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Trenton, New Jersey

Trenton is the capital city of the U. S. state of New Jersey and the county seat of Mercer County. It served as the capital of the United States in 1784; the city's metropolitan area, consisting of Mercer County, is grouped with the New York Combined Statistical Area by the United States Census Bureau, but it directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and was from 1990 until 2000 part of the Philadelphia Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, Trenton had a population of 84,913, making it the state's tenth-most-populous municipality; the Census Bureau estimated that the city's population was 83,974 in 2018. Trenton dates back at least to June 3, 1719, when mention was made of a constable being appointed for Trenton while the area was still part of Hunterdon County. Boundaries were recorded for Trenton Township as of March 2, 1720. A courthouse and jail were constructed in Trenton around 1720, the Freeholders of Hunterdon County met annually in Trenton. Trenton became New Jersey's capital as of November 25, 1790, the City of Trenton was formed within Trenton Township on November 13, 1792.

Trenton Township was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. On February 22, 1834, portions of Trenton Township were taken to form Ewing Township; the remaining portion of Trenton Township was absorbed by the City of Trenton on April 10, 1837. A series of annexations took place over a 50-year period, with the city absorbing South Trenton borough, portions of Nottingham Township, both the Borough of Chambersburg Township, Millham Township, as well as Wilbur Borough. Portions of Ewing Township and Hamilton Township were annexed to Trenton on March 23, 1900; the earliest settlers of the area, today Trenton were the Lenape Native Americans. The first European settlement in what would become Trenton was established by Quakers in 1679, in the region called the Falls of the Delaware, led by Mahlon Stacy from Handsworth, England. Quakers were being persecuted in England at this time and North America provided an opportunity to exercise their religious freedom.

By 1719, the town adopted the name "Trent-towne", after William Trent, one of its leading landholders who purchased much of the surrounding land from Stacy's family. This name was shortened to "Trenton". During the American Revolutionary War, the city was the site of the Battle of Trenton, George Washington's first military victory. On December 25–26, 1776, Washington and his army, after crossing the icy Delaware River to Trenton, defeated the Hessian troops garrisoned there; the second battle of Trenton, Battle of the Assunpink Creek, was fought here on January 2, 1777. After the war, the Congress of the Confederation met at the French Arms Tavern from November 1, 1784, to December 24, 1784. While the city was preferred by New England and other northern states as a permanent capital for the new country, the southern states prevailed in their choice of a location south of the Mason–Dixon line. On April 21, 1789, the city hosted a reception for George Washington on his journey to New York City for his first inauguration.

Trenton became the state capital in 1790, but prior to that year the New Jersey Legislature met in the city. The city was incorporated in 1792. During the War of 1812, the United States Army's primary hospital was at a site on Broad Street. Throughout the 19th century, Trenton grew as European immigrants came to work in its pottery and wire rope mills. In 1837, with the population now too large for government by council, a new mayoral government was adopted, with by-laws that remain in operation to this day; the Trenton Six were a group of black men arrested for the alleged murder of an elderly white shopkeeper in January 1948 with a soda bottle. They were arrested without warrants, denied lawyers and sentenced to death based on what were described as coerced confessions. With the involvement of the Communist Party and the NAACP, there were several appeals, resulting in a total of four trials; the accused men were released. The incident was the subject of the book Jersey Justice: The Story of the Trenton Six, written by Cathy Knepper.

The Trenton Riots of 1968 were a major civil disturbance that took place during the week following the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King in Memphis on April 4. Race riots broke out nationwide following the murder of the civil rights activist. More than 200 Trenton businesses in Downtown, were ransacked and burned. More than 300 people, most of them young black men, were arrested on charges ranging from assault and arson to looting and violating the mayor's emergency curfew. In addition to 16 injured policemen, 15 firefighters were treated at city hospitals for smoke inhalation, burns and cuts suffered while fighting raging blazes or for injuries inflicted by rioters. Citizens of Trenton's urban core pulled false alarms and would throw bricks at firefighters responding to the alarm boxes; this experience, along with similar experiences in other major cities ended the use of open-cab fire engines. As an interim measure, the Trenton Fire Department fabricated temporary cab enclosures from steel deck plating until new equipment could be obtained.

The losses incurred by downtown businesses were estimated by the city to be $7 million, but the total of insurance claims and settlements came to $2.5 million. Trenton's Battle Monument neighborhood was hardest hit. Since the 1950s, North Trenton had witnessed a steady exodus of middle-class residents, the riots spelled the end for North Trenton. By the 1970s, the re

Qalupalik

Qalupalik is an Inuit mythological creature. The Qalupalik is a human-like creature that lives in the sea, with long hair, green skin, long fingernails; the myth is that qalupaliks wear an amautik so they can take babies and children away who disobey their parents. The story was used to prevent children from wandering off alone, lest the qalupalik take the children in her amautik underwater and keep them forever. Qalupaliks are said to make a distinctive humming sound. Ame Papatsie adapted the myth as a stop motion animation short Qalupalik, produced by the Inuit Broadcasting Corporation and the National Film Board of Canada through its Nunavut Animation Lab; the film made its world premiere at the 2010 Terres en vues/Land InSights festival. Canadian children's literature author Robert Munsch featured the Qalupalik in his 1988 book A Promise is a Promise, co-authored with Inuit writer Michael Kusugak and illustrated by Vladyana Krykorka; the protagonist of the story is caught by the Qalupalik and promises to bring all her siblings to them if they let her go.

