Trentham Gardens railway station
Trentham Gardens railway station was the last station built by the North Staffordshire Railway and was the terminus of the short 1 mile 14 chains Trentham Park branch. The line was built to serve Trentham Gardens which had donated to the County Borough of Stoke-on-Trent by the 4th Duke of Sutherland. Regular passenger traffic on the branch line was withdrawn between 1927 and 1938 although excursion trains ran frequently. In 1938 a regular Sunday service was reintroduced but the outbreak of the Second World War led to the discontinuation of these services. During the war the Central Clearing House of the Bank of England was evacuated from London to Trentham Hall and regular goods trains ran to Trentham Park to deliver supplies and excursion trains continued throughout the war. After the war excursion trains resumed and in 1946 the station was renamed Trentham Gardens; the growth in car traffic made the branch line less economic and it closed at the end of 1957 Since closure the site of the station has been built upon and is now a housing estate.
Mitchell, Vic. Rugeley to Stoke-on-Trent. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 96-100. ISBN 9781908174901. OCLC 972169395
Fire services in the United Kingdom
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty agencies; these are known as a fire and rescue service, the term used in modern legislation and by government departments. The older terms of fire brigade and fire service survive in informal usage and in the names of a few organisations. England and Wales have local fire services which are each overseen by a fire authority, made up of representatives of local governments. Fire authorities have the power to raise a Council Tax levy for funding, with the remainder coming from the government. Scotland and Northern Ireland have centralised fire services, so their authorities are committees of the devolved parliaments; the total budget for fire services in 2014-15 was £2.9 billion. Central government maintains national standards and a body of independent advisers through the Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser, created in 2007, while Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services provides direct oversight.
The devolved government in Scotland has HMFSI Scotland. Firefighters in the United Kingdom are allowed to join unions, the main one being the Fire Brigades Union, while chief fire officers are members of the National Fire Chiefs Council, which has some role in national co-ordination; the fire services have undergone significant changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process, propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational procedures in the light of terrorism attacks and threats. See separate article History of fire safety legislation in the United Kingdom Comprehensive list of recent UK fire and rescue service legislation: Fire services are established and granted their powers under new legislation which has replaced a number of Acts of Parliament dating back more than 60 years, but is still undergoing change. 1938: Fire Brigades Act 1938. This Act provided for centralised co-ordination of fire brigades in Great Britain and made it mandatory for local authorities to arrange an effective fire service.
1947: Fire Services Act 1947 This Act transferred the functions of the National Fire Service to local authorities. Now repealed in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004. 1959: Fire Services Act 1959 This Act amended the 1947 Act. It was repealed in Wales along with the 1947 Act. 1999: Greater London Authority Act 1999 This act was necessary to allow for the formation of the Greater London Authority and in turn the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2002, there was a series of national fire strikes, with much of the discontent caused by the aforementioned report into the fire service conducted by Prof Sir George Bain. In December 2002, the Independent Review of the Fire Service was published with the industrial action still ongoing. Bain's report led to a change in the laws relating to firefighting. 2002: Independent Review of the Fire Service published 2004: Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 only applying to England and Wales. 2006: The Regulatory Reform Order 2005 This piece of secondary legislation or statutory instrument replaces several other acts that dealt with fire precautions and fire safety in premises, including the now defunct process of issuing fire certificates.
It came into force on 1 October 2006. The DfCLG has published a set of guides for non-domestic premises: 2006: The Government of Wales Act 2006 gave the National Assembly for Wales powers to pass laws on "Fire and rescue services. Promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation." But does not prevent future legislation being passed by the UK government which applies to two or more constituent countries. There are further plans to modernise the fire service according to the Local Government Association, its website outlines future changes, specific projects: "The aim of the Fire Modernisation Programme is to adopt modern work practices within the Fire & Rescue Service to become more efficient and effective, while strengthening the contingency and resilience of the Service to react to incidents. " The fire service in England and Wales is scrutinised by a House of Commons select committee. In June 2006, the fire and rescue service select committee, under the auspices of the Communities and Local Government Committee, published its latest report.
