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Transport in Senegal

This article describes the system of transport in Senegal, both public and private. This system comprises roads, rail transport, water transport, air transportation. See also: List of roads in Senegal The system of roads in Senegal is extensive by West African standards, with paved roads reaching each corner of the country and all major towns. Dakar is the endpoint of three routes in the Trans-African Highway network; these are as follows: Cairo-Dakar Highway which crosses the edge of the Sahara Dakar-Ndjamena Highway which links the countries of the Sahel called the Trans-Sahelian Highway Dakar-Lagos Highway running along the West African coast and called by the Economic Community of West African States the Trans–West African Coastal Highway. Senegal's road network links with those of the Gambia, since the shortest route between south-western districts on the one hand and west-central and north-western districts on the other is through the Gambia; the only operational motorway in Senegal runs for 34 km. between Dakar and Diamniadio, it is a toll motorway.

A new part of the motorway, of 16.5 km. is under construction, which will reach the Blaise Diagne International Airport. Another section of 50 km. is under construction, linking the airport to Thiès. The most important roads in Senegal are prefixed "N" and numbered from 1 to 7: N1: Dakar – Mbour - Fatick - KaolackTambacoundaKidira – N2: Pout – Thiès – Louga - St-Louis – Richard TollOuro Sogui – Kidira - N3: Thiès – DiourbelToubaLinguère – Ouro Sogui N4: Kaolack – – BignonaZiguinchor – N5: Bignona – Diouloulou – - Sokone - Kaolack N6: Tambacounda – Vélingara - Kolda – Ziguinchor – N7: Ouro Sogui - Tambacounda – Niokolo-KobaKédougou – Guinea R20, R21, R22 R30, R31, R32 R60, R61 R70 total: 906 km narrow gauge: 906 km of 1,000 mm gauge UN Map There were an estimated 4,271 km of paved roads and 10,305 km of unpaved roads as of 1996. Taxis are cheap and available everywhere in Dakar, it is customary to negotiate the fare since most meters installed in the taxis are broken or missing.

For travel outside Dakar, public transportation is available but unreliable and uncomfortable. 897 km total. Dakar - railhead Kaolack, Podor, Richard Toll, Saint-Louis, ZiguinchorDakar has one of the largest deep-water seaports along the West African coast, its deep-draft structure and 640-foot-wide access channel allows round-the-clock access to the port. Its current infrastructure includes tanker vessel loading and unloading terminals, a container terminal with a storage capacity of 3000 20-foot-equivalent units, a cereals and fishing port, a dedicated phosphate terminal and a run ship repair facility; the port's location at the extreme western point of Africa, at the crossroad of the major sea-lanes linking Europe to South America, makes it a natural port of call for shipping companies. Total freight traffic averages 10 million metric tons. There were an estimated 20 airports in 1999. Blaise Diagne International Airport in Diass became the hub of the sub-region. Dakar is linked to numerous African cities by air, daily flights go to Europe.

Delta Air Lines flies daily to/from Atlanta/Dakar/Johannesburg. South African Airways flies daily to New York and Washington, D. C. from Johannesburg via Dakar. The old Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport in Dakar is now only exists as a cargo hub. total: 10 over 3,047 m: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 7914 to 1,523 m: 2 total: 101,524 to 2,437 m: 5914 to 1,523 m: 4under 914 m: 1 Senegal CIA Fact Book for SG This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website

Roza (musical)

Roza is a 1987 musical based on the novel The Life Before Us by Romain Gary with music by Gilbert Bécaud and lyrics and book by Julian More. Bécaud had seen Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and was inspired to work with Harold Prince, who directed the 1979 Stephen Sondheim musical, he wanted to adapt the novel The Life Before Us by Romain Gary into a musical, made into a movie Madame Rosa starring Simone Signoret, but Prince declined. Prince stated that he hated the movie and thought it was "sentimental and negative". Becaud was determined to convince Prince, Prince agreed on one condition: that he be able to choose the librettist who would write the lyrics. Prince ended up choosing Julian More. Prince suggested to More that the setting of the show jump between past and present, but it was "...clear that it was pretentious." They decided to tell the story in the present. Before going to Broadway, the show was workshopped at both the Centerstage in Baltimore and the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles.

