Sir Anthony Robinson (born 15 August 1946) is an English actor, comedian, author, presenter and political activist. He played Baldrick in the BBC television series Blackadder and has hosted several historical documentaries including the Channel 4 programmes Time Team and The Worst Jobs in History. Robinson is a member of the Labour Party and has served on its National Executive Committee. He has also written sixteen children's books.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Acting career
- 3 History presenter
- 4 Politics and charity work
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Honours and awards
- 7 Selected filmography
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Robinson attended Woodford Green Preparatory School and Wanstead County High grammar school. He passed four O-levels (English Language, English Literature, History, and Geography) and went on to study for A-levels, but did not complete them and decided to study at a drama school instead.
Robinson had his first acting role at the age of 13, as a member of Fagin's gang in the original production of the musical Oliver!, including a stint as the Artful Dodger when the boy playing the role failed to turn up. Over the next five years, he appeared in a number of West End shows, in film, and on television. Tony has Jewish ancestry.
Too young to attend the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Robinson instead studied at the Central School of Speech and Drama. After leaving, he spent four years in repertory theatre most notably at the West Yorkshire Playhouse in Leeds.
Robinson won an Arts Council bursary to work as a director at the Midlands Arts Centre, Birmingham, and founded the Avon Touring Company, a Bristol-based community theatre company, with writer David Illingworth. He played a small role as student doctor Grace in the 1972–73 series of Doctor In Charge.
Robinson appeared in the 1974–75 season at Chichester Festival Theatre, as Angel Chicago in the nativity musical Follow The Star. In the 1975 season, he appeared as Hovstad in Henrik Ibsen's Enemy of the People. In 1976, he appeared as Feste in Twelfth Night, and as Majorin in Monsieur Perrichon's Travels.
In 1972, Robinson starred in the children's educational programme Sam on Boffs' Island and was later a presenter on Play Away. He also appeared in the award-winning Horizon documentary Joey, and in the title role in the BBC production of The Miracle of Brother Humphrey. He also had a minor part in the film Brannigan starring John Wayne. He was also one of the Who Dares Wins team in the Channel 4 comedy/satirical show in the early/mid-1980s.
Blackadder period (1983–1989)
Robinson came to prominence in 1983 for his role in the British historical sitcom Blackadder, as Edmund Blackadder's dogsbody Baldrick. In the first series, broadcast as The Black Adder, he was quite astute, while his master was an idiot. Later series (Blackadder II, Blackadder the Third, Blackadder Goes Forth) moved the duo through history and switched the relationship: the Edmund Blackadder of Blackadder II was a brilliant schemer, whereas Baldrick had devolved into a buffoon whose catchphrase was "I have a cunning plan" (which he rarely had).
In addition to his acting on Blackadder, Robinson also wrote and narrated several Jackanory-style children's programmes, encouraged by Richard Curtis. Programmes in this style included Tales From Fat Tulip's Garden (continued in Fat Tulip Too), Odysseus: The Greatest Hero of Them All (a retelling of the Iliad and the Odyssey) and Blood and Honey (tales from the Old Testament, filmed on location).
On BBC Radio 4 Comedy in Delve Special (1984-1987) by Tony Sarchet.
After Blackadder (1989–1999)
After Blackadder, Robinson became the narrator and one of the lead actors for the British animated series Nellie the Elephant, based on a song of the same name. The series ran from 1989 to 1991 and was shown on Children's ITV.
He also provided voice-over to the Free-ranger Chicken cartoon short, an English child-scripted arts-funded production in 1989. Robinson also presented the early-Saturday evening series Stay Tooned for BBC 1, which featured a selection of classic Warner Brothers and MGM cartoons. In 1989 he created the children's comedy TV series Maid Marian and her Merry Men, a loose retelling of the legend of Robin Hood in which he appeared as the Sheriff of Nottingham. Four series were broadcast on BBC1 during 1989–94. In 1990 he appeared as "Shlomo Denkoviz" in Series 8, Episode 2 of Bergerac – "My Name’s Sergeant Bergerac".
Also in 1994, Robinson played a minor part in an episode called "One Flew Over the Parents' Nest" in the TV series Minder, playing a character called "Willie the Weed".
In 1999, Robinson returned to star in a one-off Blackadder short film to celebrate the new millennium, titled Blackadder: Back & Forth. This short film was shown in the Millennium Dome throughout 2000 and was later aired on BBC One in 2002.
