Sparks is an unincorporated community, located in Baltimore County, Maryland, USA. It is situated 20 miles north of Baltimore, Maryland and is considered to be a suburb of the City of Baltimore; the Gunpowder River runs through Sparks. The popular North Central Railroad Hike-Bike Trail runs through Sparks along the basin of the Gunpowder Falls; the town's ZIP Code is 21152 and it is accessed at Exit 24, Belfast Road, along Interstate 83, an Interstate Highway that runs from Baltimore, Maryland to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Although Sparks is unincorporated and has no official town limits, the area, considered to constitute Sparks runs from several miles west of I-83 to Carroll Road to the East, from north of Hunt Valley/Cockeysville along York Road and I-83 to Hereford, Maryland. According to the 2010 US Census, 5,094 people live in the Sparks area. Glencoe, Maryland is a smaller community, surrounded by Sparks and the area is sometimes collectively known as "Sparks Glencoe, Maryland." In 1835, the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad constructed a track through Baltimore County which included a siding and switch near a large tract of land owned by the Sparks family.
Railroad officials gave the name Sparks to the switch, soon area residents began to refer to the location as "Sparks' Switch." Abraham Lincoln's body was carried through Sparks on the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad from Washington, D. C. on its way to burial in Illinois following his assassination in 1865. For a number of years a creamery was operated for farmers who brought their milk in daily to be separated; the cream was shipped to Baltimore. With the passage of time, Sparks' Switch came to be known as "Sparks." In 1888, the area had grown to a point where "a substantial foot bridge 6 feet in width" had to be built across the Gunpowder River. Beginning in 1889, a combination passenger and freight station was operated by the Northern Central Railway along the right-of-way and line, known as the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad. A passenger and freight stop along the North Central Railroad was named Sparks Station. Railroad operations through Sparks ceased in 1972, as a direct result of major damage to the tracks and rail bed that occurred during flooding that followed Hurricane Agnes.
The section along York Road, today known as Sparks was named Philopolis.. The original town of Sparks, as distinguished from Philopolis was a cluster of homes and farms one mile to the east along the NCR tracks and Sparks Road. Philopolis was the site of the Milton Academy, a well known private day and boarding school for boys. Of note is the fact that one of the school's students was John Wilkes Booth; the Milton Academy stands today along York Road in Sparks and serves as one of the region's finest restaurants, an establishment, known as the Milton Inn. Wallace Warfield Simpson, better known as the Duchess of Windsor, the Princess of Jordan, graduated from the nearby Oldfields School, a private boarding school for young women. Located in the area, known as Sparks was a blacksmith and a wheelwright shop, an undertaker, a milliner, a general store. In time, the entire area came to be known as Sparks and the village of Philopolis disappeared from county maps. In 1909, six small rural schools were consolidated into what is known today as the once-historic Sparks Elementary School building on Sparks Road.
Sparks Elementary School was gutted by an electrical fire on the evening of January 8, 1995. Local television station crews were at the scene. However, fire & rescue crews did not arrive until well after the electrical fire had destroyed the school's interior. Although remnants of the stone foundation and outer face of the building still remain, the once-historic stone building was unsuitable to be used again for its original purpose. Returning students who were slated to continue classes at Sparks Elementary School from winter-spring of 1995 were instead transferred to a makeshift Elementary School wing set up within Cockeysville Middle School in Cockeysville, Maryland. Incoming students who were slated to begin kindergarten classes at Sparks Elementary School in the fall of 1995 were instead transferred to a makeshift kindergarten wing of Bosley Church in Jacksonville, Maryland. In 1998, Sparks Elementary School was rebuilt on Belfast Road one mile west of its original location on Sparks Road.
