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Toucans are members of the Neotropical near passerine bird family Ramphastidae. The Ramphastidae are most related to the American barbets, they have large, often-colorful bills. The family includes five genera and over forty different species. Toucans are arboreal and lay 2–21 white eggs in their nests, they make their nests in tree hollows and holes excavated by other animals such as woodpeckers—the toucan bill has limited use as an excavation tool. When the eggs hatch, the young emerge naked, without any down. Toucans do not migrate. Toucans are found in pairs or small flocks, they sometimes fence with their bills and wrestle, which scientists hypothesize they do to establish dominance hierarchies. The name of this bird group is derived from the Tupi word tukana, via Portuguese; the family includes toucans and toucanets. The toucan family has five extant genera as follows: Toucans range in size from the lettered aracari, at 130 g and 29 cm, to the toco toucan, at 680 g and 63 cm, their bodies are compact.

The tail varies in length, from half the length to the whole length of the body. The neck is thick; the wings are small, as they are forest-dwelling birds who only need to travel short distances, are of about the same span as the bill-tip-to-tail-tip measurements of the bird. The legs of the toucan are rather short, their toes are arranged in pairs with the fourth toes turned backward. The majority of toucans do not show any sexual dimorphism in their coloration, the genus Selenidera being the most notable exception to this rule. However, the bills of female toucans are shorter and sometimes straighter, giving more of a "blocky" impression compared to male bills; the feathers in the genus containing the largest toucans are purple, with touches of white and scarlet, black. The underparts of the araçaris are yellow, crossed by one or more red bands; the toucanets have green plumage with blue markings. The colorful and large bill, which in some large species measures more than half the length of the body, is the hallmark of toucans.

Despite its size, the toucan's bill is light, being composed of bone struts filled with spongy tissue of keratin between them. This deep light-weight construction is the most efficient in terms of strength/weight ratio - like a bridge truss as compared to a beam - so would explain the depth of the bill in the absence of any adaptive penalties associated with a deeper bill as compared with a more compact bill of equal length, which would have to be heavier; the bill has forward-facing serrations resembling teeth, which led naturalists to believe that toucans captured fish and were carnivorous. Researchers have discovered that the large bill of the toucan is a efficient thermoregulation system, though its size may still be advantageous in other ways, it does aid in their feeding behavior, it has been theorized that the bill may intimidate smaller birds, so that the toucan may plunder nests undisturbed. The beak allows the bird to reach deep into tree-holes to access food unavailable to other birds, to ransack suspended nests built by smaller birds.

A toucan's tongue is long, narrow and singularly frayed on each side, adding to its sensitivity as a tasting organ. A structural complex unique to toucans involves the modification of several tail vertebrae; the rear three vertebrae are attached to the spine by a ball and socket joint. Because of this, toucans may snap their tail forward; this is the posture in which they sleep appearing as a ball of feathers, with the tip of the tail sticking out over the head. Toucans are native to the Neotropics, from Southern Mexico, through Central America, into South America south to northern Argentina, they live in the lowland tropics, but the montane species from the genus Andigena reach temperate climates at high altitudes in the Andes and can be found up to the tree line. For the most part the toucans are forest species, restricted to primary forests, they will enter secondary forests to forage, but are limited to forests with large old trees that have holes large enough to breed in. Toucans are poor dispersers across water, have not reached the West Indies.

The only non-forest living toucan is the toco toucan, found in savannah with forest patches and open woodlands. Toucans are social and most species occur in groups of up to 20 or more birds for most of the time. Pairs may retire from the groups during the breeding season return with their offspring after the breeding season. Larger groups may form during irruptions, migration or around a large fruiting tree. Toucans spend time sparring with their bills, tag-chasing and calling, during the long time it takes for fruit to digest; these behaviours may be related to maintenance of the pair bond or establishing dominance hierarchies, but the digestion time of fruit, which can take up to 75 minutes during which the toucan can't feed, provide this social time. Toucans are frugivorous, but are opportunistically omnivorous and will take prey such as insects, smaller birds


MSConfig is a system utility to troubleshoot the Microsoft Windows startup process. It can disable or re-enable software, device drivers and Windows services that run at startup, or change boot parameters, it is bundled with all versions of Microsoft Windows operating systems since Windows 98 except Windows 2000. Windows 95 and Windows 2000 users can download the utility as well, although it was not designed for them. MSConfig is used for speeding up the Microsoft Windows startup process of the machine. According to Microsoft, MSConfig was not meant to be used as a startup management program. MSConfig is a troubleshooting tool, used to temporarily disable or re-enable software, device drivers or Windows services that run during startup process to help the user determine the cause of a problem with Windows; some of its functionality varies by Windows versions: In Windows 98 and Windows Me, it can configure advanced troubleshooting settings pertaining to these operating systems. It can launch common system tools.

