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Torpedo boat

A torpedo boat is a small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle. The first designs were steam-powered craft dedicated to ramming enemy ships with explosive spar torpedoes. Evolutions launched variants of self-propelled Whitehead torpedoes; these were inshore craft created to counter both the threat of battleships and other slow and armed ships by using speed and powerful torpedoes, the overwhelming expense of building a like number of capital ships to counter an enemy's. A swarm of expendable torpedo boats attacking en masse could overwhelm a larger ship's ability to fight them off using its large but cumbersome guns. A fleet of torpedo boats could pose a similar threat to an adversary's capital ships, albeit only in the coastal areas to which their small size and limited fuel load restricted them; the introduction of fast torpedo boats in the late 19th century was a serious concern to the era's naval strategists, introducing the concept of tactical asymtetric warfare. In response, navies operating large ships introduced smaller but more seaworthy ships to counter torpedo boats, mounting light quick-firing guns.

These ships, which came to be called "torpedo boat destroyers" were purely defensive, both attacking the torpedo boat threats and serving as expendable screens intercepting torpedoes intended for larger ships. In time they became larger and took on more roles, including making their own torpedo attacks on valuable enemy ships as well as defending against submarines and aircraft, yet they were armed with guided missiles and became the predominant type of surface warship in modern era. Today, the old concept of a small and cheap surface combatant with powerful offensive weapons is taken up by the "fast attack craft"; the American Civil War saw a number of innovations in naval warfare, including an early type of torpedo boat, armed with spar torpedoes. In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln instituted a naval blockade of Southern ports, which crippled the South's efforts to obtain war materiel from abroad; the South lacked the means to construct a naval fleet capable of taking on the Union Navy on terms.

One strategy to counter the blockade saw the development of torpedo boats, small fast boats designed to attack the larger capital ships of the blockading fleet as a form of asymmetrical warfare. The David class of torpedo boats were steam powered with a enclosed hull, they were not true were semi-submersible. CSS Midge was David-class torpedo boats. CSS Squib and CSS Scorpion represented another class of torpedo boats that were low built but had open decks and lacked the ballasting tanks found on the Davids; the Confederate torpedo boats were armed with spar torpedoes. This was a charge of powder in a waterproof case, mounted to the bow of the torpedo boat below the water line on a long spar; the torpedo boat attacked by ramming her intended target, which stuck the torpedo to the target ship by means of a barb on the front of the torpedo. The torpedo boat would back away to a safe distance and detonate the torpedo by means of a long cord attached to a trigger. In general, the Confederate torpedo boats were not successful.

Their low sides made them susceptible to swamping in high seas, to having their boiler fires extinguished by spray from their own torpedo explosions. Torpedo misfires and duds were common. In 1864, Union Navy Lieutenant William B. Cushing fitted a steam launch with a spar torpedo to attack the Confederate ironclad Albemarle; the same year the Union launched USS Spuyten Duyvil, a purpose-built craft with a number of technical innovations including variable ballast for attack operations and an extensible and reloadable torpedo placement spar. A prototype self-propelled torpedo was created by a commission placed by Giovanni Luppis, an Austrian naval officer from Rijeka a port city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Robert Whitehead, an English engineer, the manager of a town factory. In 1864, Luppis presented Whitehead with the plans of the salvacoste, a floating weapon driven by ropes from the land, dismissed by the naval authorities due to the impractical steering and propulsion mechanisms. Whitehead was unable to improve the machine since the clockwork motor, attached ropes, surface attack mode all contributed to a slow and cumbersome weapon.

However, he kept considering the problem after the contract had finished, developed a tubular device, designed to run underwater on its own, powered by compressed air. The result was a submarine weapon, the Minenschiff, the first modern self-propelled torpedo presented to the Austrian Imperial Naval commission on December 21, 1866; the first trials were not successful as the weapon was unable to maintain a course on a steady depth. After much work, Whitehead introduced his "secret" in 1868, it was a mechanism consisting of a hydrostatic valve and pendulum that caused the torpedo's hydroplanes to be adjusted so as to maintain a preset depth. During the mid-19th century, the ships of the line were superseded by large steam powered ships with heavy gun armament and heavy armour, called ironclads; this line of development led to the dreadnought class of all-big-gun battleship, starting with HMS Dreadnought. At the same time, the weight of armour slowed down the speed of the battleships, the huge guns needed to penetrate enemy armour fired at slow rates.

