The Transportation Security Administration is an agency of the U. S. Department of Homeland Security that has authority over the security of the traveling public in the United States, it was created as a response to the September 11 attacks. Chiefly concerned with air travel, the TSA employs screening officers in airports, armed Federal Air Marshals on planes, mobile teams of dog handlers and explosives specialists; the TSA was created in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, which revealed weaknesses in existing airport security procedures. At the time, a myriad of private security companies managed air travel security under contract to individual airlines or groups of airlines that used a given airport or terminal facility. Proponents of placing the government in charge of airport security, including Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta, argued that only a single federal agency could best protect passenger aviation. Congress agreed, authorized the creation of the TSA in the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, signed into law by President George W. Bush on November 19, 2001.
Bush nominated John Magaw on December 10, he was confirmed by the Senate the following January. The agency was placed under the United States Department of Transportation, but was moved to the Department of Homeland Security when that department was formed on March 9, 2003; the new agency's effort to hire screeners to begin operating security checkpoints at airports represents a case of a large-scale staffing project completed over a short period. The only effort in U. S. history that came close to it was the testing of recruits for the armed forces in World War II. During the period from February to December 2002, 1.7 million applicants were assessed for 55,000 screening jobs. The TSA develops broad policies to protect the U. S. transportation system, including highways, buses, mass transit systems and pipelines. It fulfills this mission in conjunction with state partners. However, the TSA's primary focus is on the prevention of aircraft hijacking, it is responsible for screening passengers and baggage at more than 450 U.
S. airports. When TSA was part of the Department of Transportation, the head of the agency was referred to as the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security. Following the move to the Department of Homeland Security, the position was reclassified as the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration. There have been six acting administrators in the TSA's 18-year history. Following the passage of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 which included a provision known as the TSA Modernization Act, the Administrator's term was set as a five-year term retroactive to the start of current Administrator David Pekoske's term, it made the Deputy Administrator a politically appointed position. All offices are headed by an Assistant Administrator, except for the offices of Enterprise Support, Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service, Operations Support and Security Operations, which are headed by an Executive Assistant Administrator; the Compliance and Professional Responsibility offices and Strategy, Policy Coordination and Innovation office are referred to as a Director for the former two and Executive Director for the latter.
The Executive Assistant Administrator for Law Enforcement is the Director of the Federal Air Marshal Service. Administrator Deputy Administrator Chief Financial Officer Chief Counsel Civil Rights and Liberties and Traveler Engagement Investigations Chief of Staff Legislative Affairs Strategic Communications and Public Affairs Strategy, Policy Coordination and Innovation Enterprise Support Acquisition Program Management Contracting and Procurement Human Capital Information Technology Inspection Professional Responsibility Security and Administrative Services Training and Development Law Enforcement / Federal Air Marshal Service Flight Operations Field Operations Operations Management Operations Support Enrollment Services and Vetting Programs Intelligence and Analysis Policy and Engagement Requirements and Capabilities Analysis Security Operations Domestic Aviation Operations International Operations Operations Management Surface Operations Compliance In August 2017, the General Services Administration announced a new headquarters for the TSA would be built in Springfield, Virginia.
The new, 625,000-square-foot headquarters will be a short distance from the Franconia-Springfield Metro station and is projected to cost $316 million for a 15-year lease. The facility is expected to open in mid-2020. For fiscal year 2012, the TSA had a budget of $7.6 billion. Part of the TSA budget comes from a $2.50 per-passenger tax. The Obama administration had proposed tripling this fee by 2019, with most of the increase going to reduce the national debt. Additionally, a small portion of TSA's budget comes from the loose change and cash left behind by travelers at airport security checkpoints, which TSA has been allowed to retain since 2005. From FY 2008 through FY 2018, a total of $6,904,035.98 has been left behind, including a record $960,105.49 in FY 2018. Private screening did not disappear under the TSA, which allows airports to opt out of federal screening and hire firms to do the job instead; such firms must still get TSA approval under its Screening Partnership Program and follow TSA procedures.
Among the U. S. airports with operated checkpoints are San Francisco International Airport. However, the bulk
Aan Dhevathai is a 2018 Indian Tamil family drama film written and directed by Thamira. The film features Samuthirakani in the lead role, Ramya Pandian, Aranthangi Nisha, Monica and Radharavi in pivotal roles. Featuring music composed by Ghibran, the venture began production in September 2017; the film received average reviews from critics. The film was announced and began production during September 2017, with director Thamira making a comeback to films after making Rettaisuzhi, he announced he would produce the film under the newly launched Sigaram Cinemas, while Samuthirakani and joker fame Ramya Pandiyan were selected to play the lead roles. Vijay Milton and Ghibran were selected to be the cinematographer and music composer for the project. Aan Devathai was revealed to revolve around the impact of globalisation, marital relationships and the challenges of raising a kid in the modern times. Soundtrack was composed by M. Ghibran. Nigara Than Nigara - Vineeth Sreenivasan Lyrics by Soundararajan K - 4:05 Malarin Narumanam - Yazin Nizar, S. Riyaz Lyrics by Late.
