Tooele County, Utah

Tooele County is a county in the U. S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 58,218, its county seat and largest city is Tooele. The county was organized the following year. Tooele County is part of UT Metropolitan Statistical Area. A 2008 article identified Tooele as the U. S. county experiencing the greatest job growth since 2000. The western half is covered by the Great Salt Lake Desert; the eastern half, across the Cedar Mountains, contains small towns outside Salt Lake City as well as the Dugway Proving Ground. Evidence of several indigenous Native American groups has been found in Tooele County, but only the western Shoshone-speaking Goshute tribe claim the desolate lands as their ancestral home; the Goshute's traditional territory includes most of modern Tooele County. The Great Salt Lake Desert, which comprises much of the northern portion of the county, provided a major stumbling block for the ill-fated Donner-Reed Party in 1846, its crusty sand slowed the group's wagons to such an extent that the group spent six days crossing its 80-mile length sapping the group's resources and leading to their eventual disaster.

In 1847, Mormon pioneers settled in the neighboring Salt Lake Valley. Tooele Valley was used as a major grazing ground for Mormon cattle owners from Salt Lake and Utah Valleys. In 1849 the first white settlers established permanent roots in the Tooele Valley. Building a saw mill, the settlement was called "E. T. City" after LDS leader E. T. Benson; the territorial legislature first designated Tooele County—initially called "Tuilla"—on January 31, 1850, with different boundaries. Its government was not organized at that time, the area was attached to Salt Lake County for judicial and administrative purposes, it is speculated the name derives from a Native American chief, but controversy exists about whether such a chief lived. Alternate explanations hypothesize that the name comes from "tu-wanda", the Goshute word for "bear", or from "tule", a Spanish word of Aztec origins meaning "bulrush"; the Goshutes did not accept Mormon encroachment on their traditional homeland. The Mormons occupied the best camping sites near reliable springs, hunted in Goshute hunting grounds, overgrazed the meadowland, leaving it unfit for sustaining the animals and plants used by the Goshutes.

Mormons believed that Utah was a promised land given to them by God, did not recognize any Goshute claim to the land. Goshutes began confiscating Mormon cattle. In response, the Mormons ordered their armies to kill the Goshutes. In 1850, they ambushed a Goshute village, but the Goshutes were able to defend themselves without casualties; that year, a contingent of at least 50 men attacked the Goshute camp, killing nine and suffering no casualties. In 1851, General Daniel H. Wells took 30 people prisoners. After they tried to escape, Wells executed them. Similar attacks occurred throughout the 1850s with Goshutes being on the losing side. By June 10, 1851 the county government was organized. On that date the county attachment to Salt Lake County was terminated. By 1852, Grantsville and Pine Canyon were settled. In 1855 the town of Richville was designated county seat, but it soon became clear that Tooele was much larger. In 1861 the territorial legislature allowed the county to select a new seat, Tooele was selected.

In 1859 Robert B. Jarvis, a U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs representative, convinced some of the nomadic bands to congregate at a farm reservation called Deep Creek; the results looked promising, but Jarvis' resignation in 1860 led support to disappear and the farm to be abandoned. Jarvis' replacement, Benjamin Davies, noted the Goshutes had lost faith in the federal government, recommended limiting further encroachments on Goshute land, but his suggestions were ignored. Twenty-two overland stagecoach outposts were built in Goshute territory on the sites of rare natural springs. Goshute attacks on mail outposts escalated in 1860, resulting in dozens of deaths in alternating waves of raids. At the outbreak of the American Civil War, federal troops left the area leaving defense in the hands of the Nauvoo Legion until General Patrick E. Connor arrived in Salt Lake City from California in 1862. Connor acted ruthlessly toward the natives, he killed over 300 Shoshone in Southern Idaho in 1863. Connor's men attacked Native American camps, sometimes indiscriminately, but through 1863 stage coach companies had lost 16 men and over 150 horses to depredations.

A peace treaty was signed in 1863 which included an annuity of goods and US$1000 in compensation of killed game in exchange for an end to the hostilities, use of routes through the natives' territories. The treaty did not cede Goshute control of land. General Connor, anti-Mormon encouraged his troops to prospect for minerals. Connor believed. After his men discovered gold, silver and zinc deposits in Tooele County in 1864 he was proven right; the Rush Valley Mining District was established by soldiers in the western Oquirrh Mountains and more than 100 claims were staked in the first year. Two new mining towns and Lewiston ballooned to over 6000 people each in the 1870s, exceeding the population of Tooele and all the Mormon settlements in the area. Tooele County as defined extended into present-day Nevada; the county's borders were adjusted in 1852, in 1854, in 1856, in 1861, in 1862. When Nevada Territory was created in 1862, the county's borders were impacted, when the Territory became a state, Tooele County was formally divested of all

Kobe Oji Zoo

Kōbe Ōji Zoo, or Kobe Zoo or Ōji Zoo, is a municipal zoo in Kobe, Japan. Panda House Giant pandas since 2000. Zoological Science Center An indoor educational center featuring skeletal specimens and a reading room. Big Cats Circle tigers, leopards, snow leopards, jaguars. Polar Bear House Aboveground and underwater viewing areasAnimals' Land & Children's Zoo red pandas, otters and some farmyard animals. A small amusement park Rides and games for children, includes a Ferris chair swing ride; the E. H. Hunter House The former residence of the founder of Osaka Iron Works, Edward Hazlett Hunter. An elaborate example of a 19th-century ijinkan, it is at the northeast corner the zoo; the interior – with roped-off period furniture – is only open a few months each year. It was designated an Important Cultural Property by the nation. Animals in other sections include giraffes, kangaroos, flamingos, some species of apes, bobcats, sea lions, snow owls, elephants. Technically the zoo is within Ōji Park, but the zoo has admission fees.

