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Transport in South Africa

Different methods of Transport in South Africa include roads, airports and pipelines for petroleum oil. The majority of people in South Africa use. BRT has been implemented in some South African cities in an attempt to provide more formalized and safer public transport services; these systems have been criticized due to their large capital and operating costs. The high densities of people required for BRT to be sustainable is not met in South African cities when paired with the inefficient land-use planning bred from the apartheid era. A "freeway" is different from most countries as certain things are forbidden which include certain motorcycles, no hand signals, motor tricycles. South Africa has many major ports including Cape Town and Port Elizabeth that allow ships and other boats to pass through, some carrying passengers and some carrying petroleum tankers; the national speed limit is 60 km/h in 120 national roads/freeways/motorways. In 2002 the country had 362,099 km of highways, 73,506 km of, paved.

In South Africa, the term freeway differs from most other parts of the world. A freeway is a road; the following are forbidden from using a freeway: a vehicle drawn by an animal. Drivers in the rightmost lane of multi-carriageway freeways must move to the left if a faster vehicle approaches from behind to overtake. Despite popular opinion that "freeway" means a road with at least two carriageways, single carriageway freeways exist, as is evidenced by the statement that "the roads include 1400 km of dual carriageway freeway, 440 km of single carriageway freeway and 5300 km of single carriage main road with unlimited access." The Afrikaans translation of freeway is snelweg. The Department of Transport is responsible for regulation of all transportation in South Africa, including public transport, rail transportation, civil aviation, shipping and motor vehicles. According to the Department's vision statement, "Transport the heartbeat of South Africa's economic growth and social development!"Minibus Taxis Minibus Taxis are the predominant form of transport for people in urban areas of South Africa.

This is due to their affordability to the public. Most minibus taxis are not subsidized by the state and the taxi industry is notorious for using vehicles that are not well maintained are that are not roadworthy to keep costs low; because many taxi owners own just a few taxis and each owner may choose to manage their business differently, there is not much known as to the inner workings of the industry, rife with violence. Since 1994 there have been efforts to formalize the industry but as taxi organisations don't abide by labour regulations, relationships between taxi operators and the state are strained. Cape Town and MyCiTi IRT The City of Cape Town has made it clear that developing public transportation must be a priority, if it is to achieve its long-term developmental goals; as such, the City has planned out the development of an Integrated Rapid Transit system called "MyCiTi IRT". In 2007, the construction of this system began with the implementation of Cape Town's "Bus Rapid Transit" system.

This first phase has been designed to enable easy integration of other forms of public transport - ranging from cycling to South Africa's famous minibuses in phases of the IRT development - including rail transit, seen as "the backbone of public transportation in Cape Town." In 2000, South Africa had 20,384 km of all of it narrow gauge. 20,070 km was 1,067 mm gauge, with the remaining 314 km 610 mm gauge. The operation of the country's rail systems is accomplished by Transnet subsidiaries Transnet Freight Rail, Shosholoza Meyl, Transnet Rail Engineering, Protekon et al. A feasibility study is to be conducted into the construction of a 720 km of 1,435 mm line from Johannesburg to Durban for double-stack container trains. On 2010-06-07 the Gautrain opened between Sandton; this is the first stage of a standard gauge passenger line connecting Johannesburg, Pretoria and ORTIA. Links exist to Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe. Railways linking Mozambique are under repair. Angola Tanzania same gauge as far as Dar es Salaamtransshipment to 1,000 mm gauge at Kidatu Malawi Zambia Congo Botswana Lesotho Mozambique, under repair Namibia Swaziland Zimbabwe South Africa has International Airports in four cities: Johannesburg, Cape Town and Nelspruit.

The main international airports are in Johannesburg, to a lesser extent Cape Town. Nespruit's international airport serves travellers en route to the Kruger National park. There are many international airlines travelling to South Africa, giving travellers a healthy number of options; these include British Airways, Delta Airlines, Ethiopian Airways, Kenya Airways, Qantas Airways, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, Swiss International Airlines, Thai Airways, Turkish Airlines, Virgin Atlantic Airways, Air Mauritius, Air Namibia, Air Botswana, Air France, KLM, Alitalia, Malaysia Airlines, Qatar Airways. South Africa's major ports and harbours are Cape Town, East London, Mossel