In Windows 98, it can restore startup files. In Windows Me, it has been updated with three new tabs called "Static VxDs", "Environment" and "International"; the Static VxDs tab allows users to enable or disable static virtual device drivers to be loaded at startup, the Environment tab allows users to enable or disable environment variables, the International tab allows users to set international language keyboard layout settings that were set via the real-mode MS-DOS configuration files. A "Cleanup" button on the "Startup" tab allows cleaning up deleted startup entries. In Windows Me and Windows XP versions, it can restore an individual file from the original Windows installation set. On Windows NT-based operating systems prior to Windows Vista, it can set various BOOT. INI switches. In Windows XP and Windows Vista, it can hide all operating system services for troubleshooting. In Windows Vista and the tool allows configuring various switches for Windows Boot Manager and Boot Configuration Data.

It gained additional support for launching a variety of tools, such as system information, other configuration areas, such as Internet options, the ability to enable/disable UAC. An update is available for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 that adds the Tools tab

We Built This Glee Club

"We Built This Glee Club" is the eleventh episode of the sixth season of the American musical television series Glee, the 119th overall. The episode was written by Aristotle Kousakis, directed by Joaquin Sedillo, first aired on March 13, 2015, on Fox in the United States; the episode features the Show Choir Sectionals competition, with New Directions desperate to win and save their club. Rachel Berry must decide whether to accept a role in a new Broadway show or return to school at NYADA. Sue Sylvester, the new coach of Vocal Adrenaline, is going all out in her perennial efforts to defeat New Directions, though she claims to have had other plans; the episode features the return of special guest star Jonathan Groff as Jesse St. James. While New Directions practice a dance routine for the imminent Sectionals competition, their new members from the Warblers complain that Roderick and Spencer Porter are poor dancers, will ruin the number. Kitty Wilde suggests that they stay in the back for the good of the team, they go to her for help with their dancing.

While they practice, Spencer injures his ankle. Football coach Sheldon Beiste diagnoses a severe sprain, recommends that he not compete, but Spencer insists that he be given a cortisone shot on the day of Sectionals despite the risk of permanent damage to his ankle. Sam Evans continues to urge Rachel Berry to return to school at NYADA, while she seems more intent on accepting the role she has been offered on Broadway. Alone, she begins to sing and is joined by former boyfriend and rival Jesse St. James, who tells her that he is the male lead in that Broadway musical and urges her to take the part. Kurt Hummel and Rachel talk, he tells her that she has the rare chance to revisit her decision of a year ago and take a different path, though he will support her whatever she decides. Boxes placed in the choir room turn out to be glitter bombs, which inundate the room and destroy the piano. People throughout the school are vomiting, Will Schuester discovers that Sue Sylvester tainted the water supply and sent the bombs.

She firebombs his car. Will gets his revenge by masquerading as Sue's hairdresser and forcibly shaving her head bald. At Sectionals, the Falconers go first. Vocal Adrenaline, coached by Sue, wearing a wig resembling her normal hair, does an elaborate performance with set pieces, ending their final song with a pair of human cannonballs. Rachel leads New Directions in a show circle pep talk before their set. Spencer is about to get his cortisone shot, but Roderick stops him, offers another plan: Spencer appears in "Chandelier" by swinging in on one of the stage's chandeliers, sings and dances in the final number while on crutches. After the judges deliberate, New Directions wins Sectionals, with a disgruntled Vocal Adrenaline in second place. Afterward, Sue meets Will and claims that because Will was one of the few people to stand up for her during the recent television exposé of her by Geraldo Rivera, she planned her pranks to help New Directions perform better, deliberately sabotaged Vocal Adrenaline by devising a performance that would alienate the judges.

