Erenhot is a county-level city of the Xilin Gol League, in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, located in the Gobi Desert along the Sino-Mongolian border, across from the Mongolian town of Zamyn-Üüd. There are 74,197 inhabitants and the elevation is 966 metres. Erenhot experiences a cold desert climate with long dry, bitter winters and short, hot summers. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −18.1 °C in January to 23.3 °C in July, with an annual mean of 3.98 °C. The city receives 3,232 hours of bright sunshine per year, clear, dry weather dominates year-round. Over two-thirds of the sparse 142 millimetres of annual rainfall occurs from June to August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 67% in July to 78% in February, the city is one of the sunniest nationwide and receives 3,232 hours of bright sunshine annually; the border town is a rail port city and the largest hub for cross border trade between Mongolia and China. When authorities opened the town up in 1992 to international trade, Erenhot underwent a transformation growing from 8,000 people to an estimated 100,000 people including migrant workers.
The Dabusan Nur salt lake to the north of Erenhot provided an economic boom to the city's chemical industry during the late 1990s. The lake has provided Erenhot with a large water supply which contributed to the rapid growth of the city and economy; as a destination for wholesalers moving goods across the border, the city hosts a large trading market, International Trade City. Built in 2006 the mall is "a block-long, three-story wholesale market that houses 527 tenants who sell silk fabrics and fox furs and other commodities." Erenhot is a stop on the Trans-Mongolian Railway, making it one of two international railway crossings in Inner Mongolia as of 2010. The rail link has struggled under the strain of growing trade with Mongolia and several new rail lines are under construction to ease the burden including two railways from different parts of China to a border port in East Ujimqin Banner. International trains change bogies in here, because of the break-of-gauge between China and Mongolia.
China uses the standard gauge. The manual bogie exchange is to be supplemented with the faster, automatic Variable gauge axle system of the SUW 2000-type made by ZNTK; the town is the northern terminus of China National Highway 208, which runs south to Changzhi, Shanxi. Erenhot is served by Erenhot Saiwusu International Airport which has scheduled flights to Beijing and Xilinhot as well as to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; the area around the town a salt lake known to paleontologists as Iren dabasu or Iren nor to the east, is known for the discovery of a number of different dinosaurs. The city houses a dinosaur museum, in 2006 a big arch in form of two Sauropoda was built on the highway southward. In 2007, a number of smaller figures of different species were added. List of dinosaur-bearing rock formations Gigantoraptor Alectrosaurus Official website Erenhot travel guide from Wikivoyage Dinosaurs Roam Scenic Boulevard August 7, 2007 An Erenhot Travelogue AsiaObscura.com
MIAT Mongolian Airlines
MIAT Mongolian Airlines is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. The airline operates international scheduled services from its base at Chinggis Khaan International Airport near Ulaanbaatar. MIAT Mongolian Airlines was established in 1956, it began operations with the help of Aeroflot and began flights on 7 July 1956 using an Antonov An-2 from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk. The airline used Soviet-built Ilyushin Il-14s for flights to international destinations like Beijing and Moscow. During the 1960s and 1970s, the airline obtained Antonov An-26 twin turboprops. A Tupolev Tu-154 jet on lease from Aeroflot was introduced in the late 1980s. In 1992, MIAT bought five Chinese Harbin Y-12 commuter aircraft and acquired a Boeing 727-200 from Korean Air, one more following in 1994. An Airbus A310 was leased in 1998, a new Boeing 737 was leased in 2002 to replace the aging 727-200 fleet. Between 2003 and 2008, MIAT's An-24 and An-26 fleet was retired.
