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Tony Scott

Anthony David Leighton Scott was an English film director and screenwriter. He was known for directing action and thriller films such as Top Gun, Beverly Hills Cop II, The Last Boy Scout, True Romance, Crimson Tide, Enemy of the State, Man on Fire, Déjà Vu, Unstoppable. Scott was the younger brother of film director Sir Ridley Scott, they both graduated from the Royal College of Art in London, both were among a generation of British film directors who started their careers making television commercials. In 1995 both Tony and Ridley received the BAFTA Award for Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema. In 2010, they received the BAFTA Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Filmed Entertainment, he took his own life on 19 August 2012, by jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in San Pedro, California. Scott was born in Tynemouth, North Tyneside, North East England, the youngest of three sons of Elizabeth and Colonel Francis Percy Scott. Scott's great uncle Dixon Scott was a pioneer of the cinema chain.

One of Dixon's cinemas, Tyneside cinema, is still operating in Newcastle. It is the last remaining open newsreel cinema operating in the United Kingdom, he followed in his elder brother's footsteps, studying at Grangefield School, West Hartlepool College of Art and graduating from Sunderland Art School with a fine arts degree. At the age of 16 he appeared in Boy and Bicycle, a short film marking the directorial debut of his 23-year-old brother Ridley. Scott studied art in Leeds after failing to gain admission to the Royal College of Art in London at his first attempt, he made a short film in 1969 based on the Ambrose Bierce story One of the Missing. As Ridley had cast him in a film, he reciprocated by giving his brother a role too. "The film cost £1,000", he recalled in April 2012. Whilst at the Royal College of Art, where he was taught by Raymond Durgnat, he starred in "Don't Walk", a film by fellow students Hank Onrust and Richard Stanley: the film credits state it was "made for BUNAC by MARCA films at the Royal College of Art".

He graduated from the Royal College of Art, following in the footsteps of his elder brother Ridley, with the intention of becoming a painter. His eldest brother Frank had earlier joined the British Merchant Navy, it was the success of his elder brother's fledgling television commercial production outfit, Ridley Scott Associates, that subsequently diverted his attention to film. His brother Ridley said, "Tony had wanted to do documentaries at first. I told him,'Don't go to the BBC, come to me first.' I knew that he had a fondness for cars, so I told him,'Come work with me and within a year you'll have a Ferrari.' And he did!" Scott said, "I was finishing eight years at art school, Ridley had opened Ridley Scott Associates and said,'Come and make commercials and make some money' because I owed money left and right and centre." He directed many television commercials for RSA while overseeing the company's operation while his brother was developing his feature film career. "My goal was to make films but I got sidetracked into commercials and I took off.

I had 15 years, it was a blast. We were prolific, and, our training ground. You'd shoot 100 days in a year we gravitated from that to film," he said. Scott took time out in 1975 to direct a television adaptation of the Henry James story The Author of Beltraffio. After the feature film successes of fellow British directors Hugh Hudson, Alan Parker, Adrian Lyne and his elder brother during the late 1970s, all of whom had graduated from directing advertising commercials, he received initial overtures from Hollywood in 1980, his eldest brother Frank died, aged 45, of skin cancer during the same year. Scott reflected on his career in 2009: The'80s was a whole era. We were criticised, we being the Brits coming over, because we were out of advertising—Alan Parker, Hugh Hudson, Adrian Lyne, my brother—we were criticised about style over content. Jerry Bruckheimer was bored of the way American films were traditional and classically done. Jerry was always looking for difference. That's, he always applauded the way.

That period in the'80s was a period when I was being criticised, my press was horrible. I never read any press after The Hunger. Scott persisted in trying to embark on a feature film career. Among the ideas interesting to him was an adaptation of the Anne Rice novel Interview with the Vampire in development. MGM was developing the vampire film The Hunger, for which they brought Scott on in 1982; the Hunger introduced Willem Dafoe in a small role. The Hunger had elaborate photography and sumptuous production design, but it failed to find an audience or impress the critics, had disappointing box office sales, though it became a cult favourite. Finding few film opportunities in Hollywood over the next two and a half years, Scott returned to commercials and music videos. In 1985, producers Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer approached Scott to direct Top Gun on the strength of The Hunger, as well as a commercial he had done for Swedish automaker Saab in the early 1980s, where a Saab 900 turbo is shown racing a Saab 37 Viggen fighter jet.

