St. Patrick station
St. Patrick is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University in Toronto, Canada, it is located under University Avenue at Dundas Street West. Wi-Fi service is available at this station; the station, which opened in 1963, is named for the nearby St. Patrick's Church, it is one of only two stations in the system to have a tubular shape created by the tunnel boring machine, the other such station being Queen's Park, the next station to the north. The murder of a schoolgirl here in 1975 prompted the TTC to adopt system-wide safety measures such as the first police patrols on the subway and the installation of emergency telephones and alarms. One of the three cross passages was blocked off, as well as at Queen's Park station, to prevent it being used as a hiding spot for criminals; the Canadian Airman's Memorial was erected in the median of University Avenue above the station in 1984. Nearby landmarks include St. Patrick's Church, The Michener Institute, the Royal Canadian Military Institute, the Consulate General of the United States, the Art Gallery of Ontario, the Textile Museum of Canada, the Ontario College of Art and Design, the Hospital for Sick Children.
It is within a short walking distance, west along Dundas Street, to the original Chinatown. A transfer is required to connect between the subway system and these surface routes: TTC routes serving the station include: St. Patrick Station was listed on the Toronto Community Foundation's list of stations which they expressed interest in donating funds for platform level appearance improvements; the organization raised funds and designed the renovations of Museum Station. As part of its Easier Access Program, the TTC added two new elevators, one from a new street level entrance to the concourse level, a second from the concourse to the platform level, it started construction in late 2017 and renovations were completed by December 2018. A ceremony was held on March 5, 2019, to celebrate St. Patrick as the 45th accessible TTC subway station. Station enhancements included the artwork titled Many Little Plans by artist Barbara Todd; the artwork be installed in alcoves at the platform level. Media related to St. Patrick station at Wikimedia Commons St. Patrick station at the Toronto Transit Commission AGO: The art of the subway redesign
Niagara Fallsview Casino Resort
The Niagara Fallsview Casino Resort in Niagara Falls, Ontario opened publicly on June 10, 2004. This $1 billion complex overlooks the Horseshoe Falls and is one of the most prominent features of the Niagara skyline; the site was once the transformer station building for the Ontario Power Company at the foot of Horseshoe Falls. It was occupied by the Canadian Pacific Railway Montrose Subdivision; the casino's operations are handled by a five partner consortium Falls Management Group LP of Toronto. Planning began in February 1998 – Falls Management Group L. C. selected to develop new casino resort. Construction began in 2001 and the resort opened on June 10, 2004; the east facade of the complex retains the walls of the terrace and front entrance of the transformer station built in 1904. The area where the transformers resided is now the Grand Hall convention halls. At the main entrance is a water feature called'The Teslatron'. During its first few years of functioning it featured nightly displays with added audio and lighting but over the past few years this has ceased.
At street level there is a fountain that varies its height with the wind so as not to wet pedestrians and passing cars. When players need to cash out their money from the Ticket-In, Ticket-Out slot machines, the player is given a bar-coded paper ticket. Tickets are referred to as TITO. Tickets are void after 90 days. Entire complex area: 2,500,000 sq ft Casino floor area: 200,000 sq ft Gaming tables: over 100. List of casinos in Canada Niagara Fallsview Casino Resort Digital Images Niagara Falls Public Library Local Casinos in Canada - Fallsview Casino Resort
Toronto Transit Commission bus system
The Toronto Transit Commission uses buses and other vehicles for public transportation. The TTC has more than 172 bus routes in operation, served over 487 million riders each year in 2011. Most bus routes serve the suburban areas of the city, are integrated with the subway system, with free transfers between the two systems, most suburban subway stations equipped with bus terminals located within the fare paid area. Several routes run into Downtown Toronto, where buses are less used and the area is instead served by the TTC's streetcar system. Many TTC bus routes are divided into branch routes, which deviate from the original route, or which terminate at different points along the route; as well, there are express routes. The system is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, but overnight service is limited compared to regular routes; some bus routes extend beyond the city limits into Mississauga and York Region, as those municipalities contract out bus routes to the TTC outside of Toronto. Despite completely being in Mississauga, Pearson International Airport is within the TTC's fare-paid zone.