Though Prince felt it was not strong enough to go to Broadway, he decided to mount a Broadway production. The people in the previous cities had liked the show, but Broadway did not, the show closed in less than two weeks. Prince stated that show might have lived on in regional theaters had it not gone to Broadway; the story follows Roza, a former prostitute, who now operates a temporary home for children of prostitutes until they can be adopted or reclaimed by their mothers. Act I Happiness—Madame Roza Max's Visit—Max and Madame Roza Different—Lola, Madame Roza, Madame Katz, Madame Bouaffa and Jasmine Is Me—Young Momo, Young Moise, Michel, Madame Bouaffa and Jasmine Get The Lady Dressed—Madame Roza, Young Momo, Young Moise, Salima and Banania Hamil's Birthday—Company Bravo Bravo—Madame Roza Moon Like a Silver Window—Young Momo and Company Act II Merci—Momo and Moise House in Algiers—Madame Roza Yussef's Visit—Yussef Kadir, Madame Roza, Momo and Lola Life is Ahead of Me—Momo Sweet Seventeen—Madame Bouaffa, Jasmine and Moise Lola's Ceremony—Lola and Company Don't Make Me Laugh—Madame Roza and Lola Live a Little—Madame Roza Finale—Company The 1987 Broadway production opened at the Royale Theatre and was directed by Harold Prince, with musical staging by Patricia Birch, scenic design by Alexander Okun, costume design by Florence Klotz, lighting design by Ken Billington, sound design by Otts Munderloh, hair by Phyllis Della Illien, musical direction and dance and vocal arrangements by Louis St. Louis, music orchestration by Michael Gibson.

The band consisted of Ted Sperling, Luther Rix, Stu Woods, Chuck D'Aloia, Jamey Haddad, Joe Pisaro, Bill Drewes, Ted Nash, Earl McIntyre. The production, which closed after just ten days, starred Georgia Brown as Roza, Bob Gunton as Lola, Max Loving as Young Momo, Alex Paez as Momo, Joey McKneely as Moise, featured Al De Cristo, Ira Hawkins, Jerry Matz, Marcia Lewis, Stephen Rosenberg, Richard Frisch, Michele Mais, Mandla Msomi, Thuli Dumakude, Monique Cintron, David Shoichi Chan, Yamil Borges, Neal Ben-Ari; the standbys were Chevi Colton. Understudies were Anny De Gange, Dennis Courtney and Francisco Paler-Large. Roza at the Internet Broadway Database

Dave Kitson

David Barry Kitson is an English former footballer who played as a forward. He has made 420 appearances including 135 for Reading. Kitson began his career with non-League Hitchin Town and Arlesey Town whilst working as a shelf-stacker for Sainsbury's, he joined Cambridge United in 2001 and became one of the brightest prospects in the Third Division which led to him being signed by Reading in 2003 for a fee of £150,000. He enjoyed great success with the "Royals", forming a formidable partnership with Kevin Doyle as Reading gained promotion to the Premier League in 2006. After two seasons in the top flight Reading were relegated and Kitson signed for newcomers Stoke City for a club record fee of £5.5 million. However, his career soon started to become sour and, after failing to score a single goal, he was loaned back to Reading, he began the 2009–10 season better, scoring twice, but was loaned out again this time to Middlesbrough. He returned to Stoke in January 2010 but continued to struggle and, after manager Tony Pulis branded him'petulant', he was allowed to join Portsmouth as part of a swap deal for Marc Wilson.

He spent two seasons at Fratton Park but agreed to cancel his contract with Portsmouth in August 2012 with the club in danger of being liquidated, subsequently joined Sheffield United on a short-term deal, before signing a two-year contract at Oxford United in June 2013. Born in Hitchin, Kitson spent his early career in non-League football with Hitchin Town and Arlesey Town, his day job was working at national supermarket chain Sainsbury's as a frozen food stacker. Kitson joined Cambridge United in Division Two, in 2001 after being recommended by agent Barry Silkman to U's manager John Beck, he made his debut in 3–2 victory away over Stoke City on 17 March 2001. On the final day of the same season, Kitson notched his first goal for the club in a 1–1 draw at Swansea City; the following season saw the club relegated from League One but Kitson scored 10 goals, finishing as the club's second-top goalscorer, one behind Tom Youngs. It was in the 2002–03 campaign that Kitson found his feet, he scored 25 goals in a prolific campaign which saw him hot on the heels of David Crown's club record of 27 goals in a season.

After 11 goals in 19 appearances at the start of the 2003–04 season, Kitson left Cambridge to join second-tier outfit Reading. His return of 47 goals in 123 appearances in all competitions ensured Kitson's place among the club's all-time legends. Kitson was sold to Reading on 26 December 2003, for a fee of £150,000. At Reading, he scored five goals in 10 starts in his first season. In the 2005–06 season, despite injury he went on to record an impressive goals-to-game ratio, continued to do so as Reading won the Championship title. Following promotion with Reading, Kitson scored the club's first Premier League goal in their 3–2 home win against Middlesbrough on the opening day of the 2006–07 season, but was badly injured in the same match; the injury kept him out of the game until Reading's FA Cup victory over Birmingham City on 27 January 2007. On 27 March, he committed his future to Reading, signing a new deal that would expire in June 2010. At the start of 2007–08, he was sent off less than a minute after coming on as a substitute for Reading against Manchester United, for a late challenge on Patrice Evra.

