Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
North Carolina Highway 215
North Carolina Highway 215 is a highway in western North Carolina that runs from the town of Rosman in Transylvania County to Canton at Interstate 40 and U. S. Route 74; the portion from Canton to Rosman is a part of the National Forest Service's Forest Heritage Scenic Byway. It travels high into the mountains along a scenic stretch of the upper West Fork of the Pigeon River, intersects the Blue Ridge Parkway at Beech Gap at an elevation of 5,300 feet. In Transylvania County, at the intersection with US-64 near Rosman, this road cuts through a path placed by the Gloucester Lumber Company, following the path of the North Fork of the French Broad River to its headwaters. Between US-64 and intersection of Macedonia Church Road, the highway has seven miles of narrow, hairpin turns that are surrounded by the Pisgah National Forest. In some areas the road is all that separates small mountain cliffs and steep ravines below the roadway. Within this seven mile stretch, the highway climbs 700 feet in elevation from 2,200 feet in elevation in Rosman, NC to 2,900 feet at the unincorporated community of Balsam Grove.
This route is characterized as having a dense leafy canopy for much of the way during the summer season. Northward beyond Macedonia Church Road, the highway has broader shoulders and has entered Balsam Grove, serves as the primary route in and out of the area. There is a solitary gas station in this area that serves as the only stop along the route until reaching Jackson County. After passing through Balsam Grove, the road returns into Pisgah National Forest, climbing for another 7 miles through the Pinhook Valley, peaking at the intersection with the Blue Ridge Parkway at 5,300 feet; this section of the road climbs 2,400 feet in 7 miles. Along the way, you will find several spots to pull over to the side of the road to take a break from the curves, allow faster traffic to move on, or to provide relief for a carsick passenger; the highway defines the boundaries of the Shining Rock and Middle Prong wildernesses: Shining Rock lying to the east, Middle Prong to the west. The right-of-way for the highway is all that separates the two for several miles, several hiking trails start along parking areas on this road or on spur roads connecting to it.
Several waterfalls along the West Fork or its tributaries can be seen from the road itself during the winter after rainfall. Some can be accessed by hiking trails, but others are remote making hiking to them difficult though they can be seen from the highway; this section of road is popular with motorcyclists due to its curvy nature. NC 215 was built on the right of way of two logging railroads. North Carolina Department of Transportation plans to modernize a 5.04-mile section of NC 215 between US 276 to SR 1926. The project includes widening lanes to 12 feet from paved shoulders. At an estimated cost of $13.8 million, it is unfunded. Media related to North Carolina Highway 215 at Wikimedia Commons NCRoads.com: N. C. 215 Forest Heritage National Scenic Byway
Haywood County, North Carolina
Haywood County is a county in the western portion of the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 59,036, its county seat and largest city is Waynesville. Haywood County is part of NC Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was formed by European Americans in 1808 from the western part of Buncombe County. It was named for John Haywood, who served as the North Carolina State Treasurer from 1787 to 1827. In 1828 the western part of Haywood County became Macon County. In 1851 parts of Haywood and Macon counties were combined to form Jackson County; the last shot of the Civil War east of the Mississippi was fired in Waynesville on May 9, 1865, when elements of the Thomas Legion skirmished with the 2nd NC Mounted. A monument is situated on Sulphur Springs Road in Waynesville. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 555 square miles, of which 554 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. The Pigeon River originates in Haywood County.
All rivers and springs that flow in Haywood County originate in the county. Haywood County is situated amidst the Blue Ridge Mountains and contains parts of several major subranges of the Blue Ridge, namely the Great Smoky Mountains in the west and the Plott Balsams and Great Balsam Mountains in the south. Notable peaks in the county include Cold Mountain, at 6,030 feet, Mount Sterling, at 5,835 feet, Richland Balsam, at 6,410 feet in elevation. Mt. Guyot, the county's highest point at 6,621 feet, is the 4th highest mountain east of the Mississippi River. Black Balsam Knob, in the Great Balsam Mountains in the southeastern section of the county, is the highest grassy bald in the entire Appalachian range. Haywood County is believed to be the highest county east of the Mississippi River, with a mean elevation of 3600 feet. A portion of Great Smoky Mountains National Park is in the northwestern section of the county, north of Maggie Valley. Along with several mountains rising to over 6,000 feet in elevation, the Haywood County area of the Smokies includes Cataloochee, home to a large campground and several historical structures dating to the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Other protected areas include substantial sections of the Pisgah National Forest in the far northeastern and southern parts of the county. Blue Ridge Parkway Great Smoky Mountains National Park Pisgah National Forest Cherokee Indian Reservation/Qualla Boundary As of the census of 2000, there were 54,033 people, 23,100 households, 16,054 families residing in the county; the population density was 98 people per square mile. There were 28,640 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.85% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.8% were of American, 12.9% English, 12.0% German, 10.4% Irish and 8.3% Scots-Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.1% spoke English and 1.9% Spanish as their first language. There were 23,100 households out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.50% were non-families.