The Keg

The Keg is a Canadian-owned chain of steakhouse restaurants and bars located in Canada and the United States. The original "The Keg and Cleaver" restaurant was founded by George Tidball, in 1971, at a location in North Vancouver, British Columbia. By February 2018, The Keg had expanded to 160 locations in Canada and the United States, when Canadian food industry giant Cara Operations purchased the chain for $200 million, from owners David Aisenstat and Fairfax Financial. Aisenstat had been the sole owner from 1997 until 2014, it was founded in 1971 in North Vancouver, British Columbia as The Keg'n Cleaver by George Tidball at one small, downstairs location in an old industrial building in the Moodyville area of lower Lonsdale and today operates in nine provinces and five American states. The Keg is well known for buying up historic properties, refurbishing them and turning them into restaurants. Examples of this are the Keg Mansion in Toronto, the Keg Manor at the Maplelawn Estate in Ottawa.

Notable as heritage restorations are the Kegs in Kamloops, British Columbia, a CN Station and in New Westminster, British Columbia, the city's CPR station. The Old Strathcona location and opened in Edmonton, Alberta just three years after Tidball opened the first Keg, was built in 1912 as the Scona Apartments and Scona Garage, one of the earliest automobile sales and service locations in that city. Financial and physical operations have been managed by David Aisenstat for a number of years; the restaurants operated as Keg Restaurants Ltd. with Aisenstat involved in selling to the British firm Whitbread PLC in 1987. In 1997, Aisenstat arranged financing a purchased 100% of KRL back from Whitbread. In 2002, KRL created The Keg Royalties Income Fund, sold through a public offering on the Toronto Stock Exchange, trading as TSX: KEG. UN; the Fund owns the trademarks & intellectual property of "The Keg", receives an annual royalty in the amount of 4% of gross sales for restaurant locations in the Royalty Pool.

KRL kept a 99-year license to use "The Keg" as the name of the restaurants. KRL provided management services to The Keg Royalties Income Fund at no cost as part of its long-term royalty and licensing agreement; the creation of The Keg Royalties Income Fund presented the first opportunity for the public to trade in any portion of The Keg group of companies, private until that time. On February 4, 2014, Aisenstat sold 51% of his private holdings in The Keg to Fairfax Financial, a publicly traded Canadian holding company; the transaction introduced another indirect way for the public to invest in The Keg, by investing in Fairfax Financial. On January 23, 2018, it was announced that Canadian food industry giant Cara Operations was purchasing KRL for $200 million; the deal closed in February 2018, with Fairfax Financial and David Aisenstat sharing $105 million plus 3.8 million Cara subordinate voting shares. Aisenstat joined the Board of Directors of Cara, assumed executive oversight of the higher-end brands within the 19 different restaurant chains held by Cara.

Cara announced that the acquisition had prompted the company to change its own name, confirming on May 10, 2018, that Cara Operations would be renamed Recipe Unlimited Corporation. List of Canadian restaurant chains Official website

The Makemakes

The Makemakes are an Austrian pop rock band, comprising Dominic "Dodo" Muhrer, Markus Christ and Florian Meindl. They represented Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "I Am Yours". On 15 June 2012, The Makemakes released their debut single "The Lovercall"; the song peaked at number 6 on the Austrian Singles Chart. On 15 April 2014, they released the single "Million Euro Smile"; the song peaked at number 2 on the Austrian Singles Chart. On 13 March 2015, The Makemakes were chosen to represent Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "I Am Yours"; the song was selected through a national final organised by the Austrian broadcaster Österreichischer Rundfunk. Austria was automatically qualified to compete in the finals on 23 May 2015, due to its win the previous year, they tied with Germany for last place with a score of zero, becoming the first representatives of a host nation to fail to score a single point, since 1957. However, the band took their Eurovision loss in good spirits, making the repeated joke "We are the zeroes of our time!".

The band released their debut studio album The Makemakes on 12 May 2015. In March 2018, The Makemakes released a new single "Keep On Moving" in Austria. In January 2019, the band released the single "Freedom" in Austria. In July 2019, the band released the single "The Beach"; the song paked at number 21 on the Scottish Singles Chart and number 60 on the UK Singles Downloads Chart. Official website


Nohen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Birkenfeld; the municipality lies at the mouth of the Röhmbach. Nohen borders in the north on the municipality of Kronweiler, in the east on the municipality of Reichenbach, in the south on the municipality of Heimbach and in the west on the municipality of Rimsberg. Nohen's beginnings can be traced back to a time when the location was favourable to transportation because it lay on one of the few fords in the river Nahe's upper valley; as an indication of how important Nohen was geographically in those early days, one need only observe that it was the only place along the river Nahe, named after the river. It was here; this Bronzestraße from the Glan by way of Nohen to the Moselle was expanded in Roman times into a crosslink between the Mainz-Trier and Mainz-Metz roads. The military-strategic importance of the road link with the ford, or bridge, was great.

