes out of state, mandating that they pay in California. Steyer contributed $29.6 million, saying that he could wait no longer for the change.[51][52][53] While supporters of Steyer's effort said it would "help break the partisan gridlock in Sacramento," critics objected that "the increasing involvement of rich individuals perverts the original intent of the initiatives". Kim Alexander, president of the California Voter Foundation, said that the level of giving was unprecedented for an individual donor,[53] some critics called the initiative an ineffective jobs stimulus, Steyer labeled it a success for closing a corporate loophole.[54]

2012[edit]

In 2012, Steyer hosted a fundraiser at his home for President Obama, at a private meeting, Steyer, along with fifteen other top donors, reportedly pressed the President regarding the Keystone pipeline. Obama was said to be supportive of Steyer's views but reluctant to put his full weight behind any initiatives without better proof. Steyer was critical of Obama's decision to keep an energy initiative as a low priority.[55]

Democratic National Convention speech[edit]

Steyer gave a speech at the 2012 Democratic National Convention,[35] saying that the election was "a choice about whether to go backward or forward. And that choice is especially stark when it comes to energy." Steyer said that Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney would take no action to reduce U.S. dependence on fossil fuels; rather, he said he would increase it. Steyer went on to support Obama's policies, which he described as investments to "make us energy independent and create thousands of jobs."[56]

2013–2014[edit]

Anti-Keystone rally[edit]

In February 2013, Steyer spoke at an anti-Keystone rally on the Washington Mall organized by Bill McKibben and attended by tens of thousands. McKibben asked Steyer to join the protest by tying himself to the White House gate and getting arrested, but was dissuaded by his brother.[22]

Founding of NextGen America[edit]

In 2013, Steyer founded NextGen Climate (now NextGen America), an environmental advocacy nonprofit and political action committee.[9] NextGen Climate provided the environmentalist movement with significant capital and political influence.[19] Steyer spent almost $74 million on the 2014 elections.[36][57]

Electoral campaign activity[edit]

In 2014, Steyer funded political campaigns to advocate for the election of at least nine candidates and to influence climate change policy through NextGen Climate,[58] those races included helping elect Ed Markey of Massachusetts over Steven Lynch to the Senate in a special election in 2013.[36] Steyer spent a reported $1.8 million attacking Lynch, including paying for a plane Steyer paid for a plane to fly over a Boston Red Sox game with a banner that read, "Steve Lynch for Oil Evil Empire".[22][59]

Steyer supported Democrat Terry McAuliffe's successful 2013 campaign for governor of Virginia through his NextGen Climate Action, contributing funds for paid media (such as television advertisements) and get-out-the-vote efforts.[60] Steyer also supported Democrats in Senate races in Iowa, Colorado, New Hampshire and Michigan and in Gubernatorial races in Pennsylvania, Maine, and Florida.[61] Steyer cited Florida's pivotal role in the 2016 presidential election and its geographic position, which makes it highly vulnerable to climate change, as reasons for his focus on the state.[62]

In June 2014, Steyer said he planned to get involved in California legislative races, targeting three to four races in each house of the Legislature in a bid to affect climate change policy,[63] the Guardian reported in 2014 that Steyer had become the single largest donor in American politics and is the leading advocate of environmental issues.[64]

Steyer spent about $67 million of his personal fortune in the midterm elections and had a 40% success rate: of the seven Senate and gubernatorial candidates NextGen Climate supported, three won their races.[36][65]

2015[edit]

In April 2015, Steyer testified before the California Legislature in favor of a greenhouse-gas reduction bill;[45] in August 2015, Steyer was the guest of honor at the California Democratic Party headquarters to discuss bills to cut gasoline use in half by 2030, although Steyer did not commit to spending large sums of money to support the bills.[66]

In July 2015, Steyer called on 2016 candidates to develop strategic plans to provide the United States with at least 50% of its energy from clean sources by 2030,[67] the message was reportedly targeted at Hillary Clinton, who had yet to outline an environmental policy. It was suggested that this was a strategic move to secure a political alliance with Clinton.[68]

2016[edit]

Steyer has raised money for Hillary Clinton,[30] and hosted a fundraiser on her behalf at his San Francisco home.[69][70] Steyer contributed $87,057,853 in funds exclusively to liberal candidates during the 2016 election cycle.[71][72]