Committee report The committee's brief is described on its website: The Communities and Local Government Committee is appointed by the House of Commons to examine the expenditure and policy of the Department for Communities and Local Government and its associated bodies. Government response This document, the subsequent government response in September 2006, are important as they outlined progress on the FiReControl, efforts to address diversity and the planned closure of HMFSI in 2007 among many issues. Both documents are interesting as they refer back to Professor Bain's report and the many recommendations it made and continue to put forward the notion that there is an ongoing need to modernise FRSs. For example, where FRSs were inspected by HMFSI, much of this work is now carried out by the National Audit Office. Fire Control On 8 February 2010 the House of Commons Communities and Local Governm
The Stafford–Manchester line is a branch of the West Coast Main Line serving Stafford, Norton Bridge, Stoke-on-Trent, Congleton, Cheadle Hulme and Manchester. Virgin Trains operate inter-city services between London Euston via the Colwich spur to Manchester Piccadilly. With only two services between London Euston and Manchester Piccadilly going via Stone. CrossCountry services operate between Birmingham New Street / The South Country and Manchester Piccadilly. Between Cheadle Hulme and Manchester, the line forms part of Network Rail Route 20. Local services between Stafford and Stoke-on-Trent are operated by West Midlands Trains, branded London Northwestern Railway, as part of the London-Crewe service started in December 2008. Between 2004 and 2008 there was no stopping service on the route, with a replacement bus service taking its place; however Wedgwood and Barlaston stations are still without a train service although they were never closed and are still served by rail-replacement bus services.
Norton Bridge lost its services at the same time but was formally closed in December 2017 after 13 years of no rail service. Frequent local services between Stoke-on-Trent and Manchester are operated by Northern; the Derby to Crewe Line operated by East Midlands Trains shares the Stafford to Manchester Line between Stoke-on-Trent and Kidsgrove. The line was completed in 1848 and incorporated the main line of the North Staffordshire Railway from the junction with the London and North Western Railway at Norton Bridge via its principal station at Stoke-on-Trent to Macclesfield where it made a running junction again with the LNWR, which had its own station at Macclesfield, closed by British Rail; the North Staffordshire Railway became part of the London and Scottish Railway in 1923. The line was electrified at 25 kV AC, using overhead wires under the BR 1955 Modernisation Plan
William Theed known as William Theed, the younger was an English sculptor, the son of the sculptor and painter William Theed the elder. Although versatile and eclectic in his works, he specialised in portraiture, his services were extensively used by the Royal Family. Theed was born in Staffordshire. Trained by his father, Theed the younger worked for several years in the studio of EH Baily the sculptor, on 15 January 1820 was admitted to the Royal Academy Schools. In 1826 he went to Rome. In Rome, Theed is believed to have studied under Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen and Italian Pietro Tenerani, as well as John Gibson and Richard James Wyatt. Here he worked in marble creating statues and busts, including those for the Duke of Lucca and the Prince and Princess of Capua. In 1844-5, after nearly 20 years in Rome, he received a commission from Prince Albert the prince consort, who had asked John Gibson to send designs for statues to be placed in Osborne House. Two designs by Theed were accepted, Narcissus at the Fountain and Psyche Lamenting the Loss of Cupid both in marble.
Theed returned to London in 1848 and soon established a successful professional practice. He is known to have married, assumed to be around this time, a woman called Mary and had a son Edward, both listed in the 1881 census. In 1851 he displayed three pieces at the Great Exhibition, the most notable a marble of The Prodigal's Return, a life-size piece, elaborately carved. From London he made further pieces for the prince consort, including a series of mythological reliefs for the reception rooms of Buckingham Palace. Another notable piece for the Royal Family was a series of twelve bas-reliefs illustrating scenes from Tudor history, this time in bronze, which were made for the Prince's chamber in the Palace of Westminster; the major aspect of Theed's production, was portraiture, with which he received commissions for major commemorative statues. Most notably are: Sir Isaac Newton, a bronze, at St. Peter's Hill in Grantham Henry Hallam, a marble in St Paul's Cathedral Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes, a marble in Westminster Abbey John Dalton, a bronze outside Manchester Metropolitan UniversityFor the Royal Family, he produced busts of: Victoria Mary Louise, Duchess of Kent, in marble Prince Albert in marble Queen Victoria, bronze Having been appointed by Queen Victoria to take the death mask of the prince in 1861 he went on to produce several notable memorial statues including those at Balmoral Castle.
