Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the supreme courts of Scotland; the city's Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education in the fields of medicine, Scots law, philosophy, the sciences and engineering, it is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom and the city's historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom's second most popular tourist destination, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year. Edinburgh is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom; the official population estimates are 488,050 for the Locality of Edinburgh, 513,210 for the City of Edinburgh, 1,339,380 for the city region.
Edinburgh lies at the heart of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland city region comprising East Lothian, Fife, Scottish Borders and West Lothian. The city is the annual venue of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, it is home to national institutions such as the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish National Gallery. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582 and now one of four in the city, is placed 18th in the QS World University Rankings for 2019; the city is famous for the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe, the latter being the world's largest annual international arts festival. Historic sites in Edinburgh include Edinburgh Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the churches of St. Giles and the Canongate, the extensive Georgian New Town, built in the 18th/19th centuries. Edinburgh's Old Town and New Town together are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, managed by Edinburgh World Heritage since 1999. "Edin", the root of the city's name, derives from Eidyn, the name for this region in Cumbric, the Brittonic Celtic language spoken there.
The name's meaning is unknown. The district of Eidyn centred on the dun or hillfort of Eidyn; this stronghold is believed to have been located at Castle Rock, now the site of Edinburgh Castle. Eidyn was conquered by the Angles of Bernicia in the 7th century and by the Scots in the 10th century; as the language shifted to Old English, subsequently to modern English and Scots, The Brittonic din in Din Eidyn was replaced by burh, producing Edinburgh. Din became dùn in Scottish Gaelic, producing Dùn Èideann; the city is affectionately nicknamed Auld Reekie, Scots for Old Smoky, for the views from the country of the smoke-covered Old Town. Allan Ramsay said. A name the country people give Edinburgh from the cloud of smoke or reek, always impending over it."Thomas Carlyle said, "Smoke cloud hangs over old Edinburgh,—for since Aeneas Silvius's time and earlier, the people have the art strange to Aeneas, of burning a certain sort of black stones, Edinburgh with its chimneys is called'Auld Reekie' by the country people."A character in Walter Scott's The Abbot says "... yonder stands Auld Reekie--you may see the smoke hover over her at twenty miles' distance."Robert Chambers who said that the sobriquet could not be traced before the reign of Charles II attributed the name to a Fife laird, Durham of Largo, who regulated the bedtime of his children by the smoke rising above Edinburgh from the fires of the tenements.
"It's time now bairns, to tak' the beuks, gang to our beds, for yonder's Auld Reekie, I see, putting on her nicht -cap!"Some have called Edinburgh the Athens of the North for a variety of reasons. The earliest comparison between the two cities showed that they had a similar topography, with the Castle Rock of Edinburgh performing a similar role to the Athenian Acropolis. Both of them had fertile agricultural land sloping down to a port several miles away. Although this arrangement is common in Southern Europe, it is rare in Northern Europe; the 18th-century intellectual life, referred to as the Scottish Enlightenment, was a key influence in gaining the name. Such luminaries as David Hume and Adam Smith shone during this period. Having lost most of its political importance after the Union, some hoped that Edinburgh could gain a similar influence on London as Athens had on Rome. A contributing factor was the neoclassical architecture that of William Henry Playfair, the National Monument. Tom Stoppard's character Archie, of Jumpers, said playing on Reykjavík meaning "smoky bay", that the "Reykjavík of the South" would be more appropriate.
The city has been known by several Latin names, such as Aneda or Edina. The adjectival form of the latter, can be seen inscribed on educational buildings; the Scots poets Robert Fergusson and Robert Burns used Edina in their poems. Ben Jonson described it as "Britaine's other eye", Sir Walter Scott referred to it as "yon Empress of the North". Robert Louis Stevenson a son of the city, wrote, "Edinburgh is what Paris ought to be"; the colloquial pronunciation "Embra" or "Embro" has been used, as in Robert Garioch's Embro to the Ploy. The earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area was at Cramond, where evidence was found of a Mesolithi
The Scottish Parliament is the devolved unicameral legislature of Scotland. Located in the Holyrood area of the capital city, Edinburgh, it is referred to by the metonym Holyrood; the Parliament is a democratically elected body comprising 129 members known as Members of the Scottish Parliament, elected for four-year terms under the additional member system: 73 MSPs represent individual geographical constituencies elected by the plurality system, while a further 56 are returned from eight additional member regions, each electing seven MSPs. The most recent general election to the Parliament was held on 5 May 2016, with the Scottish National Party winning a plurality; the original Parliament of Scotland was the national legislature of the independent Kingdom of Scotland, existed from the early 13th century until the Kingdom of Scotland merged with the Kingdom of England under the Acts of Union 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. As a consequence, both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England ceased to exist, the Parliament of Great Britain, which sat at Westminster in London was formed.