On the night of 23 and 24 September 1635 and the following morning, a Swedish-French army under Duke Bernard of Saxe-Weimar’s leadership went slogging by across the river after their defeat at Nördlingen in the Thirty Years' War on their retreat by way of Birkenfeld to Wallerfangen as they were being pursued by the far superior, victorious Imperial army under Count Gallas. Until the late 18th century, Nohen belonged to the “Hinder” County of Sponheim; the council is made up of 8 council members, who were elected by majority vote at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, the honorary mayor as chairman. Nohen's mayor is Norbert Helm, his deputies are Holger Romag and Kai Müller; the German blazon reads: In schräggeteiltem Schild vorne in Silber eine in der Teilung geschnittene schwarze Brücke über schräglinkem blauen Wellenband, hinten rot-silbern geschacht. The municipality's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per bend argent a bridge couped at the line of partition sable above a bend sinister wavy abased azure, chequy gules and argent.

The charges on the dexter side refer to the bridge over the river Nahe, the “chequy” field on the sinister side is a reference to the village's former allegiance to the “Hinder” County of Sponheim, which bore arms chequy gules and argent. Nohen was in the Oberamt of Birkenfeld; the arms have been borne since 20 June 1963. The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments: Evangelical Parish Church, Hauptstraße – stepped building complex. Nohen has a station on the Nahe Valley Railway. Nohen in the collective municipality’s webpages Brief portrait of Nohen with film from SWR Fernsehen’s programme Hierzuland from 10 February 2010

Tommy Hubbard

Tommy Hubbard is a Los Angeles-based, multi-platinum record producer, multi-instrumentalist, manager and co-founder of The Trust. Hubbard's collective album credits as a producer under The Trust include executive producing Chico & The Gypsies 2018 #1 Latin album Mi Corazón, Producing & writing for Caribbean Soca Music Star Kes, Contributing as a songwriter to the soundtrack of Universal Pictures comedic film Night School starring actor/comedian Kevin Hart, executive producing the Latin Grammy Award winning group The Gipsy Kings, France’s Multi-platinum indi-pop singer Shy’m, French DJ & sculpture artist Richard Orlinski, Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame Funk musician Bootsy Collins, 11-time South African Music Award Winner and judge on The Voice South Africa Lira, 5-time Grammy Award winning, world music vocal group Ladysmith Black Mambazo, country music singer Billy Ray Cyrus, Company of Thieves frontwoman Genevieve, French pop singer Maude including co-producing & co-writing Maude's 2014 album #HoldUp and co-writing her debut #1 single “Love Is What You Make of It".

Additionally, under The Trust, Hubbard manages two-time Grammy Award nominated, multi-platinum record producer Jayme David Silverstein whose production credits include Miguel, Eva Simons, Richard Orlinski and Morgan Page. Hubbard has produced songs for national and international TV shows and movies such as American Idol, The Voice, Chelsea Lately, Good Morning America, ABC's Stitchers and Disney's Bad Hair Day. In addition to Tommy's recording work, he is a live music producer of festivals, one-off concerts and tours that have featured acts such as Wiz Khalifa, Buddy Guy, Eric Burdon, Marky Ramone, Tyga, Natasha Beddingfield, Snoop Dogg and Kenny Wayne Shepherd. At fourteen years old, despite being the youngest to compete, Hubbard was named the first-place winner of the 2003 Riffathon, an international guitar competition judged by Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin and Brian May of Queen

Pearsons Corner, Delaware

Pearsons Corner is an unincorporated community in Kent County, United States. Pearsons Corner is located at the intersection of Delaware Route 8 and Delaware Route 44 west of Dover. In 2009 a cultural resource survey was undertaken by the Delaware Department of Transportation; this survey has illuminated early life in Pearsons Corner. Much of the following information is extracted from this report. Pearson's Corner is located in West Dover Hundred, Kent County, Delaware ten miles west of Dover. What is now Kent County was part of the Whorekill County, as it was named by early Dutch settlers, it became an independent territory under the name St. Jones County in 1680 and was transferred to William Penn in 1682. Though there is no extant record of the change of name to Kent County, historian J. Scharf contends that it was done at the time of this transfer. There were few settlers and no village of real importance in St. Jones/Kent County in the 17th century. A census taken just after the formation of the county in 1680 enumerated only 99 people and subsequent settlement occurred driven by migrants from Maryland who settled along the streams and waterways of central Delaware.