He executed a sculpture of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, of which a copy is in the National Portrait Gallery, London while the original is retained in the Royal Collection. The descriptive label beside the copy in the National Portrait Gallery reads:'Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in Anglo-Saxon Dress. Prompted by a suggestion of Victoria, the Crown Princess of Prussia"this sculpture is thought to symbolise the ties between the German and English peoples from Anglo-Saxon times to the marriage of the Royal couple. By William Theed. Plaster cast from the marble executed 1863-7. Lent by H. M; the Queen.'On the plinth of Theed's original in the Royal Collection is a single line from the poem'The Deserted Village' by Oliver Goldsmith:... Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride, / And e'en his failings lean'd to Virtue's side. / And, as a bird each fond endearment tries / To tempt its new-fledg'd offspring to the skies, / He tried each art, reprov'd each dull delay, / ALLURED TO BRIGHTER WORLDS, AND LED THE WAY.
Martin Greenwood's biographical article mentions that this sculpture, completed for the Queen, is known as'The Parting'. Theed had shown more than eighty works at the Royal Academy between 1824 and 1885, from the 1840s had enjoyed the extensive patronage of the English royal family, he died of old age on 9 September 1891, at his home, Campden Lodge, Campden Hill, London, with a wealth of £40,751. 1820 Society of Arts Silver Palette - for a figure of Hercules1822 Royal Academy Schools Silver Medal1822 Society of Arts Silver Isis Medal Greenwood, Martin. "Theed, the younger". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27162.. The first edition of this text is available at Wikisource: "Theed, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Images of sculptures by William Theed Images of 25, busts and other, sculptures by William Theed in Royal Collection,'signed & dated' - earliest 1845, latest 1881
Duke of Sutherland
Duke of Sutherland is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, created by William IV in 1833 for George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Marquess of Stafford. A series of marriages to heiresses by members of the Leveson-Gower family made the Dukes of Sutherland one of the richest landowning families in the United Kingdom; the title remained in the Leveson-Gower family until the death of the 5th Duke of Sutherland in 1963, when it passed to John Egerton, 5th Earl of Ellesmere. The subsidiary titles of the Duke of Sutherland are: Marquess of Stafford, Earl Gower, Earl of Ellesmere, of Ellesmere in the County of Shropshire, Viscount Trentham, of Trentham in the County of Stafford, Viscount Brackley, of Brackley in the County of Northampton, Baron Gower, of Sittenham in the County of York; the marquessate of Stafford, the earldom of Gower and the viscountcy of Trentham are in the Peerage of Great Britain, the dukedom, the earldom of Ellesmere and the viscountcy of Brackley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, the barony of Gower in the Peerage of England.
The Duke is a Baronet, of Sittenham in the County of York, a title created in the Baronetage of England in 1620. Between 1839 and 1963 the Dukes held the titles of Lord Strathnaver and Earl of Sutherland, both in the Peerage of Scotland; the Scottish titles came into the family through the marriage of the first Duke to Elizabeth Sutherland, 19th Countess of Sutherland. Sir Thomas Gower was created a Baronet, of Sittenham in the County of York, by James I of England in 1620; this title was in the Baronetage of England. His son Thomas, the second Baronet, married daughter of Sir John Leveson, their grandson son William, the fourth Baronet, assumed the additional surname of Leveson. Sir William married Lady Jane, daughter of John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath and sister of Grace Carteret, 1st Countess Granville, their son John, the fifth Baronet, was raised to the Peerage of England as Baron Gower, of Sittenham in the County of York, in 1706. His son, the second Baron, served three times as Lord Privy Seal.