Following a referendum in 1997, in which the Scottish electorate voted for devolution, the powers of the devolved legislature were specified by the Scotland Act 1998. The Act delineates the legislative competence of the Parliament – the areas in which it can make laws – by explicitly specifying powers that are "reserved" to the Parliament of the United Kingdom; the Scottish Parliament has the power to legislate in all areas that are not explicitly reserved to Westminster. The British Parliament retains the ability to amend the terms of reference of the Scottish Parliament, can extend or reduce the areas in which it can make laws; the first meeting of the new Parliament took place on 12 May 1999. The competence of the Scottish Parliament has been amended numerous times since most notably by the Scotland Act 2012 and Scotland Act 2016, with some of the most significant changes being the expansion of the Parliament's powers over taxation and welfare. Before the Treaty of Union 1707 united the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England into a new state called "Great Britain", Scotland had an independent parliament known as the Parliament of Scotland.
Initial Scottish proposals in the negotiation over the Union suggested a devolved Parliament be retained in Scotland, but this was not accepted by the English negotiators. For the next three hundred years, Scotland was directly governed by the Parliament of Great Britain and the subsequent Parliament of the United Kingdom, both seated at Westminster, the lack of a Parliament of Scotland remained an important element in Scottish national identity. Suggestions for a'devolved' Parliament were made before 1914, but were shelved due to the outbreak of the First World War. A sharp rise in nationalism in Scotland during the late 1960s fuelled demands for some form of home rule or complete independence, in 1969 prompted the incumbent Labour government of Harold Wilson to set up the Kilbrandon Commission to consider the British constitution. One of the principal objectives of the commission was to examine ways of enabling more self-government for Scotland, within the unitary state of the United Kingdom.
Kilbrandon published his report in 1973 recommending the establishment of a directly elected Scottish Assembly to legislate for the majority of domestic Scottish affairs. During this time, the discovery of oil in the North Sea and the following "It's Scotland's oil" campaign of the Scottish National Party resulted in rising support for Scottish independence, as well as the SNP; the party argued that the revenues from the oil were not benefitting Scotland as much as they should. The combined effect of these events led to Prime Minister Wilson committing his government to some form of devolved legislature in 1974. However, it was not until 1978 that final legislative proposals for a Scottish Assembly were passed by the United Kingdom Parliament. Under the terms of the Scotland Act 1978, an elected assembly would be set up in Edinburgh provided that a referendum be held on 1 March 1979, with at least 40% of the total electorate voting in favour of the proposal; the 1979 Scottish devolution referendum failed: although the vote was 51.6% in favour of a Scottish Assembly, with a turnout of 63.6%, the majority represented only 32.9% of the eligible voting population.
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, demand for a Scottish Parliament grew, in part because the government of the United Kingdom was controlled by the Conservative Party, while Scotland itself elected few Conservative MPs. In the aftermath of the 1979 referendum defeat, the Campaign for a Scottish Assembly was initiated as a pressure group, leading to the 1989 Scottish Constitutional Convention with various organisations such as Scottish churches, political parties and representatives of industry taking part. Publishing its blueprint for devolution in 1995, the Convention provided much of the basis for the structure of the Parliament. Devolution continued to be part of the platform of the Labour Party which, in May 1997, took power under Tony Blair. In September 1997, the Scottish devolution referendum was put to the Scottish electorate and secured a majority in favour of the establishment of a new devolved Scottish Parliament, with tax-varying powers, in Edinburgh. An election was held on 6 May 1999, on 1 July of that year power was transferred from Westminster to the new Parliament.
