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Toronto City Council

The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the City of Toronto government in Toronto, Canada. Members represent wards throughout the city, are known as councillors; the passage of provincial legislation in the summer of 2018 established that the number of wards be reduced from 44 to 25 and that they be based upon the city's federal electoral districts as of the year 2000. While the federal districts have been redistributed since the ward boundaries remain the same; the city council had at its peak 45 members: 44 ward councillors plus the mayor. On September 19, 2018, the Court of Appeal for Ontario granted a stay order of a previous court decision that would have prevented this reduction, thus re-establishing the move to 25 wards; the actual court appeal of Bill 5 has yet to be scheduled, but was heard subsequent to the municipal election on October 22, 2018. The current decision-making framework and committee structure at the City of Toronto was established by the City of Toronto Act, 2006 and came into force January 1, 2007.

The decision-making process at the City of Toronto involves committees. Committees propose and debate policies and recommendations before their arrival at City Council for debate. Citizens and residents can only make deputations on policy at committees, citizens cannot make public presentations to City Council; each City Councillor sits on one committee. The Mayor is entitled to one vote. There are three types of committees at the City of Toronto: the Executive Committee, Standing Committees and other Committees of Council; the City posts agendas for council and committee meetings on its website. The Executive Committee is an advisory body; the Executive Committee is composed of the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, the chairs of the seven standing committees who are appointed by the Mayor and four "at-large" members appointed by City Council. The role of the Executive Committee is to set the City of Toronto's priorities, manage financial planning and budgeting, labour relations, human resources, the operation of City Council.

The Executive Committee makes recommendations to city council on: strategic policy and priorities governance policy and structure financial planning and budgeting fiscal policy intergovernmental and international relations Council operations Human resources and labour relationsSeveral committees report to the Executive Committee: Budget Committee, Affordable Housing Committee, Employee and Labour Relations Committee. Source: City of Toronto Following the sudden decision by the Provincial government to reduce the size of City Council in summer 2018, the committee structure is under review. There were eleven other committees; the seven standing policy committees were: There are four other committees that report to Council: Source: City of Toronto All members of Toronto city council serve on a community council. Community Councils report to City Council but they have final decision-making power on certain items, such as front yard parking and appointments to local boards and Business Improvement Areas.

The city is divided into four community councils. Their meeting locations are as follows: Etobicoke York – Etobicoke Civic Centre North YorkNorth York Civic Centre ScarboroughScarborough Civic Centre Toronto and East YorkToronto City Hall The current council term began on December 4, 2018. Starting January 1, 2017, the Mayor's salary was increased to $188,544 and Councillors to $111,955, a 2.1 percent change. In 2018, the Mayor's salary was 192,503 and Councillors was $114,306; the Office of the Mayor is located on the second floor at Toronto City Hall. The general public and media can access it via stairs; the current staff of the office consists of: Chief of Staff - Luke Robertson Deputy Chief of Staff - Courtney Glen Principal Secretary - Vince Gasparro Executive Assistant to the Mayor - Dee Dee Heywood Executive Assistant to the Chief - Karen Cooper Executive Director of Communications & Strategic Issues Management - Don Peat Executive Director of Budget & Finance - Sophia Arvanitis Director, Legislative Affairs - Edward Birnbaum Senior Advisor, Legislative Affairs - Daniela Magisano Senior Advisor, Legislative Affairs - Matt Buckman Senior Advisor, Tour - Emily Hillstrom Advisor, Constituency Affairs - Farnaz Patel Advisor, Communications - Avi Yufest Advisor, Communications & Tour - Louise Brunet Special Assistant, Outreach - Kema Joseph Special Assistant, Constituency Affairs & Tour - Abinaya Chandrabalan Special Assistant, Constituency Affairs & Outreach - Cindy Lee Special Assistant, Communications & Tour - Gabe Ciufo Assistant, Constituent Affairs - Steevan Sritharan Current members of the Committee: Paul Ainslie Ana Bailão Gary Crawford Denzil Minnan-Wong Frances Nunziata James Pasternak Michael Thompson John Tory The committee existed in the old City of Toronto beginning in 1969.