In 1746 he was created Viscount Trentham, of Trentham in the County of Stafford, Earl Gower. Both titles are in the Peerage of Great Britain, his eldest surviving son from his first marriage, the second Earl, was a prominent politician. In 1786 he was created Marquess of Stafford in the Peerage of Great Britain. Lord Stafford married secondly Lady Louisa Egerton, daughter of Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater, his son from his third marriage to Lady Susanna Stewart, Lord Granville Leveson-Gore, was created Earl Granville in 1833, a revival of the title created for his great-great-aunt in 1715. Lord Stafford was succeeded by his eldest son from George, he married 19th Countess of Sutherland. In 1803 he succeeded to the vast estates of his maternal uncle Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater. In 1833 he was created Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom; the 1st Duke and Duchess of Sutherland remain controversial for their role in the Highland Clearances, when thousands of tenants were evicted and resettled in coastal villages.
This allowed the vacated land to be used for extensive sheep farming, replacing the mixed farming carried out by the previous occupants. This was part of the Scottish Agricultural Revolution; the changes on the Sutherland estate were motivated by two major objectives. The first was to increase the rental income from the estate: sheep farmers could afford much higher rents; the second was to remove the population from the recurrent risks of famine.:157 Historical opinion differs on the relevance and severity of famine years, but most do not dispute that the Highland region remained the only part of mainland Britain, affected in this way at this time.:48The future 1st Duke became the proprietor of the Sutherland Estate on his marriage to Lady Elizabeth Sutherland, the Countess of Sutherland, in 1785. Despite the conventions of the day, Lady Sutherland, retained control of the management of the estate, rather than passing this responsibility to her husband.:154-155The Sutherland Clearances did not start until the 19th century due to insufficient capital – a problem, solved when, in 1803, George Leveson-Gower, the future 1st Duke inherited a huge fortune from the Duke of Bridgewater.
The remaining delay was that many leases did not expire until 1807 or but plans were put together for the interior of the estate to be devoted to large sheep farms, with new settlements to be built for the displaced inhabitants. A tentative start was made to this with the letting of the first big sheep farm at Lairg in 1807, involving the removal of about 300 people. Many of these did not accept their new homes and emigrated, to the dissatisfaction of the estate management and Lady Sutherland.:164-165Lady Sutherland was not happy with the estate factor and, in 1811, replaced him with William Young and Patrick Sellar. Young had a proven track record of agricultural improvement in Moray and Sellar was a lawyer educated at Edinburgh University, they provided an extra level of ambition for the estate.:166 New industries were added to the plans, to employ the resettled population. A coal mine was sunk at Brora, fishing villages were built to exploit the herring shoals off the coast. Other ideas were tanning, flax and brick manufacturing.:167The next clearances were in Assynt in 1812, under the direction of Sellar, establishing large sheep farms and resettling the old tenants on the coast.
Sellar had the assistance of the local tacksmen in this and the process was
Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service
Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service responsible for fire protection, prevention and emergency rescue in the county of Staffordshire and unitary authority of Stoke-on-Trent. The county covers a total area of 2,260 sq km. Staffordshire shares the majority of its border with Derbyshire, West Midlands and Shropshire; the fire service functions under the control of the Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Authority, a joint authority made up of councillors from several areas of the county. The county provides considerable risks to its firefighters; these include the industrial city of Stoke-on-Trent and the large industrial towns of Burton-upon-Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Cannock. The busiest stretch of motorway in Europe runs through the county; the main'A‘ roads the A5, A50, A34 and A38 cross the county. These well-used routes are the scene of numerous road traffic accidents, vehicle fires and chemical incidents. There are many significant rural risks in Staffordshire: The medieval hunting grounds of Cannock Chase is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, is made up of heathland and forest that stetches between Stafford, Cannock and Chase Terrace.