Scott, though reluctant at first, agreed to direct Top Gun. Though the film received mixed critical review, it became one of the highest-grossing films of 1986, taking in more than $350 million, making a star of its young lead, Tom Cruise. Sam Delaney of The Guardian writes, "By the mid-80s, Hollywood was awash with British directors who had ushered in a new er

Minopa legrandi

Minopa legrandi, common name Legrand's top shell, is a species of small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc or micromollusk in the family Trochidae, the top snails. The shell grows to a length of 5 mm; the small, thin shell has a depressed globose shape. It is polished and rich brown; the minute spire contains 2½ whorls and is little elevated. The suture is much impressed; the aperture is inflately lunate. It is tinged faintly dilate at the inner portion; this marine species is endemic to Australia and occurs off New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia. Tate, R. & May, W. L. 1901. A revised census of the marine Mollusca of Tasmania. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 26: 344-471 Pritchard, G. B. & Gatliff, J. H. 1902. Catalogue of the marine shells of Victoria. Part V. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 14: 85-138 Verco, J. C. 1908. Notes on South Australian marine Mollusca with descriptions of new species. Part IX. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 32: 338-361 May, W.

L. 1921. A Checklist of the Mollusca of Tasmania. Hobart, Tasmania: Government Printer 114 pp May, W. L. 1923. An Illustrated Index of Tasmanian Shells. Hobart: Government Printer 100 pp Iredale, T. 1924. Results from Roy Bell's molluscan collections. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 49: 179-279, pl. 33-36 Cotton, B. C. 1959. South Australian Mollusca. Archaeogastropoda. Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printer 449 pp. Iredale, T. & McMichael, D. F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1-109 Macpherson, J. H. & Gabriel, C. J. 1962. Marine Molluscs of Victoria. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press & National Museum of Victoria 475 pp Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, Western Australia: Odyssey Publishing Vol. 1 408 pp

Sir William Strickland, 1st Baronet

Sir William Strickland, 1st Baronet was an English Member of Parliament who supported the parliamentary cause during the English Civil War. Sir William Strickland was the eldest son of Walter Strickland of Boynton, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, inheriting his estates, including Boynton Hall, on his death in 1636, he was educated at Queens’ College and proceeded to Gray's Inn though he seems not to have qualified as a barrister. He was knighted in 1630, in 1640 was elected to Parliament as member for Hedon, he seems to have been a friend and supporter of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, to whom he was distantly related, although he is not one of the MPs, listed as voting against Strafford’s attainder. Strickland was a strict Puritan, after Strafford’s death he moved towards the Parliamentary cause, although the king created him a baronet on 29 July 1641 hoping to sway him towards support for the Crown. Strickland sat for Hedon throughout the Long Parliament, taking a hard line in support of the Commonwealth and of Cromwell.

(An opposition pamphleteer described him as “for settling the Protector anew in all those things for which the king was cut off”. He spoke in favour of the punishment of James Naylor. After the expulsion of the Rump, he did not appear in the Barebone's Parliament, but was elected for the Protectorate Parliaments of as one of the four members for the East Riding in 1654 and 1656, he was subsequently summoned to Cromwell’s House of Peers as Lord Strickland. Strickland sat in the restored Long Parliament in 1659, but took no part in its proceedings and seems to have retired from public affairs after the Restoration, though he was not molested by the authorities. From 1642 to 1646, Strickland was Custos Rotulorum of the East Riding of Yorkshire, he was married twice -- on 18 June 1622 to daughter of Sir Richard Cholmley of Whitby. He had four daughters by his first marriage, one son, Thomas, by his second, who succeeded him in the baronetcy. Dictionary of National Biography J Foster, Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire Victoria County History of the East Riding of Yorkshire Who’s Who In Yorkshire