Rachel finds Jesse in the auditorium, tells him that she has decided to return to NYADA, has turned down the Broadway role. Jesse is disappointed but understanding, they kiss. New Directions says goodbye to Rachel as they place the Sectionals trophy in their trophy case, decide to bring back the trophies from past years. Sue observes this from the hallway with a small smile; the episode was written by first-time Glee writer and script coordinator Aristotle Kousakis, directed by first-time Glee director and regular director of photography Joaquin Sedillo. Special guest star Jonathan Groff returned as former Vocal Adrenaline lead singer and coach Jesse St. James. Recurring characters included New Directions members Kitty Wilde, Spencer Porter, Mason McCarthy, Madison McCarthy, Jane Hayward, Myron Muskovitz and Alistair, returning Sectionals judges Rod Remington and Donna Landries, Vocal Adrenaline lead singer Clint. Fortune Feimster is introduced as Butch Melman, a champion dog trainer who judges the Sectionals competition.

The episode features seven musical cover versions. "Listen to Your Heart" by Roxette is sung by Groff. "Broken Wings" by Mr. Mister is sung by the Falconers. "We Built This City" by Starship and "Mickey" by Toni Basil are sung by George with Vocal Adrenaline. "Take Me to Church" by Hozier is sung by Guthrie, Tobin and New Directions. "Chandelier" by Sia is sung by Dreyfuss, Tobin and New Directions. "Come Sail Away" by Styx is sung by Lewis Jr. Dreyfuss, Williams and New Directions. Six of the seven songs, excluding "Broken Wings", were released on the EP Glee: The Music, We Built This Glee Club on March 17, 2015; the episode was watched by 2.02 million viewers and received a 0.7 rating/2 share in the adult 18-49 demographic. Lauren Hoffman from Vulture gave the episode four out of five stars, commented the episode was "a welcome return to form, like slipping under a warm, comfortable blanket." Christopher Rogers from Hollywood Life wrote that "If Glee's trying to go out with a bang, they're accomplishing that—at least in the literal sense."

The A. V. Club's Brandon Nowalk rated the episode a "C−" and stated that "a farewell tour without one last Sylvester scheme would be missing some ineffable quality vital to the genetic make

Warwick railway station, Queensland

Warwick railway station is a heritage-listed railway station on the Southern railway line in Warwick, Southern Downs Region, Australia. It was built from c. 1881 to 1910s. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 24 September 1999. Warwick railway station is an amalgam of buildings dating from the mid 1880s, when this site became the principal railway station in Warwick; the buildings include a sandstone goods shed and passenger station, a turntable, various staff dwelling and recreational buildings, warehouses and a goods sale yard complex. Warwick was established as an administrative centre of the emerging Darling Downs regions in 1847, with a post office being established in the town in 1848; this year saw the first survey work of the embryonic town completed by surveyor, James Charles Burnett, with further surveys in 1850, the first sale of crown land in July 1850. On 24 May 1861, Warwick was granted the status of a municipality, discussions were held soon after concerning the introduction of the railway, in primary stages of planning in Queensland.

The first rail line in Queensland, between Bigge's Camp and Ipswich, opened in 1865, it was always the intention of the early Queensland Government to extend the line to provide the pastoral land to the west of Ipswich with a rail link. The line extended to Toowoomba in 1867. In February 1866, a contract was let for the extension of the railway line from Toowoomba to Warwick; this contract was awarded to David Williams of Muswellbrook for £267,566. But with the financial problems of 1866 the first section of this extension, from Toowoomba to Allora was not opened until March 1869 and from there an extension to Warwick was completed for the grand opening attended by the Acting Governor on 10 January 1871. One of the principal forces shaping the government's construction of the line from Toowoomba to Warwick was the minimising the cost involved, hence, the cheapest possible route was chosen; this explains why the location of the first terminus at Warwick was chosen to the north of the town and thereby not requiring a bridge over the Condamine River.

This initial terminus, known as Mill Hill, was furnished with a stone goods' shed and timber station building, but was only a temporary facility as the location of the Warwick terminus was resited when plans for extension of the railway line were realised. The discovery of tin at Stanthorpe prompted the government to make surveys for extending the train line from Warwick to Stanthorpe in 1873; this extension made necessary the construction of a bridge across the Condamine River and therefore another railway station was established closer to the settlement although both stations continued for some time simultaneously. In 1885 this second station became the main terminal station at Warwick and has remains so to this day; the extension of railway was opened on 3 May 3, 1881 at which time a platform and closets were erected. A shelter shed was erected on the site in 1882; the station was known as the East Warwick railway station until 1885. A plan was instigated in that year for the redevelopment of the newly deemed terminal station, fortunate as the former station buildings on the site were destroyed by fire on 10 August 1887 just as the redevelopment plan was nearing completion.