In April 2008, MIAT received its second Boeing 737-800 aircraft on lease from CIT Aerospace. In July 2008, MIAT ended scheduled domestic flights completely. In June 2009, the airline temporarily resumed scheduled domestic flights to Mörön and Khovd using its Boeing 737-800 aircraft. In late 2009, MIAT flew charter flights to Hong Kong and Sanya, a popular resort city in Hainan, China. In June 2010, the airline's flights were brought to a halt due to a mechanics' strike. However, the situation was resolved with the replacement of the Technical Director. In early 2011, MIAT signed an agreement with Air Lease Corporation to lease two former China Eastern Boeing 767-300ERs until 2013; the first aircraft entered service in May 2011 with the second following in November 2011. In 2011 the Airbus A310 was retired after serving MIAT Mongolian Airlines for 13 years. In June 2011, MIAT began regular flights to Hong Kong; the company ordered three aircraft, a Boeing 767-300ER and two Boeing 737-800s, to be delivered in 2013 and 2016 respectively.
The order marks the first time in two decades that MIAT has chosen to expand its fleet by purchasing new aircraft straight from the manufacturer rather than leasing them. In January 2019, MIAT announced flights to Shanghai and Guangzhou in China to start from summer of 2019. In addition, it announced the leasing of 3 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft to be delivered in January and October 2019, thereby replacing two of its aircraft whose leases are due to expire in 2019, together with the implementation of a self-checkin system. MIAT Mongolian Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: Aeroflot Cathay Pacific Korean Air As of February 2019, MIAT Mongolian Airlines operates an all-Boeing fleet consisting of the following aircraft: MIAT has operated a variety of aircraft types, including: MIAT Mongolian Airlines has suffered the following incidents and accidents since commencing operations: 4 August 1963: Avia 14 Super MT-105 crashed into the side of Otgontenger Mountain. 17 September 1973: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-4206 crashed into the side of a mountain in the Hovd Province of Mongolia during approach.
1 May 1979: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-1202 ran off the runway on landing at Erdenet Airport. 26 January 1990: Antonov 24RV BNMAU-10208 crashed into terrain near Ulaangom Airport at night, killing all 30 on board. 23 April 1993: Antonov An-26 BNMAU-14102 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulaanbaatar crashed into the side of Marz Mountain during descent into Tosontsengel Airport, Mongolia. All 32 passengers and crew died. 21 September 1995: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-10103 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulaanbaatar crashed into a mountain near Choho Geologoh Uul during approach into Mörön Airport, after the crew descended too soon, killing 42 of 43 on board in Mongolia's worst air disaster. 10 June 1997: Harbin Y-12 JU-1020 crashed after encountering windshear whilst landing at Mandalgobi Airport, killing seven of 12 on board. 26 May 1998: Harbin Y-12 JU-1017 crashed into a mountain near Erdenet due to possible overloading, killing all 17 passengers and crew on board. Transport in Mongolia Media related to MIAT Mongolian Airlines at Wikimedia Commons Official website "Air Mongolia – the "do it yourself" airline".
WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable: 88BEIJING25961
Lake Khövsgöl referred to as Khövsgöl dalai or Dalai Eej, is the largest fresh water lake in Mongolia by volume and second largest by area. Khövsgöl Nuur is nicknamed "Younger sister of the Sister Lakes". Khuvsgul nuur is located in the northwest of Mongolia near the Russian border, at the foot of the eastern Sayan Mountains, it is 1,645 metres above sea level, 262 metres deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, holds 70% of Mongolia's fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world. The town of Hatgal is at the southern end of the lake, its watershed is small, it only has small tributaries. It is drained at the south end by the Egiin Gol, which connects to the Selenge and into Lake Baikal. Between the two lakes, the water travels a distance of more than 1,000 km, falls 1,169 metres, although the line-of-sight distance is only about 200 km, its location in northern Mongolia forms one part of the southern border of the great Siberian taiga forest, of which the dominant tree is the Siberian Larch, The lake is surrounded by several mountain ranges.
