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Transport in Chile

Transport in Chile is by road. The south of the country is not connected to central Chile by road, water transport plays a part there; the railways were important in Chile, but now play a small part in the country's transport system. Because of the country's geography and long distances between major cities, aviation is important. Total: 79,799 km paved: 41,012 km unpaved: 38,788 km Chile Highway 5 Chile Highway 7 Chile Highway 9 Chile Highway 68 Chile Highway 181 2,653 km Chile Freeway 6 Chile Freeway 8 Autopista del Sol Autopista del Itata Buses are now the main means of long distance transportation in Chile, following the decline of the rail network; the bus system covers the whole country, from Arica from Santiago to Punta Arenas. There are international services to most other countries in South America. Longer-distance services are on semi-cama or cama buses double deck. Santiago began its public bus system Transantiago in 2007. Concepción's "Bio Bus" integrates with the electric train, is based on a dedicated right of way for buses.

Total: 6,782 km broad gauge: 3,743 km 5 ft 6 in gauge narrow gauge: 116 km 3 ft 6 in gauge. Chile's railways are operated by the state owned company Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado, which completed a major investment programme in 2005; the rail system once served the entire country, running rail lines from Arica in the north to Puerto Montt in the south. Due to the nature of the terrain and evolution in transportation systems, rail travel has suffered at the hands of bus and air competition; the train takes longer to reach a destination than a bus, the comfort is comparable. Prices tend to be uncompetitive. Rail freight transport has suffered at the hands of the trucking industry and will continue to do so due to the immense leverage the truck driver's union can bring to bear if they were to feel threatened; the Ferrocarril de Antofagasta a Bolivia is a metre gauge railway in the north of the country. It was constructed in 2 ft 6 in gauge; the northern rail line out of Santiago is now disused past the intersection with the Valparaíso line.

Until there it is used nearly for freight. Although the rest of the northern line is still in place, it is in a state of serious disrepair; the southern line runs as far as Puerto Montt and is electrified as far as the city of Temuco, from where diesel locomotives are used. Due to lack of budget and care, the 389 km Temuco to Puerto Montt section was abandoned in 1992 but after a $44m upgrade it has been back in use since 6 December 2005 with daily service between Victoria and Puerto Montt. Work to build/restore the South Trans-Andean Railway link between Zapala and Lonquimay, Chile was underway in 2005. Possible break-of-gauge. Possible rack railway. Construction was formed and funded by the province; the first 7 km was completed by January 2006. Commuter rail lines in Santiago are planned to connect to Batuco. There have been repeated case studies regarding the installation of a high speed line between the cities of Valparaíso and Santiago, some considering maglev trains, but no serious action has been taken on the matter.

Bolivia - yes - same gauge 1,000 mm - from Arica to La Paz, Bolivia Argentina - Central Trans-Andean Railway - abandoned 1984 – 100 km of mountain railway of 1,000 mm gauge with rack railway sections - break of gauge 1,676 mm /1,000 mm at either end. Concession planned to re-open line. Peru - yes - a single 1,435 mm gauge connection between the northern Chilean city of Arica and Tacna in Southern Peru. Santiago website Valparaíso website total: 45 ships totaling 580,749 GT/860,034 tonnes deadweight ships by type: total: 62 over 3,047 m: 6 2,438 to 3,047 m: 6 1,524 to 2,437 m: 20 914 to 1,523 m: 20 under 914 m: 10 Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport, located in Santiago, is Chile's largest aviation facility. Total: 310 over 3,047 m: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m: 4 1,524 to 2,437 m: 12 914 to 1,523 m: 68 under 914 m: 223 LATAM Chile Sky Airline JetSmart Latin American Wings Chacao Channel bridge is a planned suspension bridge, to link the island of Chiloé with mainland Chile crossing the Chacao Channel.

