Toyah Ann Willcox is a four times Brit Award nominated English musician, songwriter, producer and storyteller. In a career spanning more than 40 years, Willcox has had 8 Top 40 singles, released over 20 albums, written two books, appeared in over 40 stage plays and 10 feature films, voiced and presented numerous television shows. Between 1977 and 1983, she fronted the band Toyah, before embarking on a solo career in the mid-1980s. At the 1982 BPI/Brit Awards, Toyah was nominated for British Breakthrough Act, which The Human League won, Best Female Solo Artist, which Randy Crawford won. Toyah was nominated a further two times in this category in 1983, which Kim Wilde won, in 1984, which Annie Lennox won, her biggest hits include "It's a Mystery", "Thunder in the Mountains" and "I Want to Be Free". Willcox was born in Birmingham, her father Beric Willcox owned three factories. Her mother Barbara Joy, née Rollinson, was a professional dancer, with whom he fell in love after seeing her on stage in Weston-super-Mare with Flanagan and Allen and married in 1949.
Barbara had to give up her career after giving birth to Nicola and Kim, Willcox's elder sister and brother, respectively. Asked why her parents might have chosen her name, Willcox said in a 1981 interview: "I don't know. There is a town in Texas called Toyah, Toyah in Red Indian means'water'. My parents deny that's where they got it from", she was bullied at school. Years she gave credit to her parents. "I've never gone hungry. I never suffered lack of money in any way. Not because of my parents, anyway, they wanted the best for me. They wanted me to have a good education, to be a polite child, to be taught good manners and have a future", she recalled in 1980. At the launch of her autobiography in 2000, the singer said, regarding her mother: "We had a violent relationship together. I was the violent person, and I didn't want her to kind of suffer by the book and I hope I represented her well. Coz she was a wonderful woman with a child from'hell'." In another interview of the time, Willcox said: "My mother taught me.
So she was disciplinarian in my life from a – well right from when I can remember. So it was natural, and I regret that our relationship was often violent. And I feel strongly towards my mum that she sacrificed everything to give me the freedom I have today."Willcox attended a private girls' school where she was noted for absence from the class room and for setting off alarm clocks during a speech by a visiting MP, future Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Suffering from dyslexia, which, by her own admission, turned her into an "angry, rebellious" teenager, she achieved just one O-level pass in music; the ambition to sing and act started at about nine. "I was an incredible dreamer. I just felt trapped. I wanted to escape, really", she remembered; this had to do with her upbringing which she described as "very strict". As a teenager, obsessed with aliens and the concept of alienation, Willcox felt she could not fit in with anything. "I loathed suburbia, I loathed the idea of having kids. I just thought:'Where the hell do I belong?'" she recalled.
In 1974 Willcox started to exercise her rebel instincts in experimenting with hair. "I just looked like something off another planet. And I was very lonely. No one would come near me. Buses wouldn't pick me up, boys wouldn't come near me", she remembered. From early childhood, Willcox was aware. In an all-girls school, she was always a tomboy aggressive and physical in fights. In 2003, Willcox recalled: "The rebellion came easy since most of my life up until I was a teenager I had to play a gender role. I didn't like to be a female and I didn't like to be a boy either. I loathed dolls, I loathed dresses, and it was forced on me with such passion that I thought:'If I don't fight it, I'm gonna be stuck with it for the rest of my life'". As a teenager, she became uncertain about her sexuality more. "I went out with guys first when I was about 13 to 15, I just stopped. I never went out with a woman or anything. I thought I was a lesbian purely coz I wasn't interested in men, but at the same time I wasn't interested in women.
And that's why I concentrated so hard on my career from such an early age", she recalled. As her band started to establish a reputation, the singer felt put off by the groupie scene. "All I see of women is groupies. They disgust me. How they can jump into bed with someone they've just met is beyond me. I just don't understand. There's no brain there as far as I'm concerned... I can put up with them; as soon as they get to me they change. They want to talk to you rather than pull your body, but as soon as I see them pulling, I just leave the room. I don't want to be associated with that at all; the band used to go out pulling every night and I just used to go back to the hotel. I wouldn't go anywhere with them", she told Paul Morley in a 1980 interview. In the mid-1970s, as the punk movement began to gain ground, Willcox saw something she might belong to if she understood little about punk politics. "When punk started, I think it was much about Socialism, the Labour Party, t
151997 Bauhinia, provisional designation 2004 JL1, is a sub-kilometer background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt 900 meters in diameter. It was discovered on 11 May 2004, by Canadian astronomer William Yeung at the Desert Eagle Observatory, United States, it was named after the flowering plant Bauhinia blakeana known as the "Hong Kong Orchid Tree". Bauhinia is a non-family from the main belt's background population, it orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.9–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 6 months. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 1° with respect to the ecliptic. The body's observation arc begins with its first observation by Spacewatch at Kitt Peak National Observatory in November 1998, more than 5 years prior to its official discovery observation at Desert Eagle Observatory; the asteroid's spectral type is unknown. Bauhinia has not been observed by any of the space-based surveys such as the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite or the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer.