The Toronto Transit Commission owned over 2,000 buses in 2010, holding the third largest overall bus fleet in North America, behind the New York City Transit Authority and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Of these, 693 are the second largest such fleet in North America. Since 2011, all buses are accessible and equipped with bicycle racks. In 2009, the TTC began its first bus rapid transit service in the York University Busway; the service was replaced after the Line 1 Yonge–University subway extension to Vaughan opened in December 2017, though one route still uses the busway. Bus service in Toronto began in 1849, when the first public transport system in Toronto, the Williams Omnibus Bus Line, was launched; the service began with a fleet of six horse-drawn stagecoaches. After ten years, the use of streetcars were introduced in the city as the Toronto Street Railway was established in 1861. After a year of competition between the two companies, the TSR had surpassed Williams Omnibus Line in ridership.
Until 1921, several private and publicly owned transport systems were established and ended up being merged into one another or abandoned. Electric streetcars were used in Toronto and surrounding settlements during the new century. After the establishment of the Toronto Transportation Commission, streetcar routes were taken over from predecessors in 1921, it ran bus routes by using motor buses for the first time in the city. The TTC experimented the use of trolley buses from 1922 to 1925. Gray Coach, an intercity bus line by the TTC, began operation in 1927; as the coach service increased in ridership, the TTC built the Toronto Coach Terminal. By 1933, the TTC introduced the local bus and streetcar stop design, a white pole with a red band on the top and bottom. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, the city began replacing various street railway routes extending to surrounding municipalities with bus routes. Between 1947 and 1954, the TTC acquired new trolley buses and converted several streetcar routes to use them.
A few private bus operations existed alongside the Toronto Transportation Commission, including Hollinger Bus Lines in East York, Danforth Bus Lines in North Toronto and King City and its subsidiaries North York Bus Lines in North York and Toronto Bus lines which operated north and east of Toronto, West York Coach Lines in York, Hollinger Bus Lines, which operated in East York and Scarborough, as well as a route to Mount Albert and Roseland Bus Lines which served York and had a route from Weston to Woodbridge. All services were taken over by the TTC on January 1, 1954, when it became the sole public transit operator in the newly formed Metropolitan Toronto. In 1966, plans were made to replace all streetcar routes with buses in the next 20 years; the plan was cancelled in 1972 and streetcar routes were rebuilt. Two years before the cancellation of the plan, GO Transit was established by the Government of Ontario with Gray Coach serving as its operator for most of its routes; the TTC operated its first dial-a-bus services under GO Transit in 1973.
In 1975, the first paratransit service, Wheel-Trans, was established by a private operator. The TTC began using minibuses for minor routes, which would be replaced by regular buses by 1981. In 1987, the TTC implemented the Blue Night Network, an expansion of its overnight services using buses and streetcars; the following year, the TTC took over Wheel-Trans services. In 1989, the TTC began using buses fuelled by compressed natural gas; the TTC sold Gray Coach Lines to the Scotland-based Stagecoach Group in 1990, while introducing "community buses", providing minibus service in a few residential neighbourhoods. In 1993, the TTC ceased the use of electric trolley buses. Accessibility expanded to regular buses in 1996 with the use of lift-equipped buses; this was further improvised two years when low-floor buses were added to the fleet. The TTC experimented with hybrid electric buses during the mid-2000s; the first hybrid buses entered service in 2006, the same time CNG-fuelled buses were retired. Under the Transit City plan in 2007, the TTC announced it would introduce new bus rapid transit routes in certain transit corridors.
By 2008, the TTC increased service for 31 bus routes, extended operating hours. In 2009, the TTC opened its first BRT route that uses its own dedicated busway and bus lanes when route 196 York University Rocket was rerouted to the York University
GO Transit is a regional public transit system serving the Greater Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, Canada. With its hub at Union Station in Toronto, GO Transit’s distinctive green and white trains and buses serve a population of more than seven million across an area over 11,000 square kilometres stretching from Brantford and Kitchener in the west to Newcastle and Peterborough in the east, from Barrie in the north to Niagara Falls in the south. GO Transit carried 68.5 million passengers in 2017, its ridership continues to grow. GO Transit operates diesel-powered double-decker trains and coach buses, on routes that connect with all local transit systems in its service area, as well as Via Rail, Canada's national rail system. Canada's first regional public transit system, GO Transit began regular passenger service on May 23, 1967 as a part of the Ontario Ministry of Transportation. Since it has grown from a single train line to seven, expanded to include complementary bus service. GO Transit has been constituted in a variety of public-sector configurations, today existing as an operating division of Metrolinx, a provincial Crown agency with overall responsibility for integrative transportation planning within the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area.
