Publius Vergilius Maro called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He wrote three of the most famous poems in Latin literature: the Eclogues, the Georgics, the epic Aeneid. A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, are sometimes attributed to him. Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets, his Aeneid has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome since the time of its composition. Modeled after Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the Aeneid follows the Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and reach Italy, where his descendants Romulus and Remus were to found the city of Rome. Virgil's work has had wide and deep influence on Western literature, most notably Dante's Divine Comedy, in which Virgil appears as Dante's guide through Hell and Purgatory. Virgil's biographical tradition is thought to depend on a lost biography by Varius, Virgil's editor, incorporated into the biography by Suetonius and the commentaries of Servius and Donatus, the two great commentators on Virgil's poetry.
Although the commentaries no doubt record much factual information about Virgil, some of their evidence can be shown to rely on inferences made from his poetry and allegorizing. The tradition holds that Virgil was born in the village near Mantua in Cisalpine Gaul. Analysis of his name has led to beliefs. Modern speculation is not supported by narrative evidence either from his own writings or his biographers. Macrobius says, he attended schools in Cremona, Mediolanum and Naples. After considering a career in rhetoric and law, the young Virgil turned his talents to poetry. According to Robert Seymour Conway, the only ancient source which reports the actual distance between Andes and Mantua is a surviving fragment from the works of Marcus Valerius Probus. Probus flourished during the reign of Nero. Probus reports. Conway translated this to a distance of 28 English miles. Little is known about the family of Virgil, his father belonged to gens Vergilia, his mother belonged to gens Magia. According to Conway, gens Vergilia is poorly attested in inscriptions from the entire Northern Italy, where Mantua is located.
Among thousands of surviving ancient inscriptions from this region, there are only 8 or 9 mentions of individuals called "Vergilius" or "Vergilia". Out of these mentions, three appear in inscriptions from Verona, one in an inscription from Calvisano. Conway theorized. Calvisano is located 30 Roman miles from Mantua, would fit with Probus' description of Andes; the inscription in this case is a votive offering to the Matronae by a woman called Vergilia, asking the goddesses to deliver from danger another woman, called Munatia. Conway notes that the offering belongs to a common type for this era, where women made requests for deities to preserve the lives of female loved ones who were pregnant and were about to give birth. In most cases, the woman making the request was the mother of a woman, pregnant or otherwise in danger. Though there is another inscription from Calvisano, where a woman asks the deities to preserve the life of her sister. Munatia, the woman who Vergilia wished to protect, was a close relative of Vergilia or Vergilia's daughter.
The name "Munatia" indicates that this woman was a member of gens Munatia, makes it that Vergilia married into this family. According to the commentators, Virgil received his first education when he was five years old and he went to Cremona and Rome to study rhetoric and astronomy, which he soon abandoned for philosophy. From Virgil's admiring references to the neoteric writers Pollio and Cinna, it has been inferred that he was, for a time, associated with Catullus' neoteric circle. According to Servius, schoolmates considered Virgil shy and reserved, he was nicknamed "Parthenias" or "maiden" because of his social aloofness. Virgil seems to have suffered bad health throughout his life and in some ways lived the life of an invalid. According to the Catalepton, he began to write poetry while in the Epicurean school of Siro the Epicurean at Naples. A group of small works attributed to the youthful Virgil by the commentators survive collected under the title Appendix Vergiliana, but are considered spurious by scholars.
One, the Catalepton, consists of fourteen short poems, some of which may be Virgil's, another, a short narrative poem titled the Culex, was attributed to Virgil as early as the 1st century AD. The biographical tradition asserts that Virgil began the hexameter Eclogues in 42 BC and it is thought that the collection was published around 39–38 BC, although this is controversial; the Eclogues are a group of ten poems modeled on the bucolic hexameter poetry of the Hellenistic poet Theocritus. After his victory in the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, fought against the army led by the assassins of Julius Caesar, Octavian tried to pay off his veterans with land expropriated from towns in northern Italy including, according to the traditi
A statue is a free-standing sculpture in which the realistic, full-length figures of persons or animals or non-representational forms are carved in a durable material like wood, metal, or stone. Typical statues are close to life-size. Statues have been produced in many cultures from prehistory to the present. Statues represent many different people and animals and mythical. Many statues are placed in a public places as public art; the world's tallest statue, Statue of Unity, is 182 metres tall and is located near the Narmada dam in Gujarat, India. Ancient statues survive showing the bare surface of the material of which they are made. For example, many people associate Greek classical art with white marble sculpture, but there is evidence that many statues were painted in bright colors. Most of the color has weathered off over time. A travelling exhibition of 20 coloured replicas of Greek and Roman works, alongside 35 original statues and reliefs, was held in Europe and the United States in 2008: Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity.