This new incarnation of Sparks Elementary School opened on November 23, 1998. In 1913, a general store and warehouse was built and the post office was moved from York Road to Sparks Road. Sparks State Bank was built in 1916 next to the store along the NCR tracks. Both the bank and the post office have since been moved back to York Road, which now serves as the main area of local business; the bank moved in 1954 due to a decrease in train activity as well as repeated flooding from the Gunpowder River. The original Sparks Bank building still stands and is now operated as a Nature Center for young children by volunteers of Gunpowder Falls State Park in conjunction with the NCR Hike and Bike Trail, which follows the old railroad path through northern Baltimore County. Sparks, in particular the Loveton business area, is the home of a growing economic presence. From 1995 u
Walking is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals. Walking is slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an'inverted pendulum' gait in which the body vaults over the stiff limb or limbs with each step; this applies regardless of the unusable number of limbs—even arthropods, with six, eight or more limbs, walk. The word walk is descended from the Old English wealcan "to roll". In humans and other bipeds, walking is distinguished from running in that only one foot at a time leaves contact with the ground and there is a period of double-support. In contrast, running begins; this distinction has the status of a formal requirement in competitive walking events. For quadrupedal species, there are numerous gaits which may be termed walking or running, distinctions based upon the presence or absence of a suspended phase or the number of feet in contact any time do not yield mechanically correct classification; the most effective method to distinguish walking from running is to measure the height of a person's centre of mass using motion capture or a force plate at midstance.
During walking, the centre of mass reaches a maximum height at midstance, while during running, it is at a minimum. This distinction, only holds true for locomotion over level or level ground. For walking up grades above 10%, this distinction no longer holds for some individuals. Definitions based on the percentage of the stride during which a foot is in contact with the ground of greater than 50% contact corresponds well with identification of'inverted pendulum' mechanics and are indicative of walking for animals with any number of limbs, although this definition is incomplete. Running humans and animals may have contact periods greater than 50% of a gait cycle when rounding corners, running uphill or carrying loads. Speed is another factor. Although walking speeds can vary depending on many factors such as height, age, surface, culture and fitness, the average human walking speed at crosswalks is about 5.0 kilometres per hour, or about 1.4 meters per second, or about 3.1 miles per hour. Specific studies have found pedestrian walking speeds at crosswalks ranging from 4.51 kilometres per hour to 4.75 kilometres per hour for older individuals and from 5.32 kilometres per hour to 5.43 kilometres per hour for younger individuals.
Champion racewalkers can average more than 14 kilometres per hour over a distance of 20 kilometres. An average human child achieves independent walking ability at around 11 months old. Regular, brisk exercise of any kind can improve confidence, energy, weight control and life expectancy and reduce stress, it can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, bowel cancer and osteoporosis. Scientific studies have shown that walking, besides its physical benefits, is beneficial for the mind, improving memory skills, learning ability and abstract reasoning, as well as ameliorating spirits. Sustained walking sessions for a minimum period of thirty to sixty minutes a day, five days a week, with the correct walking posture, reduce health risks and have various overall health benefits, such as reducing the chances of cancer, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, anxiety disorder and depression. Life expectancy is increased for individuals suffering from obesity or high blood pressure.
Walking improves bone health strengthening the hip bone, lowering the harmful low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, raising the useful high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Studies have found that walking may help prevent dementia and Alzheimer's; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's fact sheet on the "Relationship of Walking to Mortality Among U. S. Adults with Diabetes" states that those with diabetes who walked for 2 or more hours a week lowered their mortality rate from all causes by 39 per cent. "Walking lengthened the life of people with diabetes regardless of age, race, body mass index, length of time since diagnosis, presence of complications or functional limitations." It has been suggested that there is a relationship between the speed of walking and health, that the best results are obtained with a speed of more than 2.5 mph. Governments now recognize the benefits of walking for mental and physical health and are encouraging it; this growing emphasis on walking has arisen.
In the UK, a Department of Transport report found that between 1995/97 and 2005 the average number of walk trips per person fell by 16%, from 292 to 245 per year. Many professionals in local authorities and the NHS are employed to halt this decline by ensuring that the built environment allows people to walk and that there are walking opportunities available to them. Professionals working to encourage walking come from six sectors: health, environment, schools and recreation, urban design. One programme to encourage walking is "The Walking the Way to Health Initiative", organized by the British walkers association The Ramblers, the largest volunteer led walking scheme in the United Kingdom. Volunteers are trained to lead free Health Walks from community venues such as libraries and doctors' surgeries; the scheme has trained over 35,000 volunteers and have over 500 schemes operating across the UK, with thousands of people walking every week. A new organization called "Walk England" launched
Great Allegheny Passage
The Great Allegheny Passage is a rail trail in Maryland and Pennsylvania—the central trail of a network of long-distance hiker-biker trails throughout the Allegheny region of the Appalachian Mountains, connecting Washington, D. C. to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The GAP's first 9-mile section near Ohiopyle, opened in 1986; the 9-mile section between Woodcock Hollow and Cumberland opened on December 13, 2006. In June 2013, thirty-five years after construction first began, the final GAP section was completed at an overall cost of $80 million and gave Pennsylvania the "most open trail miles in the nation"; the completion project was titled The Point Made, because it was now possible to reach Point State Park in Pittsburgh from Washington, D. C. Celebrations took place on June 15, 2013; the multi-use trail, suitable for biking and walking, uses defunct corridors of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and Lake Erie Railroad, Union Railroad and the Western Maryland Railway—extending 150 miles from Cumberland, Maryland to Point State Park in downtown Pittsburgh, includes the 52-mile branch to the Pittsburgh International Airport.