Before that Toronto had a Board of Control, as did former cities North Etobicoke. Vacancies in a council seat may be filled in one of two ways, either by the holding of a by-election or through direct appointment of an interim councillor chosen by the council in an internal vote; the council is allowed to decide which process to follow in each individual case. The process results in public debate, however; the by-election process is seen as more democratic, while the appointment process is seen as less ex

Roger Tonge

Roger Tonge was a British actor. He was born Anthony Roger Tonge in Birmingham, he was working as an £8-a-week post office clerk and performing in amateur dramatics in the evenings when he landed the role of Sandy Richardson, the motel owner's son in the ATV soap opera, Crossroads, a role he would play for 17 years. He played the disabled son of Meg Richardson, played by the actress Noele Gordon, in the much-maligned soap opera, his inroad to an acting career seems like something from a story book. He arrived, she invited him to return for an audition. Reg Watson, the Producer, had interviewed hundreds of young hopefuls for the part of Sandy, but without finding what the show was looking for; when Tonge and another hopeful were shortlisted for the part, both interviewees were asked to act out their reaction to their pet dog being run over. Tonge produced the part became his; the show was criticised by TV critics and Tonge along with many other members of the cast were part of their target. He was reported as having laughed off their jibes, by saying "I'm allergic to criticism".

But it was the actor's fight against Hodgkins Disease that resulted in his departure from the programme before the programme was cancelled. During Tonge's tenure in the series, Tonge's ill health left him immobile. To accommodate his disability and in order not to lose the character from the series, a plotline was developed where Sandy became paralysed and a wheel chair user through an accident. Prior to the'accident' storyline, Tonge had for many months only been seen in seated scenes, standing rigid or lying in bed. Tonge thus became the first disabled actor in a soap. In an on screen interview with Angela Rippon as part of a show looking at TV Soap Operas in 1981, Tonge claimed that viewers were astonished to encounter him off-screen and discover he did not use a wheelchair or crutches; the claim was not challenged on air. Although he was a regular in the soap opera, Tonge found time to appear on other television programmes, including Z-Cars and Dearest and'Detective', he was in the film Catch Me Going Back.

In 1981, after a long fight with Hodgkin's lymphoma, Tonge died age 35. He had died of heart failure, his system unable to cope with the infection; the death of Roger Tonge Roger Tonge on IMDb

Dil Bole Hadippa!

Dil Bole Hadippa! is a 2009 Indian Hindi-language sports film directed by Anurag Singh and produced by Aditya Chopra under the Yash Raj Films banner. It stars Shahid Kapoor and Rani Mukerji in pivotal roles in the story about a young woman who pretends to be a man to join an all-male cricket team, it has Anupam Kher, Dalip Tahil, Rakhi Sawant and Sherlyn Chopra in supporting roles. The film was released on 18 September 2009, received negative reviews upon release, but it was a box office hit; the film is a Bollywood adaptation of the 2006 United States hit film. Veera is a young woman who lives in a small village but dreams of playing cricket in the big league, being talented in the game. Veera works in a nautanki and dances with the star performer, Shanno, an arrogant and conceited woman. Rohan is an accomplished captain of a county cricket team in England, his father and mother, are separated. Rohan lives with his father lives in India. Vicky has been captaining the Indian cricket team against the Pakistani cricket team in a tournament called the'Aman Cup.'

Every year, for 8 years, India has lost. To win, Vicky asks Rohan to come to India; when Rohan reaches India, he agrees to captain the team for his father, determined to make the team win. Rohan holds auditions to select the best players, but when Veera goes to audition, she is not allowed to enter because players have to be male. Upset, Veera disguises herself as a man named Veer and is accepted into the team. One day when a glass of juice is thrown in Veera's face, her hair falls, but she hides it and runs to the men's changing room. Rohan finds Veera in the changing room instead. Veera pretends to be Veer's sister to cover the disguise. Rohan argues with her but asks "Veer" to bring him to Veera to apologise. Rohan falls in love with Veera as herself. Rohan and Veera go on a date and Veera falls in love with Rohan as well; the big day of the match arrives. Rohan's mother arrives at the match and she and Rohan's father are reunited. In the match, Veer gets the other player out and everyone hugs her in joy.