Since September 2004, the official home of the Scottish Parliament has been a new Scottish Parliament Building, in the Holyrood area of Edinburgh. The Scottish Parliament building was designed by Spanish architect Enric Miralles in partnership with local Ed
East Coast Main Line
The East Coast Main Line is a 393-mile long major railway between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, York, Darlington and Newcastle. The route is a key transport artery on the eastern side of Great Britain and broadly paralleled by the A1 road; the line's origins were built during the 1840s by three railway companies, the North British Railway, the North Eastern Railway, the Great Northern Railway. In 1923, the enactment of the Railway Act of 1921 led to their amalgamation to form the London and North Eastern Railway; the line was the primary route of the LNER, who competed against the London and Scottish Railway for long-distance passenger traffic between London and Scotland. The LNER's chief engineer Sir Nigel Gresley designed iconic Pacific locomotives, including the steam locomotives "Flying Scotsman" and "Mallard" which achieved a world record speed for a steam locomotive, 126 miles per hour on the Grantham-to-Peterborough section. On 1 January 1948, the railways were nationalised by the government, operated by British Railways.
During the early 1960s, steam locomotion was replaced by Diesel-electric traction, including the Deltics and sections of the line were upgraded so trains could run at speeds of up to 100 miles per hour. With the demand for higher speed, British Rail introduced InterCity 125 High Speed trains between 1976 and 1981. In 1973, the prototype of the HST, the Class 41, achieved a top speed of 143 mph in a test run on the line. During the 1980s, the line was electrified and InterCity 225 trains were introduced; the line links London, South East England and East Anglia, with Yorkshire, the North East Regions and Scotland and is important to the economy of several areas of England and Scotland. It carries key commuter flows for the north side of London and handles cross-country and local passenger services, carries freight traffic. Services north of Edinburgh to Inverness use diesel trains. In 1997, operations were privatised; the current operator is London North Eastern Railway, bringing the LNER name back into use, which took over from Virgin Trains East Coast in June 2018.
The ECML is part of Network Rail's Strategic Route G which comprises six separate lines: The main line between London King's Cross and Edinburgh Waverley stations, via Stevenage, Grantham, Newark North Gate, Doncaster, Northallerton, Durham, Morpeth, Berwick-upon-Tweed and Dunbar. The line crosses the Anglo-Scottish border at Marshall Meadows Bay; the branch line to North Berwick The Dunbar loopThe core route is the main line between King's Cross and Edinburgh, the Hertford Loop is used for local and freight services and the Northern City Line provides an inner suburban service to the city. The route has ELRs ECM1 - ECM9; the ECML was constructed by three railway companies. During the 1830s and 1840s, each company built part of the line to serve their own areas, but intended linking together to form the through route that became the East Coast Main Line. From north to south, these companies were: the North British Railway, from Edinburgh to Berwick-upon-Tweed, completed in 1846; the North Eastern Railway from Berwick-upon-Tweed to Shaftholme.
The Great Northern Railway from Shaftholme to King's Cross, completed in 1850. The GNR established an end-on connection at Askern, described by the GNR's chairman as being "a ploughed field four miles north of Doncaster". Askern was connected to the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, a short section of which linked with the NER at Knottingley. In 1871, the line was shortened when the NER opened a direct line from an end-on junction with the GNR at Shaftholme just south of Askern to Selby and direct to York. Recognising that through journeys were an important and lucrative element of their businesses, the companies built special rolling stock for through traffic, services were operated under the name of "East Coast Joint Stock"; this continued from 1860 until 1922. In 1923 the Railway Act of 1921 required the companies to form North Eastern Railway. Throughout its existence, the LNER was the second largest railway company in Britain, with lines to the north and east of London. On 1 January 1948, after the Transport Act of 1947 was implemented by Clement Attlee's Labour Government, the LNER was nationalised with the other companies to form British Railways.
British Railways managed the ECML as its Eastern Region division up to discorporation during the early 1980s. Alterations to short sections of the ECML's route have taken place, including the King Edward VII Bridge in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1906 and the Selby Diversion, built to bypass mining subsidence from the Selby coalfield and a bottleneck at Selby station. During 1983, the Selby Diversion opened: it diverged from the ECML at Temple Hirst Junction, north of Doncaster, joined the Leeds to York Line at Colton Junction, south west of York; the old line between Selby and York is used as a cycleway. Mining subsidence affecting 200 metres of track 17 km to the east of Edinburgh, near Wallyford, led to a temporary realignment while the ground was stabilised; the tracks and overhead electrification equipment were re-routed. Stabilisation was completed in 2000 and the track returned to its original alignment. In 2001 severe subsidence occurred at Dolphingstone and about 2km of track was relocated avoiding a permanent speed restriction.
