The Cantala Stakes raced as the Kennedy Mile, is a registered Victoria Racing Club Group 1 quality handicap Thoroughbred horse race run over 1,600 metres at Flemington Racecourse, Australia on AAMI Victoria Derby Day during the Melbourne Cup Carnival. Total prize money is A$1,000,000 The race was moved in 2016 to the first day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival from the last day. 1881–1918 - Coburg Stakes 1919–1961 - Cantala Stakes 1962–1984 - George Adams Handicap 1985–1988 - Ampol Stakes 1989–1992 - Honda Stakes 1993–1995 - Nissan Stakes 1996–1997 - Chrysler Stakes 1998–2015 - Emirates Stakes 2016 - Cantala Stakes 2017 onwards - Kennedy Mile 1881–1894 - 11⁄8 miles 1895–1971 - 1 mile 1972–1993 - 1600 metres 1994 - 1616 metres 1995–2005 - 1600 metres 2006 - 1610 metres 2007 onwards - 1600 metres 1881–1978 - Principal Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 Thoroughbred racing in Australia Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival VRC Stakes day List of Australian Group races Group races
The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most famous annual Thoroughbred horse race. It is a 3200-metre race for three-year-olds and over, conducted by the Victoria Racing Club on the Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Victoria as part of the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival, it is the richest "two-mile" handicap in the world, one of the richest turf races. The event starts at 3pm on the first Tuesday in November and is known locally as "the race that stops a nation"; the Melbourne Cup has a long tradition, with the first race held in 1861. It was over two miles but was shortened to 3,200 metres in 1972 when Australia adopted the metric system; this reduced the distance by 18.688 metres, Rain Lover's 1968 race record of 3:19.1 was accordingly adjusted to 3:17.9. The present record holder is the 1990 winner Kingston Rule with a time of 3:16.3. The race is a quality handicap for horses 3 years old and over, run over a distance of 3200 metres, on the first Tuesday in November at Flemington Racecourse; the minimum handicap weight is 50 kg.
There is no maximum weight. The weight allocated to each horse is declared by the VRC Handicapper in early September; the Melbourne Cup race is a handicap contest in which the weight of the jockey and riding gear is adjusted with ballast to a nominated figure. Older horses carry more weight than younger ones, weights are adjusted further according to the horse's previous results. Weights were theoretically calculated to give each horse an equal winning chance in the past, but in recent years the rules were adjusted to a "quality handicap" formula where superior horses are given less severe weight penalties than under pure handicap rules. After the declaration of weights for the Melbourne Cup, the winner of any handicap flat race of the advertised value of A$55,000 or over to the winner, or an internationally recognised Listed, Group, or Graded handicap flat race, shall carry such additional weight, for each win, as the VRC Handicapper shall determine. Entries for the Melbourne Cup close during the first week of August.
The initial entry fee is $600 per horse. Around 300 to 400 horses are nominated each year. Following the allocation of weights, the owner of each horse must on four occasions before the race in November, declare the horse as an acceptor and pay a fee. First acceptance is $960, second acceptance is $1,450 and third acceptance is $2,420; the final acceptance fee, on the Saturday prior to the race, is $45,375. Should a horse be balloted out of the final field, the final declaration fee is refunded; the race directors retain the absolute discretion to exclude any horse from the race, or exempt any horse from the ballot on the race, but in order to reduce the field to the safety limit of 24, horses are balloted out based on a number of factors which include: 1000 prize money earned in the previous two years, 9 wins or placings in certain lead-up races 3 allocated handicap weight The winner of the following races are exempt from any ballot: Lexus Stakes LKS Mackinnon Stakes Cox Plate Caulfield Cup The Bart Cummings Andrew Ramsden Stakes Doncaster Cup Irish St. Leger Tenno Sho Sankei Sho All Comers Arlington Million San Juan Capistrano Handicap Australian Stayers ChallengeThe limitation of 24 starters is stated explicitly to be for safety reasons.