Completing a continuous, non-motorized corridor from Point State Park 335 miles to Washington, D. C. the GAP connects with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal towpath trail, which runs 184.5 miles between Cumberland and Washington, D. C; the Allegheny Trail Alliance —a coalition of seven trail organizations related to the GAP maintains the 150–mile GAP, a segment of the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail, one of eight nationally designated scenic trails. The trail's formal name, the Great Allegheny Passage, was selected in 2001 by the ATA "after six years and more than 100 proposals" as "a name evocative of the geography and historical heritage" of the trail, having been suggested by Bill Metzger, editor of the ATA newsletter; the trail used a temporary name, the "Cumberland and Pittsburgh Trail", before its official name was adopted. The second runner-up title for the trail was the "Allegheny Frontier Trail"; the route is traversed by "through-travelers" including hikers and cyclists—in portion or entirety.
Notable landmarks along the trail include: Point State Park in downtown Pittsburgh, where the Allegheny River meets the Monongahela River to form the Ohio River Carrie Furnace, part of the Steel Valley Heritage Trail, along the Monongahela River. Kennywood amusement park near Duquesne, Pennsylvania. Dead Man's Hollow, former site of the Union Sewer Pipe Company located outside of McKeesport, now a 440-acre nature preserve and spur trail Dravo Cemetery the Seneca tribe's village known as Cyrie the home of the Dravo Methodist Church and Cemetery. Now a popular camping area and rest spot near Buena Vista, Pennsylvania. Connellsville trestles, 2 long bridges near Connellsville, PA Ohiopyle State Park, bisected by the Youghiogheny, the most popular whitewater destination on the east coast. Fallingwater, a national architectural landmark designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Located close to the trail, but not accessible from it. Pinkerton Trestles and Tunnel, a trestle, 849 feet long tunnel and trestle between the Markleton and Fort Hill trailheads Salisbury Viaduct, 1,908 feet, up to 100 feet high across the Casselman River valley Meyersdale, Pennsylvania Museum Bollman Truss Bridge in Meyersdale, one of the two surviving cast-iron truss bridges in North America the Eastern Continental Divide, the highest point of the trail, passes through a short tunnel with murals of the area's history and a map of the trail's elevation contours.
Big Savage Tunnel, 3,295 feet, the lit tunnel, carries the trail through Big Savage Mountain two miles east of the Eastern Continental Divide with a scenic vista just east of the tunnel—closed December 1 to April 1 in protection from seasonal snow and ice. Mason–Dixon line: the border where the trail crosses between Pennsylvania and Maryland Borden Tunnel: 957 feet long, unlighted. Western Maryland Scenic Railroad, a working steam railroad operating next to the trail from Cumberland, Maryland to the college town of Frostburg, along the original trackage of the Western Maryland Railway. Brush Tunnel: 914 feet long, lighted. Cumberland Bone Cave: (two or three miles west of Cumberland, Maryland: an archeological site containing bones of saber-toothed cats and other extinct animals, discovered during construction of the railroad. Canal Place, the head of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in Cumberland, where the C&O meets the former Western Maryland Railway and rail-trail. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Montour Trail Ohio River Trail Three Rivers Heritage Trail Erie to Pittsburgh Trail Youghiogheny River Trail List of rail trails Allegheny Trail Alliance - comprehensive GAP web site Youghiogheny River Trail Pennsylvania DCNR Trail web page U.
