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Tomsk Oblast

Tomsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It lies in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District, its administrative center is the city of Tomsk. Population: 1 078 923; the development of the territory which now constitutes the oblast began in the early 17th century. Tomsk itself was founded in 1604; some of the oblast's 316,900 square kilometers territory is inaccessible because it is covered with taiga woods and swamps. Tomsk oblast contains the biggest swamp in the northern hemisphere; the oblast borders with Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tyumen, Omsk and Kemerovo Oblasts. Long before Siberia became part of Russia, the territory of modern Tomsk Oblast was inhabited by people belonging to the taiga Kulayskoy civilization known for its bronze artifacts; the development of the region began in the end of the early 17th centuries. The oldest settlement in the area is the village Narym, founded in 1596; the administrative center of the province, the city of Tomsk, was founded in 1604. From 1719 to 1804 in the province of Tobolsk.

In 1782, is formed by Tomskaya oblast in the composition of Tobolsky namestnichestva. In 1804 the Tomsk province was founded, which existed until 1925, when it became part of the Siberian region. Tomsk oblast was established August 13, 1944 by isolation from the Novosibirsk region of the districts and the former Narym District. On July 26, 1995 the Oblast's charter was adopted. During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Tomsk CPSU Committee, the chairman of the oblast Soviet, the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee. Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, the head of the Oblast administration, the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament; the Charter of Tomsk Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Duma of Tomsk Oblast is the province's standing legislative body; the Legislative Duma exercises its authority by passing laws and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it.

The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor, the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia. Tomsk Oblast is rich in natural resources oil, natural gas and non-ferrous metals and underground waters. Forests are among the most significant assets of the oblast: about 20% of the West Siberian forest resources are located in Tomsk Oblast. Industry makes up about half of the regional GDP, while agriculture contributes 19% and construction 13%. Chemical and oil industries are the most developed in the region, followed by machine construction; the oblast's major export items are: oil and machines and equipment. Oil extraction and lumbering are the major business of the region's joint ventures.

Population: 1,047,394 . Major ethnic groups living in the oblast are Russians, Ukrainian-Belorussian, Siberian Tatars and Volga Germans. Slavs and Volga Germans make up more than 94.4% of the population, while Tatars, Chuvash and Khants make up the remaining part. Additionally, 45,016 people were registered from administrative databases, could not declare an ethnicity, it is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group. After the disastrous situation during the 1990s, the demography of Tomsk Oblast is starting to get stabilized. During the first three months of 2009, there were 3,339 deaths. Births: 13,372. Deaths: 13,403. Birth rate for 2008 is 7.97% higher than that of 2007. Vital statistics for 2012Births: 14 384 Deaths: 12 632 Total fertility rate: 2009 - 1.54 | 2010 - 1.49 | 2011 - 1.48 | 2012 - 1.55 | 2013 - 1.59 | 2014 - 1.59 | 2015 - 1.60 | 2016 - 1.57 According to a 2012 survey 33.3% of the population of Tomsk Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 4% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% is an Orthodox Christian believer without belonging to any church or is a member of other Orthodox churches, 1% adheres to the Slavic native faith or local indigenous Siberian folk religions, 1% adheres to Islam, 0.62% to Tibetan Buddhism, 0.4% to the Catholic Church.

In addition, 29% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 15% is atheist, 13.68% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. Science and education are important for the regional development; the oblast is home to six state 47 research institutes. Tomsk was the site of the first university in Asian Russian, founded in the 19th century. Since city dubbed the "Siberian Athens" for its unique spirit. Today more than 100,000 people study in Tomsk colleges. In terms of the number of students per 10,00

Regional Football League

The Regional Football League was an American football league formed to be the self-styled "major league of spring football." Established in 1997, the league played a single season, 1999, ceased operations. The RFL season was designed for spring-summer play with teams based in the Southern United States; the debut season was slated to begin in March 1998, however this was delayed by a year. The league adopted rules consistent with professional football of the era, with some exceptions: running clock until the last two minutes of each half one offensive player allowed to be in motion towards the line of scrimmage at the snap ball placed at the 20-yard-line for extra point attempts receivers only need one foot in bounds to complete a catchThe league's inaugural season was 1999, where each of its six teams was scheduled to have training camp and two preseason games in early April, followed by 12 regular season games; the league held its first regular season games on April 17, 1999. Financial constraints forced the league to reduce player salaries at the end of April, due to low attendance at games.