Details such as whether the paint was applied in one or two coats, how finely the pigments were ground, or which binding medium would have been used in each case—all elements that would affect the appearance of a finished piece—are not known. Richter goes so far as to say of classical Greek sculpture, "All stone sculpture, whether limestone or marble, was painted, either wholly or in part." Medieval statues were usually painted, with some still retaining their original pigments. The coloring of statues ceased during the Renaissance, as excavated classical sculptures, which had lost their coloring, became regarded as the best models; the Löwenmensch figurine from the Swabian Alps in Germany is the oldest known statue in the world, dates to 30,000-40,000 years ago. The Venus of Hohle Fels, from the same area, is somewhat later. Throughout history, statues have been associated with cult images in many religious traditions, from Ancient Egypt, Ancient India, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome to the present.
Egyptian statues showing kings as sphinxes have existed since the Old Kingdom, the oldest being for Djedefre. The oldest statue of a striding pharaoh dates from the reign of Senwosret I and is the Egyptian Museum, Cairo; the Middle Kingdom of Egypt witnessed the growth of block statues which became the most popular form until the Ptolemaic period. The oldest statue of a deity in Rome was the bronze statue of Ceres in 485 BC; the oldest statue in Rome is now the statue of Diana on the Aventine. The wonders of the world include several statues from antiquity, with the Colossus of Rhodes and the Statue of Zeus at Olympia among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. While Byzantine art flourished in various forms and statue making witnessed a general decline. An example was the statue of Justinian which stood in the square across from the Hagia Sophia until the fall of Constantinople in the 15th century. Part of the decline in statue making in the Byzantine period can be attributed to the mistrust the Church placed in the art form, given that it viewed sculpture in general as a method for making and worshiping idols.
While making statues was not subject to a general ban, it was hardly encouraged in this period. Justinian was one of the last Emperors to have a full-size statue made, secular statues of any size became non-existent after iconoclasm. Starting with the work of Maillol around 1900, the human figures embodied in statues began to move away from the various schools of realism that been followed for thousands of years; the Futurist and Cubist schools took this metamorphism further until statues still nominally representing humans, had lost all but the most rudimentary relationship to the human form. By the 1920s and 1930s statues began to appear that were abstract in design and execution; the notion that the position of the hooves of horses in equestrian statues indicated the rider's cause of death has been disproved. UK Public Monument and Sculpture Association
USC Trojans football
The USC Trojans football program represent University of Southern California in the sport of American football. The Trojans compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the South Division of the Pac-12 Conference. Formed in 1888, the program has over 830 wins and claims 11 consensus Division I Football National Championships. USC has had 13 undefeated seasons including 8 perfect seasons, 39 conference championships. USC has produced 7 Heisman Trophy winners, 81 first-team Consensus All-Americans, including 27 Unanimous selections, 500 NFL draft picks, most all-time by any university, the Trojans have had more players drafted in the first round than any other university, with 80 as of the 2017 draft. USC has had 34 members inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame, including former players Matt Leinart, O. J. Simpson, Ronnie Lott and former coaches John McKay and Howard Jones; the Trojans boast 12 inductees in the Pro Football Hall Of Fame, the 2nd-most of any school, including Junior Seau, Bruce Matthews, Marcus Allen, Ron Yary.
