Unicoi is a town in Unicoi County, United States. The population was 3,519 at the 2000 census and 3,632 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Johnson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – known as the "Tri-Cities" region. Unicoi was known as "Greasy Cove." In 1851, the Swingle brothers opened a post office in the community, named it "Swingleville." In 1876, Dr. F. H. Hannum obtained control of the post office, changed its name to "Limonite." When the railroads arrived in the valley in the late 1880s, the name was changed to "Unicoi," and shortened to its current form. The town developed in the early 20th century as a shipping point for area mining and logging operations. Unicoi is located at 36°13′12″N 82°20′17″W; the town is situated in the North Indian Creek Valley, at a point where North Indian Creek emerges from the mountains to the southeast and bends to the southwest toward Erwin and its eventual confluence with the Nolichucky River.
The northern portions of Unicoi are located in the headwaters of Buffalo Creek, which flows northeastward and empties into the Watauga River. Unicoi is surrounded by the Cherokee National Forest. Buffalo Mountain rises prominently to the west of Unicoi, a series of rugged hills and ridges that comprise the outer Unaka Mountains rise to the east. Erwin, the county seat, is located further down the valley to the southwest. Johnson City is located opposite Buffalo Mountain to the north. Interstate 26, which traverses the valley, passes through western Unicoi. Tennessee State Route 107 connects Unicoi with Erwin to the southwest and the rural Limestone Cove area to the east. Tennessee State Route 173 connects the town with U. S. Route 19E. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.3 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,519 people, 1,452 households, 1,052 families residing in the town; the population density was 216.4 people per square mile.
There were 1,562 housing units at an average density of 96.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.76% White, 0.06% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.05% from other races, 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.22% of the population. There were 1,452 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,483, the median income for a family was $40,208. Males had a median income of $31,299 versus $19,052 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,870. About 9.7% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those age 65 or over. Official site Municipal Technical Advisory Service entry for Unicoi — information on local government and link to charter
Kingsport is a city in Sullivan and Hawkins counties in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census the population was 48,205. Kingsport is the largest city in the Kingsport–Bristol–Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 309,544 as of 2010; the Metropolitan Statistical Area is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – known as the "Tri-Cities" region. Census data from 2006–2008 for the Tri-Cities Combined Statistical Area estimates a population of 496,454. Kingsport is included in what is known as the Mountain Empire, which spans a portion of southwest Virginia and the mountainous counties in northeastern Tennessee; the name "Kingsport" is a simplification of "King's Port" referring to the area on the Holston River known as King's Boat Yard, the head of navigation for the Tennessee Valley. Kingsport was developed after the Revolutionary War, at the confluence of the North and South Forks of the Holston River. In 1787 it was known for an ancient mineral lick.
It was first settled about a mile from the confluence. The Long Island of the Holston River is near the confluence, within the present-day corporate boundaries of Kingsport; the island was an important site for the Cherokee, colonial pioneers and early settlers, mentioned in the 1770 Treaty of Lochaber. Early settlements at the site were used as a staging ground for other pioneers who were traveling overland on the Wilderness Road leading to Kentucky through the Cumberland Gap. First chartered in 1822, Kingsport became an important shipping port on the Holston River. Goods originating for many miles around from the surrounding countryside were loaded onto barges for the journey downriver to the Tennessee River at Knoxville. In the Battle of Kingsport during the Civil War, a force of 300 Confederates under Colonel Richard Morgan stopped a larger Union force for nearly two days. An army of over 5,500 troops under command of Major General George Stoneman had left Knoxville to raid Confederate targets in Virginia: the salt works at Saltville, the lead works at Wytheville, the iron works in Marion.
While Col. Morgan's small band held off a main Union force under Major General Cullem Gillem on the opposite side the Holston River, Union Col. Samuel Patton took a force of cavalry to a ford in the river 2.5 miles north and came down behind the Confederates. Out-numbered, out-flanked, demoralised by the bitter winter weather, Col. Morgan surrendered; the Confederates suffered 18 dead, 84 prisoners of war were sent to a Union prison in Knoxville. The city lost its charter. On September 12, 1916, Kingsport residents demanded the death of circus elephant Mary, she had killed city hotel worker Walter Eldridge, hired by the circus the day before as an assistant elephant trainer. Eldridge was killed by the elephant while he was leading her to a pond; the elephant was impounded by the local sheriff. Leaders of several nearby towns threatened to prevent the circus from performing if it included the elephant; the circus owner, Charlie Sparks, reluctantly decided that the only way to resolve the situation was to hold a public execution.