In the excitement, one of Veer's brown contact lenses falls out onto Rohan's finger and he realises that Veer is Veera. He argues with her about her deception and goes back to play the match without "Veer". Upset, Veer takes off her disguise; when Rohan's team starts losing, Vicky tells Rohan that it isn't important to lose any more. But Rohan understands how badly his father wants to win this match, so he gets Veera to come back and play the match. Veera puts her disguise back on and plays well, but in the closing stages, she is tripped by a Pakistan fielder. Rohan rushes to her aid and the medical unit says that Veera's arm is fractured, but she determinedly continues playing, she shows her talent by switching batting with her left hand. They win Rohan asks "Veer" to show his true identity. Everyone is shocked that Veer is a woman and accuses her of being a cheat. Veera gives a heart-touching speech about women and their talents that become useless because of men's dominance. Everybody realises that talented women should be allowed to play with men in cricket teams and gives her a round of significant applause.

Veera sees Rohan's love for her and the two are reunited. Rani Mukerji as Veera Kaur/Veer Pratap Singh Shahid Kapoor as Rohan Singh Anupam Kher as Vikram Singh Dalip Tahil as Liyaqat Ali Khan Rakhi Sawant as Shanno Amritsari Sherlyn Chopra as Soniya Saluja Vallabh Vyas as Home Minister Parimal Chaturvedi Vrajesh Hirjee as Chamkila Uday Chopra as Special Appearance Poonam Dhillon as Yamini Singh Shonali Nagrani as herself Filming began on 17 July 2008. Shahid Kapoor's portions were shot in February 2009, since he was shooting for Kaminey from June to December 2008. Urmila Matondkar was offered to play a cameo role in the film but she opted out of the project. Sanjay Leela Bhansali had bought rights for the title Hadippa; when Yash Raj Films requested him to give them rights for the title, Bhansali refused. It was announced that the movie title would be Dil Bole Hadippa. Dil Bole Hadippa's domestic net collections were ₹ 11.50 crore for its opening weekend. It went on to collect a net of ₹ 77.7 crore, was declared "hit" by Box Office India.

The soundtrack of Dil Bole Hadippa had been composed by Pritam with lyrics provided by Jaideep Sahni. The melody composition for the track "Ishq Hi Hai Rab" was composed by Mukhtar Sahota, a United Kingdom-based Music Director; the film score was composed by Julius Packiam. V. Shantaram AwardsBest Heroine – Rani MukerjiAnandalok PurashkarBest Actress – Rani Mukerji Official website Dil Bole Hadippa! on IMDb

Pablo Pontons

Pablo Pontons was a Spanish Baroque painter. His mother was from Murcia and was related to Orrente. Although he was Pontons primary influence, his earliest work shows elements of composition and coloring reminiscent of Jerónimo Jacinto de Espinosa. Orrente's influence is easiest to see in works such as the main altar of the Iglesia de Santa María in Morella, with its anachronistic depiction of King James I celebrating the first mass after final conquest of Morella, a scene showing Moses delivering the tablets of the law to the Israeli people, now at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Murcia. Antonio Ponz, in volume four of his Viage de España, from 1774, gives praise to paintings representing the lives of Saints Peter Nolasco and Peter Pascual, at the convent of the Mercedarios Calzados, but these appear to be lost. Another work for the same order, depicting Saint Raymond Nonnatus was at their convent in El Puig, but was acquired by the Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia; this work shows the influence of Espinosa, more than Orrente.

Stirling-Maxwell, William. Annals of the Artists of Spain. 14 King William St. #4, London. Nimmo, publisher. P. 915. CS1 maint: location Bryan, Michael. Walter Armstrong and Robert Edmund Graves. Dictionary of Painters and Engravers and Critical. York St. #4, Covent Garden, London. P. 309. CS1 maint: location Media related to Pablo Pontons at Wikimedia Commons

Ion Cojar

Ion Cojar was a Romanian acting teacher and theatre director. He is the founder of a unique method. Ion Cojar changed the old way of understanding acting in Romania, when the actor was taught how to play theatre, to act, to fake, imitate or mimic life, emotions or characters, with a new one that demands actors and teachers to create the circumstances in which the truth of life can occur, the actor/actress to go onstage or during filming through authentic psychologically-realistic processes that cannot be anticipated or consciously controlled, at the end of which he/she would be changed as a person, so that the audiences may be able to follow the lifelike processes, to understand and believe what they see and hear, to empathize with the actors. Ion Cojar argued that in order to have an authentic performance, the actor's psycho-emotional processes, along with his speech, body movements and physiological changes, which are the results of those processes, must not be anticipated, because this way they would be anchored in preconceived ideas and would not be new and authentic, must not be consciously controlled, because we cannot observe our own processes as they are taking place without interrupting them.

