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Transport in Uganda

Transport in Uganda refers to the transportation structure in Uganda. The country has an extensive network of unpaved roads; as of 2017, according to the Uganda Ministry of Works and Transport, Uganda had about 130,000 kilometres of roads, with 5,300 kilometres paved. Most paved roads radiate from the country's capital and largest city; the Lagos-Mombasa Highway, part of the Trans-Africa Highway and aiming to link East Africa and West Africa, passes through Uganda. This is complete only eastwards from the Uganda–DR Congo border to Mombasa, linking the African Great Lakes region to the sea. In East Africa, this roadway is part of the Northern Corridor, it cannot be used to reach West Africa because the route westwards across DR Congo to Bangui in the Central African Republic is impassable after the Second Congo War and requires reconstruction. An alternative route to Bangui based on gravel roads and earth roads runs from Gulu in northern Uganda via Nimule and Juba, South Sudan and Obo in south-east CAR.

This is used by trucks but sections are impassable after rain. The route has been closed at times during war and conflict in northern Uganda and South Sudan, but up to July 2007 had not been affected by the Darfur conflict and was the only usable road between East and West Africa; the security situation should be checked with authorities in northern Uganda, South Sudan and south-eastern CAR before use. As of 2017, Uganda's metre gauge railway network measures about 1,250 kilometres in length. Of this, about 56%, is operational. A railroad originating at Mombasa on the Indian Ocean connects with Tororo, where it branches westward to Jinja and Kasese and northward to Mbale, Lira and Pakwach; the only railway line still operating, however, is the Malaba–Kampala line. Kenya: Yes. Kenya had, by June 2018, completed the construction of the Mombasa–Nairobi section of its Standard Gauge Railway, which cost US$4.47 billion, borrowed from the Exim Bank of China. The country now plans to extend he SGR line to Nakuru and Malaba, when funds become available.

Uganda plans to construct a total of four SGR lines, totaling 1,547 kilometres, at an estimated cost of US$12.6 billion. Uganda's SGR is planned to link it to four neighboring countries, including Kenya, Rwanda, DR Congo and South Sudan; the Rift Valley Consortium Between 2006 and 2017, a company known as Rift Valley Railways managed the Kenya Railways Corporation's and the Uganda Railways Corporation's 1,000 mm metre gauge railway systems, under a 25-year concession. In August 2017, the government of Kenya terminated the RVRC concession, citing failure by RVRC to perform as stipulated in the concession agreement. In October 2017, Uganda followed suit. In February 2018, Uganda Railways Corporation took possession of the concession assets and resumed operating the metre-gauge railway system in Uganda. Lake Victoria is the principal waterway with commercial traffic. In conjunction with train services, the railway companies of Uganda and Tanzania operate train ferries on the lake between railhead ports of the two countries and Kenya.

These ferries load rail wagons. Jinja and Port Bell, on a 7 kilometres branch line from Kampala, are the railheads for Uganda, connecting to Mwanza and Kisumu, Kenya; the Port Bell ferry wharf is visible on high-resolution Google Earth photos at latitude 0.2885° longitude 32.653°. Other ferries serve non-railhead ports on the lake. There are dry dock facilities at Port Bell, which were under renewed use as of June 2018. A new inland port, Bukasa Inland Port is under development on the northern shores of Lake Victoria, at Bukasa, in Wakiso District, about 20 kilometres, by road, south-east of the central business district of Kampala, the capital and largest city of Uganda; when completed the inland port is designed to handle up to 5.2 million tonnes of freight annually. The port will facilitate movement of goods from the Tanzanian ports of Dar es Salaam and Tanga, via rail to the port of Mwanza on Lake Victoria. Barges would bring the cargo over the lake to Bukasa; this would reduce Uganda's near-total dependence on the port of Kenya.

Lake Kyoga and the Victoria Nile south of the lake constitute the second most important commercial waterway. There used to be a steamboat service between Namasagali, a railhead port on the Nile, going as far as Masindi-Port on the other side of Lake Kyoga. Other waterways such as Lake Albert, Lake George, Lake Edward, the Albert Nile do not carry commercial traffic to any great extent. Entebbe International Airport is Uganda's largest and busiest airport, servicing in excess of 1.5 million arrivals annually, as of 2015. In February 2015, the Government of Uganda began a three-phase expansion and upgrade of Entebbe Airport planned to last from 2015 until 2035. In January 2018, SBC Uganda Limited, a joint venture company between Colas Limited of the United Kingdom and SBI International Holdings of Uganda, started construction of K

