Triglav, with an elevation of 2,863.65 metres, is the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. The mountain is the pre-eminent symbol of the Slovene nation, it is the centrepiece of Triglav National Park, Slovenia's only national park. Triglav was the highest peak in Yugoslavia before Slovenia's independence in 1991. Various names have been used for the mountain through history. An old map from 1567 named it Ocra mons, whereas Johann Weikhard von Valvasor named it Krma in the second half of the 17th century. According to the German mountaineer and professor Adolf Gstirner, the name Triglav first appeared in written sources as Terglau in 1452, but the original source has been lost; the next known occurrence of Terglau is cited by Gstirner and is from a court description of the border in 1573. Early forms of the name Triglav include Terglau in 1612, Terglou in 1664 and Terklou around 1778–89; the name is derived from the compound *Tri-golvъ, which may be understood because the mountain has three peaks when viewed from much of Upper Carniola.
It is unlikely that the name has any connection to the Slavic deity Triglav. In the local dialect, the name is pronounced Tərgwòu̯ in contrast to standard Slovene Tríglav; the highest peak is sometimes called Big Mount Triglav to distinguish it from Little Mount Triglav to the east. The first recorded ascent of Triglav was achieved in 1778, at the initiative of the industrialist and polymath Sigmund Zois. According to the most cited report, published in the newspaper Illyrisches Blatt in 1821 by the historian and geographer Johann Richter, these were the surgeon Lovrenz Willomitzer, the chamois hunter Štefan Rožič, the miners Luka Korošec and Matevž Kos. According to a report by Belsazar Hacquet in his Oryctographia Carniolica, this happened towards the end of 1778, by two chamois hunters, one of them being Luka Korošec, one of his former students, whose name is not mentioned. Triglav's height was first measured on 23 September 1808 by Valentin Stanič; the first to put the name of the mountain on a map, written as Mons Terglou, was Joannes Disma Floriantschitsch de Grienfeld, who in 1744 published the map Ducatus Carniolae Tabula Chorographica.
The first map its name appeared on written as Triglav was Zemljovid Slovenske dežele in pokrajin by Peter Kosler, completed from 1848 until 1852 and published in Vienna in 1861. During World War II, Triglav symbolically captured the primary drive by the Slovene resistance to the Fascist and Nazi armies; the Slovene Partisans wore the Triglav cap from 1942 until after 1944. Triglav was the highest peak of the now defunct Yugoslavia. At the top of the mountain stands a small metal structure, the Aljaž Tower, it acts as a storm shelter and a triangulation point. Along with Triglav, it is a landmark of Slovenia and a symbol of the Slovenes and Slovene territorial sovereignty; the tower's namesake was the priest and patriot Jakob Aljaž. In early 1895, he drew up, with a piece of chalk on the floor of his room in the parish of Dovje, plans for a cylindrical tower with a flag on its top. In April that year he purchased the summit of Triglav for the sum of one Austro-Hungarian gulden. Having done so, he secured himself the right to erect a building on the mountain top.
The tower was constructed from iron and zinc coated sheet steel by Anton Belec from Šent Vid nad Ljubljano. He and four workers brought the parts of the tower to the summit of Triglav and put the tower together in only five hours on 7 August 1895; the opening took place that same day. Aljaž donated the shelter to the Slovene Alpine Society. In the beginning, there were three four-legged chairs, a summit register, a spirit stove, the image Triglav Panorama by Marko Pernhart in the tower, it was repainted and renovated several times by Alojz Knafelc and others. In the Communist era, as the highest point of the former Yugoslavia, it was painted red and decorated with a red star. However, it has now more or less been restored to its original appearance; the star was removed shortly before the dissolution of Yugoslavia. On the proclamation of Slovene independence in June 1991, the flag of Slovenia was raised on top of the tower. In 1895, due to a lack of space, Aljaž commissioned the building of the Stanič Shelter.
