Transperth is the brand name of the public transport system serving the city and suburban areas of Perth, the state capital of Western Australia. It is operated by the Public Transport Authority. In August 1958, the Metropolitan Transport Trust commenced operations with the takeover of Beam Transport and Metro Buses by the Government of Western Australia. Subsequently all private bus operators in Perth were acquired. In August 1986, the Metropolitan Transport Trust was rebranded as Transperth. In February 1995 the provision of ferry services was contracted to Captain Cook Cruises. In September 1993, the Government announced Transperth would be corporatised and opened up to competition. In February 1995 in preparation for privatisation, Transperth was restructured with the operation of services transferred to MetroBus, with ownership of the buses retained by Transperth. In September 1994, expressions of interest were sought from organisations for the operation of Transperth bus services in the Armadale South and Joondalup North areas.
MetroBus bid to retain these services. The remaining services were tendered in 1995/96 to Connex, Path Transit, Southern Coast Transit and Swan Transit. Connex sold its operation to Swan Transit in September 2002, before re-entering the market by purchasing Southern Coast Transit. Transperth retained ownership of the buses leasing them to the operators. MetroBus did not win any further tenders and operated its last bus on 8 November 1998; the Metropolitan Transport Trust adopted an olive cream livery. Following the 1986 rebranding as Transperth a green and white livery was introduced, this being replaced in 1999 by a grey/silver and green livery; this livery was inversed in 2010 as part of a refurbishment. In mid-2019, newer or existing Transperth buses being refurbished have the logo next to the "Transperth" on the exterior sides. Transperth offers bus and train services which serve the Perth Metropolitan Area from the Perth CBD, east to Wundowie, west to Fremantle, south to Mandurah-Pinjarra and north to Two Rocks.
These suburbs are divided into nine fare-zones according to distance from the city centre. Most Transperth buses have air-con. Bus services in Perth are operated by three private companies with services divided into 11 zones that are re-tendered every 10 years; as at June 2018 the contracts were held by: Path Transit: Kalamunda & Morley Swan Transit: Canning, Marmion, Southern River & Joondalup Transdev WA: Fremantle, Rockingham & Perth CATTransperth oversees and regulates a bus service throughout the Perth metropolitan area and some fringe rural areas. Routes follow two basic formats: feeder services between residential suburbs and bus stations or bus/train interchanges, routes directly to the CBD. There are some cross-suburban services, most notably the CircleRoute. Additional services are provided for special events. Transperth's most frequent bus routes run from 05:00 until 24:00 with services every 4–15 minutes on weekdays and every 15–30 minutes on evenings and weekends. Most other local routes run about every 10 minutes in peak periods reducing to every 30 minutes during the day in inner Perth with outer feeder services running every 15–20 minutes in peak periods and every 60 minutes during the day, with reduced service on evenings and weekends.
Services to and from railway stations are co-ordinated to connect with every, second or every fourth train. The Perth Central Area Transit bus is a free bus service that serves central areas in Perth city and Joondalup. In the centre of Perth, there are four routes. In Fremantle there are the red cat and blue cat serving tourist destinations. In Joondalup three routes, the red and blue CAT routes, which operate around the Joondalup CBD and Edith Cowan University; the CAT system is responsible for the operation of the Midland Gate Shuttle, Rockingham City Centre Transit System. The main CAT systems are operated by Transdev WA; as of 2019, the fleet consists of 1,625 buses Volgren bodied Mercedes-Benz and Volvos. Transperth operated large numbers of AEC Regal VIs, Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmasters, Leyland Leopards, Leyland Panthers, Leyland Tiger Cubs, Hino RC520Ps, Mercedes-Benz Citaros, Mercedes-Benz O305s, Mercedes-Benz O405s and Mercedes-Benz 0405NH CNGs, Renault PR100.2s, Renault PR180.2s and a Renault PR100.3.
As of September 2015, there have been a number of catastrophic fires aboard the fleet's natural gas powered Mercedes-Benz OC 500 LEs. It was discovered that there were possible faults in the on-board fire suppression system installed in the engine compartment at the rear of the bus. A bus fire at the Elizabeth Quay bus station in July was said to have been caused by a leaking coolant cell. A series of one-off fires have occurred in two of the fleet's Mercedes-Benz O405NH diesel buses, both of which were sparked by frayed fan belts. Nobody was injured in any bus fires as the drivers were quick to respond and evacuate any passengers before the fires became lethal. CircleRoute: The CircleRoute is a cross suburban route that links numerous railway stations, shopping centres, universities and the port city of Fremantle. Services run 5 -- 15 minutes weekdays and 15 -- 30 minutes public holidays. Central Area Transit: Transperth operates CAT bus services around the Perth and Joondalup CBDs. Services run every 10 -- 15 minutes on weekends.