The Trojans have 52 bowl appearances. With a record of 34–18, USC has the highest all-time post-season winning percentage of schools with 25 or more bowl appearances; the Trojans play their home games in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, located across the exposition Park Rose Garden from USC's University Park, Los Angeles campus. The stadium is known as "The Grand Old Lady", having been built 100 years ago. USC first fielded a football team in 1888. Playing its first game on November 14 of that year against the Alliance Athletic Club, USC achieved a 16–0 victory. Frank Suffel and Henry H. Goddard were playing coaches for the first team, put together by quarterback Arthur Carroll, who in turn volunteered to make the pants for the team and became a tailor. USC faced its first collegiate opponent the following year in fall 1889, playing St. Vincent's College to a 40–0 victory. In 1893, USC joined the Intercollegiate Football Association of Southern California, composed of USC, Occidental College, Throop Polytechnic Institute, Chaffey College.
Pomona College declined to do so. An invitation was extended to Los Angeles High School. Before they were named Trojans in 1912, USC athletic teams were called the Methodists, as well as the Wesleyans. During the early years, limitations in travel and the scarcity of major football-playing colleges on the West Coast limited its rivalries to local Southern Californian colleges and universities. During this period USC played regular series against Occidental, Whittier and Loyola; the first USC team to play outside of Southern California went to Stanford University on November 4, 1905, where they were trampled 16–0 by the traditional West Coast powerhouse. While the teams would not meet again until 1918, this was USC's first game against a future Pac-12 conference opponent and the beginning of its oldest rivalry. During this period USC played its first games against other future Pac-12 rivals, including Oregon State, California and Arizona. Between 1911–1913, USC followed the example of California and Stanford and dropped football in favor of rugby union.
The results were disastrous, as USC was soundly defeated by more experienced programs while the school itself experienced financial reverses. After several decades of competition, USC first achieved national prominence under head coach "Gloomy" Gus Henderson in the early 1920s. Another milestone came under Henderson in 1922, when USC joined the Pacific Coast Conference, the forerunner of the modern Pac-12. Success continued under coach Howard Jones from 1925 to 1940, when the Trojans were just one of a few nationally dominant teams, it was during this era that the team achieved renown as the "Thundering Herd", earning its first four national titles. USC achieved intermittent success in the years following Jones' tenure. Jeff Cravath, who coached from 1942–1950, won the Rose Bowl in 1943 and 1945. Jess Hill, who coached from 1951 to 1956, won the Rose Bowl in 1953. From 1957 to 1959, the Trojans were coached by Don Clark. Future Hall of Famer Ron Mix was an All American for the Trojans in 1959; the program entered a new golden age upon the arrival of head coach John McKay.
During this period the Trojans produced two Heisman Trophy winners and won four national championships. McKay's influence continued after he departed for the NFL when an assistant coach, John Robinson, took over as head coach. Under Robinson, USC won another national championship in 1978 and USC produced two more running back Heisman Trophy winners in Charles White and Marcus Allen On September 12, 1970, USC opened the season visiting the University of Alabama under legendary coach Paul "Bear" Bryant and became the first integrated team to play in the state of Alabama; the game, scheduled by Bryant, resulted in a dominating 42–21 win by the Trojans. More all six touchdowns scored by USC team were by black players, two by USC running
Information Sciences Institute
The USC Information Sciences Institute is a component of the University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering, specializes in research and development in information processing and communications technologies. It is located in Marina del California. ISI participated in the information revolution, it played a leading role in developing and managing the early Internet and its predecessor ARPAnet; the Institute conducts basic and applied research supported by more than 20 U. S. government agencies involved in defense, health, homeland security and other areas. Annual funding is about $100 million. ISI employs about 350 research scientists, research programmers, graduate students and administrative staff at its Marina del Rey, California headquarters and in Arlington, Virginia. About half of the research staff hold PhD degrees, about 40 are research faculty who teach at USC and advise graduate students. Several senior researchers are tenured USC faculty in the Viterbi School. ISI research spans artificial intelligence, grid computing, quantum computing, supercomputing, nano-satellites and many other areas.