26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.76. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,922, the median income for a family was $40,438. Males had a median income of $30,731 versus $21,750 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,554. About 8.10% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over. Voter Registration Statistics In Haywood County: Democrats – 14,631 Republicans – 13,081Haywood County is a member of the regional Southwestern Commission council of governments.
Haywood County contains a portion of the Qualla Boundary, a tribal reservation for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Lands and people living within this reservation are subject to tribal/federal laws rather than county or state laws. Haywood County Schools has 16 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade; those are separated into four high schools, three middle schools, nine elementary schools. The two major high schools in the Haywood County Schools System, the Tuscola High School Mountaineers of Waynesville and Pisgah High School Black Bears of Canton participate in one of the fiercest high school rivalries in the Southeast; the two high school football teams battle it out for the Haywood County Championship each fall, drawing up to 15,000 fans. The series is tied at 25-25-1; the Pisgah Bears won the last meeting. Norfolk Southern Railway operates a portion of the Murphy Branch line through Haywood County, providing a rail connection with the rest of the country. Norfolk Southern operates a small yard in Canton which directly serves Evergreen Packaging and originates several local runs.
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Pisgah National Forest
Pisgah National Forest is a National Forest in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina. It is administered by the United States Forest Service, part of the United States Department of Agriculture; the Pisgah National Forest is contained within the state of North Carolina. The forest is managed together with the other three North Carolina National Forests from common headquarters in Asheville, North Carolina. There are local ranger district offices located in Pisgah Forest, Mars Hill, Nebo. Pisgah is a biblical Hebrew word for "summit", but some translators of the Bible book of Deuteronomy translated the word as a name of a mountain in general referring to Mount Nebo; the Pisgah National Forest was established in 1916, one of the first national forests in the eastern United States. The new preserve included 86,700 acres, part of the Biltmore Estate, but were sold to the federal government in 1914 by Edith Vanderbilt; some of the forest tracts were among the first purchases by the Forest Service under the Weeks Act of 1911.
While national forests had been created in the western United States, the Weeks Act provided the authority required to create national forests in the east as well. Although tracts in the future Pisgah National Forest were among the first purchased under the Weeks Act, the first to receive formal approval was the 31,000-acre Gennett Purchase in northern Georgia. On March 25, 1921 Boone National Forest was added to Pisgah, on July 10, 1936, most of Unaka National Forest was added. In 1954 the Pisgah National Forest was administratively combined with the Croatan and Nantahala national forests, collectively known as the National Forests of North Carolina. American forestry has roots in; the Cradle of Forestry, located in the southern part of the forest, was the site of the first school of forestry in the United States. It operated during the late early 20th centuries; the school was opened and operated at the direction of George Washington Vanderbilt II, builder of the Biltmore Estate in Asheville.
The Forestry Education offered at Biltmore was taught by Carl Schenk. A native German, Schenk was referred to Vanderbilt when Gifford Pinchot resigned to operate the newly formed Division of Forestry; the Cradle of Forestry and the Biltmore Estate played a major role in the birth of the U. S. Forest Service. Today these lands are part of an recreational area in Pisgah National Forest. Located on the forest property is the Bent Creek Campus of the Appalachian Forest Experiment Station, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Convicted murderer Eric Rudolph was a fugitive in the Pisgah National Forest for several years; the Pisgah National Forest is divided into 3 Ranger Districts: the Grandfather and Pisgah districts. The Grandfather and Appalachian Ranger Districts lie in the northern mountains of North Carolina and include areas such as the Linville Gorge Wilderness, Wilson Creek, the watersheds of the Toe and Cane rivers, Roan Mountain, Mount Mitchell, Craggy Gardens, the Big Ivy/Coleman Boundary area.