Red CAT: Southern East Perth to West Perth
Terror at Red Wolf Inn is a 1972 American horror film directed by Bud Townsend, starring Linda Gillen, John Neilson, Arthur Space. The plot follows a young college student who wins a vacation to a rural resort run by an elderly couple who serve meals of human flesh. Though it contains prominent horror elements and scholars have noted the film as being an early example of comedy horror due to its "tongue-in-cheek" humor. Regina is a lonely young college student; the rest of the students are leaving for spring break. As she is opening her mail, she notices she's received a mysterious letter telling her that she's won a free vacation at a seaside bed and breakfast called the Red Wolf Inn; when she calls the phone number in the letter, they tell her that a private plane is waiting for her at the airport, that she'd better hurry. The plane takes her to a remote rural destination, where she is greeted by a handsome but odd young man who says his name is Baby John Smith. Baby John takes her on a thrill ride evading the police.
When Regina enjoys the chase instead of being afraid, Baby John is impressed. Arriving at the Inn, she is greeted by Henry Smith and Evelyn Smith, the elderly proprietors of the mansion, they identify themselves as Baby John's grandparents. There are two other guests as well, both lovely young females named Edwina. Regina asks to use the phone so she can call her mother; the group sits down to an extravagant meal, during which Evelyn prompts them all to eat more and more. That night, Regina goes to the kitchen to look for antacid, she is terrified when Baby John emerges from the walk-in refrigerator, brandishing a large knife. Her screaming wakes everyone else in the house, Baby John apologizes for scaring her. Before going back to sleep, Edwina talks with Regina and says she can tell Regina and Baby John are attracted to one another, Regina admits that it's true; the next day and Regina discover that Pamela has left, but Regina finds a carriage house behind the mansion where Pamela's stylish black dress is hanging.
She discovers a framed photo of the pilot who flew her to this isolated destination. Regina and Baby John share a moment on the beach, where they flirt in an childlike way kiss, but Baby John reacts violently when he reels in a shark on his fishing line, grabbing the animal by the tail and bashing it against a piece of driftwood on the beach, screaming "Shark!!" over and over. After this bizarre display, he tells Regina "I think; that night, there is another party, this time to celebrate Edwina's'last night', as she is going home the next day. After another huge dinner, the group goes to bed, but the Smiths go to Edwina's room and abduct her from her bed by knocking her unconscious with chemicals on a rag, they carry her into the refrigerator and close the door, we hear the sounds of the Smiths dismembering her body. The next day, Regina is alarmed. Regina finds the phone in order and calls her mother, but before she can tell her anything, Evelyn disconnects them. A police car pulls up outside the mansion, Regina bursts out of the house seeking help, but the cop is another grandson of the Smiths.
Now realizing she is a prisoner, Regina is left in the charge of Baby John while the Smiths go into town, she seizes the opportunity to explore the forbidden refrigerator, where she finds the decapitated heads of Edwina and Pamela. Regina screams in horror as she realizes the Smiths are cannibals and she's been eating human flesh for two days. Now realizing she will be next, a panicked Regina bolts from the house with Baby John pursuing, but she is caught by Evelyn and Henry returning from their errand. Once they are back at the Inn and Baby John have a private moment where they say they love each other. Regina knows that Henry and Evelyn intend to kill her, but Baby John has a childlike attitude, thinks they will learn to accept her. At dinner that night, Regina faces an unspoken challenge; the Smiths study her to see if she will eat the meat now that she knows what it is, hence judging if she would be able to join their clan as a mate for Baby John. Regina is unable to eat and runs from the table in disgust, the Smiths have made up their mind that Regina will be meat.
Baby John is distressed, begins hurling dishes around screaming "No!!" After dinner, he goes upstairs to help Regina escape. They sneak out of the house and try and escape in the car, they release their dog on the couple, it corners them in the greenhouse, attacking Regina. Baby John kills it with a shovel, the Smiths arrive shortly after. Realizing the dog is dead, Evelyn uses it to distract Baby John by weeping over the corpse, while Henry advances on Regina with a large cleaver. Regina starts screaming in a panic, blood splatters over a nearby plant. Out of focus, we see a body being dragged away from the scene; the next scene, we see Baby John sitting at a table in the Inn's kitchen, playing with a toy truck while someone sings a song to him that Evelyn used to sing. We see it is Regina, making cookies for Baby John; the camera pans into the freezer to reveal the decapitated heads of Henry. The cycle of flesh eating at the Red Wolf Inn will continue, Regina is the new chef. Linda Gillen as Regina McKee John Neilson as Baby John Smith Arthur Space as Henry Smith Mary Jackson as E
The Zvezda Kh-35 is a Soviet turbojet subsonic cruise anti-ship missile. The same missile can be launched from helicopters, surface ships and coastal defence batteries with the help of a rocket booster, in which case it is known as Uran or Bal, it is designed to attack vessels up to 5,000 tonnes. Zvezda started work on the Kh-35 in 1983 by a decree of the USSR Council of Ministers and the USSR CPSU Central Committee to arm ships of medium tonnage; the Kh-35 missile is a subsonic weapon featuring a normal aerodynamic configuration with cruciform wings and fins and a semisubmerged air duct intake. The propulsion unit is a turbofan engine; the missile is guided to its target at the final leg of the trajectory by commands fed from the active radar homing head and the radio altimeter. Target designation data can be introduced into the missile from the launch aircraft or ship or external sources. Flight mission data is inserted into the missile control system. An inertial system controls the missile in flight, stabilizes it at an assigned altitude and brings it to a target location area.
