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Tommy Maddox

Thomas Alfred Maddox is a former football quarterback in the National Football League, the XFL, the Arena Football League. He is one of four players to have won both Super XFL championships. Maddox was born in Shreveport and raised in Hurst, Texas, in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. At UCLA, Maddox played collegiately for two seasons and led UCLA to the John Hancock Bowl in 1991; the Denver Broncos drafted Maddox in the first round of the 1992 NFL Draft. Thought to be the successor to Broncos star quarterback John Elway, Maddox had an unimpressive record in his rookie year and saw limited playing time in his early NFL career. Before the 1994 season, the Broncos traded Maddox to the Los Angeles Rams, Maddox would join the New York Giants, Jacksonville Jaguars, Atlanta Falcons. Maddox played under coach Dan Reeves with the Broncos and Falcons. After being released by the Atlanta Falcons in 1997, Maddox became an insurance agent before making a comeback in professional football with the New Jersey Red Dogs of the Arena Football League in 2000.

Maddox became starting quarterback for the Los Angeles Xtreme of the XFL, a league that folded after one season. With the Xtreme, Maddox led the team to the Million Dollar Game championship and became league MVP for the season; that year, Maddox signed with the Pittsburgh Steelers. As backup to Kordell Stewart, Maddox became the Steelers' starting quarterback in 2002 and led the Steelers to a 10–5-1 record and a postseason run. For his achievements in 2002, the NFL named Maddox Comeback Player of the Year. After a 6–10 season in 2003, an injury in week 2 against the Ravens in the 2004 season, Maddox again became a backup quarterback to Steelers first-round draft pick Ben Roethlisberger. In this backup role, Maddox earned a Super Bowl ring when Pittsburgh won Super Bowl XL after the 2005 season, beating the Seattle Seahawks; the 2005 season was his final season as a professional football player. After retiring from football, Maddox became a youth baseball coach in his native Dallas/Fort Worth area.

Born in Shreveport, Maddox graduated from L. D. Bell High School at Hurst, Texas in 1989. At L. D. Bell, Maddox lettered in football and baseball; as a senior, he was team captain, was named the Southwest Texas Offensive Player of the Year, District Most Valuable Player, the Area Most Valuable Player. Maddox played two seasons of college football as quarterback at UCLA. In 1990, Maddox completed 182 of 327 of his passes for 2,682 yards, 17 touchdowns, 14 interceptions. UCLA went 5–6 in 1990; the following season, Maddox led UCLA to a 9–3 record and the John Hancock Bowl title with a 209-for-343 completion rate for 2,681 yards, 16 touchdowns, 16 interceptions. In his two years with UCLA, Maddox became the first Pac-10 player to pass 5,000 yards by sophomore year and won first-team All-American honors in 1991. In a Friday night news conference on January 31, 1992, Maddox announced his intention to declare for the 1992 NFL Draft, reading from a prepared statement: "While I understand that another year or two at UCLA would be enjoyable and beneficial to my development, I feel that it is time for me to stand on my feet as a man and take on the opportunities offered by the NFL."

Maddox announced his upcoming marriage and further explained: "Playing in the NFL has been a dream of mine since childhood, it's a gut feeling that the time is now right." Maddox was drafted by the Denver Broncos in the first round of the 1992 NFL Draft. Covering the draft for television, Joe Theismann commented that Maddox should have stayed at UCLA for another year, his selection by the Broncos did not sit well with Elway since the Broncos had greater needs at several other positions, which Elway felt should have been addressed with their first pick instead of using it on Maddox. However, Elway understood that Maddox had no control over the Broncos selection and was always professional in dealing with him, doing what he could to incorporate Maddox into the Broncos system. Maddox was expected to succeed John Elway as starting quarterback; as a rookie, Maddox served under coach Dan Reeves. Maddox took his first snaps during the Week 6 game against the Washington Redskins, completing 2-of-8 passes for 10 yards and one interception in the 34–3 loss.

In that game, Maddox became the youngest NFL quarterback to complete a pass since Elmer Angsman in 1946. Maddox took over the week 11 game after starting quarterback John Elway left with a shoulder injury, he led the Broncos to a 27–13 victory over the New York Giants. Maddox would start the following four games from all losses. In his debut start in the week 12 24–0 loss to the Los Angeles Raiders, Maddox went 18-of-26 for 207 yards and two interceptions, was sacked four times, committed three fumbles. Maddox only learned; the Los Angeles Times account of the game reported: "Every time Denver moved the ball, Maddox would be pressured, sacked or dropped the ball."The following week, in a 16–13 loss to the Seattle Seahawks, Maddox threw his first touchdown pass professionally, connecting with wide receiver Mark Jackson. Under coach Wade Phillips, Maddox played all games in 1993 as the placekicker's holder. On Week 14, in a 13–10 loss to the San Diego Chargers, Maddox completed one pass for one yard to linebacker Dave Wyman in a fake field goal attempt.