However, in the past far larger numbers were allowed - the largest field raced was 39 runners in 1890. International horses that are entered for the Melbourne Cup must undergo quarantine in an approved premises in their own country for a minimum period of 14 days before travelling to Australia; the premises must meet the Australian Government Standards. The Werribee International Horse Centre at Werribee racecourse is the Victorian quarantine station for international horses competing in the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival; the facility has stabling for up to 24 horses in five separate stable complexes and is located 32 km from the Melbourne CBD. The total prize money for the 2018 race is A$7,300,000, plus trophies valued at $250,000; the first 12 past the post receive prize money, with the winner Cross Counter being paid $4 million, second $1 million, third $500,000, fourth $250,000, fifth $175,000, with sixth through to twelve place earning $150,000. Prizemoney is distributed to the connections of each horse in the ratio of 85 percent to the owner, 10 percent to the trainer and 5 percent to the jockey.
The 1985 Melbourne Cup, won by "What a Nuisance", was the first race run in Australia with prize money of $1 million. The Cup has a $500,000 bonus for the owner of the winner if it has won the group one Irish St. Leger run the previous September; the winner of the first Melbourne Cup in 1861 received a gold watch. The first Melbourne Cup trophy was awarded in 1865 and was an elaborate silver bowl on a stand, manufactured in England; the first existing and un-altered Melbourne Cup is from 1866, presented to the owners of The Barb. The silver trophy presented in 1867, now in the National Museum of Australia, was made in England but jewellers in Victoria complained to the Victorian Racing Club that the trophy should have been made locally, they believed the work of Melbournian, William Edwards, to be superior in both design and workmanship to the English made trophy. No trophy was awarded to the Melbourne Cup winner for the next eight years. In 1876 Edward Fischer, an immigrant from Austria, produced the first Australian-made trophy.
It was an Etruscan shape with two handles
The Trump (horse)
The Trump was an Australian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse who won the Caulfield-Melbourne Cup double as well as two other principal races in 1937. He showed his versatility by winning races over distances of six furlongs to two miles, he was a small horse, 15 hands 1 inch, by the good, but temperamental racehorse, Manfred. His dam Koanie was by the good racehorse Spearhead. Koanie was the dam of Legislator, 1939 by Law Maker, who won the 1942 Tasmanian Guineas and sired 9 stakes-winners for a total 19 stakes-wins between them. Racing as a two-year-old The Trump won the VATC Stakes and was placed in three other starts during the season; as a three-year-old he won the Stand Handicap and ran third in the Caulfield Guineas, after which he was made the favourite for the Caulfield Cup. It was not intended that The Trump should start in the cup and owing to knee problems he had his knees pin-fired and was gelded before being spelled. Returning as a four-year-old he won the Derrimut Handicap over six furlongs at Moonee Valley.
In early 1937 The Trump won the Malakoff Stakes over nine furlongs at Caulfield before having a brief letup. His next win was the Toorak Handicap on the first day of the Caulfield Cup meeting. After winning the Caulfield Cup and LKS Mackinnon Stakes he was aimed at the rare Melbourne Cup double, his win in the Melbourne Cup win was The Trump’s sixth successive win. See Caulfield Cup Race history for a complete list of winners of the Caulfield-Melbourne Cup double. After The Trump was retired from racing he was used to carry Eccles' nieces and nephews to school
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Royal Gem was a versatile Thoroughbred racehorse that won 23 races ranging from 5 furlongs to 12 furlongs. He was a successful sire in the United States, he was a brown stallion by Dhoti from French Gem, by Beau Fils. French Gem was the dam of 5 stakes-winners, her other stakes-winners were: Solar Gem by Helios, won PARC Sires Produce Stakes Regal Gem by Dhoti, won SAJC Sires' Produce Stakes Beau Gem by Helios, won Victoria Derby, Underwood Stakes, Adelaide RC South Aust. St. Leger Stakes, VRC Turnbull Stakes, Adelaide RC Parkside Stakes, exported to America Crown Gem by Dhoti, won Adelaide RC Birthday Cup and other races for £7,008 in stakes. Royal Gem was inbred to Son-in-Law in the third generation of his pedigree. Five wins including the Ascot Vale Stakes over six furlongs. Eight wins including the 1945 VATC Caulfield Guineas, eight furlongs, in a dead heat with Attley 1945 Cantala Stakes, eight furlongs 1945 Linlithgow Stakes, eight furlongs 1946 Adelaide City Handicap 1946 SAJC Sir Willoughby Norrie Stakes 10 furlongs 1946 SAJC Goodwood Handicap, six furlongs.
