Touring car racing is a motorsport road racing competition with modified road-going cars. It is popular in Argentina, New Zealand, Britain, Germany and Norway, it has both similarities to and significant differences from stock car racing, popular in the United States. While not as fast as Formula One, the similarity of the cars both to each other and to fans' own vehicles makes for entertaining, well-supported racing; the lesser use of aerodynamics means following cars have a much easier time passing than in F1, the more substantial bodies of the cars makes the subtle bumping and nudging for overtaking much more acceptable as part of racing. As well as short "sprint" races, many touring car series include one or more endurance races, which last anything from 3 to 24 hours and are a test of reliability and pit crews as much as car, driver speed, consistency. While rules vary from country to country, most series require that the competitors start with a standard car body, but every other component may be allowed to be modified for racing, including engines, brakes and tyres.
Aerodynamic aids are sometimes added to the rear of the cars. Regulations are designed to limit costs by banning some of the more exotic technologies available and keep the racing close. Touring cars share some similarity with American stock car racing governed by NASCAR. However, touring cars are, at least notionally, derived from production cars while today's NASCAR vehicles are based on a common design. For the casual observer, there can be a great deal of confusion when it comes to classifying closed-wheel racing cars as'touring cars' or'sports cars'. In truth, there is very little technical difference between the two classifications, nomenclature is a matter of tradition. Touring cars are based upon family cars, while GT racing cars are based upon powerful sports cars, such as Ferraris or Lamborghinis. Underneath the bodywork, a touring car is more related to its road-going origins, using many original components and mountings, while some top-flight GT cars are purpose-built tube-frame racing chassis underneath a cosmetic body shell.
More there has been an increasing push to make GT cars closer to the road cars with the GT3 set of regulations. Many touring car series, such as the BTCC and the now-defunct JTCC distinguish themselves from sports car racing by featuring front-wheel drive, four-wheel drive and rear-wheel drive cars with smaller engines. Most sports car championships only allow rear-wheel drive cars. While touring cars have a lower technical level than sports cars, there are some exceptions; the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters is considered to be one of the most technologically advanced racing series in the world, with cars that, underneath their body shells, are more purebred racing machines than most FIA-GT vehicles. When Sports car racing was created in the inter-war period of the 20th century however, sports cars fulfilled the role Touring Cars do today, as the production car variant of racing compared to the specialised vehicles competing in Grand Prix racing. Over time Touring Cars has drifted from its role as racing cars based on modern road cars with categories like NASCAR and DTM having little to no connection to road cars.
This in turn has led to the rise of Production car racing to fulfil the role once performed by Touring Cars and Sports Cars before that. Worldwide Modern World Touring Car Championship started in 2005, evolving from the reborn European Touring Car Championship. Running at major international racing facilities, this series is supported by BMW, SEAT and Chevrolet; the latter fields a works team, whereas the other two only sell racing kits to be installed on their cars, providing technical support to their customers. In 2011 Volvo entered the championship, fielding a one-car team as an evaluation for a possible heavier commitment to the series; the World Touring Car Championship features 1.6-litre cars built to Super 2000 regulations based on FIA Group N. Following the trend of recent FIA rules, cost control is a major theme in the technical regulation. In 2011 the rules concerning the engine capacity have changed, switching from 2000 cc to 1600 cc turbo engines. Cars equipped with the old 2000 cc engines are still eligible in the championship.
Many technologies that have featured in production cars are not allowed, for example: variable valve timing, variable intake geometry, ABS brakes and traction control. United Kingdom The British Touring Car Championship competes at nine circuits in the UK with cars built to Next Generation Touring Car specification, with ballast being used to equalise performance. From 2011, cars that ran to the BTCC's own Next Generation Touring Car specification were eligible to compete in a phased move away from Super 2000 regulations. Cars are 2.0-litre saloons, station wagons and hatchbacks with over 350 bhp and can be front or rear-wheel drive. During the 2016 season manufacturer team entries came from Subaru, MG and Honda. Since BTCC budgets have been kept low, there is a strong independent and privateer presence in the championship. Manufacturers represented by privateers include Vauxhall, Toyota, Volkswagen and Audi. Prior to 2001 the BTCC was contested by cars built to 2.0-litre supertouring regulations and had in its heyday up to nine different manufacturers.
Joachim Winkelhock stated on several occasions that it was t
Holy Cross Church, Epperstone is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England in Epperstone. The church dates from the 13th century, it was restored in 1853 and 1879. It is built with Mansfield stone for the windows and arcade. Services are held for the parishioners. There is a graveyard, with a number of headstones; the end window of the aisle, the small buttress on the north wall and the doorway beside it all appear to belong to the early years of the 14th century. In the 14th century the arcade and spire were built, the tower being inserted into the west end of the nave; the larger buttresses on the north side were added, the nave wall was heightened. The nave roof is 17th century work; the church is in a joint parish with: St Laurence's Church, Gonalston St Swithun's Church, Woodborough St Peter & St Paul's Church, Oxton Memorials include: Robertus Squire, 1701. South chancel Christopheri Raleigh Seton, 1748 Elizabeth Hill, 1756 John Odingsells 1655. South aisle C14 reclining effigy, east wall A clock was installed in the tower in 1686 by Richard Roe of Epperstone.
This was replaced in 1854 by a new one by F. Cope. There are four bells at Epperstone, but only three can be rung, as one bell is used by the clock, which chimes on the hour; the bells are as follows: Treble, with inscription, 1742, God save his Church. Tenor, T. Taylor & Co Loughborough 1865. Second, God save his Church 1729. Third, Jhesus be our spede 1590
Eftyhismenoi mazi or Eutihismenoi Mazi is a Greek comedy TV series, aired in Mega Channel during the seasons 2007-08 and 2008–09. The screenplay was adapted by Spanish series Los Serrano; the series stars Katerina Lehou, Dimitris Mavropoulos and others. It was awarded as the best comedy series in "Prosopa" Greek Television Awards for the season 2008–09, it was one of the most successful series and according to television ratings, it was being watched by over 2.000.000 spectators every week. Dionisis and Eleni get married, the former with three sons and the latter with two daughters from their previous marriages; the cohabitation starts to become difficult each other. But, the love between them is impossible because they are formally relatives, a fact which creates hectic situations in the family. Among the main roles are the Kotsabasis family, the friends of Dionisis and Eleni, Dionisis' brother, Eleni's mother and Dionisis' mother-in-law, the waiter at Dionisis and Spyros' beer house and the children's schoolmates.
Giannis Bezos as Dionisis Mavrotsoukalos Katerina Lehou as Eleni Palaiologou Dimitris Mavropoulos as Spyros Mavrotsoukalos Petros Bousoulopoulos as Markos Mavrotsoukalos Ioanna Pilihou as Eva Palaiologou Aris Tsapis as Thanasis Mavrotsoukalos Evi Daeli as Ifigeneia "Fifi" Palaiologou Tasos Giannopoulos as Makis Kotsampasis Vivi Koka as Vicky Georgiou Alexandra Pantelaki as Ifigeneia Saslidou Thanasis Tsaltabasis as Fotis Mastrapas-Tsigdemoglou Savvas Salipas as Giannakis Mavrotsoukalos Kostas Intzegian as Mitsos Kotsampasis Niki Anastasiou as Afroula The series received the below awards in "Prosopa" Greek Television Awards: Best Comedy TV Series Best actor Best comedy screenplay Eftyhismenoi Mazi on IMDb