On August 27, 1994, the Los Angeles Rams traded a fourth-round 1995 NFL Draft pick to the Broncos and acquired Maddox, as the salary cap forced the Broncos to trade him. Initi

Greenwood–Leflore Airport

Greenwood–Leflore Airport is a public airport seven miles east of Greenwood, the county seat of Leflore County, Mississippi. It is owned by the City of Greenwood and Leflore County, but is in Carroll County; the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility. There are no scheduled airline flights. Greenwood Airport was built by the United States Army Air Forces as a basic flight training airfield. Greenwood Army Airfield was the home of the 7th Basic Flying Training Group, assigned to the Eastern Flying Training Command; as built the base had a 50-acre concrete parking apron. The pavement required was the equivalent of 65 miles of two-lane highway. In addition, there were rail lines which were used to deliver gasoline and oil as well as coal and freight. On occasion, a troop train would venture onto the base to pick up cadets. There were 375 buildings, they were home for their dependents as well as civilian workers. The airfield had many auxiliary landing fields to support pilot training: Paynes Auxiliary Field 33°54′23″N 090°05′32″W Oxberry Auxiliary Field 33°17′09″N 090°02′49″W Avalon Auxiliary Field 33°38′47″N 090°04′09″W Curger Auxiliary Field 33°20′58″N 090°10′30″W Tchula Auxiliary Field 33°09′05″N 090°12′42″W Greenwood Municipal Airport 33°29′45″N 090°11′51″WGreenwood AAF was home to a contingent of Women's Army Service Pilots.

These women were rated to fly everything from B-24s to fighters. During the peak of basic training activities, the airfield averaged about 36,000 operations per month and the aircraft consumed millions of gallons of aviation gasoline annually; the original mission of Greenwood Army Air Field was Basic Flight Training and the base was home to several hundred Consolidated Vultee BT-13 and BT-15 Valiants. The BT's trained thousands of fledgling military aviators; as basic training evolved, various twin-engine trainers such as the Cessna AT-17 and AT-8, the Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita were brought into the inventory in an effort to make the transition to advanced twin-engine schools easier. This idea never developed and the aircraft were stored in serviceable condition; the field had the usual complement of Noorduyn Norseman UC-64s, Cessna UC-78s and C-45 Expeditors. On December 18, 1944 the Eastern Flying Training Command turned the field over to the Third Air Force 4th Operational Training Unit; the 590th Army Air Force Base Unit was reassigned to Greenwood AAF from Brownsville Army Airfield Texas.

The arrival of the 4th OTU brought two new missions to GAAF. The BTs were replaced with AT-6 Texans and scores of fighters, including the P-51, P-47, P-38 and P-63, which were used for fighter transition training. A C-47 instrument school was introduced and more than 20 C-47s were based at the field. Other aircraft assigned to GAAF included a B-17E Flying Fortress, several B-25 Mitchells and an L-5 Sentinel. Third Air Force operated the airfield until flight training ceased in late 1945 and the base was placed in caretaker status until being turned over to the city of Greenwood by the War Assets Administration; as late as 1948, the Army and War Assets Administration maintained a fire station and a small contingent to look after the dormant air base. For the next 21 years the base was abandoned and most of the wartime buildings disappeared. In 1967, the city of Greenwood made a decision to relocate the Greenwood Municipal Airport to the abandoned Army Air Field. Runway 5/23 was lighted and placed in use.

Weeds were removed from the miles of expansion joints on the otherwise intact ramp and a new rotating beacon was installed. At that time, only sixteen of the wartime structures included. At the time the airport was relocated, a new FAA Flight Service Station was constructed. Runway 18/36 was repaired and outfitted with new high-intensity runway lighting and an Instrument Landing System with MALSR. In 1989 a control tower was commissioned, in the early 1990s runway 18/36 was lengthened to 6,503 feet and strengthened to accommodate wide-body aircraft. Greenwood–Leflore Airport covers 816 acres at an elevation of 155 feet, it has two asphalt runways: 18/36 is 6,501 by 150 feet. In the year ending March 14, 2012 the airport had 42,116 aircraft operations, average 115 per day: 87% general aviation, 10% military, 3% air taxi. 57 aircraft were based at the airport: 53% single-engine, 21% helicopter, 16% multi-engine, 5% jet, 5% glider. Mississippi World War II Army Airfields Air Transport Command 27th Flying Training Wing List of airports in Mississippi Greenwood–Leflore Airport, official site Aerial image as of February 1996 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for GWO, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for GWO AirNav airport information for KGWO ASN accident history for GWO FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures

