Treasure Island is an adventure novel by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, narrating a tale of "buccaneers and buried gold." Its influence is enormous on popular perceptions of pirates, including such elements as treasure maps marked with an “X,” schooners, the Black Spot, tropical islands, one-legged seamen bearing parrots on their shoulders. Treasure Island was considered a coming-of-age story and is noted for its atmosphere and action, it is one of the most dramatised of all novels. It was serialised in the children's magazine Young Folks from 1881 through 1882 under the title Treasure Island or the mutiny of the Hispaniola, credited to the pseudonym "Captain George North", it was first published as a book on 14 November 1883, by Co.. An old sailor named Billy Bones comes to lodge in the rural Admiral Benbow Inn on the West English coast, he tells the innkeeper's son, Jim Hawkins, to keep a lookout for "a one-legged seafaring man." A former shipmate, Black Dog, engages in a violent fight with him.
After Black Dog is run off, a blind beggar named Pew visits to give Bones "the black spot" as a summons to share a map leading to buried treasure. Shortly thereafter, Bones dies. Pew and his accomplices attack the inn, but Jim and his mother save themselves while taking Bones's sea chest. Inside the chest, they find a map of an island on which the infamous pirate Captain Flint hid his treasure. Jim shows the map to the local physician Dr. Livesey and the district squire John Trelawney, they decide to make an expedition to the island, with Jim serving as a cabin boy, they set sail on the Hispaniola, under Captain Smollett. Much of the crew, as it is revealed, are pirates who served under Captain Flint, most notable of, the ship's one-legged chef "Long John" Silver. Jim, sitting in an apple casket, overhears the conspirators' plan to mutiny after the salvage of the treasure and to assassinate the skippers. Arriving off the coast of the island, Jim begins to explore the island, he meets a marooned pirate named Ben Gunn, a former member of Flint's crew.
The situation comes to a head after the mutineers arm themselves, Smollett's men take refuge in an abandoned stockade. During an attack on the stockade, Jim rejoins the crew. Jim manages to make his way to the Hispaniola and cuts the ship's anchorage, allowing the ship to drift along the ebb tide. Jim boards the Hispaniola and encounters Israel Hands, injured in a dispute with one of his companions. Hands helps Jim beach the schooner in the northern bay, but attempts to kill Jim with a knife. Jim climbs into the shrouds of the ship and shoots his pursuer. Jim goes back ashore and returns to the stockade, where he is horrified to find only Silver and the pirates. Silver prevents Jim's immediate death and tells Jim that when everyone found the ship was gone, the captain's party agreed to a treaty whereby they gave up the stockade and the map. In the morning, the doctor arrives to treat the wounded and sick pirates and tells Silver to look out for trouble when they find the site of the treasure. After he leaves and the others set out with the map, taking Jim along as hostage.
They encounter arms oriented toward the treasure, which unnerves the party. They find the treasure cache empty; the pirates nearly charge at Silver and Jim, but shots are fired by the ship's command along with Gunn, from ambush. Livesey explains that Gunn had found the treasure and taken it to his cave; the expedition members sail away. At their first port in Spanish America, where they will sign on more crew, Silver steals a bag of money and escapes; the rest divide up the treasure. Jim says there is more left on the island, but he for one will not undertake another voyage to recover it. Stevenson conceived the idea of Treasure Island from a map of an imaginary, romantic island idly drawn by Stevenson and his stepson Lloyd Osbourne on a rainy day in Braemar, Scotland. Stevenson had just returned from his first stay in America, with memories of poverty and adventure, a warm reconciliation between his parents had been established. Stevenson himself said in designing the idea of the story. Women were excluded and I had an idea for Long John Silver from which I promised myself funds of entertainment.
Completing 15 chapters in as many days, Stevenson was interrupted by illness and, after leaving Scotland, continued working on the first draft outside London. While there, his father provided additional impetus, as the two discussed points of the tale, Stevenson's father was the one who suggested the scene of Jim in the apple barrel and the name of Walrus for Captain Flint's ship. Two general types of sea novels were popular during the 19th century: the navy yarn, which places a capable officer in adventurous situations amid realistic settings and historical events. Around 1815, the latter genre became one of the most popular fictional styles in Great Britain because of the philosophica
The fifth series of the BBC family sitcom My Family aired between 19 March 2004 and 25 December 2005. The series was commissioned following high ratings for the fourth series; the opening episode of the series, "The Mummy Returns", re-introduces the six main characters from the previous series, as well as Janey, played by Daniela Denby-Ashe, who had not been seen on-screen since December 2002. The fifth series includes four specials: two-hour long Christmas specials, a 30-minute "best-of" special, an exclusive 5-minute Comic Relief short. All thirteen regular episodes from the fifth series are thirty minutes in length; the series was once again produced by Rude Boy Productions, a company that produces comedies created by Fred Barron. The series was filmed in front of a live audience; the series was once again given a prime-time Friday evening slot, with most episodes airing at 8:30pm. The first episode of the series gained 9.17 million viewers more than episodes in the previous series, becoming the most watched programme for the week.