Based on a generic magnitude-to-diameter conversion, the asteroid measures 0.91 kilometers in diameter based on an absolute magnitude of 17.6 and a geometric albedo of 0.20, which corresponds to a body of stony composition, the most common type in the inner asteroid belt. As of 2018, no rotational lightcurve of Bauhinia has been obtained from photometric observations; the body's rotation period and poles remain unknown. This minor planet was named after the legume tree with orchid-like flowers, Bauhinia blakeana called the Hong Kong Orchid Tree; the official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 1 June 2007. Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 151997 Bauhinia at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 151997 Bauhinia at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters
Lin Sen, courtesy name Zichao, sobriquet Changren, was a Chinese politician who served as Chairman of the National Government of the Republic of China from 1931 until his death. Born to a middle-class family in Shanggan Township, Minhou County, Lin was educated by American missionaries, he worked in the Telegram Bureau of Taipei, Taiwan in 1884. After the First Sino-Japanese War, he engaged in guerrilla activities against the Japanese occupiers, he returned to the mainland and worked in the Shanghai customs office in 1902. He lived in Hawaii and San Francisco. There he was recruited by the Tongmenghui in 1905, was an overseas organizer for the Kuomintang. During the Xinhai Revolution, he was in charge of the Jiangxi revolt, he became speaker of the senate in the National Assembly. After the failed Second Revolution against President Yuan Shikai, Lin fled with Sun Yat-sen to Japan and joined his Chinese Revolutionary Party, he was sent to the United States to raise funds from the party's local branches.
In 1917, he followed Sun to Guangzhou where he continued to lead its "extraordinary session" during the Constitutional Protection Movement. When the assembly defected to the Beiyang government, he remained with Sun and served as governor of Fujian. Lin was a member of the right-wing Western Hills Group based in Shanghai; the group was formed in Beijing shortly after Sun's death in 1925. They called for a party congress to expel the Communists and to declare social revolution as incompatible with the KMT's national revolution; the party pre-empted this faction and the ensuing congress expelled Western Hills' leaders and suspended the membership of the followers. They supported Chiang Kai-shek's purge of the communists in 1927. Lin rose to become the leader of the Western Hills faction and undertook a world tour after the demise of the Beiyang government. In 1931, President Chiang's arrest of Hu Hanmin caused an uproar within the military. Lin and other high-ranking officials called for the impeachment of Chiang.
The Japanese invasion of Manchuria prevented the civil war from erupting, however it did cause Chiang to resign on December 15. Lin was appointed in his place as acting president and confirmed as president on January 1, 1932, he was chosen as a sign of personal respect and held few powers since the KMT wanted to avoid a repeat of Chiang's rule. He never used the Presidential Palace, which Chiang continued to reside in, preferred his modest rented house near the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. Chiang's influence was restored after the Battle of Shanghai as party grandees realized his necessity. Shortly after acceding to the presidency, Lin Sen embarked on an extended trip that took him to the Philippines, the United States, the United Kingdom and France, he visited the Kuomintang party organisations in those countries. This was the first overseas visit by a serving head of state of China. In 1934 TIME magazine called him "puppet President Lin", when there was a talk by Chiang Kai-shek at a "Secret conference of government leaders" of granting the President of China actual powers, insinuating that Chiang was entertaining the thought of taking the Presidency himself, since Chiang held the actual power while Lin's position was described as "figurehead class".
Though he had little influence on public policy, Lin was respected by the public as an august elder statesman, above politics. His lack of political ambition and nepotism was an exceedingly rare trait, he lent stability to an office while other state institutions were in chaos. A widower, Lin used his position to promote monogamy and combat concubinage which became a punishable felony in 1935, he called for a peaceful resolution when Chiang was kidnapped during the Xi'an Incident. National unity was something; when the Second Sino-Japanese War entered full swing in 1937, he moved to the wartime capital of Chongqing. He legalized civilian use of guerrilla warfare, but this was just a formality as it was a widespread practice, he spurned all offers to collaborate with the Japanese puppet government. On 10 March 1943, his car was involved in an accident. Two days he had a stroke while meeting the Canadian delegation; as he was in hospice, he urged. He died on August 1 at the age of 76 and a month of mourning was declared.