It was one of the several projects that were planned to commemorate the Chile's bicentennial in 2010. If completed, it would have been the largest suspension bridge in South America. Crude oil 755 km petroleum products 780 km natural gas 320 km Cardenal Antonio Samoré Pass, Los Lagos Region, Route 215-CH Carirriñe Pass, Los Ríos Region Chungara–Tambo Quemado and Parinacota Region Paso de Jama, Antofagasta Region Huahum Pass, Los Ríos Region Icalma International Pass, Araucanía Region Paso Internacional Los Libertadores, Valparaíso Region Lilpela Pass, Los Ríos Region Paso de Los Patos, Valparaíso Region Mamuil Malal Pass, Araucanía Region Pino Hachado Pass, Araucanía Region San Francisco Pass, Atacama Region Uspallata Pass, Valparaíso Region Transantiago Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado Rail transport by country This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA Wo

Diane Sommerfield

Diane Sommerfield was an American actress who made appearances in theater and television from the early 1970s until the mid 1980s. Sommerfield was best known for her role as Valarie Grant on NBC's soap opera Days of Our Lives. Born Diane Yvonne Young in Washington, D. C. Sommerfield began her acting career as a child performing in plays in her hometown. Sommerfield attended Calvin Coolidge High School where she appeared in lead roles of school productions. During her early college years at Howard University, Sommerfield appeared in lead role of "Satyricon" at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Ontario. In her junior year of college, Sommerfield moved to Los Angeles and transferred to the California State University, Los Angeles, where she graduated with a B. A. in Theater in 1971. From 1971 until 1986, Sommerfield appeared in multiple films and television shows. Sommerfield was better known for films such as The Black Godfather, Freddy, Roll!, Love in a Taxi, Back Roads, The Night Stalker Sommerfield returned to her hometown in 1986 to study film at University of the District of Columbia.

Sommerfield was an volunteer acting teacher at her high school alma mater from 1997 until 1999. Sommerfield died on March 9, 2001 at age 51. Diane Sommerfield on IMDb

Channel 9 (Greece)

Channel 9 is a Greek television channel that broadcasts in the region of Attica. Despite being declared to be a news-based channel, the majority of the channel's programming since the early 2010s, consists of telemarketing. In 1992, the channel was launched as Tile Tora, founded by journalist Gregoris Michalopoulos. In January 2000, the channel was bought by Stathis Tsotsoros and was renamed POLIS TV or POLIS for short. Michalopoulos became the channel's vice president. In 2004, the channel was renamed TV TVC for short. In 2005, the channel changed ownership again, was temporarily renamed back to POLIS in preparation for an overhaul. In October 11, 2005, a fire completely ruined sister station Alpha TV's studios in Agios Ioannis Rentis, where the regional station was housed anew, along with some archive material. On December 2005, the station was renamed to Channel 9, broadcasting from the studios in Rentis, after another deadline for December 5 was expired; the new programming of the station, featuring news bulletins, was undertaken by journalist Nikos Evangelatos, at the same time hosting the news program Apodeikseis on Alpha.

It hasn't changed its main 4:3 idents since then. In 2010, the channel started focusing on economy shows, with Panagiotis Mpousmpourelisa at the head. Between 2004 and 2006, the channel was infamous for strikes by its crew and its executives firing employees; the channel would start airing replays of other shows, there would be a potential shutdown of the station. At the end of 2006, journalist Nikos Evangelatos was forced to resing, following improper financial handling, firing all of the station's 390 employees. Since Channel 9 has gone through economic redevelopment, something that has managed to progress into the new digital age. In February 2007, Channel 9 started. In December 2013, Channel 9 was added to Cosmote TV, it was removed from the service in November 2018. Until mid-2006, journalist Nikos Evangelatos held a significant share in the station. Behind the journalist was businessman Dimitris Kontominas, only because Greek law at the time did not allow individual ownership of more than one television channel and two radio stations.

The law has since changed and Dimitris Kontominas is the majority shareholder. The channel has several times changed ownership in its history; the first company to operate the station was the Tiletora Anonymous Radio Television Company, established on February 6, 1992. A year the operation of the channel under the 19205/E license of local signal in Attica was legalized, on March 20, 1998, the Ministry for the Press issued a decision, according to which, the channel was re-legalized as a regional one. Since its inception, the channel's headquarters would be located at Lycabettus St. 17 and on Ilias Iliou St. 15, until mid-2001, when it was moved to Kallithea. On June 30, 2000, the organization's statute was altered, by adding the purpose of producing films for the needs of the channel, a few months due to a change of ownership, the name of the organization was changed to Polis Anonymous Television Company. Journalist Petros Diplas became its president. In mid-2004, the station was sold and the name of the previous operator of the station changed to Mediterranean Television Enterprises SA, which shut down one year later.