Cities in and around the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area experienced huge expansions in the 1950s, influenced by growth in immigration and industrialization. Much of the existing commuter service was provided by Canadian National Railway, it faced mounting pressure to expand its service beyond Lakeshore trains it ran between Hamilton in the west and Danforth in the east, to Toronto. Real improved commuter service was not considered until the 1962 Metropolitan Toronto and Region Transportation Study, which examined land use and traffic in the newly created Metropolitan Toronto; the idea of GO Transit was created out of fear of becoming lost in years of planning. In May 1965, the Government of Ontario granted permission to proceed with the launch of Canada's first specially-designed commuter rail service, at a cost of $9.2 million. Government of Ontario Transit started as a three-year long experiment on May 23, 1967 running single-deck trains powered by diesel locomotives in push-pull configuration on a single rail line along Lake Ontario's shoreline.
GO Train service ran throughout the day from Oakville to Pickering with limited rush hour train service to Hamilton. The experiment proved to be popular; this line, now divided as the Lakeshore East and Lakeshore West lines is the keystone corridor of GO Transit. Expansion of rail service continued in the 1970s and 1980s, aimed at developing ridership in with the introduction of the Georgetown line in 1974 and the Richmond Hill line in 1978; the Milton GO Train line opened in 1981, followed by the Bradford and Stouffville lines a year establishing the 7 rail corridors that today's rail service is based upon. Other than establishing new rail corridors, GO Transit introduced the Bi-Level coaches in 1979, in order to increase the number of passengers carried per train; these unique rail cars were developed in partnership with Bombardier Transportation. In that same year, the current GO concourse at Union Station was built to accommodate these additional passengers. GO Bus service started on September 8, 1970, extending the original Lakeshore line to Hamilton and Oshawa, as well as providing service north to Newmarket and Barrie.
It became a full-fledged network in its own right after 1989, feeding rail service and serving communities beyond the reach of existing trains. Near the end of 1982, Ontario Minister of Transportation and Communications James W. Snow announced the launching of GO-ALRT, an interregional light rail transit program providing $2.6 billion of infrastructure. Although this plan did not come to fruition, certain key objectives from it were established in other ways: additional stations were built, all-day service to Whitby and Burlington was established and networks of buses and trains interconnected the network. GO extended limited rush hour train service on the Bradford and both Lakeshore lines and began offering off-peak service on the Milton line in 1990. Train service was extended to Burlington on the Lakeshore West line in 1992. In a series of cost-cutting measures, then-Ontario Premier Bob Rae announced a "temporary" reduction in spending on services, causing all of the expansions of the 1990s to be reduced or eliminated.
All day train service was restored from Burlington to Whitby, peak service was brought to Oshawa in 2000, but this would be only one indicator of things to come. A large initiative to expand the GO Transit network in the mid-2000s under the GO Transit Rail Improvement Plan, or GO TRIP. $1 billion was invested in multiple rail and bus projects, making it the largest commuter rail project in Canadian history. This was dwarfed by a further slate of new GO infrastructure proposed in MoveOntario 2020, the provincial transit plan announced by Premier Dalton McGuinty in the leadup to the 2007 provincial election. With significant re-investment in regional transit, GO experienced significant growth in its train network: all day service was restored to Oshawa in 2006 and Aldershot in 2007. GO Transit also
Toronto Eaton Centre
The Toronto Eaton Centre is a shopping mall and office complex in Downtown Toronto, Canada. It is managed by Cadillac Fairview, it was named after the Eaton's department store chain that once anchored it before the chain became defunct in the late 1990s. The Toronto Eaton Centre attracts the most visitors of any of Toronto's tourist attractions, it is North America's busiest shopping mall, due to extensive transit access, its downtown location and tourist traffic. With 48,969,858 visitors in 2015 alone, the centre sees more annual visitors than either of the two busiest malls in the United States, or Central Park in New York City; the number of visitors to the Toronto Eaton Centre in 2015 exceeds the total 2015 passenger counts at Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada's largest and busiest airport. The main portion of the Toronto Eaton Centre complex is bounded by Yonge Street on the east, Queen Street West on the south, Dundas Street West on the north, to the west by James Street and Trinity Square.