In January 2008 he made some controversial comments regarding the FA Cup, saying "We are not going to win the FA Cup and I do not care less about it, to be honest." On 18 July 2008, Kitson moved in a £5.5m move from Reading to Stoke City, breaking Stoke's record transfer fee. Having failed to score any goals in any of the 18 competitive games he played for Stoke City in the 2008–09 season, speculation arose as to whether Kitson was settled there or not. Chairman Peter Coates and manager Tony Pulis both denied any rumour that he might be leaving the Britannia Stadium; the Stoke City board reacted to this growing disquiet, he rejoined Reading on loan until the end of the 2008–09 season on 10 March 2009. Kitson revealed that he made the "wrong decision" in joining Stoke, adding that he and his family were happy at Reading and that "I threw all of that away for what I thought was going to be a new challenge... I hold my hands up – it was my fault. I made the decision to go to Stoke, I didn't have to, no-one forced me to go, it was a bad decision."

With regards to his failure to score for Stoke, he said "I'd been bought for a lot of money but I wasn't sure I was being utilised in the way I thought I was going to be... You do have some days at training when you go back in and wonder what you're doing there."However, Reading failed to gain promotion, meaning that Kitson returned to Stoke. Kitson stated that he would "start his Stoke career again", his first competitive goal for Stoke came in a 1–0 League Cup win at Leyton Orient on 26 August 2009. He scored his first league goal for Stoke on 29 August 2009, which proved to be the winning goal against Sunderland and scored again with a goal against Bolton Wanderers; however Kitson joined Middlesbrough on a two-month loan. He scored his first goals for Middlesbrough when he scored a brace against Peterborough United on 28 November 2009, he returned to Stoke on 1 January 2010. He scored in the FA Cup against Bolton. However, after a poor performance against Chelsea he never played for Stoke again and was branded as'petulant' by manager Tony Pulis.

Kitson was announced as a Portsmouth player alongside Liam Lawrence on deadline day as part of a deal which took Marc Wilson to Stoke City. Kitson made his Portsmouth debut on 11 September 2010 in a 0–0 draw with Ipswich at Fratton Park, he scored his first goal for the club in a 4–1 defe

Piers Wenger

Piers Wenger is a British television executive who serves as controller of BBC drama commissioning. He was appointed to that role in 2016, after four years as head of drama at Channel 4. Prior to C4, he was head of drama at BBC Wales and an executive producer on Doctor Who, where he cast Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor; as a producer, he collaborated with the late Victoria Wood over a decade on her dramatic projects. He produced her BAFTA and RTS award-winning dramatization of Nella Last's diary Housewife, 49, collaborated with her on Loving Miss Hatto, Wood's dramatization of the life of the life of classical pianist Joyce Hatto and co-executive produced Eric and Eric, Peter Bowker's biopic of the young Morecambe and Wise in which Wood starred. In his time at Channel 4, he managed a number of popular dramas. In February 2015, Indian Summers, a period drama chronicling the last years of British imperial rule in India launched and recorded the highest overnight drama audience for a C4 drama in 20 years.

No Offence, Paul Abbott's anarchic police procedural launched later in the same year and won the Royal Television Society Award for best drama series. While Humans, Sam Vincent and Jonathan Brackley's sci-fi series, a co-production with AMC, became a significant ratings hit breaking the record set by Indian Summers earlier in the year. In his first stint at the BBC, he was responsible for commissioning Tom Stoppard's Parade's End and Kevin Elyot's dramatization of the life of Christopher Isherwood and His Kind. Since his return to the BBC, he's participated in Doctor Who casting, approving the Thirteenth Doctor, Jodie Whittaker. Producer Housewife, 49 Ballet Shoes Executive Producer The Sarah Jane Adventures Doctor Who Upstairs, Downstairs Eric and Ernie Piers Wenger on IMDb Lonely hearts, The Observer, 13 February 2005

Parhippolyte uveae

Parhippolyte uveae, the sugar cane shrimp, is a species of cave shrimp from the family Barbouriidae from the Indian and western Pacific Oceans. It was described by the English carcinologist Lancelot Alexander Borradaile from specimens collected by Arthur Willey in the south Pacific in 1895–1897 and is the type species of the genus Parhippolyte. Parhippolyte uvae appears to have two colour forms, a red and white banded form is found in Hawaii while in other parts of the range this species is bright red, it has antennae. Specimens of Parhippolyte uvae have been collected from Aldabra in the western Indian Ocean, Kakaban Island and Halmahera in Indonesia, Tiniguiban Islet in the Philippines, the Loyalty Islands, Ellice Islands and Oahu in Hawaii, it has been recorded in the Mascarene Islands of Réunion and Mauritius. Parhippolyte uvae occurs in marine caves. In Hawaii it occurs in lava caves whereas on other islands it is found in more open areas. P. Uveae varies in its behaviour from location to location.