AI expertise includes natural language processing, in which ISI has an international reputation, reconfigurable robotics, information integration, motion analysis and social media analysis. Hardware/software expertise includes cyber-physical system security, data mining, reconfigurable computing and cloud computing. In networking, ISI explores Internet resilience, Internet traffic analysis and photonics, among other areas. Researchers work in scientific data management, wireless technologies and electrical smart grid, in which ISI is advising the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power on a major demonstration project. Another current initiative involves big data brain imaging jointly with the Keck School of Medicine of USC. Federal agency sponsors include the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, other scientific and defense-related agencies.
Corporate partners include Chevron Corp. in the Center for Interactive Smart Oilfield Technologies, Lockheed Martin Company in the USC-Lockheed Martin Quantum Computation Center, Parsons Corp. subsidiary Sparta Inc. in the DETER Project, a cybersecurity research initiative and international testbed. ISI has partnered with businesses including IBM Corporation, Samsung Electronics Company, the Raytheon Company, GlobalFoundries Inc. Northrop Grumman Corporation and Carl Zeiss AG, is working with Micron Technology, Inc. Altera Corporation and Fujitsu Ltd. ISI operates the Metal Oxide Semiconductor Implementation Service, a multi-project electronic circuit wafer service that has prototyped more than 60,000 chips since 1981. MOSIS provides design tools and pools circuit designs to produce specialty and low-volume chips for corporations and other research entities worldwide; the Institute has given rise to several startup and spinoff companies in grid software, geospatial information fusion, machine translation, data integration and other technologies.
ISI was founded by Keith Uncapher, who headed the computer research group at RAND Corporation in the 1960s and early 1970s. Uncapher decided to leave RAND after his group's funding was cut in 1971, he approached the University of California at Los Angeles about creating an off-campus technology institute, but was told that a decision would take 15 months. He presented the concept to USC, which approved the proposal in five days. ISI was launched with three employees in 1972, its first proposal was funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in 30 days for $6 million. ISI became one of the earliest nodes on ARPANET, the predecessor to the Internet, in 1977 figured prominently in a demonstration of its international viability. ISI helped refine the TCP/IP communications protocols fundamental to Net operations, researcher Paul Mockapetris developed the now-familiar Domain Name System characterized by.com.org.net.gov, and.edu on which the Net still operates. Steve Crocker originated the Request for Comments series, the written record of the network's technical structure and operation that both documented and shaped the emerging Internet.
Another ISI researcher, Danny Cohen, became first to implement packet voice and packet video over ARPANET, demonstrating the viability of packet switching for real-time applications. Jonathan Postel collaborated in development of TCP/IP, DNS and the SMTP protocol that supports email, he edited the RFC for nearly three decades until his sudden death in 1998, when ISI colleagues assumed responsibility. The Institute retained that role until 2009. Postel directed the Internet Assigned Number Authority and its predecessor, which assign Internet addresses. IANA was administered from ISI until a nonprofit organization, ICANN, was created for that purpose in 1998. Cohen was the first entity to implement, Voice Over Internet Protocol; some of the first Net security applications, one of the world's first portable computers originated at ISI. ISI researchers created or co-created the: GLOBUS grid computing standard LOOM knowledge representation language and environment, or LOOM MONARCH supercomputer-on-a-chip Soar for developing intelligent behavioral systemsIn 2011, several ISI natural language experts advised the IBM team that
Troy was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, just south of the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida. The present-day location is known as Hisarlik, it was the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle, in particular in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggests that the name Ἴλιον began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον. A new capital called, it flourished until the establishment of Constantinople, became a bishopric and declined in the Byzantine era, but is now a Latin Catholic titular see. In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlik, in 1868, Heinrich Schliemann, a wealthy German businessman and archaeologist began excavating in the area after a chance meeting with Calvert in Çanakkale; these excavations revealed several cities built in succession.
Schliemann was at first skeptical about the identification of Hisarlik with Troy, but was persuaded by Calvert and took over Calvert's excavations on the eastern half of the Hisarlik site, on Calvert's property. Troy VII has been identified with the city called Wilusa by the Hittites and is identified with Homeric Troy. Today, the hill at Hisarlik has given its name to a small village near the ruins, which supports the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site, it lies within the province of Çanakkale, some 30 km south-west of the provincial capital called Çanakkale. The nearest village is Tevfikiye; the map here shows the adapted Scamander estuary with Ilium a little way inland across the Homeric plain. Due to Troy's location near the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, it was a central hub for the military and trade. Troy was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998. Ancient Greek historians variously placed the Trojan War in the 12th, 13th, or 14th centuries BC: Eratosthenes to 1184 BC, Herodotus to 1250 BC, Duris of Samos to 1334 BC.