The flagship location of the Hudson's Bay department store chain, part of the complex since Cadillac Fairview's purchase of the building in 2014, is connected to the rest of the complex by a skywalk over Queen Street West, itself is bounded by Yonge Street to the east, Queen Street West to the north, Richmond Street West to the south, Bay Street to the west. The main retail mall in the centre is organized around a long arcade, running parallel to Yonge Street; the Toronto Eaton Centre's interior passages form part of Toronto's PATH underground pedestrian network, the centre is served by two subway stations: Dundas and Queen on Line 1 Yonge–University. The complex contains four office buildings and the Ryerson University Ted Rogers School of Management. Additionally, the Eaton Centre is linked to a 17-storey Marriott hotel; the Sears Canada headquarters were inside an eight-storey Sears location within the Toronto Eaton Centre. The headquarters moved there from 222 Jarvis Street; the lower four floors of the Eaton Centre location housed a retail store while the upper four floors housed the headquarters.
Timothy Eaton founded a dry goods store on Yonge Street in the 19th century that revolutionized retailing in Canada, became the largest department store chain in the country. By the 20th century, the Eaton's chain owned most of the land bounded by Yonge, Queen and Dundas streets, with the notable exceptions of Old City Hall and the Church of the Holy Trinity; the Eaton's land, once the site of Timothy Eaton's first store, was occupied by Eaton's large Main Store, the Eaton's Annex and a number of related mail order and factory buildings. As the chain's warehouse and support operations were shifting to cheaper suburban locales in the 1960s, Eaton's wanted to make better use of its valuable downtown landholdings. In particular, the chain wanted to build a massive new flagship store to replace the aging Main Store at Yonge and Queen and the Eaton's College Street store a few blocks to the north. In the mid-1960s, Eaton's announced plans for a massive office and shopping complex that would occupy several city blocks.
Eaton's sought to demolish the Church of the Holy Trinity. The plan required the closing of a number of small city streets within the block: Albert Street, Louisa Street, Terauley Street, James Street, Albert Lane, Downey's Lane and Trinity Square. At one point the Old City Hall clock tower was to be demolished. After a fierce local debate over the fate of the city hall and church buildings, Eaton's put its plans on hiatus in 1967; the Eaton Centre plans were resuscitated in 1971, although these plans allowed for the preservation of Old City Hall. Controversy erupted anew, however, as the congregation of the Church of the Holy Trinity exhibited an increased willingness to fight the demolition plans for its church; the Eaton Centre plans were revised to save Old City Hall and the church, revised further when Holy Trinity's parishioners fought to ensure that the new complex would not block all sunlight to the church. These amendments to the plans resulted in three significant changes to the proposed centre from the 1960s concept.
First, the new Eaton's store was shifted north to Dundas Street, as the new store would be too large to be accommodated in its existing location on Queen Street as a result of the preservation of Old City Hall. This resulted in the mall being constructed with Eaton's and Simpson's acting as anchors at either end; the second significant change was the reduction in the size of the office component, so that the Eaton Centre project no longer represented an attempt to extend the City's financial district north of Queen Street, as the Eaton family had contemplated in the 1960s. The bulk of the centre was shifted east to the Yonge Street frontage, the complex was designed so that it no longer had any frontage along Bay Street. Old City Hall and the church were thus saved, as was the Salvation Army headquarters building by virtue of its location between the two other preserved buildings. At the time of the centre's opening in 1977, the complex was markete
Gray Coach was an inter-city bus line based in Toronto, from 1927 to 1992. It was owned by the Toronto Transportation Commission until 1990. In 1992 the business was sold to Greyhound Canada with the brand name ceasing to be used. Gray Coach Lines was a suburban bus and sightseeing tour operator founded in 1927 by the Toronto Transportation Commission. From 1927 to the 1930s, Gray Coach acquired numerous and smaller competitors in the Greater Toronto Area; the operator dominated inter-urban bus service by the end of the 1930s, replacing or succeeding many Toronto and area interurban radial lines that had provided interurban transportation by light rail. Gray Coach used inter-urban coaches to link Toronto to outlying areas throughout Southern Ontario, such as Owen Sound, Kitchener, Niagara Falls, North Bay and Hamilton. Gray Coach offered service to Buffalo, New York and in a pooling agreement with Greyhound, to New York City. In addition, Gray Coach operated sightseeing tour service in and around Toronto in association with Gray Line tours.