The highest mountain is the Bürenkhaan / Mönkh Saridag, which has its peak north of the lake on the Russian-Mongolian border. The surface of the lake freezes over in winter; the ice cover in winter is strong enough to carry heavy trucks. However, this practice is now forbidden to prevent pollution of the lake from both oil leaks and trucks breaking through the ice, it is estimated. Khuvsgul is one of seventeen ancient lakes in the world, being more than 2 million years old, the most pristine, as well as being the most significant drinking water reserve of Mongolia, its water is potable without any treatment. Hovsgol is an ultraoligotrophic lake with low levels of nutrients, primary productivity and high water clarity. Hovsgol's fish community is species-poor compared to that of Lake Baikal. Species of commercial and recreational interest include Eurasian perch, burbot and the endangered endemic Hovsgol grayling. Though endangered by poaching during its spawning runs, the Hovsgol grayling is still abundant throughout much of the lake.
The Lake area is a National Park bigger than Yellowstone and protected as a transition zone between Central Asian Steppe and the Siberian Taiga. Despite Hovsgol's protected status, illegal fishing is common and prohibitions against commercial fishing with gillnets are enforced; the lake is traditionally considered sacred in a land suffering from arid conditions where most lakes are salty. The Park is home to a variety of wildlife such as ibex, elk, wolverine, musk deer, brown bear, Siberian moose, sable; the Hövsgöl Long-term Ecological Research Site was established in 1997 and an extensive research program began soon thereafter. Now part of an international network of long-term study sites, the Hövsgöl LTERS provides a stage for nurturing Mongolia's scientific and environmental infrastructures, studying climate change, developing sustainable responses to some of environmental challenges facing the lake and its watershed. Recent studies has identified high levels of plastic pollution in the lake, showing that small rural populations can cause high plastics pollution levels, as high as elsewhere around the world.
The name Khövsgöl is derived from Turkic words for "Khob Su Kol, means Lake with Great water" Nuur is the Mongolian word for "lake." There are a number of different transcription variants, depending on whether the Cyrillic "х" is transliterated to "h" or "kh," or whether the "ө" is transliterated to "ö," "o," or "u." Transcriptions from the name in the classical Mongolian script, like Hubsugul, Khubsugul etc. may be seen. New York Times article about kayaking on Khövsgöl Limnological Catalog of Mongolian Lakes
Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing. Air China's flight operations are based at Beijing Capital International Airport. In 2017, the airline carried 102 million domestic and international passengers with an average load factor of 81%. Air China was established and commenced operations on 1 July 1988 as a result of the Chinese government's decision in late 1987 to split the operating divisions of Civil Aviation Administration of China into six separate airlines: Air China, China Eastern, China Southern, China Northern, China Southwest, China Northwest. Air China was given chief responsibility for intercontinental flights and took over the CAAC's long haul aircraft and routes. In January 2001, the former CAAC's ten airlines agreed on a merger plan, according to which Air China was to acquire China Southwest Airlines. Before this acquisition, Air China was the country's fourth largest domestic airline.
The merger created a group with assets of 56 billion Yuan, a fleet of 118 aircraft. In October 2002, Air China consolidated with the China National Aviation Holding and China Southwest Airlines. On 15 December 2004, Air China was listed on the Hong Kong and London Stock Exchanges. In 2006, Air China signed an agreement to join the Star Alliance, it became a member of the alliance on 12 December 2007 alongside Shanghai Airlines. In July 2009, Air China acquired $19.3 million of shares from its troubled subsidiary Air Macau, lifting its stake in the carrier from 51% to 80.9%. One month Air China spent HK$6.3 billion to raise its stake in Cathay Pacific from 17.5% to 30%, expanding its presence in Hong Kong. In April 2010, Air China completed the increase of shareholdings in Shenzhen Airlines and became the controlling shareholder of Shenzhen Airlines, allowing Air China to further enhance its position in Beijing and Shanghai as well as achieve a more balanced domestic network. On 2 December 2010, Air China received Spain's highest tourism industry award, the "Plaque for Tourist Merit."