Stachys affinis

Stachys affinis called crosne, chinese artichoke, japanese artichoke, knotroot, or artichoke betony, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the family Lamiaceae, originating from China. Its rhizome is a root vegetable that can be eaten raw, dried or cooked. S. affinis is a perennial herbaceous plant with red to purple flowers and reaches a height of 30 – 120 cm. The green leaves are opposite arranged on the stem; the rough, nettle-like leaves can be ovate-cordate shaped with a width of 2.5 – 9.5 cm or ovate-oblong with a width of 1.5 – 3.5 cm. The leaves are separated into a petiole; the petiole becomes shorter towards the stem apex. Similar to the potato, S. affinis grows rhyzomes which are 8 cm long and 2 cm thick. By medullary primary growth they thicken on the internodes and less on the nodes; this way at irregular intervals constricted tubers are formed, which are thinner on both ends. The tubers are coby covered with a pale-beige-to-ivory skin; the flesh underneath is tender. Vacuoles in the tuber of S. affinis are rich in stachyose.

Stachyose is a tetrasaccharide, consist out of galactose and fructose. Stachyose is up to 80-90% in dry tubers. S. affinis originates from northern China. Before S. affinis had been domesticated, a related crop named S. palustris was collected in nature to be consumed as a vegetable. On the Germanic peoples used S. recta, a further relative of S. affinis, as medicinal plant. The plant was cultivated from the 18th century onwards. In 1882 the crop was cultivated on a farm for the first time in Crosne. S. affinis is the only labiate, cultivated as vegetable in Europe. At the beginning of the 20th century S. affinis became more and more popular until it was abandoned again in the 1970’s due to problems with viruses and the plants strong vagility. Since 1990 there has been a rise in the cultivation of S. affinis again and it is available in some markets and in some grocery shops. Today the plant is listed in the “Handbook of Alien Species in Europe” as invasive plant in Europe; the plant is part of the family Lamiaceae.

A described species, named S. sieboldii, in dedication to the German-Dutch botanist and japanologist Philipp Franz von Siebold, is considered to be a synonym. S. affinis is planted as a bulb in spring. Multiple bulbs are planted 5 to 8 cm deep into a hole of dimensions 30 cm by 30 cm; the plant is achieving a height of 30 cm. Weeding is necessary but it is important not to damage the root system. A sufficient water supply during summer is important. Harvest is from November to March, it is important. The storage of S. affinis. Because of their thin skin, they can be stored only about a week in a fridge. An alternative can be a fresh ongoing harvesting out of humid sand, thereby the tubers stay fresh for several months; the tubers have a sweet, nutty flavour. They can be eaten raw, dried or cooked. A wide range of uses for this vegetable leads to various dishes in many countries’ kitchen, they can be prepared to Jerusalem artichokes. The leaves can be made into a tea. In Chinese and Japanese cuisine, the S. affinis is pickled.

In particular, its tuber is a part of Osechi, cooked for celebrating Japanese New Year. Dyed red by leaves of red shiso after being pickled, it is called chorogi. In Korea it is called choseokjam. In French cuisine, its cooked tuber is served alongside dishes named japonaise or Japanese-styled. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the entirety of S. affinis is used as an agent to treat colds and pneumonia. In addition, root extract of S. affinis has showed antimicrobial activity. Furthermore, Baek et al. observe antioxidant activity in 2004. In 2004 inhibitory effects on acetylcholine esterase, monoamine oxidase and xanthine oxidase activities were observed in rat brains after 20 days feeding with methanolic extracts of S. affinis. Ethanol extract from this plant seems to have antitumour activity. Stachys affinis in Plants for a Future database This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Ward, Artemas; the Grocer's Encyclopedia. Crosnes


Bearna is a coastal village in Connemara, west of Galway city in County Galway, Ireland, on the R336 regional road. Once a satellite of Galway city, the village is now becoming one of its suburbs; the village is regarded as Irish speaking and is therefore a constituent part of the regions of Ireland that make up the Gaeltacht. However, because of its absorption into the city, it has become a English-speaking village. Nonetheless, Irish is still the main language of its western and northern hinterland and the village has now become the gateway to the largest Irish-speaking region in the country. To try to control the major development, undertaken in recent years, a strongly supported local action group has been set up. In 1976 a community development group called Comharchumann Bearna Teo was formed after five local men put up the purchase money for 2 acres at Troscaigh Thiar to be used for community purposes and has succeeded in developing several recreational facilities. There are 1,500 native Irish speakers in the Bearna ED.