Kaviko - 3:31 Pesugindren - Chaitra Ambadapudi - Lyrics by Karthick Netha 3:27 Rottu Kadai Party - Gold Devaraj - Lyrics by Viveka 3:09 Aan Devathai Theme - Ghibran - 1:50 The film, slated to release in August was released in October 2018. The satellite rights of the film were sold to Zee Tamil. Times of India wrote "Though this family drama has a tried-and-tested screenplay, with only a few engaging scenes, it is less preachy when compared to some of Samuthirakani’s earlier films." Deccan Chronicle called it "Just an average drama". India Today wrote "Thamira's tries to address the struggles of nuclear families in the fast-paced urban society, but like his one-dimensional characters, the solution he arrives at is shallow and problematic."The few scenes are based on the 2006 Film The Pursuit of Happyness. Aan Devathai on IMDb
Spione is a 1928 German silent espionage thriller directed by Fritz Lang and co-written with his wife, Thea von Harbou, who wrote a novel of the same name. The film was the first for his own production company; as in Lang's Mabuse films, such as Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler and The Testament of Dr. Mabuse, Rudolf Klein-Rogge plays a master criminal aiming for world domination. Spione was restored to its original length by the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Murnau-Stiftung during 2003 and 2004. No original negatives survive but a high quality nitrate copy is held at the Národní Filmový Archiv in Prague. Beautiful Russian spy Sonja Baranikowa seduces Colonel Jellusic into betraying his country for her employer, Haghi, a respectable bank director, the criminal mastermind of a powerful espionage organization. Jason, head of the Secret Service, gives the task of bringing the mysterious Haghi down to a handsome young agent known only as Number 326 who believes his identity is a secret. Haghi assigns Sonja to worm her way into 326's confidence.
Haghi does not anticipate. Unwilling to betray 326, Sonja slips away after they spend the afternoon and evening together, he trails her to Colonel Jellusic. Haghi suspects Sonya's feelings for 326 and when she refuses to act against him, Haghi confines her to a room in his secret headquarters. Haghi is after a secret Japanese treaty, he blackmails Lady Leslane, an opium addict, into betraying what her husband knows of the negotiations. Akira Masimoto, the Japanese head of security responsible for the treaty's safekeeping, crosses paths with 326; when 326 seeks out Sonya, he finds. Masimoto gives three couriers a sealed packet each to deliver to Tokyo. Haghi obtains all three packages and finds only newspapers but he has one more card up his sleeve. Masimoto pities Kitty, a young woman he finds huddling in a doorway during a rainstorm and takes her in; when he prepares to leave for Japan with the treaty, she begs him to spend a few hours with her. He gives in, attracted by her beauty but when he wakes up she is gone with the treaty.
326 tracks Jellusic down but too late, Haghi has betrayed the colonel. When confronted by his superiors, Jellusic shoots himself to avoid a scandal. 326 wires the serial numbers of the bank notes used to pay Jellusic, which Jason passes on to agent 719, working undercover as a circus clown, to trace. On the train trip back, 326 is nearly killed in a trap set by Haghi. While he is sleeping, his car is left in a tunnel, he awakens. Sonya, tricked into trying to smuggle the treaty out of the country by Haghi's promise not to harm 326, learns of the crash, races to the site and is reunited with her love. 326 gives orders for Haghi's bank to be surrounded sends Sonya away with his trusted chauffeur, while he and his men search for Haghi. Haghi captures Sonya and Franz and sends 326 an ultimatum, clear the building within 15 minutes or Sonya will die. After agonizing, 326 continues searching after poison gas is released. Franz is able to hold off Haghi's assassins until 326 can find them. Haghi's minions are captured but there is no sign of the mastermind.
A clerk complains to 326 and Jason that the serial numbers he was given to trace do not match the bank notes. The two realize; when Haghi goes on stage to perform his clown act, he sees that he is surrounded by agents and shoots himself in the head. The audience, applauds. Rudolf Klein-Rogge as Haghi Gerda Maurus as Sonya Baranilkowa Lien Deyers as Kitty Louis Ralph as Hans Morrier Craighall Sherry as Burton Jason / Miles Jason Willy Fritsch as No. 326 Paul Hörbiger as Chauffeur Franz Hertha von Walther as Lady Leslane Lupu Pick as Doctor Masimoto Fritz Rasp as Colonel Jellusic Grete Berger in unconfirmed role Julius Falkenstein as Hotel Manager Heinrich Gotho as Burton Jason's Other Assistant Gustl Gstettenbaur as Boy Who Helps No. 326 Georg John as Locomotive Engineer Theodor Loos as Handelsminister Klaus Pohl as Burton Jason's Assistant Paul Rehkopf as Strolch Rosa Valetti as Kitty's Mother Hermann Vallentin as Hotel Security Chief Hans Heinrich von Twardowski as Vincent, Jason's Secretary According to Robert Osborne, Lang was having an affair with Maurus during filming as his wife Thea von Harbou was involved writing the screenplay.
Lang had earlier stolen the affections of Harbou from her first husband, Klein-Rogge, who played Haghi. In spite of this, Klein-Rogge worked with Lang and Harbou on various notable films, including Destiny, Dr. Mabuse the Gambler, Die Nibelungen and Metropolis. Spione was the screen debut for young Dutch actress Lien Deyers, who caught Lang's attention after winning a screening contest in Vienna. During the shooting of the movie, Lang developed a strong dislike for Deyers. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 94% based on 16 reviews, wi