Air China was the first foreign airline to receive the award, given to organisations and individuals contributing to the Spanish tourism industry. On 23 December 2010, Air China became the first Chinese airline to offer combined tickets that include domestic flights and shuttle bus services to nearby cities; the first combined flight-shuttle bus ticket connected Tianjin via shuttle bus with domestic flights passing through Beijing. Air China began offering free Wi-Fi internet service on board its aircraft on 15 November 2011, making it the first Chinese carrier to offer this service; however reported by users, the service is not allowed on only tablets and laptops. In 2012, after pressure from PETA, Air China stated that it would no longer transport monkeys to laboratories. PETA welcomed the airline's announcement. On July 3, 2013 in time for the company's 25th anniversary, Air China tested Wireless LAN in flight, it was the first global satellite Internet flight in Mainland China. In early 2015 it was announced that the airline had selected the Boeing 737 Next Generation and 737 MAX for its fleet renewal programme of 60 aircraft.
The deal, with a value of over $6 billion at current list prices, has yet to be finalised. The entity Air China Limited was registered in 2003, its shares began trading in Hong Kong and London on December 15, 2004; the airline corporate entity was Air China International, founded 2002 Air China International incorporated China Southwest Airlines and the air transportation services of the China National Aviation Corporation, becoming a new entity. The Air China HQ Building, the corporate headquarters, is located in Zone A of the Tianzhu Airport Industrial Zone in Shunyi District, Beijing; the company registered office is on the ninth floor of the Blue Sky Mansion in Zone A of the Tianzhu Airport Industrial Zone. The enterprise logo of Air China consists of an artistic phoenix pattern, the name of the airline written in calligraphy by former national leader Deng Xiaoping, "AIR CHINA" in English; the phoenix logo is the artistic transfiguration of the word "VIP". Air China is a member of Star Alliance.
Air China is based in its hub of Beijing Capital International Airport, where it operates numerous long range aircraft on routes to North America, South America and Australia. Its fleet is made up of an assortment of Boeing and Airbus aircraft, including: Boeing 737s, 777s, 747s, 787s along with Airbus A319s, A320s, A321s and A330s. Air China operates a second hub in Chengdu International Airport, where it flies domestic routes. Air China's route network extends throughout Asia to the Middle East, Western Europe, North America from its hubs at Beijing Capital International Airport and Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, it currently reaches a significant number of Asian and European destinations from Shanghai. Some international routes operate from Chengdu, Dalian, Hangzhou and Xiamen, it is one of the few world airlines. On 10 December 2006, Air China began serving its first South American destination, São Paulo-Guarulhos; this was the airline's longest direct flight. The service was initiated with a Boeing 767-300ER, but due to increased demand, the service has been upgraded
The Airbus A319 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus. The A319 has a maximum range of 3,700 nmi. Final assembly of the aircraft takes place in Hamburg and Tianjin, China; the A319 is a shortened-fuselage variant of the Airbus A320 and entered service in April 1996 with Swissair, around two years after the stretched Airbus A321 and eight years after the original A320. The aircraft shares a common type rating with all other Airbus A320 family variants, allowing existing A320 family pilots to fly the aircraft without the need for further training; as of January 2019, a total of 1,476 Airbus A319 aircraft have been delivered, of which 1,440 are in service. In addition, another 65 airliners are on firm order; as of January 2019, American Airlines was the largest operator of the Airbus A319, operating 127 aircraft. In December 2010, Airbus announced a new generation of the A320neo; the shortened fuselage A319neo variant offers new, more efficient engines, combined with airframe improvements and the addition of winglets, named "sharklets" by Airbus.