It is located 55 metres below the top of Triglav and is named after the poet and mountaineer Valentin Stanič. The shelter has dimensions of 2.4 m × 2.2 m × 2 m and has room for 8 people sitting or 16 standing. It had a wooden door, benches, a table, a chair, its significance diminished after the Kredarica Lodge was erected in 1896. The Triglav Glacier was located below the summit on the karstified Triglav Plateaus, part of the northeastern side of the mountain. Covering over 40 hectares at the end of the 19th century, the glacier had shrunk to 15 hectares by 1946, after further shrinkage had fallen into two parts by 1992. By 2011 it covered an area of only 1–3 hectares, depending on the season, it was no longer considered a glacier in 2019. The Triglav area is the setting of an old Slovene folk tale concerning a hunter seeking a treasure guarded by an enchanted chamois buck named Zlatorog (Goldhorn, after its
Events in the year 1955 in Germany. President – Theodor Heuss Chancellor – Konrad Adenauer May 15 - Rhineland-Palatinate state election, 1955 June 24 - July 5 - 5th Berlin International Film Festival July 2 - Tierpark Berlin opened. July 15 - September 18 - documenta 1 in Kassel August 11 - 1955 Altensteig mid-air collision September 20 - Treaty on Relations between the USSR and the GDR 4 January - Wolfgang Tiefensee, German politician 14 January - Jan Fedder, German actor 16 January - Martin Roth, German museum director 18 January - Gerburg Jahnke, German comedian 25 January - Petra Gerster, German journalist 1 February - Hans Werner Olm, German comedian 1 February - Christian, Duke of Oldenburg, head of the Grand Ducal Family of Oldenburg 10 February - Bernd Martin, German football player 6 March - Friedbert Pflüger, German politician 8 March - Thomas Bellut, German journalist 11 March - Nina Hagen, German musician 21 March - Bärbel Wöckel, German sprinter 13 April - Ole von Beust, German politician 29 April - Klaus Siebert, German biathlete 15 May - Claudia Roth, German politician 15 May - Alexander Pusch, German fencer 26 May - Doris Dörrie, German film director 2 June - Heiko von der Leyen, German physician 10 June - Annette Schavan, German politician 11 June - Marie Gruber, German actress 1 July - Rosemarie Wenner, German methodist bishop 29 July - Christian Tramitz, German actor, voice actor and author 9 August - Udo Beyer, German track and field athlete 15 August - Roger Willemsen, German author, essayist and TV presenter 20 August - Helge Schneider, German comedian, jazz musician and multi-instrumentalist, author and theatre director, actor 25 August - Gerd Müller, German politician 2 September - Claus Kleber, German journalist 14 September - Wilhelm Huxhorn, German footballer 20 September - Lilo Wanders, German transvestite entertainer and theatre/television host 22 September - Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German football player and trainer 25 September - Peter Müller, German politician 25 September - Richy Müller, German actor 30 September - Andy Bechtolsheim, German businessman 11 October - Hans-Peter Briegel, German footballer 25 October - Peter Nocke, German swimmer 10 November - Roland Emmerich, German film director and producer 8 December - Martin Semmelrogge, German actor 15 December - Renate Künast, German politician 22 December - Thomas C.
Good Morning and... Goodbye! is a 1967 American exploitation film directed by Russ Meyer. It features Karen Ciral, as well as Meyer regular Jack Moran, who co-wrote the script. In a country town, farmer Burt can not satisfy her sexually. Angel has an affair with Stone. Lana is Burt's 17 year old daughter to another woman, she tries to seduce Ray but he is more interested in Angel so Lana winds up with Stone. Burt meers a sorceress in the forest who rejuvenates his sexual drive, leading him to be reunited with Angel. Lana winds up with Ray. Stone is beaten up by the husband of one of his earlier conquests. Alaina Capril as Angel Stuart Lancaster as Burt Pat Wright as Stone Haji as The Catalyst Karen Ciral as Lana Don Johnson as Ray Tom Howland as Herb Megan Timothy as Lottie Toby Adler as Betty Sylvia Tedemar as Go-go dancer The cast included regular Meyer actress, who recalled: I did all my own costuming. I got up hours ahead of time to put those costumes together. I would just go out with a big bag and collect rose petals!
I was late one morning for breakfast, Russ -- he would sit at the head of the table -- he said, "Where were you?!" I shook the bag and said, "I was in the woods cutting down my costume!" I'd tape rose petals in my hair, on my breasts, between my legs, that would be my costume. I moss in my hair; the New York Times reviewed a Meyer film for the first time. It said Meyer "makes his points to the point of redunancy."Roger Ebert wrote that the film, along with Common Law Cabin, was "not among Meyer's best work. The plots are too diffuse to maintain dramatic tension, the acting is indifferent, there is an uncharacteristic amount of aimless dialogue. In retrospect, these films can be seen as Meyer's gradual disengagement from plot." The film was banned in Chicago but this ban was overruled. List of American films of 1967 Good Morning... and Goodbye! on IMDb Good Morning and Goodbye at TCMDB Good Morning and... Goodbye! at AllMovie Good Morning and Goodbye at Letter Box
Diff's Lucky Day is an EP by Blyss, the forerunner of Lifehouse. With Ron Aniello as the album's producer, frontman Jason Wade and his band, comprising Sergio Andrande, Jon "Diff" Palmer, Collin Hayden, Aaron Lord, released their album in 1999 for sale at concerts and distribution among friends or potential industry contacts. No. Title Writers Length "Cling and Clatter" Wade 4:28 "Unknown" Wade 4:05 "Fool" Wade 4:18 "Crown of Scars" Wade 4:50 "Mudpie" Wade 5:07 "Trying" Wade 3:52 "Storm" Wade 4:41 "Breathing" Wade 4:28 "Somewhere in Between" Wade 4:12 "Fairy Tales and Castles" Wade 3:21 "What's Wrong with That?" Wade 4:35 "Revolution Cry" Wade 6:53 Jason Wade - lead vocals, rhythm guitar Sergio Andrade - bass guitar Jon "Diff" Palmer - drums Collin Hayden - lead guitar Aaron Lord - keyboards
In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at low temperatures. It is not well defined at what point on the temperature scale refrigeration ends and cryogenics begins, but scientists assume a gas to be cryogenic if it can be liquefied at or below −150 °C; the U. S. National Institute of Standards and Technology considers the field of cryogenics as that involving temperatures below −180 °C; this is a logical dividing line, since the normal boiling points of the so-called permanent gases lie below −180 °C while the Freon refrigerants and other common refrigerants have boiling points above −180 °C. Discovery of superconducting materials with critical temperatures above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen has provided new interest in reliable, low cost methods of producing high temperature cryogenic refrigeration; the term "high temperature cryogenic" describes temperatures ranging from above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, −195.79 °C, up to −50 °C. Cryogenicists use the Kelvin or Rankine temperature scale, both of which measure from absolute zero, rather than more usual scales such as Celsius which measures from the freezing point of water at sea level or Fahrenheit with its zero at an arbitrary temperature.
