The Tournai Cathedral, or Cathedral of Our Lady, is a Roman Catholic church, see of the Diocese of Tournai in Tournai, Belgium. It has been classified both as a Wallonia's major heritage since 1936 and as a World Heritage Site since 2000. There was a diocese centered at Tournai from the late 6th century and this structure of local blue-gray stone occupies rising ground near the south bank of the Scheldt, which divides the city of Tournai into two equal parts. Begun in the 12th century on older foundations, the building combines the work of three design periods with striking effect, the heavy and severe character of the Romanesque nave contrasting remarkably with the Transitional work of the transept and the developed Gothic of the choir; the transept is the most distinctive part of the building, with its cluster of five bell towers and apsidal ends. The nave belongs to the first third of the 12th century. Prefiguring the Early Gothic style, it has a second-tier gallery between the ground-floor arcade and the triforium.
Pilasters between the round-arched windows in the clerestory help support the 18th-century vaulting that replaced the original ceiling, of wood, flat. The transept arms, built in about the mid-12th century, have apsidal ends, a feature borrowed in all probability from certain Rhenish churches, which would appear to have made its influence felt in the northeast of France, as at Noyon and Soissons; the square towers that flank the transept arms reach a height of 83 metres. They vary in detail, some of the arcade work with which they are enriched being in the round-arched and some in the pointed style. Bishop Gautier de Marvis had the earlier Romanesque choir demolished in the 13th century, in order to replace it with a Gothic choir of much grander dimensions, inspired by the likes of Amiens Cathedral; the construction of the new choir began in 1242, ended in 1255. The rest of the cathedral was supposed to be rebuilt in the same style as the choir, but this was never attempted, the only additions being the western porch, a large Gothic chapel, built alongside one of the side aisles, whose original walls and windows disappeared in the process.
The rood screen is a Renaissance masterpiece by Flemish sculptor Cornelis Floris and dates from 1573. The Cathedral was damaged by a severe tornado on the 24 August 1999. Assessment of the damage revealed underlying structural problems and the Cathedral has been undergoing extensive repairs and archaeological investigation since; the Brunin Tower was stabilised in 2003. In recognition of Tournai cathedral's cultural value, UNESCO designated the building a World Heritage Site in the year 2000. Eleutherius of Tournai Nicolas Gombert Adolf, Duke of Guelders Roman Catholic Marian churches Citations Bibliography"Tournai Cathedral". Evaluation by ICOMOS. UNESCO. 2000. Retrieved 7 July 2011. Bony, Jean. French Gothic architecture of the 12th and 13th centuries. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-05586-5. Media related to Cathédrale Notre-Dame at Wikimedia Commons "Complete catalogue of images of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Tournai". Picture Library. Royal Institute for the Study and Conservation of Belgium's Artistic Heritage.
Retrieved 7 July 2011. "Architectural images of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Tournai". Picture Library. Royal Institute for the Study and Conservation of Belgium's Artistic Heritage. Retrieved 7 July 2011. Tournai: Our Lady's Cathedral - from Belgium Travel Network Tournai Cathedral - UNESCO site, contains detailed description and history Cathedral Notre-Dame - from official site of the city of Tournai
The Estates General of French Canada were a series of three assizes held in Montreal, Canada between 1966 and 1969. Organized by the Ligue d'action nationale and coordinated by the Fédération des Sociétés Saint-Jean-Baptistes du Québec, the stated objective of these Estates General was to consult the French-Canadian people on their constitutional future. According to Rosaire Morin, editor of the L'Action nationale review, the idea of the Estates General was launched by the FSSJBQ in 1961. Annual assemblies gathering the representatives of several French-Canadian associations occurred around that time, but these involved no more than 30 people. In May 1963, MLA Jean-Jacques Bertrand presented a motion in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in which he asked for the setting up of "a special committee to prepare the convocation of the French-Canadian General Estates". However, this move was not followed and the initiative of convening the Estates General came from civil society instead of the Quebec Parliament.
In April 1964, the proposal of the FSSJBQ regarding the Estates General was endorsed by various associations and intermediary bodies of Quebec's civil society. In November 1965, a provisional committee composed of 27 members was set up to try to reach out as many associations as possible; the December 1965 issue of L'Action nationale contained a first article treating the subject of the history and functioning of the Estates General in France. A second article on the same subject was published in the February 1966 issue. A third one was intended for the May -- June 1966 issue; the president of the Estates General, lawyer Albert Leblanc, was appointed to the Superior Court of Quebec during the course of the year 1966 and was replaced by law professor Jacques-Yvan Morin. The Preliminary assizes of 1966 were the first meeting of the Estates General of French Canada; the assizes, held from November 25 to 27 at Université de Montréal, were said to be preliminary because their objective was to prepare the working material on the basis of which the subsequent assizes were to debate.