The aircraft will deliver fuel savings of up to 15%. The first member of the A320 family was the A320, launched in March 1984 and first flew on 22 February 1987; the family was extended to include the stretched A321, the shortened A319, the further shortened A318. The A320 family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire flight control systems, as well as side stick controls, in commercial aircraft; the A319 was developed at the request of Steven Udvar-Hazy, the former president and CEO of ILFC according to The New York Times. The A319 design is a shortened fuselage, minimum change derivative of the A320 with its origins in the 130- to 140-seat SA1, part of the Single-Aisle studies; the SA1 was shelved as the consortium concentrated on its bigger siblings. After healthy sales of the A320/A321, Airbus re-focused on what was known as the A320M-7, meaning A320 minus seven fuselage frames, it would provide direct competition for the 737–300/-700. The shrink was achieved through the removal of four fuselage frames fore and three aft the wing, cutting the overall length by 3.73 metres.
The number of overwing exits was reduced from four to two. High-density A319s, such as 156-seat aircraft used by easyJet, retain four overwing exits; the bulk-cargo door was replaced by an aft container door, which can take in reduced height LD3-45 containers. Minor software changes were made to accommodate the different handling characteristics. Power is provided by the derated to 98 kN, with option for 105 kN thrust. With the same fuel capacity as the A320-200 and fewer passengers, the range with 124 passengers in a two-class configuration extends to 6,650 km, or 6,850 km with the "Sharklets"; the A319's wingspan is wider than the aircraft's overall length. Airbus began offering the new model from 22 May 1992, the A319's first customer was ILFC, who signed for six aircraft. Anticipating further orders by Swissair and Alitalia, Airbus launched the $275 million programme on 10 June 1993. On 23 March 1995, the first A319 underwent final assembly at Airbus' German plant in Hamburg, where the A321s are assembled.
It was rolled out on 24 August 1995, with the maiden flight the following day. The certification programme took 350 airborne hours involving two aircraft. Delivery of the first A319, to Swissair, took place on 25 April 1996, entering service by month's end. In January 1997, an A319 broke a record during a delivery flight by flying 3,588 nautical miles on the great circle route to Winnipeg, Manitoba from Hamburg, in 9 hours 5 minutes; the A319 has proved popular with 172 delivered. A total of 1,476 of the A319ceo model have been delivered, with 10 remaining on order as of 31 January 2018; the direct Boeing competitor is the Boeing 737-700. The A319CJ is the corporate jet version of the A319, it incorporates removable extra fuel tanks which are installed in the cargo compartment, an increased service ceiling of 12,500 m. Range with eight passengers' payload and auxiliary fuel tanks is up to 6,000 nautical miles. Upon resale, the aircraft can be reconfigured as a standard A319 by removing its extra tanks and corporate cabin outfit, thus maximising its resale value.
It was also known as the ACJ, or Airbus Corporate Jet, while starting with 2014 it has the marketing designation ACJ319. The aircraft seats up to 39 passengers, but may be outfitted by the customers into any configuration. Tyrolean Jet Service Nfg. GmbH & CO KG, MJET and Reliance Industries are among its users; the A319CJ competes with other ultralarge-cabin corporate jets such as the Boeing 737–700-based Boeing Business Jet and Embraer Lineage 1000, as well as with large-cabin and ultralong-range Gulfstream G650, Gulfstream G550 and Bombardier's Global 6000. It is powered by the same engine types as the A320; the A319CJ was used by the Escadron de Transport, d'Entraînement et de Calibration, in charge of transportation for France's officials and by the Flugbereitschaft of the German Air Force for transportation of Germany's officials. An ACJ serves as a presidential or official aircraft of Armenia, Brazil, Bu
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments. Gravel is classified by particle size range and includes size classes from granule- to boulder-sized fragments. In the Udden-Wentworth scale gravel is categorized into granular pebble gravel. ISO 14688 grades gravels as fine and coarse with ranges 2 mm to 6.3 mm to 20 mm to 63 mm. One cubic metre of gravel weighs about 1,800 kg. Gravel is an important commercial product, with a number of applications. Many roadways are surfaced with gravel in rural areas where there is little traffic. Globally, far more roads are surfaced with gravel than with tarmac. Both sand and small gravel are important for the manufacture of concrete. Large gravel deposits are a common geological feature, being formed as a result of the weathering and erosion of rocks; the action of rivers and waves tends to pile up gravel in large accumulations. This can sometimes result in gravel becoming compacted and lithified into the sedimentary rock called conglomerate. Where natural gravel deposits are insufficient for human purposes, gravel is produced by quarrying and crushing hard-wearing rocks, such as sandstone, limestone, or basalt.