This was completed in 2002. The line was worked for many years
Birmingham New Street railway station
Birmingham New Street is the largest and busiest of the three main railway stations in the Birmingham City Centre, England. It is a central hub of the British railway system, it is a major destination for Virgin Trains services from London Euston, Glasgow Central and Edinburgh Waverley via the West Coast Main Line, the national hub of the CrossCountry network – the most extensive in Britain, with long-distance trains serving destinations from Aberdeen to Penzance. It is a major hub for local and suburban services within the West Midlands, including those on the Cross City Line between Lichfield Trent Valley and Bromsgrove, the Chase Line to Walsall and Rugeley Trent Valley; the station is named after New Street, which runs parallel to the station, although the station has never had a direct entrance to New Street except via the Grand Central shopping centre. The main entrance to the station was on Stephenson Street, just off New Street. Today the station has entrances on Stephenson Street, Smallbrook Queensway, Hill Street and Navigation Street.
New Street is the sixth busiest railway station in the UK and the busiest outside London, with 43.7 million passenger entries and exits between April 2017 and March 2018. It is the busiest interchange station outside London, with nearly 6.8 million passengers changing trains at the station annually. In 2018 New Street had a passenger satisfaction rating of 92%, the third highest in the UK; the original New Street station opened in 1854. At the time of its construction, the station had the largest single-span arched roof in the world, In the 1960s, the station was rebuilt. An enclosed station, with buildings over most of its span and passenger numbers more than twice those it was designed for, the replacement was not popular with its users. A £550m redevelopment of the station named Gateway Plus opened in September 2015, it includes a new concourse, a new exterior facade, a new entrance on Stephenson Street. Around 80% of train services to Birmingham go through New Street; the other major city-centre stations in Birmingham are Birmingham Moor Street and Birmingham Snow Hill.
Outside Birmingham, in Solihull, is Birmingham International, which serves Birmingham Airport and the National Exhibition Centre. Since 30 May 2016, New Street has been served by the West Midlands Metro tram line, when the adjacent Grand Central tram stop opened outside the station's main entrance on Stephenson Street as the new terminus of Line 1, following the opening of the city-centre extension from Birmingham Snow Hill. New Street station was built by the London and North Western Railway between 1846 and 1854. Samuel Carter, solicitor to both LNWR and the Midland Railway, managed the conveyancing, it was built in the centre of Birmingham, replacing several earlier rail termini on the outskirts of the centre, most notably Curzon Street, which had opened in 1838, was no longer adequate for the level of traffic. Until 1885 the LNWR shared the station with the Midland. However, in 1885 the Midland Railway opened its own extension alongside the original station for the exclusive use of its trains creating two stations side-by-side.
The two companies stations were separated by a central roadway. Traffic grew and by 1900 New Street had an average of 40 trains an hour departing and arriving, rising to 53 trains in the peak hours; the London and North Western Railway had obtained an Act of Parliament in 1846, to extend their line into the centre of Birmingham, which involved the acquisition of some 1.2 hectares of land, the demolition of 70 or so houses in Peck Lane, The Froggery, Queen Street, Colmore Street. The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion chapel, on the corner of Peck Lane and Dudley Street, which had only been built six years before, was demolished; the station was formally opened on 1 June 1854, although the uncompleted station had been in use for two years as a terminus for trains from the Stour Valley Line, which entered the station from the Wolverhampton direction. On the formal opening day, the LNWR's Curzon Street station was closed to regular passenger services, trains from the London direction started using New Street.
The station was constructed by Messrs. Fox, Henderson & Co. and designed by Edward Alfred Cowper of that firm, who had worked on the design of The Crystal Palace. When completed, it had the largest arched single-span iron and glass roof in the world, spanning a width of 211 feet and being 840 ft long, it held this title for 14 years until St Pancras station opened in 1868. It was intended to have three spans, supported by columns, however it was soon realised that the supporting columns would restrict the workings of the railway. Cowper's single-span design, was therefore adopted though it was some 62 feet wider than the widest roof span at that time. George Gilbert Scott praised Cowper's roof at New Street, stating “An iron roof in its most normal condition is too spider-like a structure to be handsome, but with a little attention this defect is obviated; the most wonderful specimen is that at the great Birmingham Station... ” When first opened, New Street was described as the "Grand Central Station at Birmingham".