JICA Research Institute

The JICA Research Institute is a research organization based in Tokyo, Japan. JICA-RI was established as a research wing of the Japan International Cooperation Agency on October 1, 2008. In the University of Pennsylvania's 2014 Global Go To Think Tanks Report, JICA-RI is ranked at the highest in the category of international development among institutions in Japan, followed by other institutions such as Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO, Japan Institute of International Affairs, Global Industrial and Social Progress Research Institute. JICA-RI, established as a part of JICA, aims at contributing to global development strategies by implementing policy-oriented, academically solid studies that address the important issues faced by developing countries; the role of JICA-RI is stipulated in the Act of the Incorporated Administrative Agency - Japan International Cooperation Agency, as “to implement study and research necessary for JICA’s activities.” JICA-RI is based in JICA Ichigaya Building in Shinjuku-ward of Japan.

JICA-RI was established on October 1, 2008, when the new JICA was launched as a result of merger of two existing institutions. JICA-RI supersedes and strengthens the research capabilities of the former JICA and JBIC. JICA-RI has about 20 research fellows, headed by a director general and a deputy director general. Director General: Ichiro TAMBO Deputy Director General: Naohiro KITANO Former Directors Keiichi TSUNEKAWA Akio HOSONO Hiroshi KATO According to its website JICA-RI has four research areas: peace and development and poverty reduction and development/climate change, aid strategies. JICA-RI is the only research institution in Japan, affiliated with a development agency, thus it has the advantage of access to development activities in the field and on the ground. JICA-RI intends to implement research by networking with other research institutions, as it stated in its website as “As a research institute affiliated with a development agency, JICA-RI's work is both policy- and operations-oriented, carried out together with various operational and academic organizations and other professionals committed to international development.”

JICA-RI has research partnership with the Brookings Institution, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Initiative for Policy Dialogue, French Development Agency, World Bank, more. JICA-RI publishes working papers, which report findings completed research; the outcome of the researches at JICA-RI is published in a number of books. Some are available from the institution's website, while many titles are published by major academic publishing companies such as the Palgrave Macmillan, The Oxford University Press, Springer Publishing, the Brookings Institution, the Columbia University Press and more. Sakiko Fukuda-Parr(Distinguished Fellow)Surin Pitsuwan (Distinguished Fellow) Japan International Cooperation Agency JICA Research Institute https://web.archive.org/web/20160208052309/http://jica-ri.jica.go.jp/ JICA Research Institute Mail Alert http://jica-ri.jica.go.jp/mailmagazine/ JICA Research Institute https://www.facebook.com/JICARI -Facebook JICA Research Institute Official YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/user/jicaresearchinstitut

Rimsha Masih blasphemy case

Rimsha Masih is a Pakistani girl from Islamabad, arrested by the Pakistani police on blasphemy charges on August 2012 when she was 14 years old. The alleged charges included desecrating pages of the Quran by burning—a crime punishable by death under Pakistan's blasphemy law, she is a member of Pakistan's Christian minority. Two weeks after her arrest, the local imam who had reported her to police was arrested on suspicion of planting pages of religious texts in Rimsha's bag. Rimsha was acquitted of all charges. In mid 2013 after months of hiding and her family were able to escape to Canada. Rimsha Masih was arrested on August 16, 2012 for burning pages from the Quran. While carrying trash in a plastic bag in the neighborhood where she lived she was told by a Muslim boy to let him inspect the contents of her bag; the boy took the bag to the imam of a local mosque, Hafiz Mohammed Khalid Chishti who accusing Masih of desecrating the Quran, gave police burned papers from the trash as evidence against her.

On August 24 Chishti told AFP news service that he thought Rimsha had burned the pages deliberately as part of a Christian "conspiracy" to insult Muslims, that action should have been taken sooner to stop what he called their "anti-Islam activities" in the area. Outrage by local Muslims forced 300 local Christian families to leave their homes and to attempt to "find shelter in one of the Islamabad forests". There are conflicting reports as to whether she has a mental health condition, with some sources claiming that she has Down syndrome, her family has been reported to have told her lawyer she suffers from mental illness. In the initial days after her arrest, human-rights workers "pinned their hopes" on Rimsha's mental condition, her case being dismissed for her being mentally disabled. There are conflicting reports about her age: although most sources describe her as 11 years old, she has been claimed to be aged 14 or 16. Following a medical examination, a medical report estimated her age as being 14, therefore a minor under Pakistani law, stated that she had mental capacity lower than would be expected for someone of that age.