Speculation about a run for office[edit]

In 2015, the 4 reported that Steyer is "keeping alive a possible bid for governor in 2018."[73] In early November 2016, Steyer told KQED's The California Report that he may rethink his position on running for governor stating, "I hadn't decided. I thought Hillary [Clinton] would win, but I wanted to get the facts before I made a decision. My thinking has changed. We're in a very tough spot. And I'm damned if I’m not going to fight about it."[74] In May 2017, a report said Steyer was testing the waters for the California governor race by fielding a poll that tested his strengths and weaknesses. Regarding the race, Steyer said he would make a "decision in the next few months".[75][76]

Views and positions[edit]

Keystone Pipeline[edit]

After holding several conversations in the summer of 2012 with environmental writer Bill McKibben, Steyer decided to focus much of his attention on the Keystone Pipeline, that October, Steyer officially left Farallon. He was criticized by some Republicans for attacking the pipeline even though he himself held some investments in the fossil-fuel industry, including stock in Kinder Morgan, which had its own pipeline connecting the Canadian tar sands to a port on the Pacific, which could be seen as a rival to the Keystone pipeline. Steyer promised to fully unload his holdings there within a year;[22] in September 2013, Steyer appeared in a series of commercials in opposition to the proposed pipeline.[22]

In a November 2015 interview, Steyer described the Obama administration's decision to reject the Keystone pipeline as "fantastic".[77]

Campaign finance[edit]

Asked in a November 2014 interview why he invests his money into elections rather than philanthropic organizations, Steyer stated that the price of inaction is too high to not take a direct role.[78]

He has said that he opposes Citizens United v. FEC, the 2010 Supreme Court decision allowing unlimited corporate donations to super PACs, but since climate change is urgent he will take necessary actions to provide funding nonetheless.[78]

Environmentalism[edit]

Steyer is responsible for funding the creation of the TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy at Stanford University, part of the Precourt Institute of Energy;[79] in 2008, Steyer and Taylor gave $41 million to create the TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy at Stanford University, focused on the development of affordable renewable energy technologies and promotion of public policies to make renewable energy more accessible. Projects included the creation of lighter, less toxic, and more durable batteries, and an analysis of the then-current the power grids' ability to support future renewable energy technologies.[80]

In October 2013, Steyer launched a bipartisan initiative to combat climate change along with then-New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and former Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson.[22] The initiative, called the Risky Business Project, focuses on quantifying and publicizing the economic risks of climate change in the United States. Bloomberg, Paulson, and Steyer serve as co-chairs,[81] the Project has published three reports—a National Report in June 2014, a Midwest Report in January 2015, and a California Report in April 2015.[82][83][84][85]

In 2015, Steyer signed on to Bill Gates' Breakthrough Energy Coalition, the goal of the coalition is to jumpstart the demand and availability of green energy sources.[86]

Taxation[edit]

In an interview in October 2017, Steyer said that he was in favor of raising personal taxes, he said that upper-income people in the United States had done "disproportionately well" at the expense of working families.[87]

Steyer was responding to the Republican plan to cut taxes on the rich, he had previously called the plan a "thinly veiled reverse Robin Hood".[88]

Awards and honors[edit]

Steyer has received a number of awards and honors for his environmental work, including the Phillip Burton Public Service Award of Consumer Watchdog (2011),[45][89] the Environmental Leadership Award of the California League of Conservation Voters (2012),[90] the Environmental Achievement Award of the Environmental Law Institute (2013),[91] the Land Conservation Award of the Open Space Institute (2015),[92] and the Advocate Award of the Environmental Advocates of New York (2016).[93] Steyer also received Equality California's 2015 Humanitarian Award, "for his work advancing progressive causes that benefit the LGBT community."[94]

Personal life[edit]

In August 1986, he married Kathryn Ann Taylor, she is a graduate of Harvard College and earned a J.D./M.B.A. from Stanford University. The Rev. Richard Thayer, a Presbyterian minister, and Rabbi Charles Familant performed the ceremony.[10] Steyer and his wife have four children,[15] his wife is on the President's Council for the United Religions Initiative whose purpose is to "promote enduring, daily interfaith cooperation, to end religiously motivated violence, and to create cultures of peace, justice and healing for the Earth and all living beings."[95]