The Appalachian Ranger District stretches along the Tennessee border from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park north to Hot Springs. The Appalachian Trail passes through this section of this National Forest; the Pisgah National Forest covers 512,758 acres of mountainous terrain in the southern Appalachian Mountains, including parts of the Blue Ridge Mountains and Great Balsam Mountains. Elevations reach over 6,000 feet and include some of the highest mountains in the eastern United States. Summit elevations include Black Balsam Knob at 6,214 feet, Mount Hardy at 6,110 feet, Tennant Mountain at 6,056 feet, Cold Mountain at 6,030 feet. Mount Mitchell, in Mount Mitchell State Park, is the highest mountain east of the Mississippi River and lies just outside the boundary of Pisgah National Forest; the forest includes tracts surrounding the city of Asheville, the city of Brevard and land in the French Broad River Valley. Recreation includes activities such as hiking and mountain biking; the land and its resources are used for hunting, wildlife management, timber harvesting, as well as the North Carolina Arboretum.
The forest lies in parts of 12 counties in western North Carolina. In descending order they are Transylvania, McDowell, Madison, Burke, Buncombe, Mitchell and Watauga counties; some 46,600 acres of old-growth forests have been identified in the Pisgah National Forest, with 10,000 acres in Linville Gorge. Bent Creek, Mills River, Davidson River - three major streams and tributaries of the French Broad River - are located in the Pisgah Ranger District, which lies on either side of the Blue Ridge Parkway south of Asheville, along the Pisgah Ridge and Balsam Mountains. Three long-distance recreational trails - the Mountains-to-Sea Trail, the Shut-In Trail, the Art Loeb Trail travel through this district. Included in the Pisgah Ranger District are the Shining Rock and Middle Prong Wildernesses; the Blue Ridge Parkway transects this National Forest, many National Forest and Parkway trails intersect. Pisgah National Forest is a popular place for many activities, such as hiking, road biking, mountain biking and rock climbing.
Popular mountain biking trails include Sycamore Cove Trail, Black Mountain Loop. Farlow Gap is an expert-level trail, considered "one of the toughest mountain bike trails in Pisgah National Forest." There are three designated wilderness areas lying within Pisgah National For
Pickens County, South Carolina
Pickens County is a county in the northwest part of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 119,224, its county seat is Pickens. The county was created in 1826, it is part of SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pickens County was Cherokee Indian Territory until the American Revolution; the Cherokees sided with the British, suffered defeat, surrendered their South Carolina lands. This former Cherokee territory was included in the Ninety-Six Judicial District. In 1791 the state legislature established Washington District, a judicial area composed of present-day Greenville, Anderson and Oconee counties, composed of Greenville and Pendleton counties. Streets for the courthouse town of Pickensville were laid off, soon a cluster of buildings arose that included a large wooden hotel, which served as a stagecoach stop. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the latter included what became Anderson and Pickens counties. A new courthouse was erected at Pendleton to accommodate the Court of General Sessions and Common Pleas, soon thereafter Pickensville began to decline.
In view of the growing population and poor transportation facilities in Pendleton District, the legislature divided it into counties in 1826, a year decided instead to divide the area into districts. The legislation went into effect in 1828; the lower part became Anderson and the upper Pickens, named in honor of the Revolutionary soldier, Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, whose home Hopewell was on the southern border of the district. A courthouse was established on the west bank of the Keowee River, a small town called Pickens Court House soon developed By 1860 Pickens District had a population of over 19,000 persons of whom 22 percent were slaves; the district was rural and agricultural. Its small industry consisted of sawmills, a few other shops producing goods for home consumption; the district's Protestant churches were numerous. The Blue Ridge Railroad reached the district in September 1860. There was little combat between the two sides during the Civil War the district was plundered by marauders and deserters who swept down from the mountains.
The war left the region destitute. The South Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1868, meeting during the first year of Congressional Reconstruction, changed the name district to county throughout the state; the Convention established Oconee County out of the portion of Pickens District west of the Keowee and Seneca rivers plus a small area around the Fort Hill estate that belonged to John C. Calhoun; this small area around the Calhoun property was transferred to Pickens County in the 1960s. A new courthouse for Pickens County was erected at its present location, many of the residents of Old Pickens on the Keowee moved to the newly created town, some with their dismantled homes; the loss of the Oconee area reduced the county's population. It did not again reach 19,000 until 1900; the county's growth was accelerated by the building of the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railroad in the 1870s. The town of Easley, named for General W. K. Easley, was chartered in 1874. Liberty and Central were soon incorporated.
