Tribe of Judah

According to the Hebrew Bible, the Tribe of Judah was one of the twelve Tribes of Israel. The Tribe of Judah, its conquests, the centrality of its capital in Jerusalem for the worship of the god Yahweh figure prominently in the Deuteronomistic history, encompassing the books of Deuteronomy through II Kings, which most scholars agree was reduced to written form, although subject to exilic and post-exilic alterations and emendations, during the reign of the Judahist reformer Josiah from 641–609 BCE. According to the account in the Book of Joshua, following a partial conquest of Canaan by the Israelite tribes, Joshua allocated the land among the twelve tribes. Judah's divinely ordained portion is described in Joshua 15 as encompassing most of the southern portion of the Land of Israel, including the Negev, the Wilderness of Zin and Jerusalem. However, the consensus of modern scholars is. Other scholars point to extra-biblical references to Israel and Canaan as evidence for the potential historicity of the conquest.

In the opening words of the Book of Judges, following the death of Joshua, the Israelites "asked the Lord" which tribe should be first to go to occupy its allotted territory, the tribe of Judah was identified as the first tribe. According to the narrative in the Book of Judges, the tribe of Judah invited the tribe of Simeon to fight with them in alliance to secure each of their allotted territories; as is the case with Joshua, most scholars do not believe that the book of Judges contains reliable history. The Book of Samuel describes God's repudiation of a monarchic line arising from the northern Tribe of Benjamin due to the sinfulness of King Saul, bestowed onto the Tribe of Judah for all time in the person of King David. In Samuel's account, after the death of Saul, all the tribes other than Judah remained loyal to the House of Saul, while Judah chose David as its king. However, after the death of Ish-bosheth, Saul's son and successor to the throne of Israel, all the other Israelite tribes made David, the king of Judah, king of a re-united Kingdom of Israel.

The Book of Kings follows the expansion and unparalleled glory of the United Monarchy under King Solomon. A majority of scholars believe that the accounts concerning David and Solomon's territory in the "united monarchy" are exaggerated, a minority believe that the "united monarchy" never existed at all. Disagreeing with the latter view, Old Testament scholar Walter Dietrich contends that the biblical stories of circa 10th-century BCE monarchs contain a significant historical kernel and are not late fictions. On the accession of Rehoboam, Solomon's son, in c. 930 BCE, the ten northern tribes under the leadership of Jeroboam from the Tribe of Ephraim split from the House of David to create the Northern Kingdom in Samaria. The Book of Kings is uncompromising in its low opinion of its larger and richer neighbor to the north, understands its conquest by Assyria in 722 BCE as divine retribution for the Kingdom's return to idolatry; the tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained loyal to the House of David.

These tribes formed the Kingdom of Judah, which existed until Judah was conquered by Babylon in c. 586 BCE and the population deported. When the Jews returned from Babylonian exile, residual tribal affiliations were abandoned because of the impossibility of reestablishing previous tribal land holdings. However, the special religious roles decreed for the Levites and Kohanim were preserved, but Jerusalem became the sole place of worship and sacrifice among the returning exiles and southerners alike. According to the biblical account, at its height, the Tribe of Judah was the leading tribe of the Kingdom of Judah, occupied most of the territory of the kingdom, except for a small region in the north east occupied by Benjamin, an enclave towards the south west, occupied by Simeon. Bethlehem and Hebron were the main cities within the territory of the tribe; the size of the territory of the tribe of Judah meant that in practice it had four distinct regions: The Negev – the southern portion of the land, suitable for pasture The Shephelah – the coastal region, between the highlands and the Mediterranean sea, used for agriculture, in particular for grains The wilderness – the barren region next to the Dead Sea, below sea level.

In biblical times, this region was further subdivided into three sections – the wilderness of En Gedi, the wilderness of Judah, the wilderness of Maon. The hill country – the elevated plateau situated between the Shephelah and the wilderness, with rocky slopes but fertile soil; this region was used for the production of grain, olives and other fruit, hence produced oil and wine. According to the Torah, the tribe consisted of descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob and of Leah; some Biblical scholars view this as an etiological myth created in hindsight to explain the tribe's name and connect it to the other tribes in the Israelite confederation. With Leah as a matriarch, Biblical scholars regard the tribe as having been believed by the text's authors to have been part of the original Israelite confederation. Like the other tribes of the kingdom of Judah, the tribe of Judah is absent from the ancient Song of Deborah, rather than present but described as unwilling to assist in the battle between Israelites and their enemy.

Traditionally, this has been explained as being due to the southern kingdom

Jenera, Ohio

Jenera is a village in Hancock County, United States. The population was 221 at the 2010 census. Jenera was laid out in 1883; the village was named for Dr. Amos B. Jenner, the first postmaster. Jenera was built up chiefly by Germans. A post office has been in operation at Jenera since 1883. Jenera is located at 40°53′58″N 83°43′34″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.27 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 221 people, 79 households, 56 families living in the village; the population density was 818.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 94 housing units at an average density of 348.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 0.9 % from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population. There were 79 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.1% were non-families.

24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.34. The median age in the village was 32.5 years. 28.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 49.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 235 people, 95 households, 64 families living in the village; the population density was 625.4 people per square mile. There were 96 housing units at an average density of 255.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.45% White, 0.85% African American, 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. There were 95 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.11. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $40,417, the median income for a family was $43,125. Males had a median income of $31,806 versus $26,250 for females; the per capita income for the village was $16,056. About 3.3% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over

Stanley Sheldon

Stanley Sheldon is an American bass guitar player best known for his work with Peter Frampton. He is notable as an early adopter of the fretless bass for rock music. Sheldon was born in 1950 in Kansas where he joined his first band, The Lost Souls, his first recorded work with Frampton was the wildly successful live album Frampton Comes Alive! in 1976. He played on subsequent Frampton albums, I'm in You. In 2007, he contributed as co-writer and bass player on Frampton's 2007 Grammy winning instrumental album Fingerprints and toured as a member of Frampton’s band until 2017. Sheldon recorded with his late friend Tommy Bolin on Teaser and performs on various Bolin archival releases. Other recorded works include Lou Gramm Ready or Not, Ronin, a co-assembled group of session musicians featuring Sheldon, Waddy Wachtel, Rick Marotta, Dan Dugmore. Sheldon toured with Warren Zevon on Zevon's 1978 Excitable Boy tour and did recording work for the Christian music songwriter David Ruis, he played on the Mayhew Family album Songs from the Third Floor and EP Watch Out.

In 2008, he toured as the bassist for the Delbert McClinton band. Sheldon has performed on Hollywood movie soundtracks, most notably the Cheech and Chong comedy Up in Smoke. Sheldon devoted most of the'90s to Latin American Studies at the University of Kansas, earning a Master's Degree. During this period, he travelled throughout Latin America with his studies focused on slave society of the nineteenth century in Latin American countries and how its influence on past music continues to affect the transformation and hybridization of world music today. During this time, Sheldon played with various versions of a band that played "son" and "salsa," to sizable dance crowds. Sheldon has a passion for teaching and, when not touring, he has offered bass lessons for students of all ages at Blues to Bach Music Center in Shawnee, Kansas. Official website 2005 Stanley Sheldon interview with Jon Niccum