Steyer is the brother of attorney, author, and Stanford University professor Jim Steyer.[96]

Steyer has a net worth of $1.6 billion.[1] Men's Journal mentioned the modest aspects of his lifestyle, noting that he owns an "outdated hybrid Honda Accord" and eschews luxury items such as expensive watches.[9]

In his late 30s, Steyer had "a revelation" and began an involvement in the Episcopal Church,[9] he has stated that during this time he became much more interested in religion and theology. This new interest also galvanized his political advocacy.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The World's Billionaires - Thomas Steyer" Forbes. June 13, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Lashinsky, Adam (September 17, 2008). "California's hedge fund king". Fortune. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  3. ^ "40 billionaires pledge to give away half of wealth". MSNBC. Retrieved August 5, 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b Strom, Stephanie (September 15, 2011). "Hedge Fund Chief Takes Major Role in Philanthropy". The New York Times. 
  5. ^ "Thomas F. Steyer profile". Next Generation. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "About us". NextGen Climate. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  7. ^ Coral Davenport (May 22, 2014). "Pushing Climate Change as an Issue This Year, but With an Eye on 2016". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  8. ^ "University Governance". Stanford University. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Hagan, Joe (February 18, 2014). "Tom Steyer: An Inconvenient Billionaire". Men's Journal. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Kathryn Taylor Weds T.F. Steyer" The New York Times, August 17, 1986
  11. ^ World Who's who in Commerce and Industry. Marquis-Who's Who. 1968. p. 1327. 
  12. ^ "Remarks by Dean Garth Saloner". Stanford Graduate School of Business. 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Administration & Finances". Retrieved May 23, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Tom Steyer". Bloomberg. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Dolan, Kerry A. (September 21, 2011). "Tom Steyer: Hedge Fund Billionaire's Foray Into Politics". Forbes. 
  16. ^ "Billionaire Tom Steyer On Money In Politics, Spending $74 M On The Election". Forbes. November 3, 2014. 
  17. ^ Celarier, Michelle (October 23, 2012). "Hedgie Steyer hanging it up". New York Post. 
  18. ^ a b "Thomas Steyer". Inside Philanthropy. 
  19. ^ a b Michael Barbaro; Coral Davenport (July 5, 2014). "Aims of Donor Are Shadowed by Past in Coal". The New York Times. p. A1. 
  20. ^ "Old investment by Steyer becomes an issue as he eyes public office". Politico PRO. October 2016. Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  21. ^ Marinucci, Carla (October 24, 2016). "Old investment by Steyer becomes an issue as he eyes public office". Politico. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Lizza, Ryan (September 9, 2013). "The President And the Pipeline". The New Yorker. 
  23. ^ Steven Maviglio (July 26, 2010). "No on Prop 23 Campaign Gets Big Backing from Major Democratic Donor, Releases Report on Valero's $9 Billion Export of California Energy Dollars". Archived from the original on August 7, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  24. ^ Peterson, Deborah. "Kat Taylor: Changing the Face of Philanthropy". Stanford Graduate School of Business. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  25. ^ Thorpe, Devin (August 25, 2014). "Renamed Bank Still Focused On Building Community". Forbes. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  26. ^ Stuhldreher, Anne (April 8, 2009). "Traditional lending goes mainstream". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  27. ^ Blackburn, Bradley (August 4, 2010). "The Giving Pledge: Billionaires Promise to Donate at Least Half Their Fortunes to Charity". ABC News. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  28. ^ "Buffett, Gates persuade 38 billionaires to donate half of wealth". The Joplin Globe. AP. August 4, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  29. ^ Strom, Stephanie (November 11, 2013). "An Accidental Cattle Ranch Points the Way in Sustainable Farming". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  30. ^ a b Halper, Evan (October 2, 2015). "Why Tom Steyer's latest fight against climate change involves raising his own cattle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 30, 2015. 
