The Transamerica Pyramid at 600 Montgomery Street between Clay and Washington Streets in the Financial District of San Francisco, United States, is a 48-story futurist building and the second-tallest skyscraper in the San Francisco skyline. It was the tallest building in San Francisco from its inception in 1972 until 2018, when its height was surpassed by the newly constructed Salesforce Tower; the building no longer houses the headquarters of the Transamerica Corporation, which moved its U. S. headquarters to Baltimore, but it is still associated with the company and is depicted in the company's logo. Designed by architect William Pereira and built by Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction Company, at 853 feet, on completion in 1972 it was the eighth-tallest building in the world; the Transamerica building was commissioned by Transamerica CEO John R. Beckett, with the claim that he wished to allow light in the street below. Built on the site of the historic Montgomery Block, it has a structural height of 853 feet and has 48 floors of retail and office space.
Construction began in 1969 and finished in 1972, was overseen by San Francisco–based contractor Dinwiddie Construction, now Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction Company. Transamerica moved its headquarters to the new building from across the street, where it had been based in a flatiron-shaped building now occupied by the Church of Scientology of San Francisco. Although the tower is no longer Transamerica Corporation headquarters, it is still associated with the company and is depicted in the company's logo; the building has become one of the many symbols of the city. Designed by architect William Pereira, it faced opposition during planning and construction and was sometimes referred to by detractors as "Pereira's Prick". John King of the San Francisco Chronicle summed up the improved opinion of the building in 2009 as "an architectural icon of the best sort – one that fits its location and gets better with age." King wrote in 2011 that it is "a uniquely memorable building, a triumph of the unexpected and engaging all at once....
It is a presence and a persona, snapping into different focus with every fresh angle, every shift in light."The Transamerica Pyramid was the tallest skyscraper west of Chicago when constructed, surpassing the Bank of America Center in San Francisco. It was surpassed by the Aon Center, Los Angeles, in 1974; the building is thought to have been the intended target of a terrorist attack, involving the hijacking of airplanes as part of the Bojinka plot, foiled in 1995. In 1999, Transamerica was acquired by Dutch insurance company Aegon; when the non-insurance operations of Transamerica were sold to GE Capital, Aegon retained ownership of the building as an investment. The Transamerica Pyramid was the tallest skyscraper in San Francisco from 1972 to 2017, when it was surpassed by the under-construction Salesforce Tower; the land use and zoning restrictions for the parcel limited the number of square feet of office that could be built upon the lot, which sits at the north boundary of the financial district.
The building is a tall, four-sided pyramid with two "wings" to accommodate an elevator shaft on the east and a stairwell and a smoke tower on the west. The top 212 feet of the building is the spire. There are four cameras pointed in the four cardinal directions at the top of this spire forming the "Transamerica Virtual Observation Deck." Four monitors in the lobby, whose direction and zoom can be controlled by visitors, display the cameras' views 24 hours a day. An observation deck on the 27th floor was closed: the Pyramid's official website says that it was closed to the public in 2001, while the New York Times reported that it has been closed "ince the late 1990s", it was replaced by the virtual observation deck a few years later. The video signal from the "Transamericam" was used for years by a local TV news station for live views of traffic and weather in downtown San Francisco; the top of the Transamerica Pyramid is covered with aluminum panels. During the Christmas holiday season, on Independence Day, during the anniversary of 9/11, a brightly twinkling beacon called the "Crown Jewel" is lit at the top of the pyramid.
At the base of the building is a half-acre private park designed by Tom Galli called Redwood Park. A number of redwood trees were transplanted to this park from the Santa Cruz Mountains when the tower was built, it is open to the public during the daytime. It features a fountain and pond designed by Anthony Gazzardo complete with jumping frog sculpture, a Glenna Goodacre bronze sculpture of children at play, a bronze plaque honoring two dogs, benches and tables offering respite to workers and visitors alike; the building's façade is covered in crushed quartz. The four-story base contains over 300 miles of steel rebar, it has 3,678 windows. The building's foundation is 9 feet thick, the result of a 3-day, 24-hour continuous concrete pour. Several thousand dollars in coins were thrown into the pit by observers surrounding the site at street level during the pouring, for good luck. Only two of the building's 18 elevators reach the top floor; the original proposal was for a 1,150-foot building, which for a year would have been the second-tallest completed building in the world.
The proposal was rejected by the city planning commission, saying it would interfere with views of San Francisco Bay from Nob Hill. The building is on the site, the temporary home of A. P. Giannini's Bank of Italy after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake destroyed its office. Giannini founded Transamerica in 1928 as a holding company for his financial empire. Bank of I
TOPradio is a Belgian radio station that plays dance and dancepop music. The slogan of the station is We Love Music, many internationally known DJs have a program on this station; the station broadcasts around different frequencies in Flanders at FM or DAB and is located in Ghent in the Flemish Region of Belgium. In mid 1981, four students from Ghent decided to launch an innovative radio concept; the new radio station aimed to focus on the age group from 15 to 35 years, Flemish music was forbidden. In February 1982 Ghent station launched under the name Radio One. In 1987, a name change was implemented. Since the station sent out under the name of Radio SIS. In the frequency recognition round of 1990 Radio SIS was awarded a full frequency licence to broadcast every day on 102.8 MHz. The radio station identified by the further expansion a success in the region of Ghent. In 1994 signed a transmitter in Bruges and a transmitter from Kortrijk itself with Radio SIS From that moment under a new nickname Dansradio Vlaanderen aired in the three cities with a common programming.