Robinson also contributed the voiceover for the TV series Airline in its set of new series from 1999 focusing on the daily routine of EasyJet staff at a selection of airports. The show was made for ITV and is often repeated today on Sky Real Lives, Sky 1, Sky 2, Sky 3 (now Pick TV) & ITV2. He worked as the narrator for six of the remaining nine series until 2006 when the series ended. Tony Robinson's Cunning Night Out, a largely improvised stage show, followed in early 2005 and included a mix of the many themes from his career for which Robinson is famous.
In addition to telling his own stories, Robinson narrated the abridged audiobook versions of Terry Pratchett's Discworld novels. Nigel Planer, Celia Imrie and Stephen Briggs narrated the unabridged versions. He also provided the voicing for several characters in the videogame Discworld. He followed on this Discworld work by playing a role in the live action television dramatisation of Hogfather, broadcast on Sky over the Christmas season in 2006.
Robinson also presented Classic FM's Friendly Guide to Classical Music which aired on a Sunday at 4 pm. The whole 16-episode series was repeated on 26 December 2006. He revealed on the BBC Radio 2 feature "Tracks of My Years" that his favourite songs are: "I Can Help" by Billy Swan, "Bleeding Love" by Leona Lewis, "Chasing Cars" by Snow Patrol, "Beautiful" by Christina Aguilera, "Unfinished Sympathy" by Massive Attack, "Tangled Up In Blue" by Bob Dylan, "Shoulda Woulda Coulda" by Beverley Knight, "This Woman's Work" by Maxwell, "He's So Fine" by the Chiffons and "Falling Slowly" by the Frames.
In 2007, Robinson narrated television advertisements for Honda, in the humorous style of Tales From Fat Tulip's Garden. The advertisements feature plastic cars with expressive faces (similar to Thomas the Tank Engine). He also did voiceovers for cleaning products Domestos and Vanish from 2007-2009. In early 2007 Robinson visited thirty towns in Britain and Ireland with his one-man show, A Cunning Night Out. The show was released on DVD.
In July 2009, he appeared in the light-hearted BBC1 series Hotel Babylon as sly hit-man named Arthur Barnes. The character is knocked unconscious by a flying bottle expertly lobbed by the hotel manageress during a showdown in the lobby.
Career 2010 to present
(1994-2001) Beginnings and Time Team
In 1994, Robinson began presenting Time Team, a TV programme devoted to archaeological investigations limited to three days (the outcome was never guaranteed, varying from spectacular to disappointing). The series spanned 20 years, and included 59 one-off specials, which paved the way for his later history presenting career. In 2005, Exeter University conferred an honorary doctorate on Robinson, and honorary professorships on principal presenter Mick Aston and producer Tim Taylor, to reflect its great appreciation for what Time Team has done for the public understanding of archaeology in the UK. In the 2011 episode "Hitler's Island Fortress", Robinson described himself as an amateur archaeologist.
(2001-2012) Broader history presenting
From 2001, Robinson branched out into other history documentary series, including the series Fact or Fiction (which debunked historical myths and gave the true story), followed by Romans in 2003 and the highly successful The Worst Jobs in History in 2006, researching and re-enacting some of the more horrible jobs of the past millennium. He also took this show on tour around the country along with an autobiographical question and answer session. This first series was followed by The Worst Christmas Jobs in History in December 2005 and then a second series of The Worst Jobs in History on Channel 4 in April 2006.
Following this, he presented one-off specials such as Britain's Real Monarch (2004) and The Real Da Vinci Code (2005).
With Channel 4 Robinson presented Tony Robinson's Crime and Punishment, Catastrophe and Man on Earth focusing on humanity's struggle with climate change in the past 200,000 years. Unexplained with Tony Robinson was first broadcast on Channel 4 in December 2008. In this series, Robinson investigates paranormal phenomena combining the fields of archaeology, parapsychology, history and spiritualism to investigate paranormal evidence. He also presented The Doomsday Code in 2008.
From 1 September 2010, Robinson hosted a series on the National Geographic Channel called Birth of Britain which was repeated on Channel 4 beginning in January 2011. In 2011 he also presented Gods and Monsters.
Tony Robinson Explores Australia was first broadcast in the first half of 2012. Filmed in High Definition, the series roughly follows a chronology from the earliest sightings of Terra Australis Incognita through to the present with each era defined by a theme rather than equal blocks of time.