This allowed for the possibility of a small and fast ship that could attack the battleships, at a much lower cost. The introduction of the torpe

Youssef Sofiane

Youssef Sofiane is a French–Algerian football player. He has played in England, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. Sofiane began his footballing career in August 2000 as a trainee at AJ Auxerre, he joined West Ham United in June 2002, when he was signed by manager Glenn Roeder on a free transfer as back-up to the club's strikers. Opportunities were rare however and he made only two appearances for West Ham, as a substitute in a 2–1 away win against Preston, in a 3–1 win over Rushden in the first round of the League Cup, both in August 2003, he was loaned to Lille in January 2004 until the end of the 2003–04 season, to Notts County on a one-month loan deal in September 2004, where he made three appearances, scoring one goal against Wrexham in the Football League Trophy. He joined Dutch club Roda JC on loan through January–May 2005, where he made three substitute appearances. Despite playing in pre-season games, he was not given a squad number by West Ham for the 2005–06 season and his contract was terminated by mutual consent in August 2005.

After trials with MK Dons and Coventry City, he joined Coventry on non-contract terms in October 2005. However, he made only one substitute appearance for Coventry before being released in January 2006. After leaving Coventry, he played for La Louviere in the Belgian Jupiler League, Sportfreunde Siegen of the German Regionalliga, US Lesquin in France. On 7 December 2011, Sofiane signed an 18-month contract with ES Sétif, he signed as a free agent having been without a club after his contract with MC Alger ended in summer 2011. Sofiane represented France at Under-15 to Under-18 level. Won the Algerian Cup once with ES Sétif in 2012 Youssef Sofiane at Soccerbase Youssef Sofiane at

JS Makinami

JS Makinami is the third vessel of the Takanami class destroyers of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. Makinami was authorized under the Medium-term Defense Buildup Plan of 1996, was built by IHI Marine United shipyards in Yokohama, she was laid down on 17 July 2001, launched on 8 August 2002. She was commissioned into service on 18 March 2004. and was assigned to the JMSDF Escort Flotilla 2 based at Sasebo. Makinami, along with the fleet oiler Towada were assigned to the Indian Ocean in November 2006 to provide assistance in refueling anti-terrorist coalition forces in Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom, she returned to Japan in March 2007. In November 2010, along with the destroyer Satogiri, was dispatched to Aden, Yemen to participate in anti-piracy escort operations off the coast of Somalia; the destroyer was part of the sixth rotation of JMSDF vessels patrolling in this region. She undertook 28 sorties, returning to Japan on January 11, 2011. On 15 March 2011, she was reassigned to the JMSDF Escort Flotilla 3, based at Ōminato in Aomori Prefecture.

On 13 August 2012 Makinami was dispatched to Aden again, together with the destroyer Yugiri, to resume anti-piracy escort operations off the coast of Somalia. The context for this extended deployment off the Horn of Africa was the "Law on the Penalization of Acts of Piracy and Measures Against Acts of Piracy". 2,000 merchant ships with ties to Japan, Japan-flagged or operated by Japanese firms pass through the busy shipping zone each year. Makinami returned to Yokosuka on 11 February 2013 and remains assigned to the Third Squadron of the JMSDF Escort Flotilla 3. In October 2013, Makinami participated in the International Fleet Review 2013 in Australia. Saunders, Stephen. IHS Jane's Fighting Ships 2013-2014. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0710630484 Media related to JS Makinami at Wikimedia Commons


Coji-Coji is a Japanese manga series by Momoko Sakura, serialized in the magazine Kimi to Boku from December 1994 to May 1997. The manga was adapted into an anime television series titled Sakura Momoko Theater Coji-Coji which aired from October 4, 1997 until September 25, 1999 on TBS in Japan, it featured a character with a kettle for a head. In addition to the anime series, there is a Dreamcast party game from Marvelous Entertainment based on the television series; the Dreamcast microphone was used to play the game. The title character is voiced by Shizuka Aoki, it features the vocal talents of Urara Takano and Katashi Ishizuka. A pachinko game titled CRA Sakura Momoko Theater Coji-Coji was released by NewGin in 2010. At least four different versions have been released. A stage show Stage of COJICOJI was performed from August 21-25 2019. Coji-Coji Jiro Korosuke Flower Head Geran Dōdesu Zhēngyuè jūn Wúzuò Ruru Suzy Buhi-buhi Kettle-kun Kame Pero-chan Gouta Princess Umebachi Johnny Harehare-kun Tommy Teruko Zora Mūa Piroro Fū Usa-ko Tanuki-kun Okame-chan Katsubū Xiānshēng Sarasara-kun Hǔ tián jìn Coji-Coji is Coji-Coji Do your best!!