S. National Park Service, C&O Canal Towpath web page GAP Graphic Identity and Sign Guidelines Manual
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, netting and trapping. “Fishing” may include catching aquatic animals other than fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods and echinoderms. The term is not applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, such as whales where the term whaling is more appropriate. In addition to being caught to be eaten, fish are caught as recreational pastimes. Fishing tournaments are held, caught fish are sometimes kept as preserved or living trophies; when bioblitzes occur, fish are caught and released. According to the United Nations FAO statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture provide direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an additional 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish farms.
Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to at least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern human from eastern Asia, has shown that he consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as shell middens, discarded fish bones, cave paintings show that sea foods were important for survival and consumed in significant quantities. Fishing in Africa is evident early on in human history. Neanderthals were fishing by about 200,000 BC to have a source of food for their families and to trade or sell. People could have developed basketry for fish traps, spinning and early forms of knitting in order to make fishing nets to be able to catch more fish in larger quantities. During this period, most people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and were, of necessity on the move. However, where there are early examples of permanent settlements such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are always associated with fishing as a major source of food.
The British dogger was an early type of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the modern fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than before due to the ongoing depletion of stocks, occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon; the Brixham trawler that evolved there was of a sleek build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to make long distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They were sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep water; the great trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-Sea Fisheries'. This revolutionary design made large scale trawling in the ocean possible for the first time, resulting in a massive migration of fishermen from the ports in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Grimsby and Yarmouth, that were points of access to the large fishing grounds in the Atlantic Ocean.
The small village of Grimsby grew to become the largest fishing port in the world by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was first obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to make it deeper, it was only in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849; the dock covered 25 acres and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the first modern fishing port. The elegant Brixham trawler spread across the world. By the end of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in commission in Britain, with 1,000 at Grimsby; these trawlers were sold to fishermen including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to form the nucleus of the German fishing fleet; the earliest steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing as well as lines and drift nets.
These were large boats 80–90 feet in length with a beam of around 20 feet. They travelled at 9 -- 11 knots; the earliest purpose built fishing vessels were designed and made by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built. Steam trawlers were introduced at Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated; the steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II. In 1931, the first powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen; the drum was a circular device, set to the side of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been used; the first trawlers fished over the side, rather than over the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Scotland.
The ship was much larger than any other trawlers in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler'. As the ship pulled its nets over the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul of up to 60 tons; the ship served as a basis for the expansion of'su
Billy Goat Trail
The Billy Goat Trail is a 4.7-mile hiking trail that follows a path between the C&O Canal and the Potomac River within the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park near Great Falls in Montgomery County, Maryland. The trail has three sections: Section A, the northernmost, is 1.7 miles. Section A of the trail, by far the most popular, is on Bear Island and traverses rough and rocky terrain, including a steep climb along a cliff face along the Potomac River's Mather Gorge. At another point in the trail, hikers are required to scramble around huge boulders. Sections B and C are less strenuous. Most of the trail is well marked with light blue trail blazes. Section A is best accessed from the Great Falls Tavern Visitor Center. Section B and Section C are best accessed from Maryland. All sections of the trail are free, although an entrance fee is charged when entering and parking near the Great Falls Tavern Visitor Center. No fee is charged. Dogs are not allowed on Section A, nor on Olmsted Island, but are permitted on a leash at all times everywhere else in the park.
It takes about 2 1/2 hours to do the Section A loop from the parking lot. The three sections of the trail do not connect directly with each other, but are connected to each other by the towpath along the C&O Canal; the end point of section C is about 2.75 miles southeast along the towpath from the starting point of section A. Pictures are upstream to downstream on the trail. Great Falls Trail Descriptions from the National Park Service website Great Falls Trail Map, Page 1 and Page 2 from the National Park Service website The Washington Post. City Guide: Billy Goat Trail
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park is located in the District of Columbia and the states of Maryland and West Virginia. The park was established in 1961 as a National Monument by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to preserve the neglected remains of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and many of its original structures; the canal and towpath trail extends along the Potomac River from Georgetown, Washington, D. C. to Cumberland, Maryland, a distance of 184.5 miles. In 2013, the path was designated as the first section of U. S. Bicycle Route 50. Construction on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal began in 1828 and ended in 1850 when the canal reached Cumberland, far short of its intended destination of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. There was talk of extending the 184.5-mile canal: for example, an 1874 proposal to dig an 8.4-mile tunnel through the Allegheny Mountains, there was a tunnel built to connect with the Pennsylvania canal. Though the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad beat the canal to Cumberland by eight years, the canal was not obsolete.