On the following day, she was transported by rail to Erwin, where a crowd of over 2,500 people assembled in the Clinchfield Railroad yard to watch her hang from a railroad crane. Re-chartered in 1917, Kingsport was an early example of a "garden city". Part of it was designed by city planner and landscape architect John Nolen of Cambridge, Massachusetts, it was nicknamed as the "Model City" from this plan, which organized the town into areas for commerce, churches and industry. Most of the land on the river was devoted to industry. Most of the Long Island is now occupied by Eastman Chemical Company, headquartered in Kingsport; as part of this plan, Kingsport built some of the earliest traffic circles in the United States. Kingsport was among the first municipalities to adopt a city manager form of government, to professionalize operations of city departments, it developed its school system based on a model promoted by Columbia University. Pal's Sudden Service, a regional fast-food restaurant chain, opened its first location in Kingsport in 1956.
Kingsport is located in western Sullivan County at 36°32′N 82°33′W, at the intersection of U. S. Routes 11W and 23. Kingsport is the northwest terminus of Interstate 26. US 11W leads east 22 miles to Bristol and southwest 28 miles to Rogersville, while US 23 leads north 38 miles to Big Stone Gap, Virginia. I-26 and US 23 lead south 8 miles to Interstate 81 and 83 miles to North Carolina; the city is bordered to the west by the town of Mount Carmel, to the southeast by unincorporated Colonial Heights, to the northeast by unincorporated Bloomingdale. The Kingsport city limits extend north to the Virginia border. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.8 square miles, of which 49.8 square miles are land and 0.93 square miles, or 1.86%, are water. Most of the water area is in the South Fork Holston River. Allandale Amersham Borden Mill Village Gibson Town Fair Acres The Fifties District Highland Park Huntington Hills Indian Springs Lynn Garden Morrison City Preston Forest Preston Hills Ridgefields Riverview Rotherwood Heights Tellico Hills As of the census of 2000, there were 44,90
Mountain City, Tennessee
Mountain City is a town in, the county seat of Johnson County, United States. The population was 2,383 at the 2000 census and 2,531 at the 2010 census, it is the northeasternmost county seat in Tennessee. In addition, at an elevation of 2,418 feet, it has the distinction of being the highest incorporated city in the state; when the first Euro-American explorers arrived in what is now the Mountain City area in the late 17th century, well-worn Native American trails passed through the area. In 1949, workers at the Maymead quarry discovered a cave with several early Mississippian-era burials inside; the Needham and Arthur expedition of 1673 is believed to have passed through the area, making use of the gap at Trade to the south. Explorer Daniel Boone made use of the same gap on an expedition to what is now Kentucky in 1769, today part of the Daniel Boone Heritage Trail— which follows Boone's route— passes through Mountain City; the first permanent Euro-American settlers arrived in the Mountain City area in the late 18th century, among them Leonard Shoun and Revolutionary War veteran Alexander Doran.
The area was part of Carter County, but the difficulty of reaching Elizabethton led to the creation of Johnson County in 1836. That year, a county seat for the new county was platted on land purchased from William Vaught, named Taylorsville after Colonel James P. Taylor; the name of the town was changed to "Mountain City" in 1885 at the urging of Roderick R. Butler, a prominent citizen and U. S. Congressman, who wanted the town's name to reflect its situation amidst one of the highest valleys in Tennessee. Butler's mansion, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, still stands near the center of the town. In May 1925, Mountain City was the site of a musical gathering, the first Mountain City Fiddlers Convention, considered a landmark event in the modern history of Appalachian traditional music; the gathering contributed to the development of country music, is commemorated every summer, at the Old Time Fiddler's Convention in nearby Laurel Bloomery. Since 1982, Mountain City has been home to a luxury inn and country club, now known as the RedTail Mountain Resort.