Johnny-kun The Knowledgeable Grandpa Gran has been cheated Let's write a letter Edokko's House of Clogs has arrived To visit Atamahana-kun Let's go and hunt for Mushrooms The magical practice The Mystical Shop has arrived Today is Christmas The intruders of the Fairytale Country Shougatsu-kun's Activity!! The night the Northern wind blows Yakan-kun's worries Shougatsu-kun's matchmaking session Shougatsu-kun's matchmaking session Let's go and meet Yasuhiko-kun Eh!? Johnny-kun is an idol!! Okame-chan's life Kameyoshi-kun abstains from tea A very tiny girl Gran bends the navel Shougatsu-kun's marriage ceremony Sunshine doll, Teruko Knowledgeable Grandpa's neck Recent Okame-chan Susie's Life Susie and Buhi-Buhi angered everyone Long-life Granny Yakan-kun is injured Yakan-kun for one week Shougatsu-kun's married life A frog's way of life Moore's art of hypnosis Dordes guides the lightning To be cool Orihime and Hikoboshi Mystery of the beauty of the moonlit night The Failure of the Mystical Shop Going for a sea bath Teruko has been kidnapped The storm has come!!

Let's tidy up, Johnny-kun Melanie, the magic-user Okame-chan leaves home Tonight is the Tanuki Village Festival!! Sara-Sara-kun arrives Dordes's Castle's Big Pinch Let's organize a fashion show Touhana-kun's cousin Jiroh's part-time job A flower blooms on Ume-chan's head Learn to live on my own Gifts from the Mystical Shop Knowledgeable Grandpa's frightful rumors Kameyoshi-kun's ages The Truth behind Spider mask!? Harehare-kun's weather forecast Coji-Coji becomes a member of Gr

Daffodil Records (Canadian label)

Daffodil Records was a Canadian record label that existed from 1971 to 1978. Daffodil Records was co-founded in Canada, in 1971, by Frank Davies, associated in the United Kingdom with Liberty Records and EMI Records. Davies assumed the position of vice-president of the new label; the label was owned by Love Productions Ltd. the first release of, a single, "Uncle Pen", by Blake Fordham known as Kelly Jay, of Crowbar. The single was released on London Records; the first album released by Daffodil Records was Official Music, by King Biscuit Boy with Crowbar. At the time, the label announced a distribution agreement with Capitol Records, though the label appears to have been distributed by GRT Records and, as of 1978, Capitol Records. Canadian artists releasing recordings through the label included King Biscuit Boy, Crowbar, A Foot in Coldwater and Fludd; the label is notable as having released the first live-in-concert album by a Canadian band: Crowbar's Larger Than Life: And Live'r Than You'll Ever Be, a recording of the band's concert at Toronto's Massey Hall, released in 1971.

In addition, Daffodil Records was the first independent Canadian label to be distributed under its own name in international markets. Through a 1971 agreement with Festival Records, Daffodil was distributed under its own name in Australia and New Zealand. Shortly after concluding its 1978 distribution agreement with Capitol/EMI Records, the company ceased operations as an independent entity

2019 Hawaii Bowl

The 2019 Hawaii Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 24, 2019, with kickoff at 8:00 p.m. EST on ESPN, it was the 18th edition of the Hawaii Bowl, was one of the 2019–20 bowl games concluding the 2019 FBS football season. Sponsored by the SoFi personal finance company, the game was known as the SoFi Hawaii Bowl; the game was played between Hawaii of the Mountain West Conference, BYU, an FBS independent. This was the 32nd meeting in this rivalry that dates back to 1930, first in the postseason. Both teams were members of the Western Athletic Conference. BYU led the rivalry series, 23–8. Hawaii entered the bowl with a 9–4 record; the Rainbow Warriors finished atop the West Division of the Mountain West Conference, with the same conference win-loss record as San Diego State, whom they defeated during the regular season. Hawaii accepted their bowl invitation following their loss to Boise State in the Mountain West Conference Football Championship Game; this was their third Hawaii Bowl appearance under head coach Nick Rolovich, having won in 2016 and lost in 2018.

Overall, this was the 13th bowl game for Hawaii, with a prior record of 6–6. BYU entered the bowl with a 7–5 record, having started the season 2–4 winning five consecutive games, losing to San Diego State in their regular season finale. Led by head coach Kalani Sitake, the Cougars accepted an invitation to the Hawaii Bowl on November 16; this was BYU's first Hawaii Bowl appearance, their second postseason game in Honolulu. Official website Game program via Game statistics at