On May 25, 2004, Radio Television Operations Cosmopolis TVC SA was established, as a conversion of the same-named joint venture and which took over again the television channel, purchased from Polis SA. By mid-2005, the major shareholder would appear to be Stathis Tsotsoros, president of the directors' board and chief executive on Alpha TV and Channel 9. On October 3, 2005, the organization was last renamed as Channel Nine - 9 Anonymous Company, the station was transferred to Pavlou Melas St. 26 in Rentis. At the same time, it started to maintain a branch office at Kontoi St. 11-13 in Renti, where the former production offices of its sister channel, Alpha TV, were housed. In late 2010, the organization's statute was altered, with an expansion of activities, while two years the station's headquarters were transferred to the old facilities of Alpha TV in Paiania. Channel 9’s programming was based on newscasts, original productions and cartoons; the channel had nine daily newscasts to match its name.

As of 2010, the channel’s news operations consisted of a daily economic zone, the main newscast, a sign language newscast, a sports newscast, a newscast from Al Jazeera English translated into Greek from 2009 to 2013, a first for Greek television. Other programming would include children’s series, foreign films from Village Roadshow and original productions medical ones; until 2007 the majority of the channel's programming consisted of cartoons from Nickelodeon. Channel 9 has aired sports events such as Bundesliga, the Scotland Premier League, NBA, Serie A, Coupe de France and Skoda Foot Volley 2006, as well as programming from MTV Europe and productions for its sister channel, Alpha TV, since its change of ownership in 2000. All of its programming in the daytime consists of telemarketing. Various local stations in Greece, including Star Central Greece in Lamia, NET TV in western Peloponnesus, the ORT in Peloponnesus, Kriti TV in Crete, Super B in western Greece, Delta TV in Thraki, Center TV in south Macedonia, Cosmos TV (a subsidiary channel of Channel

Lifer (band)

Lifer is an American rock band formed in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania in 1999. They were active from 1999 to 2002, releasing their sole full-length album through the major label Universal Music and Republic Records; the group formed as Strangers with Candy in 1999, having acquired the name after a girl at a party suggested it to them. They were known for performing covers of modern acts, including Coal Chamber, Cypress Hill, House of Pain, Limp Bizkit, Red Hot Chili Peppers and Tool. In 2000, Strangers with Candy entered MTV's Ultimate Cover Band Contest becoming a fan-favorite with covers of "Take On Me", "Guerrilla Radio" and "Nookie"; the MTV exposure helped the band gain fans all over the United States, caught the attention of the music industry. On July 10 of that year, they signed a six-record contract with Universal Music and Republic Records. Vocalist Nick Coyle claimed in 2001 that the band's success on the series was not the sole reason they landed a major label deal, recalling "We sold a lot regionally.

Some record labels saw us and were like'who is this band selling all these CDs' and they picked us up." The band went on to change their name to Driver after legal complications with the Comedy Central series of the same name. In late 2000, Alex Lifeson agreed to produce the band's debut. Regarding their choice of producer, guitarist Aaron Fink said in November 2000 "We wanted a player rather than just a standard producer." Following the August 14, 2001 release of their self-titled debut, Lifer toured with like-minded acts such as Cold and Dope. By 2002, Lifer's founding guitarist and bassist Aaron Fink and Mark Klepaski had quit due to internal disagreements and the self-titled record's lack of success. Fink recalled in 2003 "We got a small deal on Universal and they are so huge. They're like the biggest company, their roster is so huge. We weren't a band that had a lot of hits so, there were more important things for the label to do, they kinda caught wind that there were problems in the band so they didn't want to push it, I think.