Gray Coach Lines provided one-hour Motor Launch Tours of the lagoons off Toronto's harbour and of the waterfront. The main bus terminal was at the Toronto Bus Terminal on downtown. A secondary terminal for parcel service was operated at the corner of Front and Sherbourne Streets and a secondary bus terminal, the Sunnyside Bus Terminal was located at Queen Street West and Roncesvalles in Toronto's west end. Gray Coach was contracted to operate some GO Transit bus services when the latter was started in 1971. GO Transit took over some Gray Coach routes were, including the Hamilton and Port Perry runs; the contracting for GO Transit ended in 1985, when GO began to operate its own buses. By the 1980s, Gray Coach faced fierce competition in the Greater Toronto Area. To strengthen its position, Gray Coach bid to acquire inter-urban operator Trentway-Wagar. However, facing budgetary pressure, the TTC decided to focus on its core urban transit service. In October 1990 the TTC sold Gray Coach Lines to Stagecoach who sold it to Greyhound Canada and Ontario Northland Motor Coach Services in 1992.
Gray Coach's Gray Line franchised sightseeing operations were taken over by Greyhound Canada. Livery of early buses were gray with the red crest with the words Gray Coach Lines; the crest replaced with the full wording with blue strip. The final buses had a white base with black letters GC. A red stripe was added along the belt line on sightseeing, Airport Express, Hostess Express premium-service buses. Gray Coach had terminals and agencies at various locations across Toronto: Gray Coach once operated a number of suburban and extra-fare express routes in Toronto. Operated from 1947 to 1952 between downtown and the Beaches via Eastern Avenue and Queen Street East; the first city coach route started running in 1925, between Forest Hill and downtown via Forest Hill Road, Poplar Plains Road, Dupont Street, St George Street, University Avenue and Albert Streets. In 1931 it was extended north to Glenview Avenue. Service was withdrawn in September 1954 due to opening of the new Yonge subway. In April 1929 Gray Coach Lines acquired Maple Leaf Coach Lines.
MCL's ISLINGTON route was combined with the LAMBTON route and transferred to the TTC. It was transferred to Gray Coach circa 1930; as of January 1, 1954 it was included in the new Metropolitan Toronto operation, Gray Coaches were replaced by "red" city buses. Inaugurated in November 1945 between Bloor Street & Royal York Road and downtown via Kingsway, Lake Shore Drive, Dowling Avenue and King Street, with an early and late extension to Burnhamthorpe & Holloway Roads via Bloor and Canning. Withdrawn in April 1946 after only five months of operation. From Keele Street to Humber along Dundas Street. Operated by the TTC for York Township, it was transferred to Gray Coach circa 1930; as of January 1, 1954 it was included in the new Metropolitan Toronto operation, Gray Coaches were replaced by "red" city buses. From May 1, 1953 to January 1, 1954 the LEASIDE bus was operated by Gray Coach Lines; the ROSEDALE coach ran for just under two years between Summerhill & MacLennan Avenues and downtown via Glen Road, Sherbourne Street, Isabella Street, Jarvis Street and Shuter Street to Yonge Street.
