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Tonkin spelled Tongkin, Tonquin or Tongking, is in the Red River Delta Region of northern Vietnam. "Tonkin" is a corruption of the name of Hanoi during the Lê Dynasty. Locally, Tonkin is known as Bắc Kỳ, meaning "Northern Region"; the name was used in 1883 for the French colonial Tonkin protectorate, a constituent territory of French Indochina. It is south of Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces of China. Located in the fertile delta area of the Red River, Tonkin is rich in rice production; the area was called Văn Lang by Vietnamese ancestors from around 2000−100 BCE. Evidence of the earliest established society in northern Vietnam, along with the Đông Sơn culture, was discovered in the Cổ Loa Citadel area, the core of the ancient city of Cổ Loa, its site is located near the historical city of Hà Nội and present-day Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. According to Vietnamese myths the first Vietnamese peoples descended from the Dragon Lord Lạc Long Quân and the Immortal Fairy Âu Cơ. Lạc Long Quân and Âu Cơ had 100 sons.

50 of the children went with their mother to the mountains, the other 50 went with their father to the sea. The eldest son became the first in a line of earliest Vietnamese kings, collectively known as the Hùng kings; the Hùng kings called the country, located on the Red River delta in present-day northern Vietnam, Văn Lang. The people of Văn Lang were referred to as the Lạc Việt. In pre-Tang times Tonkin was the port of call for ships on the South China Sea, though the center of commerce moved north to Guangdong and beyond. Lê Lợi, a notable land owner in the Lam Kinh region, had a following of more than 1,000 people before rising up against the Chinese Ming dynasty. Following his victory he established himself in the city of Thang Long. Thang Long was called Đông Kinh, meaning'Eastern Capital'.. During the 18th and 19th century, Westerners used the name Tonkin to refer to northern Vietnam ruled by the Trịnh lords. After French assistance to Nguyễn Ánh to unify Vietnam under the Nguyen Dynasty, the French Navy began its heavy presence in the Mekong Delta and colonized the southern third of Vietnam including Saigon in 1867.

During the Sino-French War, Tonkin considered a crucial foothold in Southeast Asia and a key to the Chinese market, was invaded by the French in the Tonkin Campaign. It was colonized as the French protectorate of Tonkin, was separated from the French protectorate of Annam, with Vietnam being separated into three parts. During French colonial rule within French Indochina, Hanoi was the capital of Tonkin protectorate, in 1901 became the capital of all French Indochina. French colonial administration ruled until 9 March 1945, with 1941-1945 during the World War II Japanese occupation of Vietnam. French administration was allowed by the Japanese as a puppet government. Japan took full control of Vietnam in March 1945, as the Empire of Vietnam. Tonkin became a site of the Vietnamese Famine of 1945 during this period. After the end of World War II, French rule returned over French Indochina. Northern Vietnam became a stronghold for the communist Viet Minh. Hanoi was reoccupied by the French and conflict between the Viet Minh and France broke out into the First Indochina War.

In 1949 it came under the authority of the State of Vietnam, a new Associated state of the French Union. After the French defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in western Tonkin in 1954, the communist nation of North Vietnam was formed, consisting of Tonkin and northern Annam; the State of Vietnam's territory was reduced to the southern Vietnamese region, becoming South Vietnam. North Vietnam topics Red River Delta Region topics Gulf of Tonkin incident

Cycling in Victoria

Cycling in the Australian state of Victoria is a popular pastime and way of getting around since at least 1896, as indicated by the Banjo Paterson poem Mulga Bill's Bicycle. Cycling in Victoria has been encouraged by the development of bicycle networks in town and cities throughout the state, many regional rail trails; the sports popularity has been encouraged by the success of racing clubs such as the St Kilda Cycling Club and Victorian racing riders such as Cadel Evans, Simon Gerrans and Matthew Lloyd. Organised rides held annually including the Great Victorian Bike Ride, races held in Victoria include the Herald Sun Tour. Victoria has many developed rail trails suitable for cycling including: Ballarat-Skipton Rail Trail, Ballarat Bass Coast Rail Trail, South Gippsland Bellarine Rail Trail, Bellarine Peninsula Crater to Coast Rail Trail, Camperdown East Gippsland Rail Trail, East Gippsland Great Southern Rail Trail, South Gippsland High Country Rail Trail, Lake Hume Moe-Yallourn Rail Trail Murray to the Mountains, Wangaratta O'Keefe Rail Trail, Bendigo Old Beechy Rail Trail, Colac Tyers Valley Tramway, Gippsland Warburton Trail, Warburton Drouin to Warragul Trail, Drouin - Warragul, Gippsland Linear Park Arts Discovery Trail, Gippsland Rokeby to Neerim Trail, Gippsland According to VicRoads hazards that cause cycling fatalities and injuries include "side impact at intersections", "manoeuvring", "lane change" as well as collisions between car doors and cyclists in the door zone referred to as "car dooring" in Australia.