It is the northeasternmost golf gated community in Tennessee. Mountain City is located at 36°28′6″N 81°48′14″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.3 square miles, all land. At just over 2,400 feet, Mountain City is situated in one of the highest valleys in the state of Tennessee. Doe Mountain rises to the southwest, Forge Mountain rises to the east, the Iron Mountains rise prominently to the north; the Tennessee-North Carolina border runs opposite Forge Mountain 5 miles east of Mountain City, the Tennessee-Virginia border passes about 10 miles to the north. U. S. Route 421 connects Mountain City with Bristol, Tennessee, to the northwest and Boone, North Carolina, to the southeast. Tennessee State Route 67 traverses the Doe Creek Valley on the north side of Doe Mountain, connects Mountain City with Carter County and the Watauga Lake areas to the west. A spur of S. R. 67, S. R. 167, follows the Roan Creek Valley on the south side of Doe Mountain, rejoining S.
R. 67 at Shouns in the southern part of Mountain City. Tennessee State Route 91 connects Mountain City to Laurel Bloomery and Damascus, Virginia, to the north; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,383 people, 1,136 households, 664 families residing in the town. The population density was 720.8 people per square mile. There were 1,250 housing units at an average density of 378.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.86% White, 0.92% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.29% from other races, 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. There were 1,136 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.5% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.71.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $16,587, the median income for a family was $31,406. Males had a median income of $26,042 versus $19,145 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,202. About 21.6% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over. Tennessee's lowest temperature on record was reported in Mountain City on December 30, 1917, at −32 °F. Mountain City has an oceanic climate with monthly averages ranging from 35.2 to 70.2 degrees Fahrenheit in December and July, respectively. Mountain City is the location of the Johnson County Welcome Museum; the Center offers tourism information about the county and the museum showcases the history of the area and has a large collection of Native American and pioneer objects.
The Steve Earle song "Copperhead Road" is set in the vicinity of Mountain City. Clarence Ashley, old-time musician Roderick R. Butler
Bristol is a city in Sullivan County, United States. The population was 26,702 at the 2010 census, it is the twin city of Bristol, which lies directly across the state line between Tennessee and Virginia. The boundary between the two cities is the state line, which runs along State Street in their common downtown district. Bristol is a principal city of the Kingsport−Bristol−Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, a component of the Johnson City−Kingsport−Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area − known as the "Tri-Cities" region. Bristol is best known for being the site of some of the first commercial recordings of country music, showcasing Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family, a favorite venue of the mountain musician Uncle Charlie Osborne; the U. S. Congress recognized Bristol as the "Birthplace of Country Music" in 1998, the Birthplace of Country Music Museum is located in Bristol. Bristol is the birthplace of Tennessee Ernie Ford. Bristol is the site of Bristol Motor Speedway, a NASCAR short track, one of the most well-known motorsports facilities in the country.
The U. S. Congress declared Bristol to be the "Birthplace of Country Music", according to a resolution passed in 1998, recognizing its contributions to early country music recordings and influence, the Birthplace of Country Music Museum is located in Bristol. In 1927 record producer Ralph Peer of Victor Records began recording local musicians in Bristol, to attempt to capture the local sound of traditional "folk" music of the region. One of these local sounds was created by the Carter Family, which got its start on July 31, 1927, when A. P. Carter and his family journeyed from Maces Spring, Virginia, to Bristol to audition for Ralph Peer, seeking new talent for the embryonic recording industry, they received $50 for each song. That same visit by Peer to Bristol resulted in the first recordings by Jimmie Rodgers. Since 1994, the Birthplace of Country Music Alliance has promoted the city as a destination to learn about country music and the city's role in the creation of an entire music genre; the Alliance is organizing the building of a new Cultural Heritage Center to help educate the public about the history of country music in the region.
On August 1, 2014, the Birthplace of Country Music Museum opened in Bristol, Virginia to commemorate the historical significance of the Bristol Sessions. The museum features a 24,000 sq. ft. building that houses core exhibits, space for special exhibits, a performance theater, a radio station. Every year, during the third weekend in September, a music festival called the Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion takes place; the festival is held downtown, where Tennessee and Virginia meet, it celebrates Bristol's heritage as the Birthplace of Country Music. Bristol is located in the northeast corner of Tennessee, at 36°34′9″N 82°11′51″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.5 square miles, of which 29.4 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. Like much of the rest of the state, Bristol has a humid subtropical climate, although with cooler temperatures in the summer, due to elevation; the normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 35.2 °F in January to 74.6 °F in July, while, on average, there are 8.8 days where the temperature stays at or below freezing and 17 days with a high at or above 90 °F per year.