Calhoun came into being in the 1890s, to be followed in the early 1900s by Six Mile and Norris as incorporated areas. A major factor in Pickens County's growth was the coming of the textile industry; the county's first modern cotton mill, organized by D. K. Norris and others, was established at Cateechee in 1895. By 1900 the county could boast of three cotton mills, two railroads, three banks, three roller mills, thirty-seven sawmills, ten shingle mills, four brickyards, yet until 1940, with a population of 37,000, the county remained rural and agricultural. Like many other Piedmont counties, Pickens had a one-crop economy, its citizens were engaged in growing cotton or manufacturing it into cloth. A notable change in the Pickens landscape was the coming of paved highways; the most significant developments in the county's history have occurred since World War II. By 1972 there were 99 manufacturing plants in the county employing 15,000 personnel and producing not only textiles but a wide variety of other products.
The population today is estimated to be 93,894 residents. There is a heavy in-migration to Pickens County because of its climate, industrial opportunity, proximity to Greenville's labor market, scenic beauty. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 512 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the county contains the highest natural point in South Carolina, Sassafras Mountain, with an elevation of 3560 feet. Table Rock State Park is in Pickens County. Pickens County is in the Savannah River basin, the Saluda River basin, the French Broad River basin. Transylvania County, North Carolina – north Greenville County – east Anderson County – south Oconee County – west US 76 US 123 US 178 As of the census of 2000, there were 110,757 people, 41,306 households, 28,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 223 people per square mile. There were 46,000 housing units at an average density of 93 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.27% White, 6.82% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.18% A
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
North Carolina Highway 280
North Carolina Highway 280 is a primary state highway in the U. S. state of North Carolina that runs from the city of Brevard in Transylvania County to the town of Fletcher in Henderson County. It is 18 miles in length, starting at the intersection with US 64 and US 276 north of Brevard to US 25 and US 25A in the Asheville community of Arden. NC 280 begins at US 276 near the city of Brevard, it travels northeasterly through the unincorporated community of Pisgah Forest as a four-lane highway before crossing Little Mountain and entering the Boyd Township community, where it widens to four-lanes with a center turning lane. It runs for a total of 5.2 miles through Transylvania County as Asheville Highway before entering Henderson County at which point it becomes Boylston Highway. It continues as a four-lane highway with a center turning lane for 6.1 miles through rural northwestern Henderson County before intersecting NC 191 in the town of Mills River. NC 280 and NC 191 run concurrently for 1.1 miles.
After crossing the Mills River, a tributary of the French Broad River, NC 191 turns north onto Old Haywood Road, NC 280 continues as a divided 4-lane, limited-access road for 3 miles. After crossing the French Broad River, the highway becomes New Airport Road at the intersection of Fanning Bridge Road in Fletcher, where it resumes the configuration of four-lanes with a center turning lane. Between the French Broad River crossing and an interchange with I-26 and US 74, NC 280 crosses between Fletcher, Henderson County and the southern reaches of Asheville, Buncombe County. From the I-26 interchange, the road continues for another 1.9 miles, terminating at the intersection of US 25 and US 25A in Arden. Although the highway runs through rural farming and residential areas for most of its length, the stretch between Fanning Bridge Road and US 25 represents the most developed section of the highway. A growing number of national retailers and hotels can be found within a half-mile of the I-26/US 74 interchange.
Landmarks along this section of highway include Asheville Regional Airport and the WNC Agricultural Center, site of the annual North Carolina Mountain State Fair. For 10.1 miles of its path through Transylvania and Henderson counties, the highway runs adjacent to the eastern boundary of Pisgah National Forest. Rerouted from its original path to become a connecting route from I-26 at the Asheville Regional Airport to the city of Brevard, its expanded and current form was known as the Brevard/I-26 Connector; until 1991, NC 280 ran concurrent with NC 191 from Mills River in Henderson County to the community of Avery Creek in Buncombe County, at which point NC 280 turned onto Long Shoals Road. The former eastern terminus of NC 280 was at US 25 in the community of Skyland, 1.9 miles north of the highway's current terminus at US 25 and US 25A in Arden. Media related to North Carolina Highway 280 at Wikimedia Commons NCRoads.com: N. C. 280