For example, the population of P.uveae in the lagoon at Kakaban Island appears to be photophobic and was only recorded being active at night, while the population from Tinguiban Islet in the Philippines were described as being "sun-lovers". The adult P.uveae were not found in the adjacent open reef. The differences in colouration and behaviour may indicate that P. uveae is made up of more than one cryptic species. Where it occurs P.uveae is quite numerous and has been said to appear "in masses". On Vatulele Island in Fiji populations of bright red Parhippolyte uvae occur in a complex of anchialine grottoes and pools. Several legends have arisen to explain the origin of these populations and the Fijians call P. uveae ura damudamu which means "red prawn" or ura buta which means "cooked prawn". On Vatulele the islanders treat the prawns with great respect, they have a traditional practice of “calling” the prawns using chants and clapping, it is taboo for the islanders to kill or harm the prawns in any way, although local guides have been allowed to enter the pools to show them to tourists for some years.

Parhippolyte uvae is available in the aquarium trade and is said to be easy to keep and breed. Some research is being carried out in establishing breeding facilities for P. uveae to provide animals for the trade. P. uveae has been featured on the first anchialine species so honoured. Link to Fijian stamp with red prawns

Robert L. Behnken

Robert Louis "Bob" Behnken is a United States Air Force officer, NASA astronaut and former Chief of the Astronaut Office. Behnken holds a Ph. D in Mechanical Engineering and holds the rank of Colonel in the U. S. Air Force. Col. Behnken has logged over 1,000 flight hours in 25 different aircraft, he flew aboard Space Shuttle missions STS-123 and STS-130 as a Mission Specialist, accumulating over 708 hours in space, including 37 hours of spacewalk time. Behnken was assigned as Mission Specialist 1 to the STS-400 rescue mission, he is married to fellow astronaut K. Megan McArthur. Behnken attended Pattonville High School in Maryland Heights and went on to earn Bachelor of Science degrees in Mechanical Engineering and Physics from Washington University in St. Louis in 1992, he attended Caltech for graduate school, where he earned a Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1993, a doctoral degree in 1997. Outstanding Mechanical Engineering Senior, Washington University National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow Air Force Research Laboratory Munitions Directorate, Eglin AFB, Company Grade Officer of the Year Air Force Achievement Medal.

Behnken's graduate thesis research was in the area of nonlinear control applied to stabilizing rotating stall and surge in axial-flow compressors. The research included nonlinear analysis, real-time software implementation development, extensive hardware construction. During his first two years of graduate study, Behnken developed and implemented real-time control algorithms and hardware for flexible robotic manipulators. Prior to entering graduate school, Behnken was an Air Force ROTC student at Washington University in St. Louis, after graduate school was assigned to enter Air Force active duty at Eglin AFB, Florida. While at Eglin, he worked as a technical manager and developmental engineer for new munitions systems. Behnken was next assigned to attend the U. S. Air Force Test Pilot School Flight Test Engineer's course at California. After graduating, he was remained at Edwards. While assigned to the F-22 program, Behnken was the lead flight test engineer for Raptor 4004 and a special projects test director.

These responsibilities included flight test sortie planning, control room configuration development, test conduct. Behnken flew in both the F-15 and F-16 aircraft in support of the F-22 flight test program. Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in July 2000, Behnken reported for training in August 2000. Following the completion of 18 months of training and evaluation, he was assigned technical duties in the Astronaut Office Shuttle Operations Branch supporting launch and landing operations at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. In September 2006, Behnken served as an aquanaut during the NEEMO 11 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory and working underwater for seven days. Behnken was a crew member of the STS-123 mission that delivered the Japanese Experiment Module and the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator to the International Space Station in March 2008. Behnken took part in three spacewalks during the mission. Behnken flew as a Mission Specialist on STS-130, which launched at 04:14 EST 8 February 2010.

This mission delivered Cupola to the International Space Station. Behnken again took part in three spacewalks during this mission. In July 2012, Behnken was named Chief of the Astronaut Office, he held the job until July 2015, when he was succeeded by Chris Cassidy, after being selected as one of four astronauts training to fly spacecraft contracted under NASA's Commercial Crew Program. In August 2018 Behnken was assigned to the first test flight SpX-DM2 of the SpaceX Crew Dragon. Behnken is married to fellow astronaut K. Megan McArthur; this article incorporates text in the public domain from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA biography of Robert L. Behnken Spacefacts biography of Robert L. Behnken