It's hard. Our first single didn't hit. LA was hit oriented. If you didn't have a hit – we couldn't get our manager on the phone and you know that's a bad sign. So Mark quit." Fink and Kelpask went on to join the popular Hollywood Records rock act Breaking Benjamin. AllMusic claims they are "far from a carbon copy of Lifer – instead, they favored a radio-friendly post-grunge approach, aggressive and forceful yet melodic." DJ Tony Kruszka, who had joined in 2000 departed the band for unknown reasons. Lifer continued with Derek Spencer and Ian Wiseman handling guitar and bass duties; this lineup recorded an independent EP that year titled IV. Nick Coyle subsequently decided to rename Lifer under the moniker myDownfall, as the recent material the new lineup had been writing featured a distinctly different melodic rock sound. MyDownfall would split in 2003. Coyle has since gone on to play in several bands as both a vocalist and guitarist, such as The Drama Club, Stardog Champion and, most Cold. Lifer performed an acoustic reunion show in support of 3-year-old Emalee Kate Kachurkain, who had cancer.

The concert took place in Berwick, Pennsylvania on August 14, 2010 with all the original members minus Chris Lightcap, on tour with Shinedown. Turntablist Tony Kruszka handled drum duties. Lifer performed 10 released songs which included, "Ugly", "Parade", "New", "Key of Me", "Swallow", "No Need", "Perfect with Silence", "Not Like You", "Boring" and "Breathless". "Key of Me" hadn't been played since Lifer was known as Strangers with Candy in 2000. In July 2018, Coyle announced a second acoustic reunion show with Aaron Fink, performing songs from the debut album and covers from the Strangers with Candy era; the show took place in their home town of Wilkes-Barre on August 24, 2018. Coyle and Fink have since reformed the band with a new lineup featuring former turntablist Tony Kruszka on drums and Mike Morgan on bass; the members of Lifer claimed their influences as Deftones, Faith No More and Tool. According to AllMusic, the band travels "within the darkest lines of alternative metal inspirations, presenting soul-rupturing themes composed of raging guitar strains and fierce and brutal rhythms controlled by mind-gazing lyrics."

Lifer garnered heavy comparisons to Sevendust and Tool, although their sound has been likened to Factory 81, Liquid Gang, Limp Bizkit, Linkin Park and Skrape. Tony Kruszka stated that after their success on MTV's Ultimate Cover Band Contest, they were told to "change the music around and to change our style and start playing the lighter stuff to draw more people", remarking that "I think that us not changing anything with our style is why people want to see us play." AllMusic's Kurt Morris gave Lifer's self-titled debut a negative one and half star review, criticizing their apparent lack of creativity. He wrote "Lifer's self-titled debut amounts to little more than another filler in music bins at major chain music stores and a quick single at airplay on the local hard rock radio station. Singer Nick Coyle has a good voice and shows himself capable of good harmonies on such songs as'Ugly', but this dissipates into the aptly named song'Boring.'" Nick Coyle – vocals Aaron Fink – guitar Tony Kruszka – drums, turntables Mike Morgan – bass Mark Klepaski – bass Chris Lightcap – drums Derek Spencer – guit

Commerce Secretary of Pakistan

The Commerce Secretary of Pakistan is the Federal Secretary for the Ministry of Commerce. The Commerce Secretary is considered to be the most powerful seat in the country's trade sector, with various public sector entities under his charge including Trading Corporation of Pakistan, State Life Insurance Corporation, Trade Development Authority; the position holder is a BPS-22 grade officer belonging to the Pakistan Administrative Service. Government of Pakistan Federal Secretary Interior Secretary of Pakistan Cabinet Secretary of Pakistan Finance Secretary of Pakistan Petroleum Secretary of Pakistan Ministry of Commerce and Textile Industry Trading Corporation of Pakistan

Parnell Dickinson

Parnell Dickinson is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League for one season. Over the course of his career, he played in eight games for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, completed 15 of 39 passes for 210 yards, threw one touchdown and five interceptions, finished his career with a passer rating of 25.5. A four-year starting quarterback at Mississippi Valley State University, Dickinson was drafted by the Buccaneers in the seventh round of the 1976 NFL Draft, he served as the backup quarterback behind Steve Spurrier his rookie season, saw playing time in eight games, including one start against the Miami Dolphins. His season ended after suffering an injury in a game against the Cleveland Browns, he tried to make the team in 1977, but was cut, ending his career. After retiring, he became a high school offensive coordinator in Tampa. Dickinson played college football at Mississippi Valley State, he was the quarterback for the team during his freshman year in 1972.