  31. ^ Trevenon, Stacy (September 10, 2010). "Film brings 'brown pride' to Pescadero". Half Moon Bay Review. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  32. ^ Garofoli, Joe (August 8, 2015). "Tom Steyer says effort to end inequality isn't political move". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  33. ^ Patt Morrison (January 20, 2015). "Tom Steyer's Green Ambitions". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  34. ^ Lizza, Ryan (September 16, 2013). "The President and the Pipeline". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  35. ^ a b Fuller, Jaime (February 27, 2014). "Tom Steyer's long road to becoming the environment's donor-in-chief". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  36. ^ a b c d Katia, Savchuk (November 3, 2014). "Billionaire Tom Steyer On Money In Politics, Spending $74 M On The Election". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  37. ^ "Tom Steyer". Hamilton Project. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  38. ^ Gold, Matea (April 12, 2015). "Wealthy donors on left launch new plan to wrest back control in the states". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  39. ^ Vogel, Kenneth; Restuccia, Andre (April 13, 2015). "Tom Steyer stars as liberal donors gather". Politico. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  40. ^ Sink, Justin (8 January 2013). "Obama looks to fill out Cabinet". The Hill. 
  41. ^ Calvey, Mark (January 16, 2013). "San Francisco's Tom Steyer reacts to rumors he'll be named U.S. Energy Secretary". Biz Journal. 
  42. ^ "How Billionaire Oligarchs Are Becoming Their Own Political Parties". The New York Times. 19 October 2014. 
  43. ^ Alex Guillén (October 13, 2014). "Obama targets GHG cuts with eye on politics, Paris – Saudis tell oil market prices could be low for a while – Ernst, Braley tussle over EPA – Hagel: Emerging Arctic resources present 'potential threat'". Politico. 
  44. ^ Goldenberg, Suzanne (October 26, 2014). "Tom Steyer: the green billionaire pouring millions into the midterms". The Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  45. ^ a b c Helber, Steve (July 11, 2015). "Tom Steyer's intensifying war on Big Oil takes center stage in California". The Sacramento Bee. 
  46. ^ Green, Joshua (April 25, 2013). "Tom Steyer: The Wrath of a Green Billionaire". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  47. ^ Morrison, Pat (January 20, 2015). "Tom Steyer's green ambitions". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  48. ^ Hull, Dana (November 3, 2010). "Prop. 23 defeat sweet for Tom Steyer". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  49. ^ Marinucci, Carla (July 25, 2010). "Shultz, Steyer join forces to battle Prop. 23". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  50. ^ Dolan, Kerry (September 21, 2011). "Tom Steyer: Hedge Fund Billionaire's Foray Into Politics". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  51. ^ Henderson, Peter (October 24, 2012). "INTERVIEW-Billionaire Steyer sees clean energy in his future". Reuters. 
  52. ^ Carroll, Rory (November 15, 2012). "As U.S. hesitates, California pours billions into green energy". Reuters. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  53. ^ a b Onishi, Norimitsu (October 17, 2012). "California Ballot Initiatives, Born in Populism, Now Come From Billionaires". The New York Times. p. A22. 
  54. ^ "Tom Steyer's Stimulus". The Wall Street Journal. August 18, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2016. 
  55. ^ Lizza, Ryan (September 16, 2013). "The President and the Pipeline". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  56. ^ Wesoff, Eric (September 5, 2012). "Tom Steyer Speaks at the DNC on the State of Renewable Energy". Greentech Media. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  57. ^ Megerian, Chris (December 30, 2014). "Tom Steyer was biggest of mega-donors, analysis shows". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  58. ^ Ruby, Cramer (January 31, 2017). "Tom Steyer Moves Beyond Climate". Buzzfeed. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  59. ^ Levenson, Michael (April 8, 2013). "Outside money attacking Stephen Lynch in Senate race". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  60. ^ Meola, Olympia (9 August 2013). "Out-of-state funds pouring into Virginia race for governor". The Richmond Times Dispatch. 