In Victoria it is illegal to "cause a hazard to any person or vehicle by opening a door of a vehicle, leaving a door of a vehicle open, or getting off, or out of, a vehicle" and it is illegal to flee the scene of such an accident. While there were 1112 collisions caused by opening doors in the Australian state of Victoria between 2000 and 2010, the first fatality occurred in March 2010, when a car door opening caused university student James Cross to be propelled under the wheels of a passing truck. Eight percent of serious injuries to cyclists between 2006 and 2010 were cause by car doorings. In July 2012 Victoria increased the on-the-spot penalty for car dooring from $141 to $352 increasing the maximum court imposed penalty from $432 to $1408. In March 2015 stickers were placed in taxis in the state, advising passengers to look for bicycles before leaving the vehicle. Cycling in Melbourne Cycling in Geelong Outline of cycling

Jerome Goldstein

Jerome Arthur Goldstein is an American mathematician whose main interests are partial differential equations, operator theory, stochastic analysis, fluid dynamics, quantum theory, mathematical finance. Goldstein earned his B. S, M. S. and Ph. D. degrees at Carnegie Mellon University in 1963, 1964 and 1967. His Ph. D. thesis Stochastic Differential Equations and Nonlinear Semigroups was supervised by Malempati M. Rao, he held appointments as Professor of Mathematics at Tulane University, Louisiana State University. Since 1996 he is Professor of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Memphis. In addition, he has held visiting positions at universities in Austria, England, Germany, Italy and the United States. Jerry's papers and his book on operator semigroups include fundamental contributions to his research areas, his list of publications presently includes more than 250 items. He is editor of more than 10 journals, including Semigroup Forum and Integral Equations, Advances in Differential Equations, Journal of Evolution Equations, Mathematische Nachrichten.

Jerome Goldstein has 78 coauthors. In 2006 Goldstein received Willard R. Sparks Eminent Faculty Award from the University of Memphis, in 2002 he was the recipient of the Distinguished Research Award from the University of Memphis. In 2004-2007 he held the Dunavant Professorship at the University of Memphis. During his years at Tulane University, Goldstein received the first Faculty Award for Excellence in Research given by Tulane University. In 2013 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society, for "contributions to partial differential equations and its applications, to the dissemination of mathematics to a wider public". Jerome Goldstein's home page

Danny Dunn and the Automatic House

Danny Dunn and the Automatic House is the ninth novel in the Danny Dunn series of juvenile science fiction/adventure books written by Raymond Abrashkin and Jay Williams. The book was first published in 1965. Professor Bullfinch develops the "House of the Future" in which all controls are automatic, plans to debut it at an upcoming Science Fair; this includes temperature controls and other standard functions, but items such as washing machines, food preparation and normal housework. Danny and Joe, as well as Irene's toddler cousin, go to explore the house and become trapped inside, as the locks were automated to have security settings to seal the house until the Professor's introduction. Danny and his friends learn that in addition to the automated locks, everything is only a fake sample and the windows cannot be broken, they are trapped inside with no food or telephone, the Fair does not open for three days! McGraw-Hill Paperback, 1965, illustrated by Owen Kampen Hardback, 1965, illustrated by Owen KampenMacDonald and Jane's Hardback, 1966, illustrated by Dick HartArchway Books Paperback, 1979, #13 in their seriesPocket Books Paperback, 1983 reissue, illustrated by Owen Kampen

Vince Duvergé

Joseph Guy Vincent Duvergé is a Mauritian actor, stand-up and web comedian. Born in Mauritius in 1995, Duvergé became the number one Mauritian YouTube comedian in 2013. Vince Duvergé made his comedy debut in 2011, during the Mauritian comedy festival "Festival du Rire de Komiko" during which he played in the stage play "Complètement Toc-Toc" and performed his own stand-up comedy segment. In 2012, Duvergé created a YouTube channel where he posted comedy clips that he produced with his best friends Yann Charlotte and David André; the channel encountered its first big success after Duverge released a parody about Miss Mauritius in which he controversially portrayed the 2013 Miss Mauritius, Pallavi Gungaram who had, back given an unfortunate interview. In 2013, Vince joins the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation as a radio host, he created a humoristic radio show, aired every Friday evening on MusicFM. In January 2014, Vince Duvergé flies to Sydney to study cinematography. During his studies he was awarded at the Kogarah Film Festival with Best Actor, Best Script and Best Film awards.

In 2015, along with his classmates, Duvergé went on to develop a web series concept called "Undergrads". Based on his own life, the series tells the story of a foreign student arriving in Sydney only to become a victim of humorous unlucky events while trying to get used to his new Australian life. By mid 2016, Vince accepted to head back to Mauritius in order to develop new projects in the radio industry and in comedy, he joined the MBC once again in order to create a new drive time concept for the same station he used to work for years earlier: MusicFM. Duvergé decided to form a duo along with another host of the station; this led to the creation of The Drive Show

Kennedy Road (horse)

Kennedy Road was a Canadian Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who dominated Canadian racing for three years before going to success in California. He was bred by Canadian mining magnate Arthur W. Stollery at his Angus Glen Farm in Markham and raced under his wife Helen's name. After his two-year-old racing season in which he was voted the Canadian 2-Year-old Champion, Kennedy Road underwent an operation to remove a bone fragment from a hind ankle, his injury did not affect his racing ability, in 1971 he won Canada's most prestigious race, the Queen's Plate was voted that year's Canadian 3-Year-old Champion. At age four, his performances earned him Canadian Champion Older Male Horse. At age five, Kennedy Road's owners sent him to California under the care of future U. S. Hall of Fame trainer Charlie Whittingham. In 1973, he won a number of races including San Diego Handicap. In what appeared to be a dead heat, Kennedy Road finished second in the Santa Anita Handicap by a fraction of a nose to stablemate Cougar II.

Brought back to Canada under junior trainer Clarke D. Whitaker, Kennedy Road set a track record in a six-furlong race at Woodbine Racetrack that stood for more than two and a half decades, his 1973 performances earned him Canadian Horse of the Year honors. Kennedy Road died in 1995. In 2000, he was inducted posthumously into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame. Kennedy Road's pedigree and racing stats Kennedy Road at the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame^ Equibase: Kennedy Road ^ Pedigreequery: Kennedy Road