SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Tomb

A tomb is a repository for the remains of the dead. It is any structurally enclosed interment space or burial chamber, of varying sizes. Placing a corpse into a tomb can be called immurement, is a method of final disposition, as an alternative to for example cremation or burial; the word is used in a broad sense to encompass a number of such types of places of interment or burial, including: Architectural shrines – in Christianity, an architectural shrine above a saint's first place of burial, as opposed to a similar shrine on which stands a reliquary or feretory into which the saint's remains have been transferred Burial vault – a stone or brick-lined underground space for multiple burials vaulted privately owned for specific family groups. Crypts – though not always, for interment, its central feature is a single, prominent pillar or column made of stone. Rock-cut tomb – a form widespread in the ancient world, in which the tomb is not built but carved out of the rock and can be a free-standing building but is more a cave, which may be extensive and may or may not have an elaborate facade.

Sarcophagus – a stone container for a body or coffin decorated and part of a monument. Sepulchre – a cavernous rock-cut space for interment in the Jewish or Christian faiths. Samadhi – in India a tomb for a deceased saint that has a larger building over it as a shrine Other forms of archaeological "tombs", such as ship burials Tumulus – A mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. Tumuli are known as barrows, burial mounds, Hügelgräber or kurgans', can be found throughout much of the world. A cairn, might be a tumulus. A long barrow is a long tumulus for numbers of burials; as indicated, tombs are located in or under religious buildings, such as churches, or in cemeteries or churchyards. However, they may be found in catacombs, on private land or, in the case of early or pre-historic tombs, in what is today open landscape; the Daisen Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku, is the largest in the world by area. However, the Pyramid of Khufu in Egypt is the largest by volume. Cadaver tomb Church monument Death in Norse paganism English church monuments Funerary art Grave Ossuary Necropolis List of burial places of presidents and vice presidents of the United States List of extant papal tombs List of mausolea List of non-extant papal tombs List of tombs and mausoleums Ziyarat - "visitation".

Notable examples: Dartmoor kistvaens Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Great Pyramids Taj Mahal Tomb of Alexander the Great Tomb of Genghis Khan Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor Catacombs of Paris Catacombs of Rome The Panthéon Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which contains the empty tomb of Jesus, where according to early Christian tradition he was buried and resurrected. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier United Kingdom: The Unknown Warrior France: Tomb of the Unknown Soldier beneath the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile United States: Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery Iraq: Monument to the Unknown Soldier Russia: Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Alexander Garden, Moscow

Dey

Dey ) a local mispronunciation of the common Ottoman honorific title, bey, "lord", was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers and Tunis under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. Twenty-nine deys held office from the establishment of the deylicate in Algeria until the French conquest in 1830; the dey was chosen by local civilian and religious leaders to govern for life and ruled with a high degree of autonomy from the Ottoman sultan. The main sources of his revenues were taxes on the agricultural population, religious tributes, protection payments rendered by Corsairs, regarded as pirates who preyed on Mediterranean shipping. In the European part of the Ottoman Empire, in particular during its decline, leaders of the outlawed janissary and yamak troops sometimes acquired title of Dahi or Dahia, derived from Dey; the dey was assisted in governing made up of the Chiefs of the Army and Navy, the Director of Shipping, the Treasurer-General and the Collector of Tributes. The realm of the dey of Alger was divided into three provinces, each of, administered by a bey whom he appointed.

The rule of the deys of Alger came to an end on 5 July 1830, when Hussein Dey surrendered to invading French forces. The last Dey of Tripoli was killed by Ahmed Karamanli, who established the eponymous Karamanli dynasty in 1711; the Deys of Tunis included: Ibrahim Rudesli Musa Uthman Yusuf Usta Murad Ahmed Khodja Muhammad Laz Mustafa Laz Mustafa Kara Kuz Muhammad Hajj Ogli Chaabane Khodja Muhammad Mantecholi Ali Laz List of Pashas and Deys of Algiers List of Pashas and Deys of Tripoli Baig Bey Bertarelli, L. V.. Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII. Milano: Consociazione Turistica Italiana

Pio Zirimu

Pio Zirimu was a Ugandan linguist and literary theorist. He is credited with coining the word "orature" as an alternative to the self-contadictory term, "oral literature" used to refer to the non-written expressive African traditions. Zirimu was central in reforming the literature syllabus at Makerere University to focus on African literature and culture instead of the English canon. Zirumu was born in Buganda, he attended high school at King's College Budo, subsequently went to Makerere University college, the University of Leeds, where he was a contemporary of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o. While at Makerere, Zirimu met dramatist Elvania Namukwaya Zirimu, they were to marry a few years later. The marriage produced a daughter. Zirimu taught at the Institute of Languages Studies at Makerere University, where he was involved in the formulation of standards for judging emergent African literature in the 1960s, he was at the African Writers Conference held at Makerere on 1 June 1962 — called a "Conference of African Writers of English Expression", the first major international gathering of writers and critics of African literature on the African continent.

It was attended by many prominent African writers, including Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, John Pepper Clark, Ezekiel Mphahlele, Bloke Modisane, Lewis Nkosi, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Ezekiel Mphahlele, Robert Serumaga, Rajat Neogy, Okot p'Bitek and David Rubadiri. "An approach to Black Aesthetics", in Pio Zirimu and Andrew Gurr, eds.. Black Aesthetics: Papers from a Colloquium Held at the University of Nairobi, June, 1971. East African Literature Bureau. ISBN 978-0860702573. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter "Oracy as a tool of development", in Pio Zirimu and Andrew Gurr, eds.. Black Aesthetics: Papers from a Colloquium Held at the University of Nairobi, June, 1971. East African Literature Bureau. ISBN 978-0860702573. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter with Austin Bukenya Globalectics: Theory and the Politics of Knowing. Columbia University Press. 2013. ISBN 9780231530750. Uganda, a century of existence. Fountain Publishers. 1995. ISBN 9789970020225. "Definitions and understandings of oral literature" "Uganda Poetry Anthology 2000.."