Only in the mid-1870s did larger locomotives and the adoption of air brakes allow the railroad to set rates lower than the canal, sealing its fate. The C&O Canal operated from 1831 to 1924 and served to transport coal from the Allegheny Mountains to Washington D. C; the canal was closed in 1924, in part due to several severe floods that devastated the canal's financial condition. In 1938, the abandoned canal was obtained from the B&O Railroad by the United States in exchange for a loan from the federal Reconstruction Finance Corporation; the government planned to restore it as a recreation area. Additionally, it was viewed as a project for employment for the jobless during the Great Depression. By 1940, the first 22 miles of the canal were repaired and rewatered, from Georgetown to Violettes lock and returned to operating condition by African-American enrollees with the Civilian Conservation Corps; the first Canal Clipper boat, giving mule driven rides, began in 1941. It was replaced by the John Quincy Adams in the 1960s.
The project was halted when the United States entered World War II and resources were needed elsewhere. In 1941, Harry Athey suggested to President Franklin Roosevelt that the canal could be converted into an underground highway or a bomb shelter with its roof for landing airplanes; the whole idea was deemed impractical due to the river's periodic flooding. In 1942, freshets destroyed the rewatered sections of the canal. National Park Service official Arthur E. Demaray pressed that the canal from Dam #1 be restored, to supply water to the Dalecarlia Reservoir in case sabotage or bombing destroyed the normal conduits of water. Since this transformed the canal into a concern of national security, in 1942, the War Production Board approved the work. By 1943, Congress had funded the work, repairs were done, the Park Service resumed boat trips in October 1943; the Congress expressed interest in developing the towpath as a parkway. Because of the flooding from the 1920s to the 1940s, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building 14 dams, that would have permanently inundated 74 miles of towpath, as well as the Monocacy and Antietam aqueducts.
Around 1945, the Corps wanted to remove Dam #8, which would destroy any hope of rewatering the canal above Dam #5, as well as put a levee around in the Cumberland area. Much of this was done, with the NPS cooperating with the Corps, since maintaining an operating canal all the way to Cumberland was too expensive, as well as wanting to preserve the western parts of the canal; the idea of turning the canal over to automobiles was opposed by some, including United States Supreme Court Associate Justice William O. Douglas. In March 1954, Douglas led an eight-day hike of the towpath from Cumberland to D. C. Although 58 people participated in one part of the hike or another, only nine men, including Douglas, hiked the full 184.5 miles. Following this hike, Justice Douglas formed a committee to be known as the C&O Canal Association in 1957, which would draft plans to preserve and protect the Canal. Serving as the chairman of this group, his commitment to the park proved successful. In 1958, a bicycle trail was built on the 12 miles of the towpath, from Georgetown's Mule Bridge at 34th Street in Washington, DC to Widewater, MD.
The trail was built by laying crushed blue stone over the muddy towpath. It opened on November 22, 1958. In 1961, President Dwight Eisenhower made the canal a National Monument under the Antiquities Act, but that hardened the opposition to making the canal a national park. There was some support for making the Potomac River a national river instead. Within ten years, the political climate had changed, realizing that the national river plan was unsupportable, the idea of turning the canal into a historic park had little opposition; the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Act established the canal as a National Historical Park and President Richard Nixon signed it into law on January 8, 1971. The winter and summer of 1996 saw two separate floods. Following a blizzard in January, heavy rains washed away the snow and caused extreme flooding and run-off; this major winter flood swept across 80 to 90 percent of the canal and towpath, causing high waters, along with the adjacent Potomac River.