In the north of the county the Staffordshire Moorlands is an area of remote wilderness where The Pennines spill over the Derbyshire and Cheshire borders, has an area of around 576 square kilometres. These areas pose a considerable risk of wildfires, keep firefighters exteremely busy during hot dry spells; the moorlands offer their own logistical difficulties during harsh winters to the residents of the towns and villages dotted thoroughout the hills - towns like Leek and Biddulph, the villages of Ipstones and Longnor amongst others. The Staffordshire Moorlands is home to Flash, the highest village in Britain, it stands 463 metres above sea level. The service is run under the command of the Chief Fire Officer and an executive board, provides emergency response from 33 strategically located fire stations, divided into three delivery groups: Northern Eastern WesternStaffordshire Fire & Rescue Service has its headquarters and training school at Pirehill near the town of Stone in mid-Staffordshire.
Their fire control centre used to be at Pirehill, but was closed after its amalgamation with fire control of the West Midlands Fire Service in March 2014. So now both brigades operate under a joint control centre situated in Birmingham; the county's maintenance workshops are located at Hanley fire station in central Stoke-on-Trent. Of the thirty-three strategically located fire stations, only Stafford, Tamworth Belgrave and Sandyford operate on a wholetime 24-hour crewing basis. Longton, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Burton-upon-Trent operate as wholetime/retained stations, which means, along with a 24-hour station-based complement of firefighters, they have retained on-call "back-up" personnel that, when required, crew the second fire engine housed at the fire station, as well as some of the specialist appliances stationed there. All wholetime firefighters work the four "watch" system; this produces an eight-day week, with crews operating on a "two-days-on, two-nights-on, four-days-off" system. The eight-day week means that a firefighter's duty shifts and their days off "rotate" by one day week-to-week.
Leek and Lichfield fire stations are day-crewed/retained: firefighters respond from the fire station as wholetime firefighters between the hours of 9:00am and 6:00pm with a retained on-call crew available if needed to crew other appliances based at the station. After 6:00pm the stations become retained on-call only, the fire appliances are crewed by the same firefighters but not from the station itself. All other Staffordshire fire stations are retained on-call only. All retained firefighters respond from home or work, are notified by a pager, therefore, have to live or work within five minutes driving time of their station to meet strict Home Office response times. PRT - Pump Rescue Tender: P1 PRL - Pump Rescue Ladder: P1/P2 WrT - Water Tender: P1/P2 RRP - Rural Response Pump: P1/P2 WrT/ARU - Water Tender/Animal Rescue Unit: P2 TRV - Targeted Response Vehicle: L1 HAR - Unimog All-Terrain Heathland Pump/Animal Rescue Unit: R3 ALP - Aerial Ladder Platform: A1 RT - Rescue Tender: R1 F/WC - Foam/Water Carrier: W1 WRU - Water Rescue Unit: R2 RRU - Rope Rescue Unit: R5 ICU - Incident Control Unit: C1 L4V - Light 4x4 Vehicle: M1 WFU - Welfare Unit: S1 PM+HVP - Prime Mover + High Volume Pump: T8 PM - Prime Mover: T9 VSU - Victim Support Unit: S7 Environmental Damage Limitation Unit Welfare Support Unit Detection, Identification & Monitoring Unit: H8 Incident Response Unit: H9 Prime Mover + Mass Decontamination Disrobe Unit: T9 2x prime movers + high-volume-pumping unit and high-volume-pump hose-laying pod: T8 During the 1970s, Staffordshire Fire Brigade operated a mixed fleet of fire appliances built on Ford D, Bedford TK, Thornycroft and Dennis F chassis.