Modern archaeologists associate Homeric Troy with archaeological Troy VII. In the Iliad, the Achaeans set up their camp near the mouth of the River Scamander, where they beached their ships; the city of Troy itself stood on a hill, across the plain of Scamander, where the battles of the Trojan War took place. The site of the ancient city is some 5 km from the coast today, but 3,000 years ago the mouths of Scamander were much closer to the city, discharging into a large bay that formed a natural harbor, which has since been filled with alluvial material. Recent geological findings have permitted the identification of the ancient Trojan coastline, the results confirm the accuracy of the Homeric geography of Troy. In November 2001, the geologist John C. Kraft from the University of Delaware and the classicist John V. Luce from Trinity College, presented the results of investigations, begun in 1977, into the geology of the region, they compared the present geology with the landscapes and coastal features described in the Iliad and other classical sources, notably Strabo's Geographia, concluded that there is a regular consistency between the location of Schliemann's Troy and other locations such as the Greek camp, the geological evidence, descriptions of the topography and accounts of the battle in the Iliad.
Besides the Iliad, there are references to Troy in the other major work attributed to Homer, the Odyssey, as well as in other ancient Greek literature. The Homeric legend of Troy was elaborated by the Roman poet Virgil in his Aeneid; the Greeks and Romans took for a fact the historicity of the Trojan War and the identity of Homeric Troy with the site in Anatolia. Alexander the Great, for example, visited the site in 334 BC and there made sacrifices at tombs associated with the Homeric heroes Achilles and Patroclus. After the 1995 find of a Luwian biconvex seal at Troy VII, there has been a heated discussion over the language, spoken in Homeric Troy. Frank Starke of the University of Tübingen demonstrated that the name of Priam, king of Troy at the time of the Trojan War, is connected to the Luwian compound Priimuua, which means "exceptionally courageous". "The certainty is growing that Wilusa/Troy belonged to the greater Luwian-speaking community," although it is not clear whether Luwian was the official language or in daily colloquial use.
With the rise of critical history and the Trojan War were, for a long time, consigned to the realms of legend. However, the true location of ancient Troy had from classical times remained the subject of interest and speculation; the Troad peninsula was anticipated to be the location. Early modern travellers in the 16th and 17th centuries, including Pierre Belon and Pietro Della Valle, had identified Troy with Alexandria Troas, a ruined town 20 km south of the accepted location. In the late 18th century, Jean Baptiste LeChevalier had identified a location near the village of Pınarbaşı, Ezine as the site of Troy, a mound 5 km south of the accepted location. LeChavalier's location, published in his Voyage de la Troade, was the most accepted theory for a century. In 1822, the Scottis
USC School of Architecture
The USC School of Architecture is the architecture school at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, California. It is one of USC's 17 professional schools, offering both undergraduate and graduate degrees in the fields of architecture, building science, landscape architecture and heritage conservation; the School of Architecture is ranked amongst the most prestigious architecture schools in the country. The graduate program in architecture is ranked 9th in the nation by DesignIntelligence. Notable alumni that graduated from the School include Thom Mayne and Paul Williams; the dean is Milton S. F. Curry; the program at USC began as an architecture department in 1916. Soon after, with the help of the Allied Architects of Los Angeles, a separate School of Architecture was established in 1925. By 1928, majors and degree-granting programs were provided to students. One of the earliest undergraduate programs was the 5-year professional Bachelor of Architecture program. Over the years, the school grew and expanded its influence into one of the premier architecture programs in the country.