The all-time record low is −21 °F, set on January 21, 1985, while the all-time record high is 103 °F, set on June 30, 2012. Precipitation is low compared to much of East Tennessee, averaging 41.0 inches annually, reaches a low during autumn. The rainiest calendar day on record is October 1964 when 3.65 inches of rain fell. Bristol's normal winter snowfall stands at 13.3 inches more than what most of Tennessee receives. The most snow in one calendar day was 16.2 inches on November 21, 1952, while the most in one month is 27.9 inches during March 1960, which contributed to the winter of 1959–60, with a total of 51.0 inches, finishing as the snowiest on record. As of the census of 2000, there were 24,821 people, 10,648 households, 6,825 families residing in the city; the population density in 2000 was 846 people per square mile. There were 11,511 housing units at an average density of 392.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.15% White, 2.97% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population. There were 10,648 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families. Nearly 32% of all households were made up of individuals, 14.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26, the average family size was 2.84. In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,03
Washington County, Tennessee
Washington County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 122,979, its county seat is Jonesborough. The county's largest city and a regional educational and commercial center is Johnson City. Washington County is Tennessee's oldest county, having been established in 1777 when the state was still part of North Carolina. Washington County is part of the Johnson City, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area, a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area known as the "Tri-Cities" region. Washington County is rooted in the Watauga settlements, which were established in the early 1770s in the vicinity of what is now Elizabethton, in adjacent Carter County. At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War in 1776, the Wataugans organized the "Washington District,", governed by a committee of safety. North Carolina refused to recognize the settlements as legal, but agreed to annex the district after the settlers thwarted an invasion by hostile Cherokees.
The settlements were governed as the Washington District, which included all of what is now Tennessee. The district was reorganized as Washington County in 1777. From 1784 through 1788, the county was part of the State of Franklin, an early attempt to create a fourteenth state prior to Kentucky and Vermont's admissions into the union, it became part of the Southwest Territory in 1790, part of Tennessee after it was admitted to the Union in 1796 as the 16th state. Jonesborough, the county seat of Washington County, is Tennessee's oldest town. With many buildings restored, it comprises one of the nation's most authentic historic districts of the period 1790–1870. Washington County was divided between pro-Union and pro-secession sentiments at the outset of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Washington Countians voted 1,445 to 1,022 in favor of remaining in the Union. One of the bridges targeted by the East Tennessee bridge-burners in November 1861 was located in what is now Watauga near the Washington-Carter county line.
Landon Carter Haynes, a Confederate senator, hailed from Washington County. Johnson City known as Johnson's Depot, was a major railway center for the southeastern states, connecting the region for freight transportation and passengers, it was the headquarters for both the standard-gauge Carolina and Ohio, which required the excavation and blasting of 17 tunnels during its construction. Significant restoration is underway, as well as publicizing the railroad heritage of the Johnson's Depot Historic District. Other historic properties are being restored as representative of Johnson City's late nineteenth and early twentieth-century era as a railway center. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 330 square miles, of which 326 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water. The western portion of the county is situated in the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, which are characterized by long, narrow ridges oriented northeast-to-southwest; the county's most prominent Ridge-and-Valley features rise in the vicinity of its northwestern border with Hawkins and Sullivan counties.
The eastern portion of the county lies within the Blue Ridge Mountains the Bald Mountains and the Unaka Range. Buffalo Mountain, a long ridge that straddles much of Washington's eastern boundary, contains the county's highest point, 3,520-foot Pinnacle Knob; the Cherokee National Forest protects much of the extreme eastern part of the county. Sampson Mountain, which rises in the southeastern part of the county, is home to a designated national wilderness area; the Nolichucky River flows through the southern part of Washington County. The Watauga River flows the northern part of the county, forms part of the county's border with Sullivan County; the lower section of the Watauga River is part of Boone Lake. Sullivan County Carter County Unicoi County Greene County Hawkins County Cherokee National Forest Chester Inn Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site As of the census of 2000, there were 107,198 people, 44,195 households, 29,478 families residing in the county; the population density was 328 people per square mile.