In everyday life we never know what is going to happen or how we are going to behave or what we are going to say when we interact with someone. We just try to change something in that person. In the same way, the actor, in a certain life situation and with a certain psychology that were assumed, aims to change something in his partner in order to achieve his goal, without anticipating any obstacles, by venturing into the unknown and allowing himself the freedom to make mistakes; this way, everything that will happen to him in the process, from emotions to body movements to speech, will come organically, without being consciously controlled or anticipated, this way they will be authentic, just like in everyday life, thus the audiences will understand and believe what they'll see and hear and will empathize with the actor. Ion Cojar argued that we can know for sure that the actor is not faking or acting, but is going through an authentic process when we see instant, organic changes in the color and texture of his face, like when blood floods its vessels in important moments, because these changes are impossible to fake.

As a professor and researcher at The National University of Theatre and Film from Bucharest, guided by the principle "process, not success", Ion Cojar worked with his students in order for them to develop a specific psycho-emotional mechanism that, along with the use of a specific acting method, would allow them to transform conventions in life truth, unlike the old acting school when students were taught how to play theatre. Ion Cojar always said that "the art of the actor has nothing in common with theatre", a statement that became his trademark; the professional actors who were trained via Cojar's pedagogical method tend to use in their creative processes an acting method derived from the previous one. One of his former students, Luminita Gheorghiu, won the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress with her performance in The Death of Mr. Lazarescu. Professor Mircea Gheorghiu, another former student of Ion Cojar, is considered to be the main continuator of his teaching method in the art of the actor.

Adrian Țofei, a former student of Mircea Gheorgiu, won the Special Jury Prize for Best Actor at the 2016 Nashville Film Festival for his performance in Be My Cat: A Film for Anne. In parallel with the development of his method, Ion Cojar supported an educational system in which the students are not taught or modeled by the teachers, but in which the environment is that of laboratory experimentation and self-knowledge, of despecialization and deliverance from preconceptions acquired in family and society, an environment in which the student is able to become aware of and to use his/her full native creative potential that makes him/her unique. In theory, Ion Cojar gathered all his research and discoveries in his book entitled "O poetică a artei actorului"; as a theatre director, Ion Cojar argued that the audiences, in order to empathize in a total way with what they're seeing and hearing, must not have any clue or the impression that they're witnessing a theatre show, but a genuine life event.

He aimed to make theatre shows that paradoxically don't look like shows at all, where the audiences would find no elements whatsoever to indicate that they are witnessing a theatre show and not an actual life event. Stanislavski's system Method acting Constantin Stanislavski Lee Strasberg Sanford Meisner Ivana Chubbuck Cojar, Ion - O poetică a artei actorului - Bucharest, Unitext, 1996 / Bucharest, Paideia, 1998 Cojar, Ion - Inițiere în arta actorului, series of articles published in Teatrul magazine, Bucharest, 1983-1984 Tofei, Adrian - Ion Cojar's Acting Method http://www.mediafax.ro/cultura-media/doliu-in-lumea-teatrului-5008432/ Ion Cojar on IMDb http://www.evenimentul.ro/articol/arta-actorului-daca-nu.html Ion Cojar on IMDb

Palmerston Shopping Centre

Palmerston Shopping Centre is an Australian enclosed shopping centre located in the Central Business District of Palmerston, Northern Territory. The mall was developed in the 1980s by the La Pira family of Darwin through property firm Joondanna Investments who continue to operate it as of 2014; the centre is anchored by a Coles supermarket and a Target department store, as well as specialty stores and shopfronts for Australia Post. The shopping centre's large underground car park is a designated emergency shelter, suitable for people with pets in the event of a cyclone weather event. In 2009, the Northern Territory Government announced that one of five new police shopfronts would be established within Palmerston Shopping Centre to help combat crime and anti-social behaviour in and around the centre. In January 2014 the centre drew criticism over the inadequacy of the parents room and baby changing facilities after the mall was named in a social media campaign demanding they be upgraded; the Shopping Centre's owners responded to the criticism when interviewed by the Northern Territory News, admitting the facilities were not up to standard and promising a renovation although not committing to a timeframe