This redevelopment was spurred by the planned extension of the line to the New South Wales border at Wallangarra, agreed to by the Queensland Parliament in August 1884. Warwick was planned as a major station on this route. Tenders were called on 22 June 1886 for the construction of a passenger station and goods shed at the new Warwick terminal station; the contract for the goods shed was let to MT O'Brien for £2,710 and for the passenger station to R Godsall and others for £5,624. A 40-foot turntable was planned for Warwick at this time; these were the second set of tenders called for the station buildings as the previous tenderers were all too high. A report in the Warwick Examiner and Times published on October 12, 1887 describes the progress on the redevelopment plan of the site. Implicit in this report was the frustration felt by the local Warwick community over the lack of official commitment to the project manifest in the "passable appearance" of the passenger station, the prolonged time taken for the tendering process and the lack of funding available.

This perceived lack of support was thought to reflect the Queensland Government's uncaring disposition toward Warwick at the time. The article does not mention an architect, but does say "the architecture is not of a elaborate character, is said by connoisseurs not to be of a particular order, being a "homologation" of various orders, such as flitted across the mind of the draftsman when preparing the plans."Whilst thus dismissed the passenger station constructed was a substantial single storeyed stone building, with rendered brick portico of classical derivation. A stone kitchen was built adjacent to the station building. An early description of the passenger station describes verandah awnings attached to the eastern side of the building which provide shelter over the platforms; the awnings were supported on cast iron columns on stone bases and with cast iron brackets from the top. This awning was replaced in September 1934 when the extant steel cantilevered awnings were constructed. According to early photographs of the building, the roof of the passenger station was covered with a both rolled iron sections and corrugated iron sections.

J McCulloch, the prominent Warwick stonemason responsible for St Mark's and St Andrew's Churches, the convent, the courthouse, town hall and central school, superintended the stonework construction of the station. Another major part of the redevelopment plan was fo

Immortality (Fringe)

"Immortality" is the 13th episode of the third season of the American science fiction drama television series Fringe, the 56th episode overall. In the episode, the Fringe Division of the parallel universe investigates a series of deaths caused by flesh-eating "skelter beetles", unleashed by a mad scientist. Abutbul, Seth Gabel, Kirk Acevedo, Philip Winchester, Ryan McDonald, Joan Chen appeared as guest stars; the episode was written by co-executive producer David Wilcox and story editor Ethan Gross, was directed by filmmaker Brad Anderson. "Immortality" first aired in the United States on February 11, 2011 to an estimated 3.7 million viewers, a 12.5 percent decrease from the previous week. Time shifted viewing led to an addition of 64 percent to the week's original ratings, but lead actor Joshua Jackson still expressed concern for the show's future, urging fans to watch the series live on Fridays. Television critics viewed the episode positively, with one praising it for offering "a creepy case, a great villain, a pertinent plot twist".

In the parallel universe, Lincoln has been promoted to head of the Fringe Division, while Fauxlivia welcomes back Frank, her boyfriend, working as part of the Centers for Disease Control to deal with an outbreak in North Texas for the last several weeks. The division is alerted to a case, eaten from the inside by insects, they identify the insects as "skelter beetles", surprising as they had been assumed to have become extinct some ten years earlier along with sheep, the only host they can survive in. Frank is brought in to consult on the case at Lincoln's request, proposes marriage to Fauxlivia, who accepts. A second case occurs a few days another man killed by the beetles, but they find the beetles to be larger and more mature. From the second victim's movements, they identify the culprit as Dr. Armand Silva, a former scientist. Dr. Silva was working on a cure for avian flu using the skelter beetle, but his research was terminated with the extinction of the sheep. Fauxlivia and Frank postulate Dr. Silva may be trying to breed the beetles in humans, who share similar biological features with sheep.

Fauxlivia and Lincoln track Dr. Silva's location, an abandoned building, separate. Dr. Silva locks Lincoln in a cold storage room, while Fauxlivia falls through a weakened floor and passes out, she finds herself secured to a chair. Dr. Silva explains to Fauxlivia that he wants to see through the end of his research, needing only one more human host for a final gestation cycle to birth the queen beetle from which the beetle species, his cure, can be sustained. Fauxlivia feels pains in her body when Dr. Silva implies the last cycle has begun, believing herself to be the host. By Lincoln has broken out of the cold locker and called for backup. Frank rushes Fauxlivia to a hospital. Dr. Silva reveals he was the last host, implores Lincoln to remember his name as he extracts the live queen beetle from his body and dies. Meanwhile, Frank discovers Fauxlivia is pregnant. At the hospital, the fetus is found to be six weeks old. Frank realizes he was away at that time, accuses Fauxlivia of sleeping with another man, leaves her.