Gray Coach acquired the WOODBRIDGE route. From Lawrence and Weston via Weston Road, Albion Road, Woodbridge Road, Highway 7, 8th Avenue and Pine Street to Pine Grove Road, with Sunday trips operating through the Thistletown Hospital grounds; the route was transferred to the TTC in December 1955 as Islington Bus. A list of independent operators acquired by Gray Coach: Danforth Bus Lines - East York Hollinger Bus Lines - East York Roseland Bus Lines - Weston, Ontario West York Coach Lines - York, Ontario Maple Leaf Coach Lines - Islington, Ontario Toronto Transportation Commission Toronto Transit Commission Greyhound Canada - took over Gray Coach routes Gray Line Worldwide - US Tour operator Ontario Northland Motor Coach Services Toronto Airport Express - which succeeded Grey Coach's Airport Express Gray Coach Lines roster - all-time fleet list Gray Coach Lines bus drawings
Bay Street is a major thoroughfare in Downtown Toronto, Canada. It is the centre of Toronto's Financial District and is used by metonymy to refer to Canada's financial services industry since succeeding Montreal's St. James Street in that role in the 1970s. Bay Street ends at Davenport Road in the north; the original section of Bay Street ran only as far north as Queen Street West. Sections north of Queen Street were renamed Bay Street as several other streets were consolidated and several gaps filled in to create a new thoroughfare in the 1920s; the largest of these streets, Terauley Street, ran from Queen Street West to Grenville Street. At these two points, there is a curve in Bay Street. "Bay Street" is used as a metonym to refer to Toronto's Financial District and the Canadian financial sector as a whole, similar to Wall Street in the United States. "Bay Street banker", as in the phrase "cold as a Bay Street banker's heart", was a term of opprobrium among Prairie farmers who feared that Toronto-based financial interests were hurting them.
Within the legal profession, the term Bay Street is used colloquially to refer to the large, full-service business law firms of Toronto. The street was known as Bear Street because of frequent bear sightings in the early history of Toronto, it was renamed Bay Street in 1797 from the fact that it connected Lot Street to a bay at the Toronto Harbour. In the 19th century the intersection of Bay and King Street was home to Toronto's major newspapers: the Mail Building, the old Toronto Star Building, the William H. Wright Building were all located near the intersection; until 1922, the section of Bay running north from Queen Street and ending at College Street was known as Terauley Street. Several discontinuous streets existed north of College Street to Davenport Road. By-Law 9316 joined these streets together as far north as Scollard Street in 1922. By-Law 9884, enacted on January 28, 1924, changed the name of Ketchum Avenue to Bay Street, extending it to Davenport Road. There is a short street called Terauley Lane running west of Bay from Grenville Street to Grosvenor Street.
The intersection of Bay and King Street is seen as the centre of Canadian banking and finance. Four of Canada's five major banks have office towers at the intersection — the Bank of Montreal at First Canadian Place, Scotiabank at Scotia Plaza, the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce at Commerce Court, Toronto-Dominion Bank at the Toronto-Dominion Centre — and the fifth, the Royal Bank at Royal Bank Plaza, is one block south. Bay and King was known as the "MINT Corner" from Montreal, Nova Scotia, Toronto, but since 1961 the Imperial Bank has been part of CIBC and the Bank of Nova Scotia has rebranded itself, so this nickname is no longer used; the core cluster of towers has crept north with the addition of the 50-storey Bay Adelaide Centre and The Adelaide Hotel Toronto. Significant condominium development on Bay, north of the financial district, boomed during the 1990s and construction continues on large, 40-plus storey condominiums and multi-use buildings today; the area is defined by Dundas Street to the south and Bloor/Yorkville to the north and crosses through Toronto's Discovery District and Mink Mile.
The area attracts many who work in the financial district and those who work in the Discovery District, nearby hospitals and schools. More than 67% of residents in this area are in the working ages of 25-64 higher than the City of Toronto's average of 58%. Notable buildings include: Toronto Coach Terminal Residences of College Park 777 Bay Murano Ontario Government Buildings Sutton Place Hotel Manulife Centre Nathan Phillips Square Flagship store of Hudson's Bay CompanyAnother prominent intersection is the one nearest Yorkville at Bay and Bloor, the centre of an expensive shopping district; the intersection of Bay and Bloor is the location of the Toronto Transit Commission's Bay subway station. Bay Street is served by the route 6 Bay bus, one of the few downtown bus routes; the street used to be served by streetcars lines, which were phased out after the north-south Yonge and University subway lines opened in 1954 and 1963 respectively. The remaining streetcar tracks between Dundas and College Streets are now used for short turns and diversions.
City of London Financial district Wall Street Bay Street at Google Maps Bay Street Corridor neighbourhood profile