The school now offers 3 undergraduate degrees, 3 undergraduate minors, 4 master's degrees and 1 Ph. D; the current main buildings are Watt Hall & Harris Hall. Watt Hall was designed by alumnus Edward Killingsworth. USC Architecture took over maintenance of the Gamble House, the Craftsman masterpiece in Pasadena designed by Greene and Greene in 1966 in a joint deed with the city of Pasadena, which took over responsibility for the grounds; the school owns the Samuel Freeman House, a Frank Lloyd Wright designed house in the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles built in 1923. The Freeman house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971; the house has been listed as a California Historical Landmark #1011, as Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #247 in 1981. The Freeman house is undergoing long-term rehabilitation. Director: Hadrian Predock, AIA The undergraduate "B. Arch" is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board; the "NAAB" is the sole authority for granting accreditation for professional architecture degree programs.
Director: Wes Jones RA, FAAR. The graduate "M. Arch" is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board; as an accredited professional degree, the M. Arch provides firm grounding knowledge in history, professional practice and theory; the studio is the core setting for students to learn to synthesize the cultural and tectonic thinking through informed design practice. The separate Master of Advanced Architecture Studies is a post-professional degree for those who have a Bachelor of Architecture degree. Director: Trudi Sandmeier; the graduate heritage conservation curriculum is designed to expose students to the full breadth of the profession, including "...materials conservation and planning, conservation theory, global conservation efforts and landscape history, best-practices in resource documentation and evaluation and historic site management." Director: Esther Margulies. Landscape architecture at USC is a design-centered program centered on a trans-disciplinary approach; the Master of Landscape Architecture is accredited by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board.
Director: Douglas E. Noble, FAIA, Ph. D; the Master of Building Science degree program was recognized as a "top-notch program" by ARCHITECT: Journal of the American Institute of Architects, in 2009. Building science focuses on the relationship of the human condition and to natural forces; the USC Chase L. Leavitt Graduate Building Science program emphasizes the breadth of technology in architecture, including structures, building systems, analytical computing and BIM, building envelopes, design theories and methods, human comfort, acoustics and daylighting; the School of Architecture is located in the Harris Hall and Watt Hall Complex, at the southern end of the USC University Park Campus. The school comprises over 50,000 square feet of design studios, galleries and labs. Students in the USC School of Architecture have their own 24-7 personal workstations. Students have access to their projects at all times. Watt Hall contains one of the best regional architecture libraries, is home to extensive woodshop and fabrication facilities.
Within and adjacent to the complex are three landscaped courtyards. The complex houses several gallery review spaces and, next door, the "USC Fisher Museum of Art". Many of the faculty members at the School of Architecture are practicing professionals and researchers; the majority of the faculty are active members of the American Institute of Architects or the American Society of Landscape Architects and 14 are Fellows of AIA. Notable Faculty: Kim Coleman Milton S. F. Curry Manuel De Landa Vittoria Di Palma - Ph. D. Steven Ehrlich - FAIA Diane Ghirardo - Ph. D. Alvin Huang - AIA Wes Jones - RA, FAAR Karen M. Kensek Alice Kimm - FAIA Qingyun Ma - AIA Amy Murphy - Ph. D. Douglas E. Noble - FAIA, Ph. D. Lorcan O'Herlihy - FAIA Hadrian Predock Alexander Robinson - FAAR Jose Sanchez Trudi Sandmeier Lawrence Scarpa - FAIA Marc Eugene Schiler - FASES, LC James Steele - Ph. D. Doris Sung Patrick Tighe - FAIA Notable Former Faculty: Gregory Ain - Best known for bringing elements of modern architecture to lower and medium-cost housing.
Reyner Banham Craig Ellwood A. Quincy Jones - Professor and Dean of the School of Architecture from 1951-1967. Designed the building which houses the USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism. Pierre Koenig Ralph Lewis Knowles Neil Leach Raymond Loewy - internationally acclaimed in
USC Marshall School of Business
The USC Marshall School of Business is the business school of the University of Southern California. It is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. In 1997 the school was renamed following a $35 million donation from alumnus Gordon S. Marshall; the Marshall School began as the College of Commerce and Business Administration in 1920. The Graduate School of Business Administration was established in 1960; the Entrepreneurship Program, the first of its kind in the United States, was established in 1972 and is internationally recognized. It has now been renamed The Lloyd Greif Center for Entrepreneurial Studies; the Pacific RIM Education program was implemented in 1997 as the first MBA course of its kind to require all first year full-time MBA students to participate in an international experience. The Leventhal School of Accounting was formed within the school on February 7, 1979. All of its classes are offered at the University Park campus in Los Angeles. James G. Ellis was the dean from 2007 to 2018.