The internal layout of tracks and platforms was designed by Robert Stephenson and his assistants. The main entrance building on Stephenson Street incorporated Queen's Hotel, designed by John William Livock, opened on the same day; the Queen's Hotel was built in an Italianate style and was provided with 60 rooms. The hotel was expanded several times over the years, reached its final form in 1917 with t
London North Eastern Railway
London North Eastern Railway is a British train operating company that operates the InterCity East Coast franchise. LNER operates long-distance inter-city services on the East Coast Main Line, which runs from London King's Cross to North East England and Scotland, it manages 11 stations itself and its trains call at 53 stations in total. The company is owned by the Department for Transport. LNER took over the InterCity East Coast franchise in June 2018, after the previous owned operator Virgin Trains East Coast returned it to the government following sustained financial difficulties; the DfT intend for the company to provide services until a new public-private partnership can be established in 2020. In November 2017, the Secretary of State for Transport, Chris Grayling, announced the early termination of the InterCity East Coast franchise in 2020, three years ahead of schedule, following losses on the route by operator Virgin Trains East Coast, due to pay more than £2 billion in franchise premiums to the government over the last four years of its contract.
This was brought forward in February 2018 to mid-2018. The Department for Transport decided to either negotiate a deal with VTEC to continue to run the franchise on a temporary non-profit basis while a new franchise competition was conducted, or to arrange for VTEC be taken over by the DfT's operator of last resort. On 16 May 2018 it was announced that the latter had been decided and that LNER would take over from VTEC on 24 June 2018; the DfT announced that LNER would be the long-term brand applied to the InterCity East Coast franchise. As part of the overall strategy for the East Coast franchise, the Secretary of State for Transport stated that Great Northern services could be integrated into the operation when the Thameslink Southern & Great Northern franchise expires in 2021. LNER is the second time that a government appointed operator of last resort has taken control of the InterCity East Coast franchise; the company's name echoes that of the London and North Eastern Railway, one of the "Big Four" companies which operated between 1923 and 1948.
LNER has taken over the following services from VTEC: Future destinations include a proposed service to Middlesbrough, though the Rail Minister, Jo Johnson, told Parliament that it was dependent on the Azuma's being brought into service on the ECML and other schemes in progress that would provide sufficient capacity to enable the service to run. An additional constraint is the lack of a suitably long enough platform at Middlesbrough, which would necessitate a new build at an estimated cost of £20 million. London North Eastern Railway operates a number of named passenger trains: LNER inherited a fleet of InterCity 125 and InterCity 225s from Virgin Trains East Coast. Since September 2016, Virgin Trains East Coast had hired three Class 90s from DB Cargo for use on services to Newark and Leeds. LNER has inherited these locomotives and is expected to retain them for the foreseeable future to cover for the current shortage of Class 91 locomotives; the current fleet is scheduled to be replaced by Class 800/Class 801 high-speed trains from May 2019.
These will operate in 5-carriage sets. London North Eastern Railway has four main depots: Bounds Green TMD, London - for heavy duty maintenance of IC225 sets Neville Hill TMD, Leeds – managed by East Midlands Trains and Northern Heaton TMD, Newcastle – managed by Northern Craigentinny TMD, Edinburgh – for repaints and heavy duty maintenance of IC125/HST sets Media related to London North Eastern Railway at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Warrington Bank Quay railway station
Warrington Bank Quay railway station is one of two railway stations serving the town centre of Warrington in Cheshire, England. Warrington Bank Quay is a north-south oriented mainline station on one side of the main shopping area, with the west-east oriented Warrington Central on the other side to the north west operating a more frequent service to the neighbouring cities of Liverpool and Manchester. Cheshire Cat Buses are operated from the station into Warrington Bus Interchange and in the opposite direction to the Centre Park business park, Stockton Heath and further south into Cheshire; the station is directly on the West Coast Main Line. The station consists of two island platforms; the easternmost retains the 19th century buildings, with the western island's buildings dating from the 1950s. Passengers enter the station at street level through a functional modern entrance containing an information office and ticket office, proceed through a subway, reaching the elevated platforms by stairs or a lift.