According to the 2011 census, 24% of Bearna's locals use Irish as a daily language. Bearna is twinned with Esquibien, France. At the time of the 2011 Census, the total population in this settlement was 1,878, of which males numbered 920 and females were 958; the total housing stock was 772, of which vacant households numbered 98. With an approximate area of 1.89 km2, this settlement has a 2011 population density of 994 persons per km2. The total population of the Bearna Electoral District designated as 27044 was 3,630, of which males numbered 1,804 and females were 1,826; the total housing stock was 1,363, of which vacant households numbered 142. Sports clubs in the Bearna area include Bearna GAA, which fields gaelic football teams in men's and ladies' competitions. Other clubs in the locality are Galway Bay Rugby Club, Bearna/Na Forbacha hurling club and Bearna United soccer club. Cormac Folan of Freeport in Bearna represented Ireland in Rowing at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Bearna Golf Club, two miles north of the village, is a moorland 18-hole golf course.

Most townlands are anglisations of the original Irish language names. Forramoyle West Forramoyle East New Village Leaclea Seapoint Ahaglugger Truskey West Truskey East Freeport Ballard West Ballard East Lenarevagh Knockaunnacarragh Cormac Folan - rower who competed in the men's coxless four event at the 2008 Summer Olympics James Hickey - Irish Fenian and Land Leaguer Micheál Ó Droigheaín Bearna Woods Irish language 2006 study

Walter Lingo

Walter Lingo was an Airedale Terrier breeder from La Rue, Ohio. During the 1920s, he owned the Oorang Dog Kennels; as a way of promoting his kennels, Lingo financed a National Football League franchise, called the Oorang Indians in 1922. Lingo bred his first litter when he was 9 years old in 1900. Over time he sought to create a stronger type of Airedale, his efforts resulted in the King Oorang breed of Airedale dogs. Lingo described the King Oorang as the "world's great all-around dog." Upon creating the King Oorang breed, Lingo embarked on a mail order business, selling his puppies to people throughout the Americas. Lingo spent most of his time training his championship Oorang Airedale dogs in LaRue, he expanded his breeding program to meet the enormous demand for Airedales by selling up to a thousand Airedale bitches to farmers throughout Ohio. Lingo took back the bitches for breeding and whelping returned them to their owners, while buying back the pups at a pre-agreed price. Lingo resold the pups to buyers throughout the country.

Walter sold up to 15,000 Airedales per year, by the mid-1920s he claimed to be spending $2,000 per month on advertising. Over time, the Oorang Kennel Company and its Oorang Airedales became known throughout the world, he donated a stud dog for Red Cross work in Europe to the military during World War I after the war, promoted in advertising for the purpose of breeding. He gave away dogs as a promotion to winners of contests, silent film stars, baseball players, two were given to the editor of Field & Stream magazine, who favored the kennel with complimentary ads and a fictional book or two, featuring Oorang Airedales; however many of Lingo's neighbors described the Airedales as killers. These neighboring farmers accused the Oorang Kennels of raising a nation of sheep killers; this public relations disaster, prompted Lingo to enlist the aid of celebrities to endorse his dogs. He invited celebrities, such as Ty Cobb of the Detroit Tigers, boxer Jack Dempsey, actor Gary Cooper, Tris Speaker of the Cleveland Indians, Olympic sprinter Charles Paddock to LaRue to hunt with him and his dogs.

Lingo's most famous supporter was Jim Thorpe, the celebrated athlete of the 1920s. With no reluctance at all, Thorpe came to Lingo's aid by testifying that he once knew an Oorang Airedale that had saved a 6-year-old girl's life. After that and Thorpe became hunting buddies. To help promote his dogs, Lingo created the Oorang Indians, an NFL team in La Rue, he named the team after his Oorang dog kennels. The cost of establishing an NFL franchise in 1922 was $100, however the cost of just one of Lingo's Airedales could sell for $150; the stunt worked and Lingo would go on to make a million dollars selling Airedales in just one year, during the height of popularity of the Oorang Indians. La Rue is the smallest community to have sponsored an NFL franchise; the Indians, never played a game in La Rue. the team was a traveling team. What "home games" they did play were played in Marion since La Rue lacked a playing field. Lingo hired Thorpe to put together a team, he was paid $500 a week to organize the team.