From 10 September 2012, Robinson hosted a series on History Channel called Tony Robinson's Time Walks. The series uncovers stories that shaped the character of various cities and suburbs around Australia, including Fremantle, Melbourne, Hobart, Woolloomooloo, Bendigo, Newcastle, Carlton, Brisbane, St Kilda, Adelaide, Canberra, Kalgoorlie, Townsville and Launceston. He also went to Christchurch, New Zealand. In 2015, Robinson continued his history presenting in Australia with “Tour of Duty“, again on History Channel.
During October 2012, it was announced that Time Team would be cancelled after nearly 20 years on television. Tara Conlan from The Guardian called the show "television history". When talking about the successful run of the show, Robinson said "Not many performers are given the privilege of featuring in two iconic TV series—but I've been lucky." The show's ratings were falling, causing Channel 4 to pursue an alternative "innovative" approach to historical documentary programming.
(2012-present) Post-Time Team and historical walking shows
Between 2012 and 2014, Robinson presented a series of programmes for Channel 4 called Walking Through History. It featured Robinson hiking through iconic British landscapes, including the Cairngorms, the Jurassic Coast and Stonehenge. At least 16 hour-long episodes were aired, in four series. A further 3 part series called Britain's Ancient Tracks with Tony Robinson was shown on Channel 4 in 2016. A second 4-part series of Britain's Ancient Tracks aired in 2017.
In 2015, Robinson presented an hour-long programme for Discovery TV, Tony Robinson's Wild West, in which he attempted to uncover the reality of America's Wild West in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Featuring such key figures as Wyatt Earp, Geronimo and Buffalo Bill, it included artefacts and stereographic images. Also in 2015 he hosted a short-lived program Time Crashers.
In 2018 Robinson continued his work with Channel Five presenting Britain’s Great Cathedrals where he uncovers the history behind 6 of Britain’s best cathedrals. In late 2018, Robinson will present a four-part series where he walks the River Thames from source to the mouth.  He also travelled to Australia and Asia to film a new show The World By Rail, which is expected to air in 2019.
Politics and charity work
From 1996 to 2000, Robinson was vice-president of the actors' union Equity, helping with a huge restructuring programme which turned a £500,000 deficit into a small surplus. He continues to work within Equity. In 2000 he was elected to the Labour Party's National Executive Committee, a position he held to 2004.
Robinson is honorary president of the Young Archaeologists' Club of the Council for British Archaeology. Robinson has shown his support for the Burma Campaign UK, an NGO that aims to highlight human rights violations in Myanmar under the State Peace and Development Council.
Robinson is a patron of older people's charity Alive, saying that the organisation is "at the forefront of promoting stimulating activities which help improve the quality of life of people in care". Alive work to transform the residential care sector, so that older people’s mental, social and emotional wellbeing is prioritised alongside their physical care.
On 23 June 2018 Robinson appeared at the People's Vote march in London to mark the second anniversary of the referendum to leave the European Union. People's Vote is a campaign group calling for a public vote on the final Brexit deal between the UK and the European Union.
Robinson was first married in 1969 to Barbara ("Bardy") Henshall, and divorced four years later. He married his second wife, Louise Hobbs, in 2011.
He is a fan of EFL Championship club Bristol City F.C. Robinson is a fan of the rock band Genesis and provided sleeve notes for the reissue of the album The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway as part of the Genesis 1970–1975 box set.
In 2006 he appeared in Tony Robinson: Me and My Mum, a documentary surrounding his decision to find a nursing home for his mother, and the difficulty he had doing so. The documentary showed his mother's death in the home. It also featured stories from other families in similar situations. It appeared as part of Channel 4's short series of programmes titled The Trouble with Old People.
In late 2009, he was invited to be guest speaker at the Pride of Craegmoor Awards, where he gave a speech about his time with his mother and finding a care home. He then went on to give the prizes to Craegmoor's Shining Star and Leading Light. In January 2016, he described Alzheimer's as "one of the last great medical terrors" and announced he would be leaving money to the Alzheimer's Society in his will.
Honours and awards
- 1999: Honorary Master of Arts from the University of Bristol for his services to drama and archaeology.
- 2002: Honorary Master of Arts by the University of East London.
- 2005: Honorary doctorate from the Open University for his contribution to the educational or cultural well-being of society
- 2005: Honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Exeter for his active involvement in politics.
- 2006: Honorary doctorate from Oxford Brookes University.
- 2008: James Joyce Award from the Literary and Historical Society of UCD.
- 2011: Honorary doctorate by University of Chester.
- 2013: Knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in her Birthday Honours List.