The National assizes of 1967 were the second meeting of the Estates General of French Canada. They were held from November 23 to 26 at Place des Arts in Montreal; the delegates adopted among others an important resolution pertaining to the right to self-determination of the French Canadians on the territory of Quebec, declared the "national territory and fundamental political milieu" of their nation. The National assizes of 1969 were the third and last meeting of the Estates General of French Canada, they were held from March 5 to 9 at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel. The delegates adopted among others an important resolution proposing to convene a constituent assembly for the drafting of the constitution of Quebec. 1966 - On September 13, election of the territorial delegates to the preliminary assizes. 1966 - From November 25 to 27, the preliminary assizes are held at Université de Montréal. 1967 - On April 16, election of the territorial delegates to the first national assizes. 1967 - From November 23 to 26, the first national assizes are held at Place des Arts in Montreal.
1969 - From March 5 to 9, the second national assizes are held at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal. Marcel Martel, "Estates General of French Canada", in The Canadian Encyclopedia. Fondation Historica, 2008 Rosaire Morin, "Les États généraux du Canada français", in L'Action nationale, 1990, 80, 6, p. 799-815. StudiesMichel Bock. Comment un peuple oublie son nom. La crise identitaire franco-ontarienne et la presse française de Sudbury, Sudbury: Institut franco-ontarien / Prise de parole, 119 p. Marcel Martel. French Canada: An Account of its Creation and Break up, 1850-1967. Ottawa: The Canadian Historical Association, 32 p. Marcel Martel and Robert Choquette. Les États généraux du Canada français, trente ans après: actes du colloque tenu à l’Université d’Ottawa les 5, 6 et 7 novembre 1997, Ottawa: Centre de recherche en civilisation canadienne-française de l’Université d’Ottawa, 422 p. Marcel Martel. Deuil d'un pays imaginé. Rêves, luttes et déroute du Canada-français. Les rapports entre le Québec et la francophonie canadienne, 1867-1975, Ottawa: Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa, 204 p.
ArticlesMarcel Martel, "Faut-il se souvenir de la tenue des États généraux du Canada français?", in L'annuaire du Québec 2007, p. 208-210 Gratien Allaire, "Le triangle Canadien-Français au tournant des années 1960. Le conseil de la vie Française en Amérique, la société Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Montréal et l'Ordre de Jacques-Cartier", in Francophonies d'Amérique, 17 p. 108-117 Martin Pâquet, "Un nouveau contrat social: les États généraux du Canada français et l’immigration, novembre 1967", in Bulletin d’histoire politique, 2001, 10, 2, p. 123-134. Jean Tournon, "Langue et politique linguistique aux États généraux du Canada français", in Études canadiennes - Canadian Studies, No. 45, 1998, pp. 185–194 Michel Sarra-Bournet and Lucien-Pierre Bouchard, "Au-delà de la rupture politique entre les francophonies canadienne et québécoise", in Le site des cours de Michel Sarra-Bournet, Ph. D. chargé de cours en histoire et en science politique, 1997 Michel Bock, "Les États généraux du Canada français, ou l'éclatement de la nation: une analyse des journaux de langue française de Sudbury", in Revue du Nouvel-Ontario, 1996Publications by the Estates GeneralEGCF.
Assises nationales tenues à l'hôtel Reine Elisabeth du 5 au 9 mars 1969, Montréal: Action nationale, 646 p. EGCF. Les Cahiers des États généraux du Canada français, Montréal, 1967-69 EGCF. Les États généraux du Canada français: assises nationales tenues à
Miriam Ginestier is a Canadian interdisciplinary performance curator living and working in Montreal, Quebec. She is best known for her work as general and artistic director of Studio 303, Montreal's dance and interdisciplinary-arts centre. Between 1993 and 1995, Miriam Ginestier co-founded the long running feminist experimental performance festival Edgy Women in collaboration with Karen Bernard and Paul Caskey. Miriam has contributed to the Montreal creative community by her artist-driven approach to curation and production. Along with public activities and performances, Ginestier’s events have sought to create a community where people of various backgrounds can meet and share viewpoints, have brought together various forms of feminism, her work as a freelance cultural event organiser for the lesbian community earned her the Arc-en-Ciel Award in 2003 for her contribution to the community. She was responsible for the legendary and missed lesbian monthly dance parties, Meox Mix, where she DJed as well.