His performances that season included a game against the Southern Jaguars where he completed 15 of 31 passes for 180 yards and rushed for two touchdowns in a 23–13 win. At the end of the season, Dickinson was named to the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics all-star team as a quarterback alongside Ralph Brock. In his sophomore year, Dickinson was awarded the team's top sportsman award, given to the player with the best attitude and morale. In 1974, his junior year, Dickinson threw for 1,667 yards and 21 touchdowns over the course of the season. In his first three seasons, he led the Southwestern Athletic Conference in total offense. Dickinson's performances his senior year included a comeback victory over Prairie View A&M, when he threw a touchdown pass with just over a minute left to win the game, 27–26 after being down 26–14 with under four minutes left. After the season ended, he was named to the Black College All-American football team for the second year in a row. After graduating from college, Dickinson was selected by the expansion Tampa Bay Buccaneers with the 183rd overall pick in the seventh round of the 1976 NFL Draft.

Buccaneers' head coach John McKay said that Dickinson was considered the second best prospect on his draft board behind Richard Todd. Steve Spurrier had the starting job wrapped up when he was signed to the team, as a result Dickinson spent the offseason competing for a backup quarterback spot alongside Bill Cappleman and James Foote. Dickinson started off training camp by throwing the hardest passes of the four quarterbacks, had a few accuracy issues in the process. Dickinson served as the second-string quarterback throughout the preseason. In a game against the Green Bay Packers, he led the Buccaneers to their first touchdown as a team. By the end of preseason, his place was on the roster was solidified behind Spurrier, as Cappleman and Foote were cut and replaced by Gary Valbuena and Larry Lawrence. Dickinson completed one of five passes for 15 yards in his first professional game against the Houston Oilers after coming in for Spurrier late in the game; the following week, the Buccaneers faced the San Diego Chargers.

In that game, Dickinson again came into the game, rushing three times for 54 yards and throwing an interception, returned by Tom Hayes for a touchdown. He did not play against the Buffalo Bills the following week, but Spurrier ended up getting injured, meaning that Dickinson was slated to get his first NFL start against the Baltimore Colts. Spurrier ended up starting the game, but Dickinson did see playing time against the Colts, completing one of five passes for 12 yards and throwing an interception in a 42–17 loss. Two weeks after the Bengals' game, Dickinson was slated to start against the Miami Dolphins on October 24, becoming the team's first African-American starting quarterback. In the game, he completed all four passes he attempted for 51 yards, led a 71-yard touchdown drive. However, he suffered a twisted foot and ankle during the game, was sidelined for what was an indefinite amount of time. Dickinson returned two weeks failing to complete a pass in a game against the Denver Broncos, allowing another interception, returned by John Rowser for a touchdown.

Dickinson had his most productive outing the following week, completing 7 of 13 passes for 103 yards in a loss to the New York Jets. His last game of the season was against the Cleveland Browns, he completed two of three passes for 29 yards in the fourth quarter. After completing the first two passes, he was intercepted by Terry Brown and was hit late after throwing the pass; the result was torn ligaments in his left knee. Despite the season-ending injury, there was still optimism about Dickinson being the Buccaneers' quarterback of the future due to his scrambling ability. Dickinson went through knee surgery during the offseason, but there was still concern about whether he had a future in the NFL; that was set aside when he was considered to be progressing well in his recovery as of early July 1977. During the Buccaneers' offseason, the quarterbacks on the roster changed with Dickinson being the only holdover. After the Buccaneers lost Boryla and Huff to injuries, the former for the season, Dickinson ended up being the starting quarterback for the team's final preseason game against the Bills.

In the game, Dickinson completed 2 of 12 passes for -2 yards and was sacked three times in a 17–6 loss. A week after the game against the Bills, Dickinson was released by the Buccaneers along with four other players; the Buccaneers r