In the early 19th century a new road was laid out connecting the Road from Dover to the Horse Head to the community at Dinah's Crossroads to the north. The area of present-day Pearson's Corner continued to be marked by large farms as the Rash and Pearson families became strong presences in the community. By the second half of the 19th century, a road had been constructed from Pearson's Corner south to Hazlettville and a small village had coalesced at the crossroads formed by this road and the road to Dover. By the middle of the 19th century, the intersection was home to dwellings as well as a blacksmith and wheelwright shop and granary that served both the rural community and travelers; the roads leading away from Pearson's Corner were dotted with scattered farmsteads. Before Joseph Rash Sr. died in 1837, he had sold a 15-acre parcel at what is now the northeast corner of Pearson's Corner to Joseph Rash Jr.. After his death, the remainder of Joseph Rash Sr.’s 300 acre tract was divided into four smaller farms.

A 60 acre parcel adjacent to the aforesaid 15 acre tract was devised to John H. Rash who subsequently purchased the 15 acre parcel from the heirs of Joseph Rash, Jr. Thus, by 1840 John H. Rash owned a contiguous 75 acre farm at the northeast corner of Pearson’s Corner. In 1845, John H. Rash sold the farm to Moses Rash who owned the property until his death in 1887. Moses Rash was a farmer who cultivated fruit for the market, he erected a “fine residence” on his property in 1849 and Price and Rea's map of Delaware confirms that a dwelling was standing on the property by 1850. Located on the lot at present 5752 Forrest Avenue, this dwelling remained standing into the 20th century. In 1846 Elijah Crouch purchased the 100 acre farm, laid off to Elizabeth Course in Elizabeth Roe's will, from John and Elizabeth Jones, the heirs of John Jones. Though a dwelling house existed on the property when the Kent County Orphans Court ordered the division of the lot in 1839, it is unknown whether this dwelling was standing at the time of Crouch's purchase.

Regardless, Crouch built a new dwelling house on the property between 1850 and 1859 and this house is still standing today at 3299 Hartly Road. Crouch built a house on the south side of the road from Dover to the Horse Head between 1850 and 1859, but this house was removed by 1868. In 1870, William Pearson sold 108 acres of his farm on the south side of the Horse Head Road to Abraham Pearson; this farm had been the residence of William Pearson, but was at the time of sale in Abraham Pearson's possession. Five years William Pearson sold a house lot on the southeast corner of Pearson's Corner, bounded on the north by the Road to Dover, on the west by the road to Hazlettville and on the south and east by the 108 acre farm William Pearson had sold to Abraham Pearson. Thus, until it was divided from the larger farm tract in 1870 this small lot at the southeast corner of Pearson's Corner had been part of a much larger farm that centered on a farmhouse located to the east. Although it existed as a part of a larger farm tract, a building was standing at the southeast corner of Pearson's corner as early as 1850.

A. D. Byles’ Map of Kent County, which identifies the building as a “store” provides the earliest evidence of the building's use. A deed from the 1875 sale of the corner lot from William Pearson to Abraham Pearson described the property as containing “several improvements now enjoyed by the said John Pearson as tenant under the said William Pearson Sr.”. A plot accompanying the Delaware General Assembly's Act to Straighten a Road from Pearson's Corner to Hazlettville identifies the building as “Pearson’s House”; the earliest architectural description of the Pearson store uncovered in the course of this research is found in an 1899 deed of sale for the adjacent farm in which one boundary of the farm is described as “the said small lot of land containing about three quarters of an acre and which said small lot of land has erected thereon a three story framed building used as a store and dwelling house.” At the time the house and store lot was occupied by Willard S. Carson. At the beginning of the 20th century, Pearson's Corner still existed as a rural crossroads village.

But as the century progressed and improvements to the road network and the pressures of pos