The Qalupalik agrees, the child confesses her promise to her parents, who help her outsmart the monsters. Ningeokuluk Teevee exhibited Legend of Qalupalik, at Spirit Wrestler Gallery. In Helix: "Survivor Zero", Anana, an Inuit policewoman whose brother Miksa went missing when they were children and, investigating the Arctic biostation as the possible location where 31 stolen children were taken, tells Sergio Ballesaros she and other children were cautioned to stay near their people's hunting sites, lest the Qalupalik steal them. Sergio, in turn, confides that children from the favelas in his hometown, Espírito Santo, Brazil went missing and implied he was one of them. In season 9 episode 10 of Murdoch Mysteries, constable George Crabtree believed the culprit of a murder to be a Qalupalik until realising that the constabulary was in possession of the victim's body, contrary to the belief that a Qalupalik drags its victims beneath the sea. Elisha Kilabuk; the Qalupalik ISBN 1-926569-31-8 Rink, Henry.

Tales and Traditions of the Eskimo. London. Reduced to HTML by Christopher M. Weimer, April 2003. Millman and Timothy White. A Kayak Full of Ghosts Eskimo Tales. Santa Barbara: Capra Press, 1987. ISBN 0-88496-267-9 Norman, Howard A. Leo Dillon, Diane Dillon; the Girl Who Dreamed Only Geese, Other Tales of the Far North. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1997. ISBN 0-15-230979-9 Spalding, Alex. Eight Inuit Myths = Inuit Unipkaaqtuat Pingasuniarvinilit. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1979. Wolfson, Evelyn. Inuit Mythology. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Pub, 2001. ISBN 0-7660-1559-9

Haydn Fleury

Haydn Fleury is a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman. He is playing for the Carolina Hurricanes of the National Hockey League. Fleury was selected by the Hurricanes in the first round of the 2014 NHL Entry Draft. Fleury was selected by the Red Deer Rebels in the second round of the 2011 WHL Bantam Draft, he was named an alternate captain for the Rebels on November 8, 2013. Having been projected as a top 10 pick in the 2014 NHL Entry Draft, Fleury was selected 7th overall by the Carolina Hurricanes, the second defenseman selected in that draft. On August 7, 2014, Fleury was signed to a three-year entry-level contract with the Hurricanes. Fleury was reassigned to the Rebels for the 2014–15 season. On November 5, 2015, Fleury was named an alternate captains for Team WHL at the CHL Canada/Russia Series. Upon a first-round elimination from the WHL playoffs, Fleury was signed to an amateur try-out with the Hurricanes' American Hockey League affiliate, the Charlotte Checkers. On April 12, 2015, in the Checkers final home game, Fleury made his professional debut, scoring a goal, in a 4–3 victory over the Rockford IceHogs.

Fleury attended the Hurricanes training camp for the 2015–16 season was reassigned to the Rebels for that season. He helped the team advance to the 2016 Memorial Cup, where they reached the Memorial Cup Semi-Final, losing to the Rouyn-Noranda Huskies. Fleury was named to the 2016 Memorial Cup All-Star Team. Fleury started the 2017–18 season with the Hurricanes. On October 26, 2017, in his eighth game in the NHL, he earned his first NHL points, registering two assists in a 6–3 win against the Toronto Maple Leafs. Fleury was re-assigned to the Checkers on January 25, 2018, after recording 6 points, all assists, in 39 NHL games. However, he was recalled back to the Hurricanes three days later. After the Hurricanes failed to make the post-season, Fleury was assigned to the Checkers to help them in the 2018 Calder Cup playoffs; the following 2018–19 season, Fleury again made the Hurricanes' opening night roster, but was re-assigned to the Charlotte Checkers on October 17. He was recalled to the NHL on October 31, only to suffer a concussion on November 23 in a game against the Florida Panthers.

Fleury was placed on injured reserve by the Hurricanes on November 29. Fleury was activated from injured reserve on December 2, 2018, before a game against the Los Angeles Kings. On July 16, 2019, the Hurricanes re-signed Fleury to a one-year, $850,000 contract extension. Growing up in Carlyle, Fleury knew fellow Carlyle native and future NHL player Brenden Morrow, playing junior hockey with the Portland Winterhawks; as a teenager, Morrow would babysit Fleury, a toddler. Morrow and Fleury would play in the Under-17 tournament 17 years apart. Fleury has a younger brother, taken 87th overall in the 2017 NHL Entry Draft by the Montreal Canadiens. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database