This report was questioned by her accuser's lawyer, who accused the report of "favouring" her, a prosecutor claimed that Rimsha is 21 years old. Some reports state that she is illiterate, may have unknowingly picked the pages of the book up from a waste dump, her arrest caused widespread condemnation, both within Pakistan and internationally, has been followed by a rise of inter-communal tension within Pakistan. The President of Pakistan, Asif Ali Zardari, has ordered an investigation into the arrest. France "urged the Pakistani authorities to release this young girl" and has reaffirmed that "the existence of the crime of blasphemy infringes upon fundamental freedoms, namely the freedom of religion or belief, as well as the freedom of expression, it urges Pakistan to comply with its international commitments in this area, notably the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as well as the Convention on the Rights of the Child."Members of the All Pakistan Ulema Council joined with the Pakistan Interfaith League in protest against the accusations.

Her father made a personal appeal to President Zardari on her behalf. The lawyer representing her accuser claimed the government was interfering on her behalf and claimed, "If the court is not allowed to do its work, because the state is helping the accused the public has no other option except to take the law into their own hands.". The civic organization Avaaz launched a campaign to release Rimsha; as of September 2012, the campaign petition had gathered over one million signatures. On September 2, it was reported that a local imam, Hafiz Mohammed Khalid Chishti, had been arrested for desecrating the Quran himself and tampering with evidence. Police suspected he planting pages of religious texts in Rimsha's bag,The next day, the chairman of the All Pakistan Ulema Council, Hafiz Mohammad Tahir Mehmood Ashrafi made a statement supporting her, describing her as a "daughter of the nation". On September 7, Rimsha Masih was released on a surety of 1,000,000 Pakistani rupees. Paul Bhatti, the Pakistani Minister for National Harmony, who had earlier stated his hopes that the case might help end the widespread abuse of the blasphemy laws, expressed "joy and satisfaction" at the development.

After her release from jail, she was airlifted to an undisclosed location to rejoin her family. According to Agence France Presse quoting investigators, Chishti was arrested after Chishti's deputy Maulvi Zubair and two others told a magistrate that Chishti had added pages from the Quran to the burnt pages brought to him by a witness. Zubair and the two others, Mohammad Shahzad and Awais Ahmed, said they had urged Chishti not to interfere with the papers but he told them it was the only way to expel the Christians from the area. On November 20, 2012, Rimsha was cleared of all charges by the Islamabad High Court. In June 2013, CBC News reported her and her family to be living at an undisclosed location in Canada, where they were given permanent residency on "humanitarian and compassionate grounds". Despite the fact that the case against her was thrown out, people in Pakistan accused of blasphemy are subject to vigilante justice. According to the Canadian Immigration Minister Jason Kenney, a Pakistani contact asked him in January 2013 whether the family could come to Canada.

"I said if they could get her out. So a number of people did some dangerous, delicate work to extricate her and her family from Pakistan, we provided the necessary v

A Carnegie Hall Christmas Concert

A Carnegie Hall Christmas Concert is an 89-minute television film starring the opera singers Kathleen Battle and Frederica von Stade, the jazz trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, the Wynton Marsalis Septet, the American Boychoir, the Christmas Concert Chorus, the Orchestra of St. Luke's and the pianist and conductor André Previn, it first aired as part of PBS's Great Performances series in 1991, was subsequently released on VHS, Laserdisc, DVD and CD. It was jointly produced by CAMI Video, Sony, PBS and WNET; the film presents thirty pieces of music performed before an audience in the main auditorium of Carnegie Hall, New York City on 8 December 1991. The soloists stand on three island platforms at the front of the stage, the back of, decorated with three large, lavish panels of Christmas imagery inspired by designs on a Russian lacquer box; the music, presented without any interrupting dialogue, is both secular. It is drawn from many traditions and performed in a variety of styles, ranging from a cappella hymnody to jazz improvisation.

Included in the programme are American spirituals, traditional European carols, songs by the twentieth century American composers Hugh Martin, Richard Rodgers and Mel Tormé and compositions by the classical composers Adam, Humperdinck, Praetorius and Reger. The concert's arrangements by Nancy Allen, Arthur Harris and Alexander Courage – the first composer of music for Star Trek – were specially commissioned for it. Opening fanfare Jester Hairston: "Mary's Little Boy Chile", orchestrated by Hale Smith Traditional: "The Twelve Days of Christmas", arranged by Arthur Harris Pietro Alessandro Yon: "Gesù bambino", arranged by Arthur Harris Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: "Alleluja" from Exsultate, jubilate Felix Bernard: "Winter Wonderland", arranged by Wynton Marsalis Michael Praetorius: "Lo, How a Rose E'er Blooming", arranged by Arthur Harris Sergei Prokofiev: "Troika" from Lieutenant Kijé John Jacob Niles: "I Wonder as I Wander", arranged by Robert Sadin Traditional: "Mary Had a Baby", arranged by Robert Sadin Traditional: "Oh Mary, What You Gonna Name That Pretty Little Baby", arranged by Sylvia Olden Lee and orchestrated by Robert Sadin Traditional: "Who Was Mary?

