Anthony Charles Lynton Blair is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007. After his resignation, he was appointed Special Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East, an office which he held until 2015, he runs the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change. Born in Edinburgh, Blair's father was a barrister and academic. After attending the private Fettes College, he studied law at St John's College and became a barrister, he became involved in Labour politics and was elected Member of Parliament for Sedgefield in 1983. He supported moving the party to the centre of British politics in an attempt to help it win power, he was appointed to the party's frontbench in 1988 and became Shadow Home Secretary in 1992. He became Leader of the Opposition on his election as Labour Party leader in 1994, following the sudden death of his predecessor, John Smith. Under Blair, the party used the phrase "New Labour" to distance itself from previous Labour politics and the traditional idea of socialism.
He declared support for the Third Way—politics that recognised individuals as interdependent, advocating social justice, the equal worth of each citizen, equal opportunity. Despite opposition from Labour's hard left, he removed the party's formal commitment to the nationalisation of the economy, weakened trade union influence in the party, committed to the free market and the European Union. In 1997, the Labour Party won its largest landslide general election victory in its history. Blair became the country's youngest leader since 1812 and remains the party's longest-serving occupant of the office. Labour won two more general elections under his leadership—in 2001, in which it won another landslide victory, in 2005, with a reduced majority, he resigned as Prime Minister and Leader of the Labour Party in 2007 and was succeeded by Gordon Brown, his Chancellor of the Exchequer since 1997. Blair's governments enacted constitutional reforms, removing most hereditary peers from the House of Lords, while establishing the UK's Supreme Court and reforming the office of Lord Chancellor.
His government held referendums in which Scottish and Welsh electorates voted in favour of devolved administration, paving the way for the establishment of the Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly. He was involved in negotiating the Good Friday Agreement, his time in office occurred during a period of continued economic growth, but this became dependent on mounting debt. In 1997, his government gave the Bank of England powers to set interest rates autonomously and he oversaw a large increase in public spending in healthcare and education, he championed multiculturalism and, between 1997 and 2007, immigration rose especially after his government welcomed immigration from the new EU member states in 2004. This provided a cheap and flexible labour supply but fuelled Euroscepticism among some of his party's core voters, his other social policies were progressive. However, he declared himself "tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime" and oversaw increasing incarceration rates and new anti-social behaviour legislation, despite contradictory evidence about the change in crime rates.
Blair oversaw British interventions in Kosovo and Sierra Leone which were perceived as successful. During the War on Terror, he supported the foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration and ensured that the British Armed Forces participated in the War in Afghanistan from 2001 and, more controversially, the 2003 invasion of Iraq; the latter became unpopular among the British public, he was criticised by opponents and the Iraq Inquiry for waging an unjustified and unnecessary invasion. He was in office when the 7/7 bombings introduced a range of anti-terror legislation, his legacy remains controversial, not least because of his interventions in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Despite his electoral successes and reforms, he has been criticised for his relationship with the media, centralisation of executive powers, aspects of his social and economic policies. Anthony Charles Lynton Blair was born at Queen Mary Maternity Home in Edinburgh, Scotland, on 6 May 1953, he was the second son of Hazel Blair.
Leo Blair was the illegitimate son of two entertainers and was adopted as a baby by Glasgow shipyard worker James Blair and his wife, Mary. Hazel Corscadden was the daughter of George Corscadden, a butcher and Orangeman who moved to Glasgow in 1916. In 1923, he returned to County Donegal. In Ballyshannon, Corscadden's wife, Sarah Margaret, gave birth above the family's grocery shop to Blair's mother, Hazel. Blair has an older brother, Sir William Blair, a High Court judge, a younger sister, Sarah. Blair's first home was with his family at Paisley Terrace in the Willowbrae area of Edinburgh. During this period, his father worked as a junior tax inspector whilst studying for a law degree from the University of Edinburgh. Blair's first relocation was. At the end of 1954, Blair's parents and their two sons moved from Paisley Terrace to Adelaide, South Australia, his father lectured in law at the University of Adelaide. It was when in Australia that Bl