Four wins including the 1946 Caulfield Cup 12 furlongs 1946 VATC Toorak Handicap 8 furlongsRoyal Gem’s biggest win was the 1946 Caulfield Cup with nine stone. However, this win was overshadowed by the controversy surrounding the defeat of the champion Bernborough who had won his previous 15 races and conceded 11 kg to Royal Gem, to finish fifth in this race, it was reported that Royal Gem's owner, George W. Badman, won £30,000 by backing his horse to win the race. Five wins including the 1948 Adelaide City Handicap with 10 stone 5 lbs. 1948 VRC Newmarket Handicap, six furlongs carrying nine stone nine pounds. One win, 1948 MRC Underwood Stakes over eight furlongs. Royal Gem carrying 11 stone was second to Chatter Lad, 7 st 12 lbs, in the SAJC Warradale Handicap. Asked to carry big weights by the handicappers, he had raced for five seasons starting 51 times for 23 wins, 8 seconds and 5 thirds for £27,630 in prize money. Following his six-year-old season Royal Gem was purchased by interests from the United States for £30,000 and brought to stand at stud at Warner Jones, Jr.'s Hermitage Farm in Kentucky.
There, he sired the winners of over a thousand races including the 1953 Kentucky Derby winner Dark Star who in turn sired Hidden Treasure, the 1961 Canadian Horse of the Year. Royal Gem's son, Royal Bay Gem, was a winner of five stakes races in 1953 including the Everglades Stakes and Jersey Stakes for $224,495. Royal Bay Gem ran third in the Preakness and Belmont Stakes after finishing fourth to Dark Star in the Kentucky Derby. Other Royal Gem progeny includes, Precious Stone won $110,861. P. Taylor Stakes and Summer Stakes, its Ann won in Canada the Highlander Stakes and Rose’s Gem won $230,964. The Royal Gem Handicap for three-year-olds run over 1,000 metres at Caulfield is named in honour of Royal Gem. Royal Gem's pedigree and partial racing stats
Gunsynd was a champion Australian Thoroughbred racehorse who won 29 races and A$280,455 in prize money. In his seven starts over one mile he was only once defeated, by half-a-head in the Epsom Handicap. Foaled in 1967, at The Dip Stud, at Breeza, New South Wales, Gunsynd was by the grey racehorse, Sunset Hue, his dam was a twin foal, Woodie Wonder, that ran third at her only start. Woodie Wonder was by Newtown Wonder, she was the dam of eight foals. A full brother to Gunsynd, Sunset Red, who won the WJ McKell Cup was the next best of Woodie Wonder's progeny. G. McMicking formed a syndicate with three others from his home town of Goondiwindi consisting of A. Bishop, J. Coorey and A. Pippos and purchased Gunsynd as a yearling for A$1,300 at the 1969 Brisbane sales, he was affectionately known as the Goondiwindi Grey because his owners came from Goondiwindi and he was a grey in appearance. Trained by Bill Wehlow, by Tommy Smith, Gunsynd raced from 1969 to 1973; as a four-year-old, under handicap conditions, Gunsynd won four major mile races - the Epsom Handicap, the Toorak Handicap, the George Adams Handicap, the Doncaster Handicap, and, at five, was narrowly beaten by Triton in the 1972 Epsom Handicap.
In the Doncaster Handicap, he carried 9 stone 7 pounds to victory, and, in his second Epsom Handicap, was second with 62.5 kilograms. He won the 1972 Cox Plate, was third, with 60.5 kilograms, to Piping Lane in the Melbourne Cup, was named Australia's champion racehorse for the 1972-1973 season. Gunsynd was a favourite with the crowds due to his grey coat and his tremendous will to win, was one of the best grey horses in the history of Australian racing. In 1973 Gunsynd retired to Kia Ora Stud, his progeny included just four stakes winners of eight stakes races, Tsunami, Midnight Gun and Domino. Gunsynd sired Ammo Girl, the dam of Emancipation, named Australia's champion racehorse for the 1983-1984 season. Suffering from cancer, Gunsynd was humanely euthanised at the age of 16. Gunsynd was named the VRC Horse of the Year in 1972 and inducted into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame. In 1973 Tex Morton recorded a song The Goondiwindi Grey, written by Nev Hauritz and Brian Wallace, as a tribute to him.