In 1996 the name was changed to TOPradio. Two years in 1998, a partnership was entered into with the VMMa, the current Medialaan; the holding company of television channel VTM and Channel Two took over the production and distribution of the TOPradio programs. For example, the radio programs of TOPradio were broadcast live on TV at Channel Two, but in May 2003 it came to a split with the VMMa. VMMa had plans to rebrand TOPradio into JIMfm a new station with the same name of the TV-channel JIM, a radio station with a wider music format. However, this station has been never launched. TOPradio got a restart with programs for Flanders from the studios in Ghent. Through a network of lines, the signal is distributed to the various temporary locations, in 2015 the station broadcast in DAB+. Official website
The Legend of Bhagat Singh is a 2002 Indian Hindi-language biographical period film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi. The film is about Bhagat Singh, a socialist revolutionary who fought for Indian independence along with fellow members of the Hindustan Republic Association, it features Ajay Devgn as the titular character along with Sushant Singh, D. Santosh and Akhilendra Mishra as the other lead characters. Raj Babbar, Farida Jalal and Amrita Rao play supporting roles; the film chronicles Bhagat's life from his childhood where he witnesses the Jallianwala Bagh massacre until the day he was hanged to death—23 March 1931. The film was produced by Ramesh Taurani's Tips Industries on a budget of ₹ 200 -- 250 million; the story and dialogue were written by Santoshi and Piyush Mishra while Anjum Rajabali drafted the screenplay. K. V. Anand, V. N. Mayekar and Nitin Chandrakant Desai were in charge of the cinematography and production design respectively. Principal photography took place in Agra, Manali and Pune from January to May 2002.
The soundtrack, composed by A. R. Rahman, was released on 4 May 2002 to positive reception, with "Mera Rang De Basanti" and "Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna" being well-received in particular; the Legend of Bhagat Singh was released on 7 June 2002 to positive reviews, with the direction, screenplay, technical aspects and the performances of Devgn and Sushant receiving the most attention. However, the film underperformed at the box office, grossing only ₹129 million, it went on to win two National Film Awards – Best Feature Film in Hindi and Best Actor for Devgn – and three Filmfare Awards from eight nominations. Bhagat Singh was born in British India in 1907. From childhood, he witnesses numerous atrocities committed on fellow Indians by the British, who came to trade under the guise of the East India Company and ended up controlling most of the nation. Bhagat takes a solemn vow to free India from British rule after witnessing the aftermath of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Soon after the massacre, he learns of Mahatma Gandhi's satyagraha policies and supports the non-cooperation movement, which saw thousands of people burning British-made clothing and giving up school, college studies, government jobs.
In 1922, Gandhi calls off the movement after the Chauri Chaura incident. Undaunted, Bhagat decides to be a revolutionary, and, as an adult, joins the Hindustan Republic Association in its struggle for India's independence, ending up in prison for it. Bhagat's father, bails him out so that he can get him to run a dairy farm and marry a girl named Mannewali. Bhagat runs away from home; when Lala Lajpat Rai is beaten to death by the police while protesting against the Simon Commission, along with Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandra Shekhar Azad, assassinate a police officer named Saunders. On in the year 1929, when the British propose the Trade Disputes and Public Safety Bills, along with Batukeshwar Dutt, initiate a bombing at Parliament House, he and Dutt throw the bombs on empty benches thereby not killing anyone. They are subsequently tried publicly. Bhagat launches his much-publicised ideas of revolution, stating that he wanted to tell the world about the revolutionaries himself rather than let the British brand them as violent people, citing this as the reason for bombing the assembly.
Bhagat soon becomes as popular as Gandhi among the masses the younger generation and farmers. In Central Jail Lahore and all of the other fellow prisoners, including Thapar and Rajguru, undertake a 63-day hunger strike to improve the conditions of Indian political prisoners. Meanwhile, whom the British had failed to capture, is ambushed at the Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27 February 1931; the police surround the entire park leading to a shootout. Fearing the growing popularity of the hunger strike amongst the people nationwide, Lord Irwin orders the re-opening of the Saunders' murder case, which leads to death sentences being imposed on Bhagat and Rajguru; the Indians hope that Gandhi will use his pact with Irwin as a bargaining chip to save Bhagat and Rajguru's lives. Irwin refuses Gandhi's request for their release. Gandhi reluctantly agrees to sign a pact which includes the clause: "Release of political prisoners except for the ones involved in violence". Bhagat and Rajguru are hanged in secrecy on 23 March 1931.
In 1998, the film director Rajkumar Santoshi read several books on the socialist revolutionary, Bhagat Singh, felt that a biopic would help revive interest in him. Although Manoj Kumar made a film about Bhagat in 1965, titled Shaheed, Santoshi felt that despite being "a great source of inspiration on the lyrics and music front", it did not "dwell on Bhagat Singh's ideology and vision". In August 2000, the screenwriter Anjum Rajabali mentioned to Santoshi about his work on Har Dayal, whose revolutionary activities inspired Udham Singh. Santoshi persuaded Rajabali to draft a script based on Bhagat's life as he was inspired by Udham Singh. Santoshi gave Rajabali a copy of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, K. K. Khullar's biography of the revolutionary. Rajabali said. I wanted to know more about him." His interest in Bhagat intensified after he read The Martyr: Bhagat Singh Experiments in Revolution by journalist Kuldip Nayar. The following month, Rajabali formally began his research on Bhagat while admitting to Santoshi that it was "a difficult task".
Gurpal Singh, a