There were 47,779 housing units at an average density of 146 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.72% White, 3.82% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 44,195 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.30% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.85. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,116, the median income for a family was $41,162. Males had a median income of $30,874 versus $21,485 for females; the per
Elizabethton is a city in, the county seat of Carter County, United States. Elizabethton is the historical site of the first independent American government located west of both the Eastern Continental Divide and the original Thirteen Colonies; the city is the historical site of the Transylvania Purchase, a major muster site during the American Revolutionary War for both the Battle of Musgrove Mill and the Battle of Kings Mountain. It was within the secessionist North Carolina "State of Franklin" territory; the population of Elizabethton was enumerated at 14,008 during the 2010 census. Elizabethton is located within the "Tri-Cities" area of northeast Tennessee. Time offset from Coordinated Universal Time: UTC-5. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles, of which 9.7 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.62%, is water. The elevation at Elizabethton Municipal Airport is 1,593 feet ASL, the airport is located on the eastern side of the city along State Highway 91 Stoney Creek Exit.
Elizabethton is connected to larger commercial and cargo flights out of Tri-Cities Regional Airport northwest of Johnson City. Lynn Mountain reaches 2,060 feet ASL at the summit and is located directly across the U. S. Highway 19E from the downtown Elizabethton business district. Elizabethton is bordered on the west by Johnson City. While most of the Tennessee public water-supply systems withdrawing spring water for their supplies are found in East Tennessee, the Elizabethton municipal water system during 2010 extracted and distributed 5.39 Mgal/d of clean spring water from three springs owned by the city --- a unique local supply of flowing spring water that exceeds the volume of spring water extracted and distributed than any other local water resource system across the entire state of Tennessee. The Doe River forms in Carter County, near the North Carolina line, just south of Roan Mountain State Park; the river flows north and is first paralleled by State Route 143. S. Route 19E; the Doe River flows to the east of Fork Mountain.
Below the confluence of the Doe River and the Little Doe River at Hampton, the Doe River travels in a northern downstream direction through the Valley Forge community, is rejoined by U. S. Route 19E. Pushing through a mountain gap just north of Hampton, the volume of the river is amplified by the waters flowing from McCathern Spring. Further downstream, the Doe River flows by the East Side neighborhood parallel with Tennessee State Route 67 and underneath the historic Elizabethton Covered Bridge, built in 1882 and located within the Elizabethton downtown business district. Connecting 3rd Street and Hattie Avenue, the covered bridge is adjacent to a city park and spans the Doe River; the covered bridge, although now closed to motor traffic, is still open for bicycles and pedestrians. Most of Elizabethton's downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its historical and architectural merits; the Elizabethton Historic District contains a variety of properties ranging in age from the late 18th century through the 1930s.
The Elizabethton Covered Bridge is a well-known landmark in the state. In addition to the covered bridge, the downtown historic district contains the 1928 Elk Avenue concrete arch bridge, just a little further downstream on the Doe River, Tennessee State Route 67 passes another similar concrete arch bridge locally known as the Broad Street Bridge. Elizabethton celebrates in the downtown business area for one week each June with the Elizabethton Covered Bridge Days featuring country and gospel music performances, activities for children, Elk Avenue car club show, many food and crafts vendors. Two Tennessee Valley Authority reservoirs in Carter County—impounded behind the Watauga Dam and the downstream Wilbur Dam—are located southeast and upstream of Elizabethton on the Watauga River; the Appalachian Trail crosses the Watauga River and the TVA reservation in Carter County to the southeast of Elizabethton. The Watauga River flows westward past Elizabethton, which lies on the south bank of the Watauga and along either side of its principal tributary, the Doe River.