Surrounding the zoo are the various parts of a sports complex. To the zoo's northwest is the Ōji Sports Center. To the northeast are some tennis courts. Official website

Malala's Magic Pencil

Malala's Magic Pencil is a 2017 picture book authored by Malala Yousafzai and illustrated by Kerascoët. The book was published by Little and Company in the U. S. and Puffin Books in the U. K. with Farrin Jacobs as editor. It shows Yousafzai growing up in Swat and wishing for a magic pencil to solve her problems; the book has received positive reviews, praising both Yousafzai's writing and Kerascoët's illustrations. The book appears on several lists of best children's books of 2017. Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani female education activist. Born in Swat Valley in Pakistan on 12 July 1997, she was raised by parents Ziauddin Yousafzai and Tor Pekai Yousafzai alongside two younger brothers Khushal and Atal. At age 11, Malala Yousafzai began writing an anonymous blog for BBC Urdu, detailing her life in Pakistan under the growing influence of the Taliban. Following the blog, she was the subject of a New York Times documentary Class Dismissed, spoke out for female education in local media. Yousafzai was revealed as the author of the blog in December 2009, as her public profile rose, she began to receive death threats.

On 9 October 2012, a member of the Taliban shot Yousafzai as she was taking a bus from school to her home. She was first sent to a hospital in Peshawar, to one in Birmingham, she continued to speak out for the rights of girls. In 2013, Yousafzai co-wrote her memoir I Am Malala with Christina Lamb, on the New York Times bestseller list for two weeks. Yousafzai decided to write a picture book as "many young children are interested in my story" and she wanted them to "see that one person's actions can create change". Malala's Magic Pencil was inspired by Shaka Laka Boom Boom, an Indian television series about a young boy who owns a magic pencil. In an interview, Yousafzai says that writing the book was an "intense" process, involving a lot of work looking up dates and fact checking. Yousafzai had to assist in "choosing the artists, figuring out how to express everything in pictures, deciding if the art felt accurate—down to the cracks in the wall of our home."Malala's Magic Pencil was published on 17 October 2017 by Little and Company in the U.

S. and Puffin Books in the U. K. French illustrators Marie Pommepuy and Sébastien Cosset, known together as Kerascoët, provided the artwork for the book, Farrin Jacobs served as editor; the front cover, other than Kerascoët's illustration of Yousafzai as a child, was designed by Sarah J. Coleman known as Inkymole; the book is written in the first person from the perspective of Malala Yousafzai, documents her as a child, with a desire for a magic pencil to solve issues in her life. Using a simple vocabulary, it features watercolour illustrations, overlaid on which are "gold embellishments" and "bronze foiled swirls"; the book is aimed at readers between ages 4 and 8. The book begins with the line "Do you believe in magic?" Yousafzai tells the reader about a television show about a boy with a magic pencil. Yousafzai says that if she had one, she would use her magic pencil for minor things such as to "stop time" in order to get more sleep or to create a football for her brothers; as she grows older, Yousafzai begins to wish that she had a magic pencil for more serious issues, such as to bring about peace.

Though she never gets a magic pencil, she learns. Alluding to her shooting by the Taliban, the text "My voice became so powerful that the dangerous men tried to silence me, they failed." Appears on a black page. By March 2018, The Bookseller reported that the book had over 5000 paperback sales in the U. K. Malala's Magic Pencil was nominated for the 2018 Little Rebels Children's Book Award, judged by the Alliance of Radical Booksellers. Rebecca Gurney of The Daily Californian gives the book a grade of 4.5 out of 5, calling it a "beautiful account of a terrifying but inspiring tale" and commenting "Though the story begins with fantasy, it ends starkly grounded in reality." Gurney praises the fact that the book's characters wear burqas and salwar kameezes. In a review for The Guardian, Imogen Carter describes the book as "enchanting", opining that it "strikes just the right balance" between "heavy-handed" and "heartfelt", is a "welcome addition to the frustratingly small range of children's books that feature BAME central characters".

Minh Le of Huffington Post chooses Malala's Magic Pencil as the best biographical picture book of 2017, commenting that "with Kerascoet’s shimmering artwork bringing the illustrations to life, Malala continues to be an inspiration." Julia Lipscombe, writing for, lists the book as #1 on a list of "great kids' books" with protagonists of colour. Susie Wilde lists it as one of the best 2017 children's books, with the review, "her journey from dreams to reality has powerful imagery children will relate to". Karen MacPherson of Washington Post includes the book in an article "These books can help build strong girls — and boys — for today's world". MacPherson summarises that "Malala brings her story of courage and hope to young readers in this engaging and beautifully illustrated picture book autobiography."Guy Haydon of South China Morning Post lists the book in a 2017 article entitled, "The 12 best children's books to give this Christmas." Haydon praises Y