  61. ^ Gold, Matea (May 22, 2014). "Billionaire Tom Steyer will use clout and cash to boost Democrats, environment, in key races". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  62. ^ Caputo, Marc (August 2, 2014). "Billionaire climate-change supporter pledges to spend big to beat Florida Gov. Rick Scott". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  63. ^ Metha, Seema (June 3, 2014). "Billionaire Steyer looking at spending on legislative races". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  64. ^ Goldenberg, Suzanne (October 26, 2014). "Tom Steyer: the green billionaire pouring millions into the midterms". The Guardian. 
  65. ^ Davenport, Coral, Meager Returns for the Democrats' Biggest Donor, The New York Times, November 6, 2014.
  66. ^ Melanie Mason (August 21, 2015). "Tom Steyer plays it coy about spending money to boost climate bills". Los Angeles Times. 
  67. ^ Merica, Dan (July 27, 2015). "Hillary Clinton pushes renewable energy with focus on solar". CNN. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  68. ^ Andrew Restuccia (July 28, 2015). "Steyer unfazed by Clinton's silence on Keystone". Politico. 
  69. ^ Nelson, Colleen McCain (July 24, 2015). "Tom Steyer: Candidates Who Want My Support Must Be Aggressive on Clean Energy". The Wall Street Journal. 
  70. ^ Adetiba, Liz (June 8, 2016). "Billionaire Environmentalist Tom Steyer Endorses Hillary Clinton". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  71. ^ "Top Organization Contributions: All Federal Contributions". OpenSecrets.org. The Center for Responsive Politics. 
  72. ^ McCormick, John; Bill Allison (January 18, 2017). "Billionaire Steyer Says There's 'No Limit' on His Spending Against Trump". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  73. ^ Carolyn Lochhead (November 21, 2015). "Tom Steyer ready to spend big to force GOP to face climate change". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  74. ^ Sepulvado, John (November 10, 2016). "Tom Steyer: After Trump Win, I May Not Run for Governor". KQED News. 
  75. ^ "Tom Steyer still coy about whether he'll run for governor". Los Angeles Times. May 11, 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  76. ^ Master, Cyra (2017-05-17). "Tom Steyer testing waters for Calif. gubernatorial bid". The Hill. Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  77. ^ "Tom Steyer talks climate change and the 2016 election". Marketplace. November 20, 2015. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  78. ^ a b "The World's Billionaires: #962 Thomas Steyer". Forbes. March 5, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  79. ^ Ritch, Emma. "Stanford launches $100M energy research institute". Cleantech Group. Retrieved July 23, 2010. [dead link]
  80. ^ "Stanford launches $100 million initiative to tackle energy issues". Stanford News. January 12, 2009. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  81. ^ About Us, The Risky Business Project. (retrieved September 14, 2016).
  82. ^ The Risky Business Project, Paulson Institute (retrieved September 14, 2016).
  83. ^ New 'Risky Business' Report Focuses on U.S. Heartland, Yale Climate Connections (February 2, 2015).
  84. ^ Burt Helm, Climate Change's Bottom Line, The New York Times (January 31, 2015).
  85. ^ Victoria Colliver (April 2, 2015), Climate change to make California drought worse, report says, San Francisco Chronicle.
  86. ^ Goldman, David (November 30, 2015). "The 30 rich and powerful people Bill Gates signed on to save the Earth". CNN Tech. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  87. ^ Fox, Michelle (October 13, 2017). "Billionaire Tom Steyer has a message for Trump: Raise my taxes". CNBC. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  88. ^ "GOP tax framework is a thinly veiled reverse Robin Hood: Tom Steyer". CNBC. September 27, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  89. ^ "Rage for Justice Awards". Consumer Watchdog. 2017. 
  90. ^ Jenesse Miller, Tom Steyer, Game-Changing Clean Energy Advocate, Receives CLCV Award, California League of Conservation Voters (June 28, 2012).
  91. ^ "George P. Shultz and Thomas F. Steyer Receive 2013 Environmental Achievement Award from Environmental Law Institute: Joint Award presented to Shultz and Steyer at DC Ceremony on October 22". Environmental Law Institute. 2013. Retrieved September 14, 2016. 
  92. ^ Tom Steyer Receives OSI's 2015 Land Conservation Award at Annual Luncheon (press release), Open Space Institute (October 21, 2015).
  93. ^ 2016 Advocate Awards, Environmental Advocates of New York.[dead link]
  94. ^ Equality California to Celebrate Civil Rights Champions at L.A. Equality Awards (press release), Equality California (September 1, 2015).
  95. ^ Kat Taylor, United Religions Initiative, retrieved March 30, 2013
  96. ^ "Comparative Studies of Race and Ethnicity at Stanford". Stanford University. [dead link]

External links[edit]