Ratings for the series were consistent, two episodes failed to reach the 5 million mark, the Christmas special failed to attract more than 5.5 million viewers. However, ratings were good enough for a sixth series of eight episodes to be commissioned. My Family: Series Five at the British Comedy Guide My Family: The 2005 Specials at the British Comedy Guide My Family: Series Five at My Family Online BBC Comedy- My Family Series 5
"Next Level" is a song recorded by Japanese recording artist and songwriter Ayumi Hamasaki taken from her tenth studio album Next Level. The song was written by Hamasaki herself while the composition was by Dai Nagao and arrangement by HΛL; the song was conceived while Hamasaki was working on the studio album during her anniversary year, in April 2008. This year was to commemorate her ten-year anniversary since her debut single "Poker Face". "Next Level" was released as the album's lead and only promotional single on the same date as the album release digitally. Musically, "Next Level" is a dance-oriented song that utilizes several electronic dance music genres, similar to the rest of the Next Level album; the musical composition, noted for its ethereal influences and softer synthesizers and keyboard instrumentation, was compared to the "light techno" influences throughout her fifth studio album Rainbow. Lyrically, the song talks about Hamasaki leaving her past, embracing the present and getting ready for the future, referring to it as "Next Level".
"Next Level" received favorable reviews from most contemporary music critics, who praised the production. Many critics had praised Hamasaki's vocal delivery, the song's quality and the songwriting was highlighted. However, some critics were critical towards the lack of innovation; because "Next Level" was released as a digital download single only, the song was deemed ineligible to chart on the Oricon chart under their specific guidelines. However, the song charted on other Japanese charts, it became. An accompanying music video was shot by Stanly Izumi Luis Hernandez; the video shows Hamasaki driving inside a city. Hamasaki has performed the song only once, being on her Ayumi Hamasaki Arena Tour 2009 A: Next Level. In April 2008, Hamasaki had announced her commemoration of her tenth year inside the music business since her debut single "Poker Face". In order to do this, Hamasaki had several plans, she released her anniversary single "Mirrorcle World" on April 8 ten years after the release off her debut single.
The song received favorable reception from the Japanese audience and critics and topped the Oricon Singles Chart, which gave her the distinction in being the only female solo artist in Japanese history to have a number single in ten consecutive years. The song was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for shipments of 250,000 units throughout Japan. Hamasaki and her label Avex Trax had announced the new nationwide tour Ayumi Hamasaki Asia Tour 2008: 10th Anniversary to commemorate her touring since her debut, she toured throughout Asian countries including Hong Kong, Japan and Taiwan. In order to complete her tenth anniversary year, she released her third greatest hits compilation A Complete: All Singles in September 2008, which featured all her lead solo singles since the release off her debut single, it achieved favorable reviews from the Japanese public and critics and was certified triple platinum fr shipments off 750,000 units within Japan. In December 2008, Hamasaki commenced the news off a new studio album and in order to pre-promote it, she released the double A-side single "Days/Green".
The song was a commercial success and was certified gold by RIAJ. She released the single double A-side singles "Rule/Sparkle" as the second and final singles from the studio album. Commercially, the songs were a commercial success in her native Japan and was certified gold in Japan for shipments off 100,000 units. Both songs became her thirty-first and third-second number one on the Oricon chart respectively. "Next Level" was written by Hamasaki herself which she has professional done herself since her debut single "Poker Face" and recorded throughout 2008 after completing her Arena tour. Hamasaki had returned with past composers and arrangers for the tracks on the album, including "Next Level". "Next Level" was composed by her long-time collaborator Dai Nagao, who goes by the alias "D. A. I.". The collaboration with Nagao became their first song together since his last collaboration on her 2006 single "Blue Bird", taken from her studio album Secret; this was his first effort since "Will" from her album understood in 2005.
For the song, it featured guitar instrumentation by Takehito Shimizu, who along with Toshiharu Umesaki had programmed the song. The song featured additional background vocals from Junko Hirtani and the song was mixed by long-time collaborator Koji Morimoto, who mixed previous songs for Hamasaki and directed her 2002 music video "Connected". Musically, "Next Level" contains the same elements off the parent album, electronic dance music. Individually, the track is electronic song; the song features instrumentation of guitars and keyboards that include the "crystalline effects that made it ethereal" and the song was reminiscence towards her previous album Rainbow. Throughout the album and song, the musical structure becomes more "thicker" and contains a transaction from her pop and dance tradition. According to Adam Greenberg from Allmusic, who had written the album review, he focuses on the tracks throughout the album:"Hamasaki went a bit deeper on, combining with songwriter Yuta Nakano and club DJ CMJK for a thick, somewhat wild release of dance tracks infused with a healthy dose of technology "Lyrically, "Next Level" deals with her moving on from the person she once was, embracing the present and getting up for the future, referring to th