Cryogenics The branches of engineering that involve the study of low temperatures, how to produce them, how materials behave at those temperatures. Cryobiology The branch of biology involving the study of the effects of low temperatures on organisms. Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources The conservation of genetic material with the intention of conserving a breed. Cryosurgery The branch of surgery applying cryogenic temperatures to destroy malignant tissue, e.g. cancer cells. Cryoelectronics The study of electronic phenomena at cryogenic temperatures. Examples include variable-range hopping. Cryotronics The practical application of cryoelectronics. Cryonics Cryopreserving humans and animals with the intention of future revival. "Cryogenics" is sometimes erroneously used to mean "Cryonics" in the press. The word cryogenics stems from Greek κρύο – "cold" + γονική – "having to do with production". Cryogenic fluids with their boiling point in kelvins. Liquefied gases, such as liquid nitrogen and liquid helium, are used in many cryogenic applications.
Liquid nitrogen is the most used element in cryogenics and is purchasable around the world. Liquid helium is commonly used and allows for the lowest attainable temperatures to be reached; these liquids may be stored in Dewar flasks, which are double-walled containers with a high vacuum between the walls to reduce heat transfer into the liquid. Typical laboratory Dewar flasks are spherical, made of glass and protected in a metal outer container. Dewar flasks for cold liquids such as liquid helium have another double-walled container filled with liquid nitrogen. Dewar flasks are named after James Dewar, the man who first liquefied hydrogen. Thermos bottles are smaller vacuum flasks fitted in a protective casing. Cryogenic barcode labels are used to mark Dewar flasks containing these liquids, will not frost over down to −195 degrees Celsius. Cryogenic transfer pumps are the pumps used on LNG piers to transfer liquefied natural gas from LNG carriers to LNG storage tanks, as are cryogenic valves; the field of cryogenics advanced during World War II when scientists found that metals frozen to low temperatures showed more resistance to wear.
Based on this theory of cryogenic hardening, the commercial cryogenic processing industry was founded in 1966 by Ed Busch. With a background in the heat treating industry, Busch founded a company in Detroit called CryoTech in 1966 which merged with 300 Below in 1999 to become the world's largest and oldest commercial cryogenic processing company. Busch experimented with the possibility of increasing the life of metal tools to anywhere between 200% and 400% of the original life expectancy using cryogenic tempering instead of heat treating; this evolved in the late 1990s into the treatment of other parts. Cryogens, such as liquid nitrogen, are further used for specialty chilling and freezing applications; some chemical reactions, like those used to produce the active ingredients for the popular statin drugs, must occur at low temperatures of −100 °C. Special cryogenic chemical reactors are used to remove reaction heat and provide a low temperature environment; the freezing of foods and biotechnology products, like vaccines, requires nitrogen in blast freezing or immersion freezing systems.
Certain soft or elastic materials become hard and brittle at low temperatures, which makes cryogenic milling an option for some materials that cannot be milled at higher temperatures. Cryogenic processing is not a substitute for heat treatment, but rather an extension of the heating–quenching–tempering cycle; when an item is quenched, the final temperature is ambient. The only reason for this is. There is nothing metallurgically significant about ambient temperature; the cryogenic process continues this action from ambient temperature down to −320 °F. In most instances the cryogenic cycle is followed by a heat tempering procedure; as all alloys do not have the same chemical constituents, the tempering procedure varies according to the material's chemical composition, thermal history and/or a tool's particular service application. The entire process takes 3–4 days. Another use of cryogenics is cryogenic fu
Paraechinus is a genus of hedgehogs. It contains four species from North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia: The Paraechinus known as the Hedgehog, is a small nocturnal species who are the least studied. Wild hedgehogs intelligence is of great capacity, Hedgehogs kept in captivity with no experience in the wild appear to learn their way around and interact with other wild hedgehogs and with the wild. Hedgehogs survival rates are influenced by many factors such as habitat suitability and food availability. Desert hedgehog, Brandt's hedgehog, Indian hedgehog Bare-bellied hedgehog Mohammad,Abu. Elsevier B. V. Into the wild: Survival, movement patterns and weight Changes in captive Ethiopian hedgehogs, Paraechinus aethiopicus following their release. Science direct