There is a buffet on the eastern platform. Platform 1 serves arrivals and departures to Liverpool Lime Street with this service terminating at the platform, for North Wales services. Platform 2 is used for North Wales services, southbound intercity services to Birmingham New Street and London Euston. Platform 3 serves northbound intercity trains to Glasgow Central. Platform 4 for services from North Wales to Manchester; the platforms are not bidirectional, except that the slow line between the station and Winwick Junction, some 2 1⁄2 miles to the north. This allows northbound departures from platform 1; the present platform 4 was numbered 5 for many years, because there was to be a north-facing bay platform in the west island, numbered 4, but this saw no passenger use after electrification in 1972 being removed later. The station's best known landmark is the huge Unilever detergent manufacturing plant which stands overlooking the site; the station suffered from years of neglect and, because of this, Virgin Trains announced improvements to the station.
In 2009, an extension to the existing car park and a new taxi rank were built, along with improvements to the platforms and a new ticket office and travel centre. The new entrance hall is now complete, with a newsagents; the buffet on the London bound platforms has been modernised, however a first class lounge is yet to materialise. Until 1965 the west-east oriented platforms, 6 and 7, were situated on what had been the St Helens Railway lines which pass beneath the station and the north-south West Coast Main Line; the West Coast Main Line was elevated to pass over the west to east line when the current station was opened in 1868). Although it was not the official title, this part of the station was referred to as Bank Quay Low Level; the line remains for freight use only. The station lies on the West Coast Main Line, operated by Virgin Trains, with regular services to London and Scotland. A regular regional express service operates between Manchester and North Wales operated by Transport for Wales.
There are local electric services to Liverpool operated by Northern and one early morning service per day to Ellesmere Port via Helsby with returning morning and afternoon services. Normal weekday service consists of: Hourly to London Euston, operated by a Virgin Pendolino, calling at:London Euston only. Hourly to London Euston via Birmingham New Street, operated by either a Virgin Pendolino or a Virgin Voyager, calling at:Crewe, Sandwell & Dudley, Birmingham New Street, Birmingham International, Milton Keynes Central and London Euston. Hourly to Glasgow Central, operated by a Virgin Pendolino, calling at:Wigan North Western, Lancaster, Penrith and Glasgow Central. Additional peak services operate between Birmingham New Street-Glasgow Central/Edinburgh/Preston/Carlisle/Lancaster. Two-hourly to Edinburgh Waverley, operated by either a Virgin Pendolino or a Virgin Voyager, calling at:Wigan North Western, Lancaster, Penrith, Carlisle and Edinburgh Waverley. Two-hourly to Glasgow Central, operated by either a Virgin Pendolino or a Virgin Voyager, calling at:Wigan North Western, Lancaster, Penrith and Glasgow Central.
Hourly to Manchester Piccadilly, operated by Transport for Wales, calling at:Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Manchester Oxford Road and Manchester Piccadilly. Hourly to Llandudno, operated by Transport for Wales, calling at:Runcorn East, Helsby, Shotton, Prestatyn, Abergele & Pensarn, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Llandudno. Hourly to Liverpool Lime Street operated by Northern calling at:Earlestown, St Helens Junction, Lea Green, Whiston, Roby, Broad Green, Wavertree Tech Park, Edge Hill and Liverpool Lime Street. Hourly operated by Northern terminates here from Liverpool Lime Street. There is a limited service: To Ellesmere Port operated by Northern calling at:Helsby, Ince & Elton, Stanlow & Thornton and Ellesmere Port; the new Arriva-operated Northern Rail franchise will provide additional services from here to Chester, Manchester Victoria and Leeds via the Calder Valley line as part of its Northern Connect network. The station received media coverage in February 2009 due to a sign erected prohibiting kissing from its drop-off point.
The reason stated is to avoid queues. Colin Daniels, chief executive of the Warrington Chamber of Commerce suggested the idea light-heartedly, but Virgin Trains have included it as part of their regeneration of the station; the signs were removed three weeks and sold to raise