At a certain target range, the homing head is switched on to search for, lock on and track the target. The inertial control system turns the missile toward the target and changes its flight altitude to an low one. At this altitude, the missile continues the process of homing by the data fed from the homing head and the inertial control system until a hit is obtained; the Kh-35 can be employed in fair and adverse weather conditions at sea states up to 5–6, by day and night, under enemy fire and electronic countermeasures. Its aerodynamic configuration is optimized for high subsonic-speed sea-skimming flight to ensure stealthy characteristics of the missile; the missile has low signatures thanks to its small dimensions, sea-skimming capability and a special guidance algorithm ensuring secure operational modes of the active radar seeker. Its ARGS-35E active radar seeker operates in both single and multiple missile launch modes and locking on targets at a maximum range of up to 20 km. A new radar seeker, Gran-KE has been developed by SPE Radar MMS and will be replacing the existing ARGS-35E X band seeker.
The Kh-35 missile entered service in 2003. In July 2003, the system created by the "Tactical Missiles Corporation" passed the state tests and began to come into service of ships of the Russian Navy. Today it is accepted that in the criterion of "cost-effectiveness", "Uran-E" is one of the best systems in the world, it has been acquired by India. The Bal coastal missile system in the fall of 2004 showed excellent results in the state tests and entered service in 2008. A Bal system has four self-propelled launcher vehicles each carrying eight missiles for a total of 32 missiles in a salvo, plus reloads for another wave; the launchers can hit targets at ranges up to 120 km. The Bal system is equipped with an upgraded version of the Kh-35E increasing range to 300 km. At IMDS 2019, a new version of the Russian Bal-E coastal defence system was presented for the 1st time; the 4-tube Rubezh-ME, dedicated to the export market, is based on a Kamaz 63501 8x8 chassis, more compact than the MZKT-7930 of the original Bal-E.
From 2001–2015, Russia supplied Vietnam with 198 Kh-35E missiles for sea-based use. By June 2016, Vietnam was planning to start serial production of their indigenous KCT-15 anti-ship missile based on the Kh-35E, covering three types of Kh-35E missiles for sea-launched, air-launched, coastal defense as part of the 3K60 Bal/SSC-6 Sennight mobile coastal defense system. Kh-35 - Base naval version for Russia. Kh-35E - Export version of Kh-35. Kh-35U - Base upgrade unified missile, version for Russia in production. Capable of striking land targets. Kh-35UE - Export version of Kh-35U, in production. Kh-35V - Version for Russia, launched from a helicopter. 3M-24EMV - Export version of Kh-35 missile-target without warhead for Vietnam. Kh-35 Uran/Uran-E - Shipborne equipment of the control system with a missile Kh-35/Kh-35E. Bal/Bal-E - Coastal missile complex with Kh-35/Kh-35E missiles. KN-09 Kumsong/GeumSeong-3 - KN0v 0x 01, KN19 Reported North Korean copy of the Kh-35U. Kumsong-3 is North Korean domestic variant/clone of Kh-35 based on Kh-35U due to range.
Demonstrated range in 2017, June 8 test is 240 km.. Kh-37 or Kh-39 - possible name for nuclear-tipped variant. KCT-15 - License-produced Kh-35E by Vietnam. Neptune - Ukrainian derivative Algeria Azerbaijan – Bal Coastal missile complex suspended India Iran Russia – 112 Kh-35 delivered in 2009–2010; the Russian Navy has deployed 4 Bal coastal missile brigades, each of 16 mobile launch systems as of October 2015.11th Black Sea Fleet Brigade, Krasnodar 46th Separate Division of the Caspian Flotilla, Dagestan 15th Black Sea Fleet Brigade, Crimea 72nd Pacific Fleet Regiment, Primorsky Krai. At least one more complex was delivered to the Western Military District in mid-2016. Two Bal missile systems delivered in 2017 and one more in November 2018 for the BSF. Two more systems in 2019 and 2020 for the PF and CFl; the Russian Air Force has acquired since 2014 an unknown number of Kh-35U missiles integrated with the Sukhoi Su-35S fighter aircraft and the Sukhoi Su-34 fighter-bombers. Venezuela – Bal Coastal missile complex being delivered.
Vietnam – 198 Kh-35E missiles delivered in 2001–2015. The missile is license-produced as KCT-15 by Vietnam