Quarries where gravel is extracted are known as gravel pits. Southern England possesses large concentrations of them due to the widespread deposition of gravel in the region during the Ice Ages; as of 2006, the United States is consumer of gravel. The word gravel comes from the Breton language. In Breton, "grav" means coast. Adding the "-el" suffix in Breton denotes the component parts of something larger, thus "gravel" means the small stones which make up such a beach on the coast. Many dictionaries ignore the Breton language, citing Old French gravelle. Gravel has the meaning a mixture of different size pieces of stone mixed with sand and some clay. In American English, rocks broken into small pieces by a crusher are known as crushed stone. Types of gravel include: Bank gravel: deposited gravel intermixed with sand or clay found in and next to rivers and streams. Known as "bank run" or "river run". Bench gravel: a bed of gravel located on the side of a valley above the present stream bottom, indicating the former location of the stream bed when it was at a higher level.
Creek rock or river rock: this is rounded, semi-polished stones of a wide range of types, that are dredged or scooped from stream beds. It is often used as concrete aggregate and less as a paving surface. Crushed stone: rock crushed and graded by screens and mixed to a blend of stones and fines, it is used as a surfacing for roads and driveways, sometimes with tar applied over it. Crushed stone may be made from granite, limestone and other rocks. Known as "crusher run", DGA QP, shoulder stone. Fine gravel: gravel consisting of particles with a diameter of 2 to 8 mm. Stone dust: fine, gravel from the final stage of screen separation, such that the gravel is not separated out from fine dust particles. Lag gravel: a surface accumulation of coarse gravel produced by the removal of finer particles. Pay gravel: known as "pay dirt"; the metals are recovered through gold panning. Pea gravel: known as "pea shingle" is gravel that consists of small, rounded stones used in concrete surfaces. Used for walkways, driveways and as a substrate in home aquariums.
Piedmont gravel: a coarse gravel carried down from high places by mountain streams and deposited on flat ground, where the water runs more slowly. Plateau gravel: a layer of gravel on a plateau or other region above the height at which stream-terrace gravel is found. In locales where gravelly soil is predominant, plant life is more sparse; this outcome derives from the inferior ability of gravels to retain moisture, as well as the corresponding paucity of mineral nutrients, since finer soils that contain such minerals are present in smaller amounts. Construction aggregate Pebble Rock Media related to Gravel at Wikimedia Commons
Eznis Airways LLC is a scheduled and charter airline based in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. It was the largest domestic airline with services to a number of Mongolian domestic points, with an international route to China and Russia, it had authorization for, but did not operate, international services to Kazakhstan. In 2004, the Newcom Group, undertook feasibility research into starting up new domestic air transport services in Mongolia: in January 2006 they founded Eznis Airways, a wholly owned subsidiary. Eznis was granted Air Operator Certificate No. 11 by the Mongolian Civil Aviation Authority, Eznis launched its inaugural service on December 6, 2006. From 2005 to 2006, Eznis pilots were trained and type rated at Ansett Training Center in Australia, followed by line training supervised by former Japan Air Commuter captains. Qantas provided emergency training for the cabin crew while Saab Aircraft AB provided maintenance type rating training for maintenance staff. Crew attended CRM training by Boeing and dangerous goods training by IATA.