This article presents a list of the historical events and publications of Australian literature during 1958. For an overview of world literature see 1958 in literature. See also: 1957 in Australian literature, 1958 in Australia, 1959 in Australian literature. Thea Astley – Girl with a Monkey Nancy Cato – All the Rivers Run Catherine Gaskin – Blake's Reach Frank Hardy – The Four-Legged Lottery Elizabeth Harrower – The Long Prospect Christopher Koch – The Boys in the Island Eric Lambert – The Dark Backward Hal Porter – A Handful of Pennies Olaf Ruhen – Naked Under Capricorn Nevil Shute – The Rainbow and the Rose Dal Stivens – The Wide Arch Randolph Stow – To the Islands E. V. Timms – Robina Morris West – The Backlash A. Bertram Chandler – "Planet of Ill Repute" Peter Cowan – The Unploughed Land: Stories Frank Hardy – "The Crookest Raffle Ever Run in Australia" Roland Robertson – Black-Feller, White-Feller Judith Wright "The Colour of Death" "The Lame Duck" Nan Chauncy – Devil's Hill John Gunn – Sea Menace Elyne Mitchell – The Silver Brumby Mary Elwyn Patchett The Brumby The Mysterious Pool Eleanor Spence – Patterson's Track Judith Wright – Kings of the Dingoes Bruce Beaver – "White Cat and Brown Girl" David Campbell "Hear the Bird of Day" "On the Birth of a Son" "Prayer for Rain" Geoffrey Dutton – Antipodes in Shoes R. D. Fitzgerald – "The Wind at Your Door" Max Harris – "A Window at Night" James McAuley – "In a Late Hour" David Martin – Poems of David Martin, 1938-1958 Ian Mudie – "The North-Bound Rider" David Rowbotham – Inland: Poems Randolph Stow "The Embarkation" "In Praise of Hillbillies" Francis Webb "Five Days Old" "The Sea" The Penguin Book of Australian Verse, edited by John Thompson, Kenneth Slessor and R. G. Howarth Russell Braddon – End of a Hate Ion Idriess – Back o' Cairns Elizabeth O'Conner – Steak for Breakfast Arthur Mailey – 10 for 66 and All That A list, ordered by date of birth of births in 1958 of Australian literary figures, authors of written works or literature-related individuals follows, including year of death.
6 March – Paul Hetherington, poet 6 April – Graeme Base and writer for children 16 June – Isobelle Carmody, novelist 11 November – Kathy Lette, novelist 17 December – Christopher Kelen and poetUnknown date Debra Adelaide, novelist Sarah Day, poet Lionel Fogarty, poet Steven Herrick, poet Kathleen Stewart and poet A list, ordered by date of death of deaths in 1958 of Australian literary figures, authors of written works or literature-related individuals follows, including year of birth. 17 February – Hugh McCrae, poet 8 April – Ethel Turner, novelist 2 July – Mary Grant Bruce, novelist 4 August — Ethel Anderson, poet 26 September – Arthur Bayldon, poet 1958 in poetry 1958 in literature List of years in literature List of years in Australian literature
Soquel Demonstration State Forest is one of eight Cal Fire operated Demonstration State Forests totaling 71,000 acres. Collectively, the forests represent the most common forest types in the state; the State Forests grow 75 million board feet yearly and harvest an average of 30 million board feet of timber each year, enough to build 3,000 single-family homes. Revenue from these harvests fund a variety of the Department's Resource Management Programs. In addition, the forests provide research and demonstration projects on forest management, while providing public recreation opportunities and wildlife habitat, watershed protection; the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection policy provides that the State Forests shall be used for experimentation to determine the economic feasibility of artificial reforestation, to demonstrate the productive and economic possibilities of good forest practices toward maintaining forest crop land in a productive condition. The management objectives and plans developed for each State Forest are subject to periodic review and approval by the Board.
Soquel Demonstration Forest is situated in the Santa Cruz Mountains along California's central coast. Part of a Mexican "augmentation" land grant added to Rancho Soquel in 1844, the property was logged by several different owners prior to the State taking ownership in 1988. Today, the Forest provides the public access to the beauty of the coastal redwoods and the wildlife found in this habitat type. Located along the east branch of Soquel Creek and including portions of Amaya Creek and Fern Gulch Creek, the forest contains redwood, mixed hardwoods, riparian ecosystems. Soquel is geologically active, with the San Zayante Faults passing through the property. Associated with the Forest's geologic activity are several natural springs and small marshes found in closed depressions, known as sag ponds. Soquel is unique, its proximity to the metropolitan centers of the San Francisco and Monterey Bay Area provide excellent opportunities for "hands-on" forestry education and outdoor recreation while demonstrating a "working forest" to the public.
The forest known as "Demo", is home to a series of mountain biking trails. Many of the singletrack trails course down ridges on old logging road cuts created when the forest was first logged beginning in the 1930s; these routes were adopted as part of the recreational trail network when CAL FIRE acquired the property in the early 1990s. Additional singletrack trails were established through CAL FIRE's collaborations with local mountain biking clubs in 2000 and 2015 The trails have grown into some of the most popular in the California Bay Area, they range from long fire road descents to tight, technical singletrack. The diversity in the trails makes them good for everyone from strong beginners to expert mountain bike riders; the trail network is changing over time as CAL FIRE conducts timber harvests in different areas of the forest. Old logging cuts are evaluated for long-term impacts to the watershed and steep sections are modified to limit erosion by either obliteration and recontouring, installing drainage structures, applying a top coat of hard crushed rock, or other measures.
Singletrack trails are realigned to help improve the recreational experience while protecting the watershed from excessive sediment delivery into the creek