The Indians remained a team in the National Football League for the 1922 and the 1923 seasons. The Oorang Indians players didn't only play football. Lingo required them to work in his kennels, caring for his dogs, he forced his players to parade around the football field with his dogs during half times, hoping that fans would purchase his dogs. Lingo used his own Airedale terrier magazine, Oorang Comments, to get dog and football enthusiasts buzzing about his product and his team. At first the Oorang Indians were an excellent gate attraction. However, the novelty wore off and Lingo pulled his financial backing. So, at the end of the 1923 NFL season, the Indians suspended operations. Many football historians credit Lingo with creating the halftime show, he would lure audiences to his games with the promise of an outrageous halftime show, instead of the promise of a good football game. Entertainment, both prior to the games and during halftimes, was provided by the players and the Airedale dogs. There were shooting exhibitions with the dogs retrieving the targets.

There were tomahawk and knife-throwing demonstrations. One halftime event showcased an Indians player, wrestling a live bear. Another show was a demonstration of the United States Indian scouts actions during World War I; the show promoted Lingo's kennels by showing the Airedale Red Cross dogs administering first aid to a wounded soldier. Many of the scouts and Red Cross dogs taking part in the event were real veterans of the war, while the German troops were impersonated by local American Legion men who wore German uniforms furnished by Lingo; the halftime activities soon became more important than the results of the game for the Indians fanbase. The Indians only won 3 games in their two seasons of existence. After the Oorang Indians' collapse, Lingo continued to sell his Airedale dogs; the Great Depression struck in the 1930s, prompting Lingo to scale back his business. People could no longer afford the Airedales, prompting Lingo to have three hundred puppies euthanized in 1929 alone, he tried to establish a business in Minneapolis, Minnesota that manufactured dog biscuits, but this venture failed to succeed.

However back in LaRue, Lingo's wife, revived the kennels. Although the operation was scaled down from its 1920's peak, the Oorang Kennel Company continued until Walter Lingo’s death in 1966

Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (play)

Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean is a 1976 play by Ed Graczyk performed at the Players' Theater in Columbus, Ohio. Despite the interpretation of the name in the title, it refers to the legendary "Rebel Without a Cause", James Dean, as opposed to Jimmy Dean, the country-western singer who had a hit in 1961 with Big Bad John; the play, in fact, revolves around a James Dean fan club that reunites at a Texas five-and-dime store. In 1982, filmmaker Robert Altman directed both a Broadway version at the Martin Beck Theater and a film adaptation of the same name. Altman's version of the play was not well-received with critics at the time. In Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean, an all-female fan club called the Disciples of James Dean meets at a Woolworths five-and-dime branch in McCarthy, Texas; the group reunites in 1975 to commemorate the twentieth anniversary of Dean's death. Ed Graczyk wrote and directed Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean for the Players' Theater in Columbus, which produced it.

At the time of the Ohio production, he said of its development: Jimmy Dean had a short run in New York City in 1980. Early that same decade, while turning his attention from Hollywood to the stage, filmmaker Robert Altman acquired the rights to Graczyk's work. While securing options on another two works—The Hold-Up by Marsha Norman and The Diviners by Jim Leonard—he negotiated to direct Jimmy Dean on Broadway, with the intention to film it as a theatrical release, he spent US$850,000 of his own money bringing it to Broadway. During the casting process, Altman considered a role for Shelley Duvall, a star of his previous film Popeye. But, in his words, "the balance wasn't correct" this time around. Altman found out that pop singer Cher was in New York at the time, but he did not feel sure she would land a part. "If you're serious," he advised her, "read for it." Thanks to his encouragement, she landed the part of the waitress Sissy—her first major role on stage. Another of the performers, Karen Black appeared in Altman's 1975 film Nashville.

The first Broadway preview of Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean took place on February 8, 1982. Between February 18 and April 4, 1982, it ran for 52 performances at the Martin Beck Theater. Altman had requested that Graczyk delay collecting his royalties so that the production could run longer. Graczyk declined recalling that the actresses were not asked to make similar financial sacrifices; some time Altman directed a film adaptation of the same name, which went on to win the Best Film Award at the Chicago International Film Festival. The Broadway version of Jimmy Dean was not well-received with critics; the New York Times' Frank Rich commented that "Neither the gimmicky plot nor its cliched participants are credible." John Simon of New York wrote, "Although the play becomes a little less boring in the second act, it is too little too late, at the cost of some whopping improbabilities. Hit-and-miss directorial bravura and an expensive production are not enough to justify so much ado."

Graczyk, Ed. Come Back to the 5 & Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean: A Comedy-Drama. Samuel French, Inc. ISBN 0-573-60764-8. Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean at the Internet Broadway Database Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean at the Internet Broadway Database