Mary Was Queen of Galilee", arranged by Wendell Whalum and orchestrated by Robert Sadin Traditional: "Sister Mary Had-a But One Child", arranged by Roland Hayes, adapted by Nancy Allen Traditional: "Go Tell It on the Mountain", arranged by Don Marsh, orchestrated by Arthur Harris George Frideric Handel, adapted by Lowell Mason: "Joy to the World".

Derrynane House

Derrynane House was the home of Irish politician and statesman, Daniel O'Connell. It is now part of a 320-acre National Park. Derrynane House is the ancestral home of Daniel O'Connell, lawyer and statesman. Situated on 120 hectares of parklands on the scenic Kerry coast, the House displays many relics of O'Connell's life and career. Access for visitors with disabilities to ground floor; the house is located on the Iveragh peninsula on the Ring of Kerry near the village of Derrynane in County Kerry, Ireland (3.5 km from Caherdaniel. Guided tours of the house are available on request, along with a visual presentation, it was O'Connell's grandparents, Domhnall Mór Ó Conaill and Máire Ní Dhonnchadha Dhuibh, who built or extended the house in the 1700s. The oldest part of the house, built in 1702, was demolished in 1967 for safety reasons during the restoration work. Daniel O'Connell built the two-storey south wing facing the sea and the library wing to the east in 1825, the oldest surviving part of the house.

The chapel was added in 1844 and was modelled on the ruined monastery chapel of Ahamore Abbey on nearby Abbey Island. Restoration work was completed in 1967, when the house was opened to the public as a museum by President De Valera. O'Connell of Derrynane Derrynane Abbey Buildings of Ireland Heritage Ireland Derrynane House & Derrynane National Historic Park - Visitors' guide

Baeckea gunniana

Baeckea gunniana known as alpine baeckea, is a species of a compact, densely branched evergreen shrub, growing in alpine and sub-alpine Australia. Baeckea is a genus of flowering plants in the myrtle family, comprising 14 species occurring in eastern Australia and Asia. Baeckea gunniana is a smooth, compact shrub growing to 1.5 m high, although can reach up to 2 m at lower altitudes. It is sometimes prostrate or spreading over boulders. Branchlets are brown with a flat segment on a fibrous brown bark. Leaves are small and crowded, obovate to oblong shaped with a blunt apex, with entire margins and petioles c. 0.5 mm long. The flowers are white and numerous, borne solitarily in the upper leaf axils. Sepals are triangular and obtuse, with a corolla 4–5 mm in diameter and circular petals c. 1–1.8 mm long. Stamens 4–6, not opposite petals; the ovary has a single locule. Style is terete and only inserted into the ovary summit; the unilocular ovary, where the pendulous placenta and ovules are enclosed by a single membrane, is characteristic to the species and unique in the genus.

The fruit is cup-like when immature and woody, dehiscent capsule at maturity. Seeds are angular, remaining inconspicuous on the ground upon release. Seed coat/covering or testa of some Baeckea species has been recorded to form a physical barrier inhibiting seed germination; this may be reverted by removing or nicking the testa using a needle or scalpel, improving the rate of germination. B. gunniana can be vegetatively propagated from cuttings of semi-hardened new growth. Distribution is restricted to alpine or subalpine regions, from Mt Ginini in ACT to south-west Tasmania. Baeckea gunniana is most prevalent at high altitudes between 1000 to 1400 m. However, it has been observed to grow above 2000 m near Mt Kosciusko, as low as 450 m in western Tasmania. All species in the genus Baeckea are confined to Australia, except for the type species, B. frutescens, which extends from eastern Australia through Malesia to China. Baeckea gunniana is found growing with species such as Callistemon pityoides, Epacris paludosa, Empodisma minus, in heathlands or boggy sedgeland.

It is common near creeks, sometimes in shaded areas under Eucalyptus spp. The species was first formally described by the German botanist Johannes Conrad Schauer in 1843; the closest Myrtaceae sensu stricto lineage is represented by two fleshy fruited and three dry fruited taxa. Angophora and Backhousia are sister genera to Baeckea, belonging to a dry-fruited lineage of Myrtaceae. Baeckea leaves are edible and used as a tea substitute because of their aromatic citrus-like flavour. Extracts from B. gunniana have been found to inhibit the activity of DNA Polymerase enzyme. It forms an integral part of the Broad-toothed mouse habitat in NSW, providing protection from predators and other large grazers