In late May, the league announced that the regular season would be shortened by three games, with the championship game held in late June. The league only played an eight-week regular season. Near the end of the shortened season, the league cancelled a contest between New Orleans and Ohio, Shreveport forfeited a game, both due to financial concerns. Four teams qualified for the playoffs, on June 20, 1999, the Mobile Admirals defeated the Houston Outlaws, 14–12, in the championship game, RFL Bowl I, played at Ladd–Peebles Stadium in Mobile, Alabama. RFL rosters were limited to 37 active players and five practice squad members with salaries in the range of $30,000 to $65,000 per player and team salary caps of $1,500,000. Players, with college football programs of the region such as Jason Martin, Stewart Patridge, Raymond Philyaw, Marquette Smith and Sherman Williams were signed to RFL teams in the hopes that fans would turn out to see former local stars. Patridge, playing for Mississippi, was the all-RFL quarterback, while running back Williams was the league MVP with Mobile.

The first commissioner of the league was John "Gus" Bell, succeeded by Ron Floridia in May 1999. The league did not secure a television contract, only one game was televised—the May 8, 1999, New Orleans Thunder at Mobile Admirals contest on WHNO, a mainly-religious television station in New Orleans. Despite some efforts made to resume play for a second season, the league folded after its shortened 1999 season; the announced beginning of the XFL for 2001 precluded any realistic chance of the league resuming operations. The league's six charter members were announced on November 12, 1998, they participated in the league's only season, which ran from April to June 1999. Source: Notes: In the seventh week of the regular season, a contest between New Orleans and Ohio was cancelled by the league. In the eighth and final week of the regular season, Shreveport was unable to play in their home stadium; the league rescheduled their intended opponent, New Orleans, to play at Mississippi, when Shreveport did not travel to play at Ohio, they were assessed a forfeit.

Games were hosted by the higher-seeded team. Proposed for the 2000 season, not played. Buffalo, New York Orlando, Florida San Jose, California Winston-Salem, North Carolina Category:Regional Football League players Kantor, Stuart. "Are You Ready for Even More Football?". Footballresearch.com. Retrieved January 26, 2019. Regional Football League 1999 Remember the RFL RFL 1999 New Orleans Thunder at Mobile Admirals via YouTube

Villa St Ignatius

Villa St Ignatius is a historic villa located in the Balluta area of St Julian's, Malta. It was built in the early 19th century for the English merchant John Watson, it might be the earliest example of Gothic Revival architecture in the country; the house was converted into a Protestant college in 1846, it housed a Jesuit college, which closed down in 1907. It was used before being divided into tenements, its grounds were built up during the 20th century, the once-imposing villa is now surrounded by apartments and other buildings. Part of the building was controversially demolished in December 2017, violating a court order and attracting widespread condemnation by heritage NGOs and other entities. Plans to demolish the entire villa were made in April 2018, the fate of the building remains unclear. Villa St Ignatius was built in the early 19th century for the English merchant, John Watson, it was called Bel-Vedere, it was a landmark detached country villa overlooking Balluta Bay, it incorporated a walled garden.

The earliest known description of the building was made in a book published in 1839. The building was purposely built as a country house as a farm, with its surrounding fields used for agricultural experimentation. In 1846, it was purchased by the English Missionary Association, in order to open a Protestant College for training Missionaries for the East; the villa has been described by a Protestant committee as “The College of St. Julian's... a beacon-light on the rock of Malta”. Notable project at the college, from 1839 and 1845, was the Bible translation to Modern Standard Arabic which took place under the supervision of Lutheran missionary Samuel Gobat. Students from Europe and the Middle-East, such as Egyptians and Turks, were hailed to Malta requiring their conversion but the overall expectations was not considered successful. Coversion to Protestant Christianity was controversial from such conservative countries; the college closed down in 1865. On March 26, 1872, the trustees sold the property to Dr Pasquale Mifsud a judge, Carlo Maria Muscat and member of the Council of Government, for the sum of £2,200.

They invited the Society of Jesus to open a Roman Catholic college in the building. The Colonial Office approved this move in 1877, the Jesuits added an extension and end-wing to the building. John Morris was the first Rector between 1877 and 1878. A church, dedicated to Saint Ignatius of Loyola, was completed adjacent to the villa in 1881. St Ignatius' College became one of the leading schools in Malta, within a few years after its opening it became a boarding school. A refectory, dormitories, a gymnasium, study halls and sports facilities were located within the villa and on its grounds, it notably was used as the meteorological centre for the Maltese Islands from 1883. Until 1906; the lecturers of the college were Catholic priests and their students were of the privileged class. Notable students include Hannibal P. Scicluna; the college remained vacant. Soon afterwards, the Jesuits opened the St Aloysius' College in Birkirkara, on 22 December 1907, built since 1896. In 1915, the former college was converted to a military hospital known as St. Ignatius Hospital.

