A trail is a path, track or unpaved lane or road. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland path or footpath is the preferred term for a walking trail; the term is applied, in North America, to routes along rivers, sometimes to highways. In the US, the term was used for a route into or through wild territory used by emigrants. In the USA "trace" is a synonym for trail, as in Natchez Trace; some trails are single use and can only be used for walking, horse riding and cross-country skiing. There are unpaved trails used by dirt bikes and other off-road vehicles and in some places, like the Alps, trails are used for moving cattle and other livestock. In Australia, the term track can be used interchangeably with trail, can refer to anything from a dirt road to an unpaved pedestrian path. In New Zealand, the terms track or walkway are used exclusively except in reference to cross-country skiing: "walkways vary enormously in nature, from short urban strolls, to moderate coastal locations, to challenging tramps in the high country ".
Walkway is used in St. John's, Canada, where the "Grand Concourse", is an integrated walkway system. In the United Kingdom, the term trail is in common usage. Longer distance walking routes, government-promoted long distance paths, collectively known as National Trails, are frequently called ways; the term footpath is preferred for pedestrian routes, including long distance trails, is used for urban paths and sometimes in place of pavement. Track is used for wider paths used for hiking; the terms bridleway, restricted byway are all recognised legal terms and to a greater or lesser extent in general usage. The increased popularity of mountain biking has led to a proliferation of mountain bike trails in many countries; these will be grouped to form larger complexes, known as trail centers. In the early years of the 20th century, the term auto trail was used for a marked highway route, trail is now used to designate routes, including highway routes, designated for tourist interest like the Cabot Trail, Nova Scotia and the Quilt Trails in the US.
The term trail has been used by developers and urban planners for a variety of modern paved roads and boulevards, in these countries, some highways continue to be called a trail, such as the Susquehanna Trail in Pennsylvania, a designation that varies from a two-lane road to a four-lane freeway. A unusual use of the term is in the Canadian province of Alberta, which has multi-lane freeways called trails. Trail segregation, the practice of designating certain trails as having a specific preferred or exclusive use, is common and diverse. For example, bike trails are used not only on roads open to motor vehicles, but in trail systems open to other trail users; some trails are segregated for use by both equestrians and mountain bikes, or by equestrians only, or by mountain bikes only. Designated "wilderness area" trails may be segregated for non-wheeled use. Trail segregation for a particular use is accompanied by prohibitions against that use on other trails within the trail system. Trail segregation may be supported by signage, trail design and construction, by separation between parallel treads.
Separation may be achieved by "natural" barriers including distance, banking and vegetation, by "artificial" barriers including fencing and walls. Bicycle trails encompass a wide variety of trail types, including shared-use paths used for commuting, off-road cross country trails and downhill mountain bike trails; the number of off-road cycle trails has increased along with the popularity of mountain bikes. Off-road bicycle trails are function-specific and most waymarked along their route, they may form part of larger complexes, known as trail centres. Off-road trails incorporate a mix of challenging terrain, smooth fireroads, paved paths. Trails with an easy or moderate technical complexity are deemed cross-country trails, while trails difficult to experienced riders are more dubbed all-mountain, freeride, or downhill. Downhilling is popular at ski resorts such as Mammoth Mountain in California or Whistler Blackcomb in British Columbia, where ski lifts are used to get bikes and riders to the top of the mountain.
EuroVelo bicycle routes are a network of long-distance cycling routes criss-crossing Europe in various stages of completion, more than 45,000 km was in place by 2013. It is envisaged that the network will be complete by 2020 and when finished, the EuroVelo network's total length will exceed 70,000 km. EuroVelo is a project of the European Cyclists' Federation. EuroVelo routes can be used for bicycle touring across the continent, as well as by local people making short journeys; the routes are made of both existing national bike routes, such as the Dutch LF-Routes, the German D-Routes, the British National Cycle Network, existing general purpose roads, together with new stretches of cycle routes to connect them. Off-road cycling can cause soil erosion and habitat destruction if not carried out on established trails; this is so when trails are wet, overall though, cycling may have only as mu
Can Arat is an Armenian-Turkish footballer. He plays as a center back. Arat played 74 times for the Fenerbahçe PAF team, he became a regular in the squad following Fábio Luciano's injury at the start of the 2006–07 season, but lost to new transfers Diego Lugano and Edu Dracena four weeks later. Arat joined İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor in 2009. Arat has been called up to the Turkish national football team for the Euro 2008 qualifying group matches, he made his international debut for senior team on 12 April 2006 against Azerbaijan national football team. He played 5 matches for national Olympic team in 2005 Mediterrean Games and won the silver medal. Süper Lig: 2006–07 Turkish Super Cup: 2007 Player Profile at TFF.org Guardian Stats Centre
The Czechoslovakia women's national ice hockey team was the women's national ice hockey team of Czechoslovakia. The team was succeeded by the national women's teams of the Czech Republic and Slovakia following the split of Czechoslovakia in 1992. Czechoslovakia played its first game in 1988 in an exhibition game against Switzerland, held in Beroun, which they lost 8–1; the following year Czechoslovakia competed in a two-game qualification event against France in order to participate in the 1989 Women's European Ice Hockey Championships. Czechoslovakia defeated France 5 -- 2 on aggregate. During the group stage of the European Championships lost all three of their games, including a loss of 31–0 to Finland, recorded as Czechoslovakia's worst defeat. After finishing last in their group the team was drawn against Switzerland in a placement game for positions five to eight, with the other game being played between Denmark and the Netherlands. After losing to Switzerland, Czechoslovakia played the Netherlands for seventh place who had lost their game against Denmark.
Czechoslovakia won the game 7–1 taking seventh in the rankings. In 1991 Czechoslovakia fielded a team at the 1991 Women's European Ice Hockey Championships where they were placed in Group B. After losing three of their group stage games and tying in the fourth against Great Britain, Czechoslovakia was drawn in a placement game against France for seventh place. France won the game 2–1, taking seventh place in the rankings. In 1992 the country of Czechoslovakia was split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and so the Czechoslovakian women's national team was disbanded and succeeded by the Czech and Slovak women's national ice hockey teams. 1989 Women's European Ice Hockey Championships. Finish: 7th 1991 Women's European Ice Hockey Championships. Finish: 8th Czechoslovakia men's national ice hockey team