Fauxlivia cries to herself, realizing her child's father is Peter from her time in the prime universe. In a side plot, Walternate has recovered the portion of the doomsday machine that Fauxlivia has secured from the prime universe, has discovered the formulation for Cortexiphan from his tests on Olivia, but refuses to allow it to be tested on children; when he hears of Fauxlivia's pregnancy with his grandchild, Walternate comforts her and offers his complete support for her, believing the child to be another way to bring Peter voluntarily back to the parallel universe. "Immortality" was written by co-executive producer David Wilcox and story editor Ethan Gross, was directed by frequent Fringe collaborator Brad Anderson. Around the time the episode aired, executive producer and showrunner J. H. Wyman said of Anderson, "If we come up with this great concept and say,'That's going to be tricky to shoot,' we know he's going to transcend it because he just has that way of looking at film as a feature director where anything's possible."

Wyman and fellow executive producer and showrunner Jeff Pinkner planned the Fauxlivia pregnancy storyline since they conceived her character. The episode's premise was based on an extinct type of beetle, which caused trouble for guest actor Kirk Acevedo, as he had a fear of bugs. Pinkner commented in an interview that Acevedo "has a primal fear of bugs and had to act with a bunch of live bugs and fake bugs, all of which terrified him, and we didn't know. But he was heroic despite, he conquered his fears, awesome". Upon discovering her character Fauxlivia would be pregnant, Wyman described Anna Torv's reaction, "She was up for it! All our cast has such a terrific attitude, they get as excited. They embrace the ideas. She's had a lot of challenges and she's met them with such aplomb. She's terrific, she was happy!" In addition to Acevedo, other recurring guest actors included Seth Gabel as Lincoln Lee, Philip Winchester as Frank Stanton, Ryan McDonald as Brandon Fayette. In his only guest-starring role for the series, Alon Aboutboul appeared as the episode's main villain, Dr. Armand Silva.

Former Twin Peaks star Joan Chen made an appearance as Walternate's lover. After the episode bro

Evil Ruins

Evil Ruins is an adventure for fantasy role-playing games published by Mayfair Games in 1984. Evil Ruins is a scenario for character levels 2-5 based on Saxon legendry and set in an actual historical castle. Somewhere within the ruins of a castle is the secret to the mysterious death of Ethelwaine, heir to the throne of Tintagel. If the player characters succeed in clearing things up, the Castle of Tintagel can be reclaimed as a religious retreat; the journey to the castle includes encounters with thieving squirrels, intelligent spiders, an NPC whose help the adventurers need if they are to find their hidden destination. The castle itself has been demolished by sinister forces and a four-level underground dungeon is left for the party to explore. Evil Ruins was written by Stephen T. Bourne and Martin F. King, was published by Mayfair Games in 1984 as a 32-page book; the adventure module was part of the Role Aids line and was suitable for Dungeons & Dragons or similar systems. Rick Swan reviewed the adventure in The Space Gamer No. 72.

He commented "In the introduction to Evil Ruins, the designers state that the module is intended as an'intellectual challenge,' but don't take that claim too seriously. For the most part, Evil Ruins is a straightforward search-the-dungeon adventure with a mystery grafted on to give the players some motivation." Swan added that "Care has been taken to insured that each succeeding level is more forboding than the one before. He continued: "The main problem with Evil Ruins is. Inside the castle, there are no real surprises for experienced players, what with the usual monsters guarding the usual treasures. Worse, the game comes to an awkward halt if the players don't stumble upon the correct artifact or NPC with the crucial clue that leads to the next encounter. Independent-minded players may be frustrated by the amount of nudging needed from the GM to keep them on the right path." Swan concluded his review by saying, "Still, Evil Ruins is a competent production and, in the RoleAids tradition suited for Dungeons & Dragons fans.

Nothing special, but entertaining in a modest way."Chris Hunter reviewed Evil Ruins for Imagine magazine, stated that "Something which should make a good game with a little work is Evil Ruins published by Mayfair Games."