The hospital was considered small and gave better service than other hospitals of the time, in terms of commodity, but this opinion may be subjective. It housed recovering soldiers, wounded in World War I, it included 155 beds, an operating theatre and an X-ray room; the first patients arrived on 2 July 1915. Soldiers who arrived there were sometimes wounded from battlefields, at times succumbed to injuries. Musicians were sent to alleviate the clients of the hospital and their visitors. In 1917 the building's use was changed to a hospice for patients with mental illness. At this point, it was adapted to accommodate nearly 200 men, it closed down in January 1919 following the end of the war. The building housed several Russian refugees fleeing the Russian Revolution; these Russians lived in exile from their homeland and their status gave the area a name as still known today, “The Exiles”. At this point the building was painted by the Russian Nikolay Petrovich Krasnov. Krasnov left Malta with his family three years after arriving.

He and his team of architects and artists left a patrimony of watercolour paintings of Malta portraying how it used to be at the time. The paintings of Malta consisted of postcards. While in Malta, Krasnov taught. Boris Edwards was another Russian refugee who lived at the villa before moving to Birkirkara for health purposes. While in Malta, Boris left a legacy of public monuments such as the Addolorata Cemetery Sette Giugno monument. Most Russian refugees were in Malta only between 1919 and 1922; the building was divided into tenements and sold off as housing units. Most of its grounds were sold, part of which were built up as the Balluta Buildings in the 1920s. In the 1930s, the villa housed the Melita Football Club. By the 1970s, the entire area had been built up with numerous apartment blocks, the villa was no longer visible from the bay. In June 2017, a court order was issued which allowed the removal of some dangerous structures and other works at the building. All works were to be supervised by a court-nominated architect.

In July, the architect Stephan Vancell submitted a request to the Planning Authority to demolish an en

Poncelet–Steiner theorem

In Euclidean geometry, the Poncelet–Steiner theorem is one of several results concerning compass and straightedge constructions with additional restrictions. This result states that whatever can be constructed by straightedge and compass together can be constructed by straightedge alone, provided that a single circle and its centre are given. In the tenth century, the Persian mathematician Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani considered geometric constructions using a straightedge and a compass with a fixed opening, a so-called rusty compass. Constructions of this type appeared to have some practical significance as they were used by artists Leonardo da Vinci and Albrecht Dürer in Europe in the late fifteenth century. A new viewpoint developed in the mid sixteenth century when the size of the opening was considered fixed but arbitrary and the question of how many of Euclid's constructions could be obtained was paramount. Renaissance mathematician Lodovico Ferrari, a student of Gerolamo Cardano in a "mathematical challenge" against Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia was able to show that "all of Euclid" could be accomplished with a straightedge and rusty compass.

Within ten years additional sets of solutions were obtained by Cardano and Tartaglia's student Benedetti. During the next century these solutions were forgotten until, in 1673, Georg Mohr published Euclidis Curiosi containing his own solutions. Mohr had only heard about the existence of the earlier results and this led him to work on the problem. Showing that "all of Euclid" could be performed with straightedge and rusty compass is not the same as proving that all straightedge and compass constructions could be done with a straightedge and just a rusty compass; such a proof would require the formalization of what compass could construct. This groundwork was provided by Jean Victor Poncelet in 1822, he conjectured and suggested a possible proof that a straightedge and rusty compass would be equivalent to a straightedge and compass, moreover, the rusty compass need only be used once. The result that a straightedge and single circle with given centre is equivalent to a straightedge and compass was proved by Jakob Steiner in 1833.

The Poncelet–Steiner theorem should be contrasted with the Mohr–Mascheroni theorem, which states that any compass and straightedge construction can be performed with only a compass. It is not possible to construct everything that can be constructed with straightedge and compass with straightedge alone. If the centre of the only given circle is not provided, it cannot be obtained by a straightedge alone; the requirement that one circle with its center provided has been since generalized to include alternative but restrictive conditions. In one such alternative, the entire circle is not required at all. In 1904, Francesco Severi proved. In other alternatives, the centre may be omitted provided that either two concentric circles or two non-trivially intersecting circles are provided. Indeed, from each of these latter two scenarios, centres can be constructed and reducing the problem to the original statement. Still other cases exist, it suffices to have two intersecting circles, or to have three nonintersecting circles.

Eves, Howard, A Survey of Geometry /Volume one and Bacon Retz, Merlyn.