Erosion due to the floods lead to heavy damages to the towpath and much of the infrastructure of the canal and park. Following the winter flood, there was an overwhelming need for volunteers in response to the damages caused. In September, Hurricane Fran caused more damage to the canal in multiple parts, requiring workers and volunteers to restore and reconstruct the towpath and re-water the canal, sever
Cockeysville is a census-designated place in Baltimore County, United States. The population was 20,776 at the 2010 census. Cockeysville was named after the Cockey family. Thomas Cockey settled in Limestone Valley in 1725 at Taylor's Hall. Joshua Frederick Cockey built one of the first homes in the area in 1798 and built the first commercial structure, a hotel, in 1810 in what would become the village of Cockeysville, his son, Judge Joshua F. Cockey, was a lifelong resident in the village; as a businessman before being appointed as judge, in the 1830s he built the train station and accompanying commercial buildings. Cockeysville was the scene of some Civil War activity. Confederate soldiers pushed into the Baltimore area, intending to cut off the city and Washington from the north. On July 10, 1864, Confederate cavalry under General Bradley T. Johnson entered Cockeysville, destroying telegraph lines and track along the Northern Central Railway, they burned the first bridge over the Gunpowder Falls, just beyond nearby Ashland.
After the war, Joshua F. Cockey III founded the National Bank of Cockeysville and other commercial ventures in the community, as well as developing dwellings along the York Turnpike that made up the village of Cockeysville. Stone Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Baltimore County School No. 7 was listed in 2000. Cockeysville is home to the Cockeysville Branch of the Baltimore County Public Library and the Historical Society of Baltimore County. Baltimore County Public Schools operates public schools: Padonia International Elementary Warren Elementary School Cockeysville Middle School Dulaney High School Private: St. Joseph School The Grand Lodge of Maryland, Ancient and Accepted Masons, is located in Cockeysville on a 250-acre campus, it includes a castle-like structure known as Bonnie Blink, the retirement home for Master Masons, Eastern Star ladies and eligible family members. Located throughout the Grand Lodge are detailed, hand-laid tile storyboards depicting Masonic themes.
Adjacent to the Grand Lodge building is the Freemason's Hall, containing the Maryland Grand Lodge Museum. The museum has the desk that George Washington resigned his commission on, prior to becoming President, a rare Latin Bible from 1482, some jewels and regalia of Maryland's past Grand Masters; the Texas Quarry, near of the intersection of I-83 and Warren Road, dating back to the 19th century, produces limestone and marble, including the marble used in the first phase of construction of the Washington Monument, the whiter portion towards the bottom half of the monument. During the second phase of construction the monument had to be finished using a different-colored stone, most of which came from the Beaver Dam Quarry near the intersection of Beaver Dam Road and McCormick Road. Blocks of local marble were used in 1836 as rail supports in the track bed for the Padonia Road section of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad. Cockeysville is located at 39°28′24″N 76°37′36″W, north of the Baltimore Beltway along Interstate 83 and York Road.
It is bordered on the east by Loch Raven Reservoir, on the south by Timonium, on the west by rural Baltimore County. Most commercial activity is concentrated along York Road. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.5 square miles, of which 11.4 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles of it is water. The Precambrian, Cambrian, or Ordovician Cockeysville Marble underlies much of Cockeysville and has been quarried there. Cockeysville lies in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone. Summers are hot and humid, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms, last from April through November. July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 75.5 °F. Spring and fall are brief and pleasant. Winters vary from mild to chilly, with lighter rain showers of longer duration and occasional snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of 33.5 °F. Rainfall is abundant and evenly spread throughout the year, with each month averaging around 4 inches of precipitation.
Due to the town's location at a higher elevation in the Piedmont region, temperatures are lower than in the city of Baltimore. Baltimore-Harrisburg Expressway Beaver Dam Road Cranbrook Road McCormick Road Padonia Road Paper Mill Road Shawan Road Tufton Avenue Warren Road York Road The Maryland Transit Administration's Light RailLink line runs through Cockeysville; the Warren Road stop is the stop in the area. Bus Route 93 operates along some other roads in the area; the area used to be served by the Northern Central Railway, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Located on the PRR's Baltimore-Harrisburg mainline, Cockeysville saw the passage of many named interstate passenger trains as late as the 1960s, such as the Liberty Limited and the General to Chicago. President Abraham Lincoln traveled through Cockeysville on the Northern Central Railway en route to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver the Gettysburg Address in 1863. Less than two years on April 21, 1865, Lincoln's funeral train passed through Cockeysville on its way from Washington, D.
C. to his final rest