A statue in his honour was erected in his hometown of Goondiwindi. In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, Gunsynd was announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for his role as a "sports legend". Australian Racing Hall of Fame Barnes Photography detailed profile and photos of Gunsynd Gunsynd's pedigree and racing stats John Clift - the real Breeder
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses that are known for their agility and spirit; the Thoroughbred as it is known today was developed in 17th- and 18th-century England, when native mares were crossbred with imported Oriental stallions of Arabian and Turkoman breeding. All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their pedigrees to three stallions imported into England in the 17th century and 18th century and to a larger number of foundation mares of English breeding. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Thoroughbred breed spread throughout the world. Millions of Thoroughbreds exist today, around 100,000 foals are registered each year worldwide. Thoroughbreds are used for racing, but are bred for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage and fox hunting.
They are commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, have been influential in the creation of the Quarter Horse, Anglo-Arabian, various warmblood breeds. Thoroughbred racehorses perform with maximum exertion, which has resulted in high accident rates and health problems such as bleeding from the lungs. Other health concerns include low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof-to-body-mass ratio. There are several theories for the reasons behind the prevalence of accidents and health problems in the Thoroughbred breed, research is ongoing; the typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands high. They are most bay, dark bay or brown, black, or gray. Less common colors recognized in the United States include palomino. White is rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray; the face and lower legs may be marked with white, but white will not appear on the body. Coat patterns that have more than one color on the body, such as Pinto or Appaloosa, are not recognized by mainstream breed registries.
Good-quality Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, long legs. Thoroughbreds are classified among the "hot-blooded" breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are considered spirited and bold. Thoroughbreds born in the Northern Hemisphere are considered a year older on the first of January each year; these artificial dates have been set to enable the standardization of races and other competitions for horses in certain age groups. The Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of horse, although people sometimes refer to a purebred horse of any breed as a thoroughbred; the term for any horse or other animal derived from a single breed line is purebred. While the term came into general use because the English Thoroughbred's General Stud Book was one of the first breed registries created, in modern usage horse breeders consider it incorrect to refer to any animal as a thoroughbred except for horses belonging to the Thoroughbred breed.
Nonetheless, breeders of other species of purebred animals may use the two terms interchangeably, though thoroughbred is less used for describing purebred animals of other species. The term is a proper noun referring to this specific breed, though not capitalized in non-specialist publications, outside the US. For example, the Australian Stud Book, The New York Times, the BBC do not capitalize the word. Flat racing existed in England by at least 1174, when four-mile races took place at Smithfield, in London. Racing continued at fairs and markets throughout the Middle Ages and into the reign of King James I of England, it was that handicapping, a system of adding weight to attempt to equalize a horse's chances of winning as well as improved training procedures, began to be used. During the reigns of Charles II, William III, George I, the foundation of the Thoroughbred was laid; the term "thro-bred" to describe horses was first used in 1713. Under Charles II, a keen racegoer and owner, Anne, royal support was given to racing and the breeding of race horses.
With royal support, horse racing became popular with the public, by 1727, a newspaper devoted to racing, the Racing Calendar, was founded. Devoted to the sport, it recorded race results and advertised upcoming meets. All modern Thoroughbreds trace back to three stallions imported into England from the Middle East in the late 17th and early 18th centuries: the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin Arabian. Other stallions of oriental breeding were less influential, but still made noteworthy contributions to the breed; these included the Alcock's Arabian, D'Arcy's White Turk, Leedes Arabian, Curwen's Bay Barb. Another was the Brownlow Turk, among other attributes, is thought to be responsible for the gray coat color in Thoroughbreds. In all, about 160 stallions of Oriental breeding have been traced in the historical record as contributing to the creation of the Thoroughbred; the addition of horses of Eastern bloodlines, whether Arabian, Barb, or Turk, to the native English mares led to the creation of the General Stud Book in 1791 and the practice of official registration of horses.
According to Peter Willett, about 50% of the foundation stallions appear to have been of Arabian bloodlines, wit