A new dean has not yet been installed. The school occupies five multi-story buildings on campus: Hoffman Hall, Bridge Hall, the Accounting building, Popovich Hall and Jill and Frank Fertitta Hall, which houses the Marshall School's undergraduate programs; this is the main building of the Marshall School's MBA programs. The $20 million, 55,000 square feet building opened in 1999 as one of the most technologically advanced business school buildings in the United States, it was named after Jane Hoffman Popovich for their $5 million gift. The hall provides state-of-the-art technology and eight case-study rooms equipped with audio-video teleconferencing devices, 13 Experiential Learning classrooms capable of transmitting lectures and presentations throughout the building, more than 1,100 data connections outlets throughout the building, a courtyard, more than 15 miles of fiber-optic and cable wiring in its Modern Career Resource Center. Bridge Hall housed all undergraduate offices for the Marshall School of Business until the opening of Jill & Frank Fertitta Hall in the fall of 2016.
Fertitta Hall, a 104,000-square-foot, five-story building, was built expressly for Marshall's undergraduate community. It houses USC Marshall's Undergraduate student services and advisors' offices; the Office of the Dean, staff offices and a few classrooms continue to be housed at Bridge Hall. The H. Leslie Hoffman Hall of Business Administration, which opened in 1973 and stands eight stories tall, is the former home of the Crocker Business Library, it is named for H. Leslie Hoffman, father of Jane Hoffman Popovich, it was designed by renowned architect I. M. Pei; the building was extensively renovated in 2015-16 into faculty offices. The Marshall School offers a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. There are several joint programs that offer studies with International Relations and Cinematic Arts in combination with Business Administration. New students take a business core and have other time to fulfill the USC Core and take elective classes; the undergraduate program offers a variety of international opportunities.
The Global Leadership Program comprises a two-semester seminar on business leadership in China and a spring break trip to China. Marshall's two-year full-time MBA comprises a straightforward intensive core and a diverse range of electives and concentrations. USC Marshall offers a MBA program for Professionals and Managers, an online MBA, an executive MBA and a one-year international MBA; the School offers 11 specialty master's degrees, offering specialized business education on a number of topics, including finance, business analytics and global supply chain management. Executive Education For individuals, Marshall Executive Education offers innovative open enrollment programming with a wide variety of business certificate programs – online and in-person – geared towards professional and personal development. Ranked within the top 15 world business research institutions, the Marshall School offers a full-time doctoral program within the five academic departments; the program lasts 4–5 years with up to two years of dissertation.
Along working with notable faculty, doctoral students receive substantial financial aid, such as graduate assistantship and a living stipend, during their study. The Marshall School has more than 82,000 alumni worldwide in 123 countries, its members consider itself 345,000-strong. This robust network is cited by alumni as a factor in their successful job searches. Events at Marshall emphasize the importance of networking within the Trojan Family. In 2019, USC Marshall's MBA program is ranked No.17 nationally by U. S. News and World Report. In 2018, Bloomberg BusinessWeek ranked USC Marshall's MBA program No. 13 nationally. For 2017, Marshall was ranked No. 33 by Forbes. In global rankings, Marshall was ranked No. 28 by The Economist, No. 29 by Business Insider. and No. 29 by QS World University Rankings. See also: List of University of Southern California people Timothy O. Johnson Chairman and CEO of Johnson Production Group Dan Bane Chairman and CEO of Trader Joe's Marc Benioff Founder and CEO of Salesforce.com John Campbell United States Congressman Henry Caruso Founder of Dollar Rent-A-Car Alan Casden Chairman and CEO of Casden Properties Ronnie Chan Chairman of Hang Lung Group and Hang Lung Properties in Hong Kong Yang Ho Cho President and CEO of Korean Airlines and Chairman of the Hanjin Group Chris DeWolfe Co-f