- Sam on Boff's Island (1972) – Sam Samson
- Doctor in Charge (1973) – Reginald Grace
- Brannigan (1975) – Messenger
- Blackadder (1983–1989, 1999) – Baldrick
- The Young Ones (1984–Episode entitled "Bambi") – Dr. Not-The-Nine-O'clock-News
- Maid Marian and her Merry Men (1989–1994) – Sheriff of Nottingham & creator/writer
- The Neverending Story III (1994) – Engywook (male gnome)
- Blood and Honey (1991) – Presenter (Storyteller)
- Time Team (1994–2013) – Presenter
- Wrestling with the Big One (1995) – Presenter (Storyteller)
- My Wonderful Life (1997–1999) – Alan
- Faeries (1999) – Broom (voice)
- Minder ("One Flew Over the Parents Nest", Series 10,(Episode 4)(1994) – Willie the Weed
- Fact or Fiction (2001-2004) - Presenter (Channel 4) 
- Mrs Calicot's Cabbage War (2002) – Nick Reid
- Romans (documentary) (2003) – Presenter
- Britain's Real Monarch (2004) – Presenter
- The Worst Jobs in History (2004-07) – Presenter (Channel 4)
- The Real Da Vinci Code (2005) - Presenter (Channel 4)
- Spider-Plant Man (2005) – Robin
- Terry Pratchett's Hogfather (2006) – Vernon Crumley
- Codex (2006–2007) – Presenter (Tuesday Morning Channel 4 and 4 HD)
- Unexplained (2008) - Presenter (Channel 4)
- The Doomsday Code (2008) – Presenter
- Tony Robinson's Crime and Punishment (2008) – Presenter
- Catastrophe (2008) – Presenter
- Big Top (2009)
- Airline – Narrator
- Hotel Babylon – Arthur – Series 4, Episode 3 (2009)
- Jam TV (2009) – Himself, Episode 5
- Man on Earth (2009) – Presenter
- Birth of Britain (2010) - Presenter (Channel 4)
- Tony Robinson Explores Australia (2011) – Presenter (The History Channel Australia)
- Tony Robinson’s God’s and Monsters (2011-12) – Presenter (Channel 4)
- Tony Robinson's Time Walks (2012–present) – Presenter (The History Channel Australia)
- The Life Of the Midland & South Western Junction Railway (2012) – Contributor (Independent Film)
- Walking Through History (2013–2014) – Presenter and Producer (Channel 4 and SBS)
- The Real Mill (2014) - Presenter (Channel 4)
- Tony Robinson’s World War 1 (2014) - Presenter (Discovery)
- Tony Robinson’s Tour of Duty (2015) - Presenter (The History Channel Australia)
- Tony Robinson’s Wild West (2015) - Presenter (Discovery)
- Time Crashers (2015) - Host (Channel 4)
- Imaginative Storytelling Experiences featuring 'Tales from Fat Tulip's Garden (2016) - Contributor (Independent Film)
- Britain's Ancient Tracks with Tony Robinson (2016–present) – Presenter (Channel 4 and SBS)
- Man Down (2016)
- Hidden Britain by Drone (2016–present) – Presenter (Channel 4)
- Tony Robinson: Coast to Coast (2017) - Presenter (Channel 5 and SBS)
- Britain's Great Cathedrals with Tony Robinson (2018–present) – Presenter (Channel 5)
- Odysseus: The Greatest Hero of Them All (1986) co-written by Richard Curtis [children's book]
- Maid Marian and Her Merry Men (1989) [children's book]
- Odysseus Superhero (1996) co-written by Amanda Robinson and Richard Curtis [children's book]
- The Hutchinson Book of Kings and Queens of England (1999) illustrated by Posy Simmonds, Babette Cole and Nicholas Allan [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's History of Australia: From Hew Holland to Neighbours (2001) [travel book]
- Tony Robinson's Kings and Queens (2001) illustrated by Tony Robinson [children's book]
- Archaeology is Rubbish: A Beginner's Guide (2002) co-written by Michael Aston
- In Search of British Heroes (2003) [biography]
- The Worst Jobs in History (2005) illustrated by Mike Phillips [children's book]
- Bad Kids: The Worst-Behaved Children in History (2009) illustrated by Mike Phillips [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Bad Kids: The Naughtiest Children in History (2011) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! Romans (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! Egyptians (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! British (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! Greeks (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders - World War II (2013) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders: Inventions: A World Book Day Book (2013) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Skulduggery (2014) illustrated by Jamie Smith [children's book]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders: Pets (2015) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- Tony Robinson: No Cunning Plan (2016) [autobiography]
- Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders Joke Book (2017) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
- "Tony Robinson". Desert Island Discs. 3 July 2011. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/the-queens-birthday-honours-list-in-full-8659792.html 2013 Birthday honours list
- Sutton, Dominic (17 June 2013). "86-year-old keep fit instructor recognised in Queen's Birthday Honours list". East London and West Essex Guardian. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
- Wanstead High, history of our school. Retrieved 16 May 2015
- "Biography". Unofficial Tony Robinson Website. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- Mayer, Chloë. "Exclusive interview: Tony Robinson on his Hackney past".