The'80s saw the fleet become dominated by several SSs with bodywork by Dennis. During the late'80s and early'90s, remaining faithful to Dennis, Staffordshire purchased Dennis Sabres with bodywork by John Dennis Coachbuilders, but after the demise of Dennis as a chassis provider the fleet purchasers at Staffordshire Fire & Rescue service opted for Scania P94Ds with construction responsibilities sh
Staffordshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It borders with Cheshire to the northwest and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the southeast, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, Shropshire to the west; the largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent, administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority. Lichfield has city status, although this is a smaller cathedral city. Major towns include Stafford, Burton upon Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Tamworth. Smaller towns include Stone, Uttoxeter, Burntwood/Chasetown, Eccleshall and the large villages of Wombourne, Tutbury, Barton-under-Needwood and Abbots Bromley. Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park. Wolverhampton, West Bromwich and Smethwick are within the historic county boundaries of Staffordshire, but since 1974 have been part of the West Midlands county. Apart from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Staffordshire Moorlands, Tamworth.
Staffordshire was divided into five hundreds: Cuttlestone, Pirehill and Totmonslow. The historic boundaries of Staffordshire cover much of what is now the metropolitan county of West Midlands. An administrative county of Staffordshire was set up in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 covering the county except the county boroughs of Wolverhampton and West Bromwich in the south, Hanley in the north; the Act saw the towns of Tamworth and Burton upon Trent united in Staffordshire. In 1553 Queen Mary made Lichfield a county corporate, meaning it was administered separately from the rest of Staffordshire, it remained so until 1888. Handsworth and Perry Barr became part of the county borough of Birmingham in the early 20th century, thus associated with Warwickshire. Burton, in the east of the county, became a county borough in 1901, was followed by Smethwick, another town in the Black Country in 1907. In 1910 the six towns of the Staffordshire Potteries, including Hanley, became the single county borough of Stoke-on-Trent.
A significant boundary change occurred in 1926 when the east of Sedgley was transferred to Worcestershire to allow the construction of the new Priory Estate on land purchased by Dudley County Borough council. A major reorganisation in the Black Country in 1966, under the recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England led to the creation of an area of contiguous county boroughs; the County Borough of Warley was formed by the merger of the county borough of Smethwick and municipal borough of Rowley Regis with the Worcestershire borough of Oldbury: the resulting county borough was associated with Worcestershire. Meanwhile, the county borough of Dudley a detached part of Worcestershire and became associated with Staffordshire instead; this reorganisation led to the administrative county of Staffordshire having a thin protrusion passing between the county boroughs and Shropshire, to the west, to form a short border with Worcestershire. Under the Local Government Act 1972, on 1 April 1974 the county boroughs of the Black Country and the Aldridge-Brownhills Urban District of Staffordshire became, along with Birmingham and Coventry and other districts, a new metropolitan county of West Midlands.
County boroughs were abolished, with Stoke becoming a non-metropolitan district in Staffordshire, Burton forming an unparished area in the district of East Staffordshire. On 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, Stoke-on-Trent became a unitary authority independent of Staffordshire once more. In July 2009 the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold found in Britain was discovered in a field near Lichfield; the artefacts, known as The Staffordshire Hoard have tentatively been dated to the 7th or 8th centuries, placing the origin of the items in the time of the Kingdom of Mercia. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of Staffordshire at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British pounds sterling; some nationally and internationally known companies have their base in Staffordshire. They include the Britannia Building Society, based in Leek. JCB is based in Rocester near Uttoxeter and Bet365, based in Stoke-on-Trent.
The theme park Alton Towers is in the Staffordshire Moorlands and several of the world's largest pottery manufacturers are based in Stoke-on-Trent. Staffordshire has a comprehensive system with eight independent schools. Most secondary schools are from 11–16 or 18, but two in Staffordshire Moorlands and South Staffordshire are from 13–18. Resources are shared. There are two universities in the county, Keele University in Newcastle-under-Lyme and Staffordshire University, which has campuses in Stoke-on-Trent, Stafford and Shrewsbury; the modern county of Staffordshire has three professional football clubs – Stoke City and Port Vale, both from Stoke-on-Trent, Burton Albion, who play in Burton upon Trent. Stoke City, one of the oldest professional football clubs in existence, were founded in 1863 and played at the Victoria Ground for 119 years from 1878 until their relocation to the Britannia Stadium in 1997, they were among the 12 founder members of the Football League in 1888. By the late 1930s, they were establi