Tove Marika Jansson was a Swedish-speaking Finnish author, painter and comic strip author. Brought up by artistic parents, Jansson studied art from 1930 to 1938 in Stockholm and Paris, her first solo art exhibition was in 1943. At the same time, she was writing short stories and articles for publication, as well as creating the graphics for book covers and other purposes, she continued to work as a writer for the rest of her life. Jansson wrote the Moomin books for children, starting in 1945 with the Great Flood; the next two books, Comet in Moominland and Finn Family Moomintroll, published in 1946 and 1948 were successful in sales, adding to sales of the first book. For her work as a children's writer she received the Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1966. Starting with the semi-autobiographical Bildhuggarens dotter in 1968, Jansson wrote six novels, including the admired Sommarboken, five books of short stories for adults. Tove Jansson was born in Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire, her family, part of the Swedish-speaking minority of Finland, was an artistic one: her father, Viktor Jansson, was a sculptor, her mother, Signe Hammarsten-Jansson, was a Swedish-born graphic designer and illustrator.
Tove's siblings became artists: Per Olov Jansson became a photographer and Lars Jansson an author and cartoonist. Whilst their home was in Helsinki, the family spent many of their summers in a rented cottage on an island near Borgå, 50 km east of Helsinki. Jansson studied at University College of Arts and Design, in Stockholm in 1930–33, the Graphic School of the Finnish Academy of Fine Arts in 1933–1937, at L'École d'Adrien Holy and L'École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1938, she displayed a number of artworks in exhibitions during the 30s and early 40s, her first solo exhibition was held in 1943. At age 14, Jansson wrote and illustrated her first picture book "Sara och Pelle och näckens bläckfiskar" It was not published until 1933, she sold drawings that were published in magazines in the 1920s. During the 1930s Jansson made several trips to other European countries, she drew from these for her short stories and articles, which she illustrated, which were published in magazines and daily papers.
During this period, Jansson designed many book covers and postcards. Following her mother's example, she drew illustrations for Garm, an anti-fascist Finnish-Swedish satirical magazine, she was engaged in the 1940s to Atos Wirtanen. During her studies, Jansson met her future partner Tuulikki Pietilä; the two women collaborated on many works and projects, including a model of the Moominhouse, in collaboration with Pentti Eistola. This is now exhibited at the Moomin museum in Tampere. Jansson is principally known as the author of the Moomin books. Jansson created the Moomins, a family of trolls who are white and smooth in appearance, with large snouts that make them vaguely resemble hippopotamuses; the first Moomin book, The Moomins and the Great Flood, was written in 1945. Although the primary characters are Moominmamma and Moomintroll, most of the principal characters of stories were only introduced in the next book, so The Moomins and the Great Flood is considered a forerunner to the main series.
The book was not a success, but the next two installments in the Moomin series, Comet in Moominland and Finn Family Moomintroll, brought Jansson some fame. The original title of Finn Family Moomintroll, Trollkarlens Hatt, translates as "The Magician's Hat"; the style of the Moomin books changed. The first books, written starting just after the Second World War, up to Moominland Midwinter, are adventure stories that include floods and supernatural events; the Moomins and the Great Flood deals with Moominmamma and Moomintroll's flight through a dark and scary forest, where they encounter various dangers. In Comet in Moominland, a comet nearly destroys the Moominvalley. Finn Family Moomintroll deals with adventures brought on by the discovery of a magician's hat; the Exploits of Moominpappa tells the story of Moominpappa's adventurous youth and cheerfully parodies the genre of memoir. Moominsummer Madness pokes fun at the world of the theatre: the Moomins explore an empty theatre and perform Moominpappa's pompous hexametric melodrama.
In addition to the Moomin novels and short stories, Tove Jansson wrote and illustrated four original and popular picture books: The Book about Moomin and Little My, Who will Comfort Toffle?, The Dangerous Journey and An Unwanted Guest. As the Moomins' fame grew, two of the original novels, Comet in Moominland and The Exploits of Moominpappa, were revised by Jansson and republished. Critics have interpreted various Moomin characters as being inspired by real people members of the author's family, Jansson spoke in interviews about the backgrounds of, possible models for, her characters. Pietilä's personality inspired the character Too-Ticky in Moominland Midwinter. and Moomintroll and Little My have been seen as psychological self-portraits of the artist. Jansson referred to Moomintroll as her alter-ego; the Moomins speaking, relate to Jansson's own family – they were bohemian and lived close to nature. Moominpappa and Moominmamma are seen as portraits of Jansson's parents. Jansson remained close to her mother until her mother's death in 1970.
Chou Meng-tieh was a Taiwanese poet and writer. He lived in New Taipei City, he was born Chou Chi-shu in Xichuan County, Henan in 1921. In 1948, Chou was forced to drop out of school, he was sent to Taiwan following the defeat of Chiang Kai-shek's army in the Chinese Civil War, leaving his wife, two sons, daughter behind in Mainland China. He settled in New Taipei City. Chou started writing in the Central Daily News and publishing poetry in 1952, he retired from the army in 1955. In 1959, he started selling books outside the Cafe Astoria in Taipei and published his first book of poetry entitled Lonely County. Chou wrote on the subjects of time and death, was influenced by Buddhism. In 1980, the American magazine Orientations praised him as the "Amoy Street Prophet". During the same year, he was forced to close his book stall in front of Cafe Astoria due to gastric ulcer surgery, he was the first recipient of the National Culture and Arts Foundation Literature Laureate Award in 1997. Chou died of pneumonia in New Taipei City on May 1, 2014 at the age of 92.
His funeral was held twelve days with writers and politicians including Chang Show-foong, Lung Ying-tai, Timothy Yang, Hsiang Ming in attendance. Frontier Taiwan: an anthology of modern Chinese poetry on Google Books
The Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology, Public Utilities was founded in 2012. The Ministry is divided into the Department of Geology and Petroleum, the Energy Unit and the Science and Technology Unit; the Ministry is represented by Senator Joy Grant and CEO Dr Colin Young, has an office in Belmopan. The Geology and Petroleum Department was established in 1984 as part of the Ministry of Natural Resources. In 2012 the department moved to the new Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology and Public Utilities; the department is responsible for governance of the petroleum industry in Belize. The department's mission statement is to "To accelerate the development of Belize’s petroleum resources through the creation of a vibrant petroleum industry, with the assistance of international investors, cognizant of environmental costs, thereby improving the welfare of Belizeans into the 21st century." The Energy Unit was established in 2012 and has responsibility for governance of the energy sector in Belize.
The Unit's mission statement is to "To plan and manage the production and use of energy through Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Cleaner Production interventions for the sustainable development of Belize." Key activities performed by the Energy Unit include data collection for the purpose of planning Belize's future energy supplies and calculating greenhouse gas emissions, public awareness on topics such as energy efficiency, as well as regulation and market reforms that promote a sustainable future for Belize. The Science and Technology Unit is responsible for the promotion of Science and Technology in Belize; the Unit plays a key role in Belize's efforts to achieve Target 8.f in the millennium development goals. The Unit conducts a number of activities that promote engagement with Science and Technology in Belize, including through the ICT roadshow. Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology, Public Utilities home page Facebook page for the Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology, Public Utilities Government of Belize - Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology and Public Utilities