The downtown business district is located one-quarter mile upstream of the confluence of the Doe River and the Watauga River. The Doe River flows underneath the historic wooden covered bridge, located within the Elizabethton downtown business district; the city of Elizabethton was at one time promoted as "The City of Power", as the town is located just southeast of the Wilbur Dam hydrogeneration site spanning the Watauga River. Construction of Wilbur Dam first began during 1909, two hydroelectric generating units were online with power production at Wilbur Dam when it was completed in 1912. A third generating unit was added to Wilbur Dam in 1926, a fourth hydrogeneration unit was added to Wilbur Dam after the Tennessee Valley Authority acquired the power production facility in 1945; the Bee Cliff Rapids—a popular summer destination on the Watauga River for whitewater rafters during the summer months—are located southeast of Elizabethton and downstream of the TVA Wilbur Dam. The Watauga River downstream of the western side of Elizabethton has one of the
Bean Station, Tennessee
Bean Station is a city in Grainger County in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population of Bean Station was 2,826. Bean Station is located at the junction of U. S. Route 11W and U. S. Route 25E; the city is a part of Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area. Bean Station is rooted in a frontier outpost established in the late 1780s by the sons of William Bean, one of the earliest settlers in Tennessee; the land had been observed by Bean while on a long hunting excursion with Daniel Boone several years earlier. The outpost was situated at the intersection of the Old Wilderness Road, a north–south path that followed what is now U. S. Route 25E, the Old Stage Road, an east–west path that followed modern U. S. Route 11W; this crossroads location made Bean Station an important stopover for early travelers, at least three taverns and inns were operating at the station by the early 1800s. During the Civil War, the Battle of Bean's Station took place in December 1863, as Confederate General James Longstreet attempted to capture Bean Station en route to Rogersville after failing to drive Union forces out of Knoxville.
Bean Station was held by a contingent of Union soldiers under the command of General James M. Shackelford. After two days of fighting, Union forces were forced to retreat. Following the war, a businessman named Samuel Tate constructed a large Victorian-style hotel just west of Bean Station that became the focus of a resort known as Tate Springs. In the late 1870s, the hotel was purchased by Captain Thomas Tomlinson, who would transform the property into a vast resort that advertised the healing powers of its mineral springs. At its height, the resort included over three dozen buildings, a 100-acre park, an 18-hole golf course, attracted some of the wealthiest people in America; the resort declined during the Great Depression, the hotel and most of its outbuildings have since been demolished. The Tate Springs Springhouse and its elaborate Victorian gazebo still stand just off Highway 11W, however; the construction of Cherokee Dam several miles downstream along the Holston River in the early 1940s drastically altered Bean Station's waterfront.
A portion of the community was flooded, at least one historical structure had to be relocated. On May 13, 1972, 14 people were killed in a head-on collision between a Greyhound bus and a tractor-trailer on U. S. Route 11W in Bean Station, which gave U. S. Route 11W the nickname, “Bloody Highway 11W.”Bean Station was incorporated in 1996. In 2018, Southeastern Provisions, a cattle slaughterhouse near Bean Station was raided by U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement on April 5, 2018. Bean Station is located in easternmost Grainger County, where it borders the unincorporated community of Mooresburg at the county line between Grainger and Hawkins counties; the city is situated in the Richland Valley knowns as Mooresburg Valley, in a hilly area, with Clinch Mountain to the north and Cherokee Lake to the south. In the western of portion of Bean Station at Tate Springs, two major highways merge, with U. S. Route 25E entering from the northwest, U. S. Route 11W entering from the southwest. From this point US 25E leads over Clinch Mountain 20 miles to Tazewell, while US 11W runs down the Richland Valley 11 miles to Rutledge, the Grainger County seat.
The highways split again just south of Bean Station's business district, with 11W bypassing the business district and continining northeastward 17 miles to Rogersville, 25E continuing southward across Cherokee Lake 10 miles to Morristown. Tennessee State Route 375 intersects US 25E south of the business district. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city of Bean Station has an area of 5.4 square miles, of which 0.436 acres, or 0.01%, are water. The city limits include Wyatt Village, located next to an arm of Cherokee Lake along US 25E south of the original Bean Station; the city limits stretch 8 miles along US 25E and 4 miles along US 11W. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,826 people, 1,149 households, 827 families residing in the city. 96.8% were White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Asian and 0.7% of two or more races. 2.3 % were Latino. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.88. 25% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 13.9% were female householders with no husband present.
28% of households were non-families. The median age in the city was 42.7. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18, 16.2% were age 65 years or older. Bean Station is the site of Bean Station Elementary School, serving Grades PK-6. Rutledge Middle serves those in Grades 7–8. High school students in Bean Station, like all of Grainger County except the Washburn area, attend Grainger High School in nearby Rutledge. Holt's IGA Market is the only supermarket in Bean Station. There are a few restaurants in Bean Station, including Subway, a pizza joint, a small diner. Bean Station's main export is other crops, as it is a rural community. Bean Station is home to a golf course, a manufacturing plant, several fireworks stores. A local rock quarry was closed in 2017. City of Bean Station official website