- "Credits for Oliver! (Original London Production, 1960) - 11 O'Clock Number". Archived from the original on 21 December 2016.
- Tony Robinson - NNDB www.nndb.com/people/514/000162028/Tony Robinson. Born: 15-Aug-1946. Birthplace: London ... Occupation: Actor. Nationality: England Executive ... Jewish Ancestry. TELEVISION My Wonderful Life ...
- BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The history bloke news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/5124114.stm Jun 29, 2006 - Tony Robinson talks about family history and life after Baldrick. ... "In my own case, people have always said that I looked Jewish, and my dad was beaten up by the Fascists ... If they'd had ancestry websites in Nazi Germany in the 1930s, ... "By the time I started the first Blackadder I'd already been acting for ...
- 'Whoever would have thought that archives could be sexy?' - Telegraph https://www.telegraph.co.uk/.../Whoever-would-have-thought-that-archives-could-be-se... Apr 24, 2006 - Tony Robinson has discovered a family history colourful enough for the plot of ... The actor, unearthed first as Baldrick in Blackadder, but now ... the internet genealogy company Ancestry.co.uk and Nick Barratt, The ... "And another thing: people have always said to me throughout my life 'Are you Jewish?'
- Chichester Festival Theatre programme 1976
- Cult Classics, BBC TV
- "Tony Robinson's Cunning Plan". BBC News. 26 May 2000. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "BBC1 Programmes – Hotel Babylon Episode 3: 'The team joins a treasure hunt around the hotel.'". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "The Old Vic | King Lear". Bookings.oldvictheatre.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "The Hypochondriac—What's On—Theatre Royal Bath". Theatre Royal Bath. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Honorary degree for Time Team's Tony Robinson Archived 31 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Exeter University, conferral 25 July 2005
- "Birth of Britain". Channel 4. 31 January 2011.
- * Tony Robinson Explores Australia Archived 16 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Tony Robinson's Time Walks". History Channel on Foxtel. 10 September 2012. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013.
- Conlan, Tara (19 October 2012). "Channel 4 consigns Time Team to TV history". The Guardian. London.
- "Walking through history". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Tony Robinson rides the real Wild West: The badlands are extraordinary". Radio Times. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Knox, Constance (27 March 2017). "Actor Sir Tony Robinson on Channel 5's Coast To Coast". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Tony Robinson". Absolute Speakers. Archived from the original on 8 April 2005. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Hundreds from borough rally for central London march on Saturday (From Times Series)". Times-series.co.uk. 30 March 2011. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012.
- "Young Archaeologists' Club". Britarch.ac.uk. 22 March 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- Staff writer (23 June 2018). "'At least 100,000' march for vote on final Brexit deal". Sky News. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- Robinson, Tony. No Cunning Plan. Pan Macmillan. pp. 71, 76, 108. ISBN 978-1-5098-1549-4.
- "The famous fans of Genesis". The Times. London. 2 November 2008.
- "No. 60534". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 June 2013. p. 2.
- "Birthday Honours: Adele joins Blackadder stars on list". BBC. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Sir Tony Robinson: 'Don't let dementia decide your family's future...'". Alzheimer's Society. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Tony Robinson awarded honorary Master of Arts from". UEL. 1 November 2002. Archived from the original on 22 November 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Tony Robinson honoured by Open University". Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Doctorate for Time Team presenter". BBC News. 15 July 2005. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Honorary graduates for 2006". Brookes.ac.uk. 31 August 2006. Archived from the original on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Tony Robinson is receiving a Doctor of Science". chester.ac.uk. 4 November 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
- Tony Robinson on IMDb
- Tony Robinson presents the Birth of Britain on National Geographic Channel – starts 1 September 2010
- "Tony Robinson's cunning plan" – BBC News article dated Friday 26 May 2000
- Tony Robinson – Interviews in Sherwood
- "The Worst Children's Jobs in History" Interview about book (November 2005)
- "Time Team" – Television series
- Tony Robinson at Library of Congress Authorities, with 13 catalogue records