A. T. M. Wilson

Alexander Thomson Macbeth Wilson MD RAMC FRCPsych FBPsS FRSA was a British psychiatrist, a pioneer of therapeutic communities. A. T. M. Wilson was born in Avondale, Lanarkshire, in 1906 to parish council registrar Alexander Wilson and his wife Hannah Thomson Wilson, he studied at the University of Glasgow, graduating BSc in 1929. Wilson became an MD in 1940. From 1931 to 1934, Wilson was Lecturer in Physiology at the Middlesex Hospital Medical School, he became Rockefeller Research Fellow and Physician at the Tavistock Clinic. In 1937, Wilson and Daniel T. Davies published a paper on gastric conditions suggesting that stress played a key role in the development of peptic ulcers; the now-famous paper went on to conclude that particular personalities were prone to developing gastric conditions. Early in the war, Wilson was appointed Acting Medical Director of the Tavistock Clinic; this was only a short appointment. His first project involved a study of morale with Thomas Main, at this time he studied the sociological and disciplinary structure of the forces and the work of Moreno and Lewin.

Wilson worked with Brigadier Francis Crew at the Directorate of Biological Research, conducting statistical and epidemiological research for the military. Like all of the Tavistock staff, Wilson was involved in creating new methods of selecting personnel for the British Army, helping to develop a scheme of War Office Selection Boards. Following on from this work, Wilson became a member of the committee on the recruitment and selection of the administrative class of the Civil Service. By far the most notable work that Wilson engaged in during the war involved the planning and creation of a system to help returning prisoners of war: Civil Resettlement Units, he headed the Crookham Experiment from November 1943 to February 1944, which studied medics repatriated under the Geneva Convention. He led a pilot unit in Derby called No. 10 Special Reception and Training Unit. As a result of these pilot studies, in April 1945 the first Civil Resettlement Unit opened at Hatfield House. CRUs were described as "transitional communities" and built upon the therapeutic community ideas of Tavistock colleagues such as Wilfred Bion.

In July, the King and Queen visited the unit, resulting in significant media coverage for the programme and Wilson's military colleague Colonel Dick Rendel. After the war, Wilson was influential figure of the Tavistock Institute, he and his Tavistock colleague Eric Trist wrote to propose the creation of a journal in partnership with Kurt Lewin and his group at MIT. The journal Human Relations was founded in 1947. In 1948, Wilson played a key role in directing the Tavistock towards a focus on marriage and marital stress; this culminated in a project for the Family Welfare Association and Citizens Advice Bureaus, focussing on marital problems. In addition to his work for the Tavistock, from 1949 to 1954, Wilson was honorary secretary of the Royal Society of Medicine, he was the chairman of the World Health Organization committee on automation and mental health, a member of the Medical Practitioners Union. Wilson continued as chairman of the Tavistock management committee until 1958, when he was appointed adviser to Unilever on the use of social science.

In 1966, the Ministry of Labour created a committee to consider the problems of management training. Wilson was one of the 16 members, he was awarded the Burnham Medal by the British Institute of Management in 1968. Wilson left Unilever in 1970, when he became Professor of Organisational Behaviour at the London Graduate School of Business Studies, he retired from his professorship in 1974, though he retained his connection with the university as a fellow. Wilson died unexpectedly on a working visit to Compiègne, France, in 1978. Tavistock Anthology by Trist

Elastic (album)

Elastic is a 2002 studio album by American jazz saxophonist Joshua Redman. All tunes were original compositions; the album is positioned as the Redman's first full-length record with electric instruments—after eight acoustic albums. Elastic follows the self-titled CD by Yaya3, which features the same lineup: Redman with keyboardist Sam Yahel and drummer Brian Blade; the Yaya3 CD came out on Loma Records, once the R&B subsidiary of Warner Bros. The concept for Yaya3 and Elastic began when Redman started playing with Yahel and Blade at the New York’s Small’s club in the late 1990s. David R. Adler of Allmusic wrote "Coming fast on the heels of Redman's collaborative Yaya3 date with the same players, Elastic is more about pop/soul-funk than jazz, but it doesn't sacrifice any of Yaya3's organic feeling and improvisational focus. Here Yahel plays not only Hammond organ, but Fender Rhodes and other assorted electric keys. Redman makes liberal use of overdubbing and signal processing, much of, subtle.

The result is quite a lot of sound for three people, quite a lot of inspired blowing, quite a lot of stylistic ground covered." John Fordham of The Guardian noted "...the afterglow, as so with recent Redman discs, is brief." "Molten Soul" "Jazz Crimes" "The Long Way Home" "Oumou" "Still Pushin' That Rock" "Can a Good Thing Last Forever" "Boogielastic" "Unknowing" "News from the Front" "Letting Go" "The Birthday Song" Joshua Redman – Tenor Saxophone Sam Yahel – Keyboards Brian Blade – Drums Official website