GE and Hamilton provided propeller line maintenance training for Eznis technicians. Eznis has full insurance coverage on its aircraft, spare parts and liabilities provided by AON in London. Eznis employs 200 staff. In July 2008 Eznis Airways launched the Radixx computer reservation system: the airline intends to introduce Internet booking for tour operators, travel agencies and general public. Eznis Airways has gained dominant position in the domestic air travel market of Mongolia and carried its 100,000th passenger in November 2008; the airline began its first international regular services to Hailar, China in August 2009. In March 2010 Eznis Airways started operating flights to Hailar through Choibalsan in Dornod province of Mongolia. Launched in June 2010, Ulan-Ude, Russia was Eznis' second scheduled international destination. Eznis Airways LLC ceased all operations from 22 May 2014 due to the financial difficulties and the current situation at the airline industry after restructuring measures failed during the last two years..
Eznis Airways was relaunched 4th quarter of 2017. And international and domestic operation is planning to start from May 2018; the head office was located in the Shine Dul Building in Ulan Bator. The head office moved there on 27 August 2011. With its main base located at Chinggis Khaan International Airport the airline sold tickets through the Central Ticketing Office in Ulaanbaatar, outstation branches in ten provinces of Mongolia, including Bayankhongor, Bayan-Ulgii, Gobi-Altai, Khuvsgul, Uvs, Zavkhan as well as Hailar and Ulan-Ude, Russia. In the addition, the carrier's tickets can be bought at travel agencies: AirTrans, AirTicket, AirMarket, AirLink, MonAirTour, AirChamber, AirTravel and AviaComMongolia; the airline’s name “eznis” means ‘easiness in flight’. The name consists of two parts which when put together say'easy flight': the first two letters “ez” stand for “easy” in English and “nis” is a Mongolian word meaning “fly”; the Eznis logo represents a compass with eight destinations. A soft, flower-type image was chosen to give a stress-free feeling to passengers.
Eznis Airways served the following destinations: People's Republic of China MongoliaKhovd - Khovd Airport Ölgii - Ölgii Airport Ovoot Tolgoi / Nariin Sukhait - Ovoot Airport Ulaangom - Ulaangom Airport Ulan Bator - Chinggis Khaan International Airport Eznis Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft: In January 2009, the CEO of the airline Glen Pickard, stated that Eznis Airways signed a LoI with Bombardier Aerospace for the purchase of 7 Bombardier CSeries aircraft, although this was never reported as official by Bombardier. The airline made the decision to introduce jet aircraft in early 2011 and 2 Avro RJ85 aircraft joined the fleet; the first was delivered from the UK in June 2011 with the second arriving in September 2011. The aircraft were destined to be used on charter flying to mining sites in the Gobi desert and were modified for operations on gravel runways. Both Avros remain in service although only one is now dedicated to the Ulaanbaatar - Oyut Tolgoi route; the aircraft were used on services to the west of the country but reducing load factors and unrealistic fare structures made the routes uneconomic for the RJs to operate.
The airline now looked to the Bombardier Dash8-Q400 to restore its economic fortunes on its longer range domestic routes while the Avros continue to provide the lift capacity required by the mining companies. The Q400s had their Danish registration cancelled by 2015; the Boeing 737 venture was short lived 4 month exercise for the company. It was leased with a view to EZNIS opening international routes to Seoul and Hong Kong. However, Eznis' access to international routes was denied thereby making the Boeing 737 project unviable. Apart from operating a few charter flights, the aircraft never entered scheduled service; the airline publishes a quarterly in-flight magazine "Smartway", in Mongolian and English languages, featuring articles about Mongolian nature, history and tradition. The airline offers Mongolian daily newspapers on its flights, it sells items with the company name and logo; the items can be purchased during flight or from the airline's Central Ticketing Office in Ulaanbaatar. Eznis Airways launched EZ FLYER, the airline's frequent flyer program, from January 15, 2009.
The programs provides passengers with an opportunity to earn free or discounted flights by collecting corresponding points from each flight taken: the customer is requ