He was the longest serving head of state in the ROC. The central executive committee elected Chiang as president a few hours after Lin's death. All of the powers that were denied to the presidency were restored for Chiang. Lin visited Qingzhi Mountain in Lianjiang, Fuzhou and was fascinated by it, which encouraged him to style himself "Old Man Green Plant" in his old age, his monument, built beside Qingzhi Mountain in 1926 before his death, was damaged in the Cultural Revolution, was restored in 1979. Lin had adopted his nephew Lin Jing, as his son. While studying as a postgraduate student in Ohio State University, James Lin married Viola Brown, a five-and-ten-cent store clerk, although he was reported to have two wives in China. Lin Sen objected to the marriage and the couple divorced. James Lin died in action during the Japanese invasion. There are roads named after Lin Sen in Taipei, Kaohsiung and other towns and cities in Taiwan due to his role in fighting the Japanese invasion of Taiwan and as R
"Cien Años" is a Mexican song written by Rubén Fuentes-A. Cervantes. Several artists have recorded this song, Pedro Infante in the 1950s for example, the singer Selena made her personal cover; the song has been released in most of Selena's packages since its 1988 release. The song was covered by Selena's singing group in Selena y Los Dinos, on their album Preciosa. Selena re-recorded the song with a more beat-to-beat pop style in 1990, for their first greatest hits album, 16 Super Exitos Originales. After Selena's death, the song appeared as a Mariachi song for the album Siempre Selena in 1996. Again the song appeared on Selena's greatest hits album, All My Hits/Todos Mis Exitos Vol. 2 in 2000. This song has extensive history dating back to Javier Solis and Pedro Infante Pedro Infante Vicente Fernandez Selena Thalía Pepe AguilarLos Tigres del Norte Los Cenzontles & David Hidalgo
Patrick Liddell is a composer and video artist living in Oakland, California. He has his Doctor of Music from Northwestern University, has taught music composition and theory at DePaul University, he has worked with many ensembles within many genres, including The Zvooks,Function Ensemble and the University of Chicago and University of California, Berkeley Javanese gamelans. His own music/video is an eclectic blend of'art' and'popular' styles, with strong hints of electronic, video game, film music, he performs live and improvised video with many groups in Chicago and the bay area, as well as his own video/music/art under the moniker ontologist. His first audio/video album Arrow To The Sun was released on Canzona Records in 2009, his second album titled "The Book Of Lists" was released on Canzona Records in 2011. Liddell is most known for his video art experiment on YouTube "Video Room 1000" an homage to Alvin LucierPatrick Liddell is known for his audio work and video collaborations on 60x60.
In 2009, he created the 60x60 Video collaboration for the 60x60 2009 International Mix. In 2010 he created more than 360 one-minute videos in a collaboration with the project that included 6 hour long videos for the project's 6 different "RED" mixes; the screening of this collaboration at the Outsound Festival was hailed by Jason Victor Serinus Special to The Examiner, "Expect it to stretch whatever boundaries you may not have thought you had."He works at The Quarry Lane School in Dublin, CA as a jazz band instructor as well as a guide for students working on International Baccalaureate papers on music theory or composition. What Happens To A YouTube Video Uploaded 1,000 Times Huffington Post What Happens to a YouTube Video After 1,000 Uploads? Mashable Video What Does a Video Look Like After 1000 YouTube Uploads? Gawker Musician Uploads Video of Himself to YouTube 1000 Times by Matthew Zuras -Switched – June 4, 2010 Official Website 60x60 Collaboration page
The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia is a collection of psychiatric diagnostic criteria and symptom rating scales published in 1978. It is organized as a semi-structured diagnostic interview; the structured aspect is that every interview asks screening questions about the same set of disorders regardless of the presenting problem. These features increase the sensitivity of the interview and the inter-rater reliability of the resulting diagnoses; the SADS allows more flexibility than structured interviews: Interviewers can use their own words and rephrase questions, some clinical judgment is used to score responses. There are three versions of the schedule, the regular SADS, the lifetime version and a version for measuring the change in symptomology. Although replaced by more structured interviews that follow diagnostic criteria such as DSM-IV and DSM-5, specific mood rating scales, versions of the SADS are still used in some research papers today; the diagnoses covered by the interview include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders and a limited number of other common diagnoses.
The SADS was developed by the same group of rearchers as the Research Diagnostic Criteria. While the RDC is a list of diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders, the SADS interview allows diagnoses based on RDC criteria to be made, rates subject's symptoms and level of functioning; the K-SADS is a version of the SADS adapted for school-aged children of 6–18 years. There are various different versions of the K-SADS, each varying in terms of disorders and specific symptoms covered, as well as the scale range used. All of the variations are still semi-structured interviews, giving the interviewer more flexibility about how to phrase and probe items, while still covering a consistent set of disorders; the K-SADS-E was developed for epidemiological research. It focused on current episodes only. Most of the items used a four point rating scale; the K-SADS-PL is administered by interviewing the parent, the child, integrating them into a summary rating that includes parent report, child report, clinical observations during the interview.
The interview covers both present issues as well as past episodes of the disorders. Most items use a three point rating scale for severity, it has been used with preschool as well as school-aged children. A 2009 working draft removed all reference to the DSM-III-R criteria and made some other modifications. A DSM-5 version is being validated; the WASH-U K-SADS added items to the depression and mania modules and used a six point severity rating for severity. Diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia